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Technical Reports and Standards

Online Resources Related to Technical Reports and Standards

The online resources listed here contain links to locate technical reports and standards (to find full text journals, newspapers and books, try Serials Solutions). All resources have been selected by subject specialists at the Library of Congress (subscription databases must be used on Library premises only). Also search the Library of Congress catalog for materials not found online or in the Technical Reports and Standards collections.


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Acquisition Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST)
Coverage: Various Dates

Provides direct access to Defense and Federal specifications and standards available in the official DoD repository.
   Many standards are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

ADS: NASA Astrophysics Data System
Coverage: Various Dates

The SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) is a NASA-funded project which maintains four bibliographic databases containing almost 4 million records: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Instrumentation, Physics and Geophysics, and preprints in Astronomy. Include links to scanned images of over 40,000 journal articles appearing in the major astronomy and astrophysics journals. Also provides access/pointers to astronomical data catalogs and data archives.

The U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO) Data Services provides data for:
  • Sunrises, Sunsets, Moonrises, Moonsets, and Twilights
  • Phases of the Moon
  • Eclipses and Transits
  • Positions of the Sun and Moon
  • Data for Solar System Bodies and Bright Stars
Also see The Astronomical Almanac Table of Contents and Links and The Astronomical Almanac Glossary maintained by USNO. Library of Congress holdings for the Astronomical Almanac.

AERADE Reports Archive
Coverage: Various Dates

The Aerade Reports Archive contains more than ten thousand, historically significant, digitised reports from the Aeronautical Research Council (ARC) and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The Aeronautical Research Council was the principal agency in Great Britain producing reports on matters aeronautical from 1909-1979.

Aerospace Research Central (formerly AIAA Electronic Library)
Coverage: 1963 to present

Search for technical information worldwide on aerospace technology, engineering, and science covered by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

AIAA documents are available on microfiche in the Technical Reports and Standards unit at the Library of Congress.

Coverage: Materials dating from the 16th century to present

Describes journal articles, book chapters, monographs, conference proceedings, serials, technical reports, and other materials encompassing all aspects of agriculture, forestry, and animal science acquired by the National Agricultural Library and cooperating institutions. Also use PubAg, a portal for literature searches and full-text access of more than 40,000 scientific journal articles by USDA researchers dating from 1997.

Also visit the National Agricultural Library Digital Collections, which provides access to publications either digitized by NAL or through NAL’s partnerships with other institutions. The majority of the publications available in the NALDR were published by the USDA. Examples include the Agriculture Information Bulletin, the Agricultural Economic Report, and the Yearbook of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Also try Bibliography of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations publications

Air Force History Index
Coverage: Various Dates

Online index of 550,000 reports on aerospace, aviation history, as well as political and military history. Maintained by the United States Air Force Historical Research Agency

AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre
Coverage: Various Dates

Sponsored by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the site provides a series of guides and technical notes for ventilation and air infiltration in buildings, as well as a comprehensive database on literature standards and ventilation data.

Alaska & Polar Periodical Index
Coverage: 19th century to present

The index cites articles in English about Alaska, northern Canada, northern Scandinavia, the Russian Far East, and Antarctica. More than 150,000 articles are covered, with 5,000 added each year; most articles are not in any other index. Coverage is strong from the 1980s to the present. There are articles from key periodicals such as "National Geographic" (1890 to present), "Alaska Life: the Territorial Magazine" (1938-1946), the University of Alaska student newspaper "Farthest North Collegian" (1923-1958), etc.

Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues
Coverage: Various Dates

Provides an annotated bibliography of over 2,000 books, articles, films, CDs, and websites about a broad range of nuclear issues. Areas covered include: Arms Control; Terrorism; Nuclear Power (Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Nuclear Reactors); Espionage and Intelligence Gathering; Plutonium; Gas Centrifuge; Radioactivity; Nuclear Weapons Programs; and Radiological Dispersal Devices (RDD).

Many technical reports related to energy and nuclear power are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Applied Science and Business Periodicals Retrospective
Coverage: 1913-1983
On-Site Access Only

Index for more than 2,000 periodicals covering events, issues and trends in the history of the applied sciences, business and industry, and technology. Provides a detailed account of technological advances, business strategies, company profiles, iconic executives, innovators, and scientists over a 70 year period.

