Reference Web Resources
Cartographic Associations and Societies (not comprehensive)
|American Association of Geographers
||AAG is a scientific and educational
society founded in 1904. Its 8,400+ members share interests
in the theory, methods, and practice of geography and
ALA Map and Geospatial Information Round Table
online journal: Coordinates
|MAGIRT Map and Geospatial Information Round Table (of ALA)
leads and inspires information professionals at all levels of expertise in their work with
map and geospatial information resources, collections and technologies in all formats,
through community, education and advocacy.(formerly MAGERT)
|Association of American
||AASG is an organization of the chief executives of
the state geological surveys in 50 states and Puerto Rico.
Association of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives
(Association des Cartothéque et Archives Cartographiques du
|ACMLA (ACACC) actively serves
as the representative professional group for Canadian map librarians,
archivists and others interested in geographic information
in all formats.
|Boston Map Society
|| BMS has its home in the Harvard
Map Collection. The society was formed in 1994 to bring together
people with an interest in collecting, studying,
using, and preserving maps.
California Map Society
||CMS was founded in 1978. The
mission is educational: to preserve and disseminate historical
and contemporary cartography, primarily of California,
for members as well as the general public.
North American Cartographic Information Society
||NACIS, founded in 1980, is an
organization comprised of specialists from private, academic,
and government organizations whose common interest lies in
facilitating communication in the map information community.
|Society for the History of Discoveries
||SHD was founded in 1960 to stimulate interest in teaching, research
and publishing of the history of geographical exploration. SHD encompasses the discovery,
exploration and mapping of the earth's land and sea surface from earliest times to the present.
|Texas Map Society
||TMS was organized in November 1996 to foster the study, understanding and
collecting of historical maps and the history of cartography.
|Washington Map Society
||WMS, founded in 1979, supports and promotes map collecting,
cartography, and cartographic history.
|Western Association of Map Libraries
||WAML is an independent association of map librarians and other people with
an interest in maps and map librarianship.
|William P. Cumming Map Society
||The William P. Cumming Map Society often meets at the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts (MESDA) in Salem, NC.
Cartographic Bookmark Sites
Current Maps - United States
of American State Geologists (AASG)
||Provides access to current geologic maps and mapping information for all
50 states and Puerto Rico.
|FAA Sectional Aeronautical Charts
||Sectional Aeronautical Charts are the primary navigational reference medium used by the VFR pilot community. The 1:500,000 scale Sectional
Aeronautical Chart Series is designed for visual navigation of slow to medium speed aircraft.
|FEMA Map Service Center
||Provides access to Historic Flood Maps, Free map viewer (2.0 of the F-MIT viewer) and searching
by address or or product.
|First Gov Maps
||Provides access to current thematic maps and mapping information for the United States.
|| Searchable access
to maps worldwide and driving directions within North America
United States Census Bureau
Tiger Map Server
| Access to user-adjustable
downloadable thematic maps incorporating a wide variety of geographic
United States Department of Agriculture:
Farm Service Agency
|APFO is home to one of the country's largest aerial film libraries. Currently housing more
than 70,000 rolls of film (10 million plus images). The film dates from 1955 to the present,
with coverage of most of the United States and its territories.
|United States Geological Survey
Landsat Project site
|Near real-time images from Landsat 5 and Landsat 7 satellites orbiting the Earth.
United States Geological Survey Center for Earth Observation and Science.
|| United States Geological Survey provides access to user-adjustable
thematic maps of the United States and individual states.
|USGS National Map Small-Scale Collection
||USGS originally developed these data sets for the 1997-2014 Edition of the National Atlas
of the United States; it's now available to users. Downloads.
Individual (U.S.) State Map Sites
|Minnesota Maps Online
||Minnesota Historical Society has digitized original public land survey plats, created
during the first government land survey of the state by the U.S. Surveyor General's Office
during the years 1848 to 1907.
|North Carolina Maps
||North Carolina Maps is a comprehensive, online collection of historic maps from the North Carolina
State Archives, the University of North Carolina, and the Outer Banks History Center.
|Oregon Geospatial Data Clearinghouse
||The Geospatial Office provides statewide leadership in promoting the use of GIS technology
and ensures the availability of easily accessible, high quality geographic information.
Current Maps - World
|| Political and physical
maps of the world, continents, regions, and individual countries.
|Canada - Geospatial Data
||Access to Natural Resources Canada topographic maps, thematic maps, and geospatial
||A site for geologists, earth scientists, students, teachers and others
who are interested in geology or searching for geological information.
Contemporary Maps 1960
| Downloadable public
domain digital modern maps of the world, regions, and individual
|Open Russian e-library
||This e-library was created by the Russian State Library.
Maps of Russia and of the world from the 15th-20th century. It is in Russian only.
United States Central Intelligence Agency
World Factbook, Reference Maps
| Reference maps of
the world, continents, and individual countries.
States Department of State
| Country information
including reference maps and geographic, historic, political,
government, and economic summaries.
of Texas Library
|| Modern maps of the
world, regions, and individual countries.
about countries, states and the world
||Uses satellite imagery and electronic mapping to understand how and why early farming
and urban areas developed.
|Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
||The BGN is a Federal body created in 1890 and established in 1947 to maintain uniform
geographic name usage throughout the Federal Government.
|Congressional Districts shapefiles - Historic
||This site provides digital boundary definitions for every U.S. Congressional District
in use between 1789 - 2012. These were produced as part of NSF grant and
the files are available for download.
|Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
||The GNIS is the Federal and national standard for geographic nomenclature.
|| General geographic information and geography
|Geologic Map of Alaska
||Covering the entire state of Alaska, it reflects more than a century of work by a host of geologists and almost
two decades of compilation work. There are two versions of the map: a detailed digital version, and a simplified,
“generalized” map for print. The map units described in the accompanying pamphlet reflect those of the detailed digital map.
