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MODS User Guidelines (ver. 3) Home » Top-level Elements and Attributes » Top-level Element: <accessCondition>

Top-level Element: <accessCondition>

Element <accessCondition>
Definition Information about restrictions imposed on, and/or rights to, access to a resource, particularly a digital resource.


Authority: authority; authorityURI; valueURI

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Linking: ID; IDREF; xlink:href; altRepGroup

Miscellaneous: displayLabel; altFormat; contentType

Specific: type

Subelements None

Guidelines for Use

Information may be provided in textual form when the audience is the end user. In that case information should be as free of legalese and technical jargon as possible. State clearly any restrictions on the use of the resource. Explicitly mention lack of copyright restrictions when the resource is in the public domain. Provide contact information for end users who wish to pursue required permissions for publication, exhibit, or other types of dissemination.

A link may be supplied (either via XLink or within the content of the element)  in lieu of or in addition to the content. If, for example, you maintain rights information relating to specific resources on a website, you may wish to provide a URL for that website in lieu of a textual rights statement.

Information may be provided in machine readable form, rather than textual form. This should be done in two ways, either by using valueURI or <extension>--see examples below. We recommend the use of standard license and rights expression languages such as Creative Commons, The Open Digital Rights Language (ODRL), or, along with the appropriate authority attributes. For an extension, use an established XML schema outside of MODS for the information, e.g. PREMIS or the CDL Copyright schema -- CopyrightMD. When <accessCondition>is used in this manner, it becomes a container element for an XML instance of the external schema.


Specific Attribute Information


Identifies what type of access condition is recorded.
Use the type attribute to indicate the type of restrictions (or lack thereof) on use of the resource and/or restrictions on access to the material. There is no controlled list of types for <accessCondition>. Suggested values are:
  • restriction on access – Indicates the information is about restrictions imposed on access to the described materials, e.g., limited distribution.
  • use and reproduction – Indicates the information is terms governing the use of the materials after access has been provided, e.g., copyrights, film rights, trade restrictions, etc.



Where access to a resource is restricted:

<accessCondition type="restriction on access">Classified under national security provisions; Department of Defense; Title 50, chapter 401, U.S.C</accessCondition>
<accessCondition type="restriction on access">Restricted: cannot be viewed until 2030; Members of donor's family</accessCondition>
<accessCondition type="restriction on access" xlink:href="" displayLabel="Access Status">Open Access</accessCondition>

Where use of a resource is restricted:

<accessCondition type="use and reproduction" displayLabel="Restricted">Copying allowed--for non-profit organizations only</accessCondition>
<accessCondition type="use and reproduction">For rights relating to this resource, visit</accessCondition>
<accessCondition type="use and reproduction">Use of this resource is governed by the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons "Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike" License (</accessCondition>
<accessCondition type="use and reproduction">This video and the performance it captures are the sole property of Grupo Cultural Yuyachkani. Information regarding syndication and/or replication of this work may be obtained by contacting Grupo Cultural Yuyachkani at [email protected]</accessCondition>
<accessCondition type="use and reproduction">In Copyright</accessCondition>

Where use of a public-domain resource is unrestricted:

<accessCondition type="use and reproduction">Use of this public-domain resource is unrestricted.</accessCondition>

<accessCondition type="use and reproduction">Literary rights of Carrie Chapman Catt have been dedicated to the public</accessCondition>

<accessCondition type="use and reproduction" valueURI="">NO COPYRIGHT - UNITED STATES</accessCondition>

Where a repository wishes to grant unrestricted rights to a resource for which it holds copyright:

<accessCondition type="use and reproduction">This repository grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the resource publicly and to make and distribute derivative resources in any digital medium for any purpose, as well as the right to make any number of copies for any use.</accessCondition>

Where access conditions are unknown:

<accessCondition type="use and reproduction" xlink:href="">Rights status not evaluated. For general information see "Copyright and Other Restrictions".</accessCondition>

Extension of access conditions using another schema:


<copyright copyright.status="copyrighted" publication.status="unpublished" xmlns="" xsi:schemaLocation="">

<year.creation year.type="approximate">1969?</year.creation>
<country.creation iso.code="us">United States</country.creation>
<creator.corporate>Rene Laursen Photography</creator.corporate>
<name>Rene Laursen Photography</name>
<contact>702 North Grand, Santa Ana, CA 92701. 714-547-4604</contact>
<contact>Berkeley Public Library</contact>
<note>Consult institution: 2090 Kittredge St., Berkeley, CA 94704. Phone: (510) 981-6100, TDD: (510) 981-6100), Web:</note>
<general.note>Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of gift of purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.</general.note>



MARC Mapping (Bibliographic)

See MARC Mapping to MODS for the <accessCondition> element.

Dublin Core Mapping

See MODS to Dublin Core Metadata Element Set Mapping.


Last Updated: October 31, 2022