Subjects covered include: Acoustics, Aeronautics, Applied Mathematics, Atmospheric Science, Automatic Control, Automotive Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Communication & Information Technology, Construction, Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Engineering & Biomedical Materials, Energy Resources & Research, Environmental Engineering, Fire & Fire Prevention, Food & Food Industry, Geology, Industrial Engineering, Machine Learning, Machinery, Marine Technology, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgy, Meteorology, Mineralogy, Mining Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Oceanography, Petroleum & Gas, Physics, Plastics, Solid State Technology, Space Science, Textile Industry & Fabrics, Transportation, and Waste Management.

Includes the complete content of Industrial Arts Index (1913-1957); Applied Science & Technology Index (1958-1983); and Business periodicals index (1959-1983).

List of LC holdings for other editions of the industrial arts index.

Arctic Science and Technology Information System
Coverage: 1970's to present

The ASTIS database contains over 60,000 records describing publications and research projects about northern Canada.

Also try the Roger G. Barry Resource Office for Cryospheric Studies (ROCS) at NSIDC, an information resource for people studying Earth's frozen regions, the history of science, or past climate related to the cryosphere. e-Print archive
Coverage: 1991 to present

Provides open access to over half a million e-prints in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance and Statistics.  ArXiv is a fully automated electronic archive and distribution server for research papers which functions as a means of communicating ongoing research information in these subject areas. To track papers in high demand, use arXiv on Twitter .

To locate and search other repositories, try:

ASCE Civil Engineering Database
Coverage: 1970 to present

Civil Engineering Database (CEDB) abstracts and indexes journals, conference proceedings, books, standards, manuals, magazines and newsletters published by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Subject areas covered include: aerospace engineering, architectural engineering, bridges, cold regions, computing practices, construction, earthquake engineering, education, engineering mechanics, environmental engineering, forensic engineering, geotechnical engineering, highways, hydrology, hydraulics, irrigation and drainage, management, materials engineering, structural engineering, transportation, urban planning, water resources, and ocean engineering.

Many standards are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

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Bibliography of Scientific and Industrial Reports
Coverage: Various Dates

BSIR is a catalog of government documents made available by the Federal Government after World War II. The early PB-number reports include documents critical to the understanding of the history of modern electronics, aeronautics, and chemistry and to the understanding of technology transfer from the former Axis powers after World War II.

PB reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Also see the May 2001 GAO report Information management dissemination of technical reports for an overview of U.S. government issued technical reports. For more information concerning government dissemination of technical information, visit the CENDI website (CENDI is an interagency working group of senior Scientific and Technical Information (STI) Managers). CENDI’s mission is to help improve the productivity of federal science- and technology-based programs through effective scientific, technical, and related information-support systems. Also see the CENDI Publications Archives .

Biodiversity Heritage Library
Coverage: Various Dates

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) operates as a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make public domain books and journals available as part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL is focused on the subject matter relevant to the work of zoologists, botanists, evolutionary biologists, taxonomists, systematists, ecologists, natural history collections managers, scientific illustrators, biological science historiographers, and amateur scientists & hobbyists. Library of Congress contributions.

Biofuel Abstracts
Coverage: 1990 to present
On-Site Access Only

Biofuels Abstracts covers biofuels and bioenergy, including production of energy crops, energy forestry, short-rotation coppice, processing of energy crops into biodiesel or fuel ethanol, and utilization of fuelwood. Coverage also includes production of biogas from livestock wastes and agricultural residues, fermentation technology, and energy policy, global change and land use issues affecting the biofuels market. Sources include key English and non-English language journal articles, reports, conferences and books.

Coverage: Various Dates

The Biology Preprint service is a free online archive distributing unpublished preprints in the life sciences. Articles are not peer-reviewed, edited, or typeset before being posted online (operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory).

Blueprints Database
Coverage: Various Dates

Contains more than 37,000 blueprints, templates, and drawings.