||This is an example of a site that enables organizations and individuals to easily
manage and access geospatial data.
|GitHub - Public Datasets
||They are collected and tidied from blogs, answers, and user responses. Most of the data sets listed below are free,
however, some are not. There is a GIS list, as well.
||This is and example of free Geographic Information System (GIS) software used for
geospatial data management and analysis, image processing, graphics/maps production,
spatial modeling, and visualization.
||The main aim of the gvSIG project is to change the currently dominant model, based on
speculation of the acquired knowledge to advance individually, to a model based on shared
knowledge and collaboration to advance together. Definitively, working from the field of
Geomatics for a better and more fair model.
||Available for downloading DRG maps of the 50 United States, best used with global positioning software or a
|Libre Map Project
||Aggregates and makes digital maps and related GIS data available for free.
|MAGIRT Map & Geospatial Resources
||This guide provides high-quality, current, and vetted geospatial resources and professional
tools for the map and geospatial information librarian.
||The MapWindow GIS project includes a free and open source desktop geographic information
system (GIS) with an extensible plugin architecture; a GIS ActiveX control; and C# GIS programmer
library called DotSpatial.
|The National Geologic Map Database
||Developing a distributive archive of standardized geoscience information for the nation. (USGS)
|National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS)
||The NHGIS is a project to create and freely disseminate a database incorporating all
available aggregate census information for the United States between 1790 and 2000.
|Newberry Library: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries
|| The site makes available new maps, data, and shapefiles for the United States as a whole.
Also, you can watch animated versions of the AHCBP data below.
|SAGA (System for Automated Geoscientific Analyses)
||SAGA is a Geographic Information System (GIS) software; it is a Free Open Source Software (FOSS).
||An old proverb says that "a picture is worth a thousand words." In the case of data
maps this is literally true. Data maps are made of thousands of numbers presented as a
||TeachSpaital's goal is to aid in the development of explicit spatial learning objectives
from a multi- or cross-disciplinary perspective.
| United States Department of State
| Country information including geographic, historic,
political, government and economic summaries.
United States Central Intelligence Agency
| General maps of and information about countries.
| United States Census Bureau
|| Access to user-adjustable thematic and reference
maps based on United States Census data.
|USGS Small-Scale Downloads
||All data available in The National Map Small-Scale website can be downloaded at no cost.
|USGS Landslide Hazards
||The primary objective of the National Landslide Hazards Program is to reduce long-term losses from landslide
hazards by improving our understanding of the causes of ground failure and suggesting mitigation strategies.
Historic Maps - United States
Library of Congress
Downloadable public domain digital historic maps of the United States including
American Revolution, the
Civil War, and the
Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps Collection projects.
|BLM, General Land Office Records
||Bureau of Land Management(BLM), General Land Office (GLO) Records - Provides image access
to Federal land conveyance records, including survey plats and field notes, issued between 1810
and the present.
Geography at About.com
|| Includes links
to many historic US maps.
History/History of Cartography
| Includes links
to images of early United States maps on the web.
|Peutinger Map Viewer
||The Peutinger map is presented as a seamless whole, full size, in color. This permits a viewer
to pan the map views and zoom in and out. Thematic layers can be turned on or off for reference and study.
|University of Chicago
||Holdings of: (1) topographic maps;
(2) urban maps; and (3) thematic maps.
University of Georgia
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
| Includes images of antique maps.
Digital Map Library
Includes historic state & county
maps and Indian land cessions.
USGS Historical Quadrangle Scanning Project (HQSP)
|| HQSP is scanning all scales and editions (approximately 250,000) topographic
maps, published by the U.S. Geological Survey, since 1884.
The National Map Viewer.
|USGS Historical Topographic Map Explorer
||The United States Geological Survey (USGS) recently launched a GIS-based website that allows viewers
access to more than 178,000 USGS maps, dating back to 1884.
Historic Maps - World
| David Rumsey Historical
|| Access to 18th and 19th century maps of the world, continents,
countries, and individual states.
| Geography at About.com
|| Includes links to many historic map sites.
|19th-Century Maps of the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia
||This page provides access to scans of some of the 19th-century maps of the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia that are held at the
University of Chicago Library's Map Collection.
| Library of Congress
| Downloadable public domain digital historic
maps of the world, regions, and individual countries.
| Map History/History
The Gateway to the Subject
| Includes links to sites containing early world map images
on the web.
||To locate a map, enter a place name, address or coordinate (OS Grid Reference) then click the Search button.
|Old Maps Online
||A portal to historical maps in libraries around the world across numerous different collections
via a geographical search.
| University of Oregon
| A historical & cultural atlas with interactive online
maps focusing on early European and American history.
||The principal aim of this journal is to couple issueson history of cartography
and maps with a variety of possibilities offered by the new digital information and
Cartobibliography of the Maps in 18th Century British
and American Geography Books
|This cartobibliography contains descriptions of approximately 6700 maps found in 470 books.
Entries are arranged alphabetically by author/title, and each entry lists every map included in
the book with the full title, dimensions, name(s) of any publisher, engraver or cartographer
appearing on the map, and the page location within the work cited.
|History of Cartography
||The History of Cartography Project is a research, editorial, and publishing venture drawing
international attention to the history of maps and mapping. The Project's major work is the
multi-volume History of Cartography series.
|Pennsylvania Maps Prior to 1800
||A cartobibliography of all printed and manuscript maps of Pennsylvania in the Geography
& Map Division, Library of Congress and unique maps of Pennsylvania located in other
libraries (not found in the Library of Congress). It also includes historical maps drafted
after 1800 that show Pennsylvania as it was prior to 1800.