California Research Bureau Reports
Coverage: Various Dates

The California Research Bureau (CRB) provides nonpartisan research services to the Governor of California and the executive branch staff, to both houses of the Legislature, and to other elected State officials. The reports cover a wide range of topics concerning matters of current legislative or administration interest to the state. Also consult Congressional Research Reports provided to the Federal legislative branch by the Congressional Research Service at the Library of Congress.

Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information
Coverage: Various Dates

CISTI includes published information from around the world in all areas of physical and life sciences, engineering, technology and health sciences. The CISTI collection contains: over 50,000 different serial titles; over 600,000 books, conference proceedings and technical reports; 2 million technical reports on microfiche from around the world; and journals from the world's leading scientific publishers with links directly to the journal Web site.

The CISTI Catalogue also includes the records for the Canadian Agriculture Library (CAL), Main Library. CAL's collection of more than 30,000 serial titles and 60,000 books, reports and conference proceedings provides access to world-wide agricultural information.

Also see the list of Canadian federal government databases accessible through the Internet. Some of these databases require user registration.

CERN Document Server
Coverage: 1950's to present

Searchable database of over 800,000 bibliographic records, including 360,000 full text documents, in particle physics and related areas. Covers preprints, articles, books, journals, photographs, and much more.

Many Yellow Reports prior to 1997 are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

CHORUS: Clearinghouse for the Open Research of the United States
Coverage: Various Dates

Searchable database for public access articles reporting on federally funded research in a range of scientific fields including health, energy, engineering, and genetics.

Coverage: Various Dates

The Scientific Literature Digital Library and Search Engine links to over one million articles and 26 million citations.

Coverage: Various Dates

Nationwide data tool for comparing state and local governments’ financials. The tool, available for governments in all 50 states and encompassing more than 36,000 municipalities, offers data for a whole range of revenue and spending categories like sales and excise taxes, debt, general funds, public works spending and federal aid.
Coverage: Various Dates

Search for federal open source software projects and usable code found in over 6,000 government projects from 26 federal agencies.

Cold Regions Bibliographies
Coverage: 1950's to present

Search the Antarctic Bibliography and the Bibliography on Cold Regions Science and Technology databases for materials on the science and technology of the world's cold regions.  Together, these bibliographies contain over 200,000 records, many with abstracts, from journal articles, monographs, technical reports, conference proceedings and "grey" literature.

  • The Antarctic Bibliography covers all disciplines related to the region including biological and geological sciences, medical sciences, meteorology, oceanography, atmospheric and terrestrial physics, expeditions, logistics equipment and supplies, and tourism.
  • The Bibliography on Cold Regions Science and Technology includes references to scientific and engineering research related to material and operations in a winter battlefield, the nature and impact of cold on facilities and activities, cold-related environmental problems, and the impact of human activity on cold environments.

Indexes and Abstracts to the Bibliography dating from Sept. 1951 to December 1973 are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

List of LC holdings for other editions of this title.

Columbia International Affairs Online
Coverage: 1991 to present
On-Site Access Only

CIAO contains theory and research on policy issues and current events in international affairs. Includes the full text of working papers from university and private research institutes, occasional papers series from NGOs, abstracts and some full-text of journal articles, books, policy briefs, case studies, foundation-funded research projects, and proceedings from conferences. Also contains links to selected Web pages, a listing of upcoming conferences in the field, country briefs and maps from the Central Intelligence Agency, and a citation guide. Updated biweekly.

Combined Arms Research Library (CARL) Digital Library
Coverage: Various Dates

Contains digital versions of dcouments related to military history including orders of battle from 1861-1865, WW II operational documents, obsolete military manuals, Combat Studies Institute papers, and student papers produced at the US Army Command and General Staff College.

Computing Research Repository
Coverage: Various Dates

Search, browse and download computer science papers.

Conference Papers Index
Coverage: 1982 to present
On-Site Access Only

Citations to papers and poster sessions from major scientific meetings around the world.  Subject emphasis since 1995 has been in the life sciences, environmental sciences and the aquatic sciences. Older material includes physics, engineering and materials science. Information is derived from final programs, abstracts booklets, published proceedings, and questionnaire responses. Records include ordering information for preprints, abstracts, proceedings and other publications.

Also try:

  • All Conferences.Com - a directory focusing on conferences, conventions, trade shows, exhibits, workshops, events and business meetings.
  • Academic Conferences WorldWide- searchable catalog of conferences by subject, location, date, abstracts due date and full-text. Updated with about 300-400 conferences listed each month.
  • InterDok - Directory of Published Conference Papers.
  • Academic Conference Paper Publisher - a service from BrownWalker Press for academic conference organizers for publishing conference proceedings.

List of LC holdings for other editions of Conference Papers Index.

Consolidated Index of Army Publications and Forms
Coverage: Various Dates

DA PAM 25-30 contains records of current and obsolete publications and blank forms published by the Army, other Military Services, Department of Defense activities, and other Government agencies and activities, and other Government agencies and activities. Also see U.S. Department of Defense publications.

The Library of Congress Technical Reports & Standards Section has a large comprehensive collection of military standards and specifications, both current and retrospective. Also see the Library of Congress site "For Help in Identifying, Locating, or Acquiring U.S. Military Publications and Documents" . Military/Info Publishing also has out of print military manuals and articles (over 8000, covering a period of over 200 years) and links to Other Primary Sources of Military Manuals .


Contains over 2,600 Air Force Technical Reports related to aerospace research conducted or collected at the Wright Air Development Center (WADC). Also includes historical resources which served as sources for the Historical Overview of the Wright Air Development Center, including the full text of The Roswell report : case closed , by James McAndrew, Department of the Air Force, 1997.

Many WADC and NASA technical reports, along with AGARD publications, are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

Corps Of Engineers ERDC Library
Coverage: Various Dates

Electronic catalog representing the collections of libraries within the Army Corps of Engineers located throughout the United States.  Includes links to full text when available.

Also try the National Inventory of Dams : (also available on and the Army Corps of Engineers Research and Development Center (CRREL) for research projects published in a technical report series covering topics of interest to Civil and Environmental Engineers.

Many technical reports and standards are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

Coverage: Various Dates
On-Site Access Only

CyberRegs provides the full text of the US Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, State Registers, State Statues and forms, and State Environmental, Safety, Health and Transportation Regulations.

Select the International Suite link for the full text of government regulations (Environmental, Safety and Health, etc.) for Canada (and each province individually), Mexico, Puerto Rico, and the European Union (Decisions, Directives, Regulations, Additional Legislation).

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Coverage: Various Dates

Find, download, and use data sets that are generated and held by the Federal Government. provides descriptions of the Federal data sets (metadata), information about how to access the data sets, and tools that leverage government data sets. The data catalogs will continue to grow as data sets are added.

Coverage: Various Dates

Databib (now known as is a searchable catalog, registry, directory and bibliography of international research data repositories. Also try:

Coverage: Various Dates

DataBridge tracks advances in Science and Engineering by directly enabling and improving discovery of relevant scientific data across large, distributed and diverse collections.

Coverage: Various Dates

Find, download, and use environmental science data sets that are collected by the Data Observation Network for Earth (DataONE). contains data about life on earth and the environment that sustains it and is designed to federate existing earth and environmental sciences data repositories. The data catalogs will continue to grow as data sets are added.

Also try the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University, which provides interdisciplinary data, information, and research related to human interactions in the environment.

Data USA
Coverage: Various Dates

Open data portal that aggregates U.S. government data from multiple federal sources and displays it in interactive visuals. Contains data related to the U.S. economy, demographics and education, including information on public health, traffic patterns, energy consumption, family incomes and many other topics.

Declassified Documents Online
Coverage: 1950 to present
On-Site Access Only

U.S. Declassified Documents Online (formerly called Reference System) provides full-text access to hundreds of thousands of pages of previously classified government documents. Covering major post-World War II era international events from the Cold War to the Vietnam War and beyond, this source enables users to locate a selection of US government documents from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Defense Department, Justice Department, National Security Council (NSC), State Department, Commerce Department, White House, National Security Agency (NSA), Presidential libraries, Agency for International Development (AID), Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), Bureau of the Budget, Federal Reserve System, National Science Foundation (NSF), and the United Nations (UN), as well as many other government agencies. The documents range in size and scope from telegrams, correspondence, and unevaluated field reports, to lengthy background studies and detailed minutes of cabinet-level meetings.

Development Experience Clearinghouse Database
Coverage: 1950's to present

DEC contains records for over 124,000 USAID technical and program documents with over 30,000 available for electronic download. Also consult the USAID Overseas Loans and Grants database, which provides a complete historical record of all foreign assistance provided by the United States to the rest of the world.

Many USAID technical reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

Digital National Security Archive
Coverage: Various dates
On-Site Access Only

DNSA contains primary documents central to United States foreign and military policy since 1945 obtained by the National Security Archive. The database includes more than 63,000 of the most important declassified documents regarding critical U.S. policy decisions. There are 30 complete collections, each offering specialized insights. Integrated, they allow you to explore policy across several different areas at once.

Directory of Open Access Repositories
Coverage: Various Dates

OpenDOAR provides descriptions and access to hundreds of institutional and subject-based repositories. Repositories are categorised by their policies regarding peer-reviewed/non-peer-reviewed material, their subject coverage, the constituency they draw on for content, the envisaged constituencies they serve, their collection and preservation policies, etc.

OpenDOAR is a joint collaboration between the University of Nottingham in the UK and Lund University in Sweden. Also try:

  • Open Access Bibliography , which provides an overview of open access concepts, and links to over 1,300 selected English-language books, conference papers (including some digital video presentations), debates, editorials, e-prints, journal and magazine articles, news articles, technical reports, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding the open access movement's efforts to provide free access to and unfettered use of scholarly literature.
  • The Ranking Web of World repositories - designed to measure the global visibility and impact of repositories by providing a listing, with links, to over 800 digital repositories worldwide.

DiVA Academic Archive
Coverage: Various Dates

DiVA, the Digital Scientific Archive (Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet in Swedish), contains over 6,600 documents, including full-text doctoral theses, dissertations, monographs, and undergraduate theses from a number of Nordic universities.

Many technical reports published by foreign academic and research institutions are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

DOE Data Explorer
Coverage: Various Dates

The DDE finds scientific research data - such as computer simulations, numeric data files, figures and plots, interactive maps, multimedia, and scientific images - generated in the course of DOE-sponsored research in various science disciplines. The DOE Data Explorer includes a database of citations prepared by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) based on the information found at data-hosting Web sites.

Users may browse or search the database, then link to a data collection where it resides. The publicly available data collections support DOE research results that are well documented in journal articles, conference literature, and technical reports. Key DOE databases of R&D information are searchable through the Science Accelerator. The DOE Data Explorer will include enhanced search capabilities across specialized Web sites as it continues to grow. Also watch scientific videos highlighting research and development sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy through ScienceCinema.

Coverage: Various Dates

Dryad is an open access curated digital repository that facilitates data archiving at the time of publication for international scientific and medical literature. The repository includes tables, spreadsheets, flat files, and all other kinds of published data in conjunction with article publication, so that links to the data can be included in the published article (similar in concept to the American Document Institute efforts in the middle of the 20th century).

DTIC Technical Reports Collection
Coverage: 1974 to present

Contains nearly two million reports in print and nonprint (software, data files, databases and video recordings) format conveying the results of Defense-sponsored research, development, test and evaluation (RDT&E) efforts. Subjects covered: Aviation Technology; Agriculture; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Atmospheric Sciences; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Biological and Medical Sciences; Chemistry; Earth Sciences and Oceanography; Electrotechnology and Fluidics; Power Production and Energy Conversion (Nonpropulsive}; Materials; Mathematical and Computer Sciences; Mechanical, Industrial, Civil and Marine Engineering; Military Sciences; Navigation, Detection and Countermeasures; Nuclear Science and Technology; Physics; Propulsion, Engines and Fuels; Space Technology; Biotechnology; Environmental Pollution and Control; and Communications terrorism, military science. Also see U.S. Department of Defense publications.

Also search the Research and Development Descriptive Summaries (RDDS) Database for narrative information on Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) Programs and Project Elements within the DoD. The RDDS repository contains data from the military services and a host of other Defense agencies.

Many technical reports and standards are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

ECS EPrints Repository
Coverage: 1965 to present

Publications database of over 10,000 records for Electronics and Computer Science. Browse by Research Group (for example: Communications Research; Electrical Power Engineering; Electronic Systems Design; Information - Signals, Images, Systems; Intelligence, Agents, Multimedia; Nano-Scale Integration; Optoelectronics Research) or search by keyword. Maintained by the University of Southampton.

To locate and search other UK Institutional Repositories, use SHERPA .

Energy Citations Database (SciTech Connect)
Coverage: 1948 to present

Energy Citations contains bibliographic records for energy and energy-related scientific and technical information from the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies, the Energy Research & Development Administration (ERDA) and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC).  The Database provides access to DOE publicly available citations in disciplines of interest to DOE such as biofuels, chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents, as well as links to full-text Department of Energy sponsored research publications from 1943 to present. Also try:

Many technical reports and standards are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

Environment Complete
Coverage: 1950's to present
On-Site Access Only

Environment Complete covers the scientific, technical & popular literature on energy resources, global warming, wastes, recycling, pollution, health hazards, conservation, wildlife management, and social / ethical issues & policy from more than 1,500 domestic and international sources.  Complete contains more than 1,590,000 records and includes the full text for 400 journals and 80 monographs. Other topics covered: Agriculture; Biology; Botany (plant science); Ecosystem ecology; Energy; Environmental Law; Geography; Human Population and Demography; Landscape Architecture; Life Sciences; Marine and Freshwater Resources; Natural Resource Management; Public Policy; Urban Planning; and Zoology. Formerly called Environmental Issues and Policy Index.

For data and Earth imagery, see NASA's Earth Observing System , which aims to improve understanding of the Earth as an environmental system and lead to improved weather forecasts, tools for managing agriculture and forests, and a better understanding of global warming. EOS is composed of multiple satellites and remote sensors that monitor earth's land surface, biosphere, atmosphere, and oceans. The Earth Observing System Data and Information System, EOSDIS acquires, archives, manages and distributes Earth observation data for users. Search all EBSCO databases .

List of LC holdings for other editions of Environmental Issues and Policy Index.

Environmental Impact Statements Full-Text (2003- ) & Digests (1985- )
Coverage: 1985 to present
On-Site Access Only

EIS Digests extract the key issues from government-released environmental impact statements, provides a brief description and abstract of the project, includes sections on positive impact and negative consequences, and details legal mandates. The full-text of the Impact Statements, including maps and Species Impact Statement (SIS), is available from 2003 onwards.

Environmental Science Digital Collection
Coverage: Various Dates

Contains published materials focusing on international environmental policy covering climate change, emissions, land use, sustainable development, water issues and biodiversity.

EPA Science Inventory
Coverage: Various Dates

The Science Inventory is a searchable, Agency-wide database of more than 4,000 scientific and technical work products. Database records provide such information as project descriptions (abstracts), contacts for additional information and electronic links to final reports and related research. See also:

The EPA, like all regulatory agencies, publishes its Unified Agenda, a comprehensive report that describes all the regulations it is working on or has recently finished.

Some technical reports from the EPA are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) . Many others are in the general collections of the Library and can be found by searching the LC online catalog.

Coverage: 1966 to present
On-Site Access Only

The Educational Resources Information Center is a comprehensive database of journal and non-journal education literature. Includes the journals, Resources in Education (RIE) and Current Index to Journals in Education (CIJE) . Covers conferences, meetings, government documents, theses, dissertations, reports, audiovisual media, bibliographies, directories, books and monographs. Major areas of coverage: education issues of all types; counseling and personnel services, Information Resources, Languages and Linguistics, and Tests, Measurement, and Evaluation.

ERIC documents are also available on microfiche in the Microform Reading Room . Many ED reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) . Also visit the Institute for Higher Education Policy (IHEP), which covers a variety of higher education related topics including: Access & Success, Affordability & Finance, Accountability & Transparency, and Critical Communities & Institutions.

List of LC holdings for other editions / titles from the Educational Resources Information Center (U.S.).

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FBI Records : The Vault
Coverage: various dates

The FBI Vault is an electronic reading room containing more than 2,000 documents that have been released through the Freedom of Information Act and have been recently or often requested.

FBIS : Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Reports, 1974 - 1996
Coverage: 1974-1996
On-Site Access Only

FBIS provided translations of daily radio and television broadcasts, newspapers and periodicals, government statements, books, and other sources of unrestricted information such as databases and gray literature from non-English sources around the world. Reports covered such topics as military affairs, politics, the environment, societal issues, economics, and science and technology.

FBIS Daily Report Annexes, 1974-1996 adds more than two decades of international, national and local perspectives on such topics as Middle East crises and negotiations, the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, the secret acquisition of radar systems by the People’s Republic of China, and related issues. Created by the U.S. intelligence community to benefit analysts and policy makers, Annexes were “For Official Use Only.”

Library of Congress holdings for other FBIS editions, and a history of FBIS in Wikipedia.

Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC)
Coverage: Various Dates

Provides a gateway to FLC laboratory profiles, publications, the Technology Locator service, and the Technology Transfer Training Resources Database. The FLC brings laboratories together with potential users of government-developed technologies. Organized in 1974 and formally chartered by the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 to promote and strengthen technology transfer nationwide, the FLC has more than 700 major federal laboratories and centers and their parent departments and agencies as members.

Many government-issued technical reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) . Others are in the general collections of the Library and can be found by searching the LC online catalog.

Coverage: Various Dates

Figshare is an online digital repository where researchers can preserve and share their research outputs, including figures, datasets, code, images, videos, and more. It is free to upload content and free to access,

Fire ReSearch Engine
Coverage: Various Dates

An online bibliographic database of published reports, journal articles, conference proceedings, books, and audio/visual items covering building and fire research from many sources . Each reference has bibliographic information including the title, author, sponsor, journal, book or conference identification, report number, date, format, keywords, identifiers, and abstract.

Many related technical reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Global Change Master Directoty
Coverage: various dates

NASA's Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) holds more than 34,000 Earth science data set and service descriptions, which cover subject areas within the Earth and environmental sciences.  The project mission is to assist researchers, policy makers, and the public in the discovery of and access to data, related services, and ancillary information (which includes descriptions of instruments and platforms) relevant to global change and Earth science research.

Global Health
Coverage: 1973 to present
On-Site Access Only

An abstracting and indexing database dedicated to international public health research and practice. Derived from over 3500 journals, plus reports, books and conferences, Global Health contains over 1 million scientific records covering the international and grey literature from over 158 countries in 50 languages. All relevant non-English-language papers are translated.

Global Firepower
Coverage: various dates

A ranking of each nation's potential conventional war-making capabilities across land, sea and air. The final ranking also incorporates values related to resources, finances and geography. Also consult the Security Assistance Monitor, which tracks U.S. military and police assistance and arms sales with a focus on Africa, Central Eurasia, Latin America and the Caribbean and the Middle East.

Global Terrorism Database
Coverage: 1970's to present

Maintained by the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism(START), GTD is an open-source database containing information on terrorist events around the world since 1970. The database includes systematic data on international as well as domestic terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes almost 80,000 cases. For each GTD incident, information is available on the date and location of the incident, the weapons used and nature of the target, the number of casualties, and -- when identifiable -- the identity of the perpetrator.

Coverage: Various Dates

Govinfo, maintained by the GPO, provides access to Government information submitted by Congress and Federal agencies. Publications on govinfo include:

  • Legislative, Executive, and Judicial content:
    • Bills and Statutes, congressional committee materials, and proceedings of Congress
    • Presidential and regulatory materials
    • Opinions from more than 100 U.S. courts
  • New content daily- Congressional Record, Federal Register, House and Senate Calendars
  • Multiple file formats- PDF documents, audio, photos, XML
  • Curated collections- Anniversary of the Social Security Act of 1935; documents on the sinking of the Titanic
  • Digitized historical content- oldest dates back to 1849
  • High-profile publications- 9-11 Report, Post JFK Assassination Audio, Warren Commission Report and Hearings, Financial Crisis Inquiry Report, Nixon’s Watergate Grand Jury Testimony, and landmark legislation: Civil Rights Act and Obamacare

GPO Monthly Catalog
Coverage: 1976 to present
On-Site Access Only

Covers all types of US government documents, including Congressional reports, hearings, debates, and records; judiciary materials; and documents issued by executive departments (Defense, State, Labor, Office of the President, etc.). Also try GPO FDsys and the Catalog of U.S. Government Publications (CGP).

Many technical reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS). Also see the GAO report Information management: dissemination of technical reports dated May 2001 for an overview of U.S. government issued technical reports.

List of LC holdings for other editions of this title.

Coverage: 1920 - Present

GreenFILE indexes scholarly and general interest titles that draw on the connection between the environment and disciplines such as agriculture, education, law, health and technology. The database contains nearly 300,000 records, with full text for selected titles and searchable cited references for hundreds of titles more. Greenfile includes comprehensive coverage for Bioscience (back to 1964), Conservation Biology (back to 1987), Journal of Ecology (back to 1913) and Journal of Environmental Planning & Management (back to 1948).

Coverage: Various Dates

HathiTrust is a partnership of academic, government, & research institutions offering millions of titles digitized from libraries around the world. The database contains U.S. government publications and reports dating back decades, including materials from congressional committees and agencies including the General Accounting Office, the Bureau of the Census, the Bureau of Standards and other government sources.

HCI Bibliography
Coverage: Various Dates

Database of over 33,000 records covering human computer interaction, a discipline concerned with the design, evaluation and implementation of interactive computing systems for human use and their interaction with the field of computer science.

Also see the Papers and Technical Reports from the Human-Computer Interaction Lab at the University of Maryland.

Homeland Defense and Security Information Analysis Center (HDIAC)
Coverage: Various Dates
DoD Eligible Users Only

HDIAC provides information and collaboration for homeland defense and security, and establishes, provides, and maintains knowledge bases of existing scientific and technical information (STI) to DoD organizations; federal, state, and local governments; academia and industry. The focus area of HDIAC include:

  • Homeland Defense and Security
  • Critical Infrastructure Protection
  • Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Defense
  • Biometrics
  • Medical
  • Cultural Studies
  • Alternative Energy

HDIAC includes the former CBRN Defense Information Analysis Center (CBRNIAC) disciplines of homeland defense & security, critical infrastructure protection (CIP), weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and chemical, biological, radiological & nuclear (CBRN) defense. HDIAC Basic Center Operations (BCO) also covers biometrics, medical, cultural studies, and alternative energy focus areas.

How Products Are Made
Coverage: Various Dates

Explains and details the manufacturing process of a wide variety of products, from daily household items to complicated electronic equipment and heavy machinery. The site provides step by step descriptions of the assembly and the manufacturing process (complemented with illustrations and diagrams). Each product also has related information such as the background, how the item works, who invented the product, raw materials that were used, product applications, by-products that are generated, possible future developments, quality control procedures, etc. Content within the website, except those explicitly noted otherwise, are Copyright by Thomson Gale.

The Technical Reports and Standards (TRS) unit at the Library of Congress has an extensive collection of Sams Photofact - electronic repair manuals containing printed schematics and technical service data for different models and brand names covering a wide variety of consumer electronic equipment.

List of LC holdings for other editions of How Products Are Made : an Illustrated Guide to Product Manufacturing.

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IHS Global
Coverage: Various Dates

Searchable index to technical standards, codes, specifications, Government/Military standards and specifications, and related documents from more than 370 technical societies around the world. Standards are primarily available only for purchase.

Standards are also available for purchase from SAI Global or Techstreet , a Thomson Scientific service providing access to more than 300,000 industry codes and standards aggregated from over 350 leading Standards Developing Organizations (SDOs).

Many standards are available on-site in the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Illustrata: Technology
Coverage: 2003 to present
On-Site Access Only

CSA Illustrata Technology offers deep indexing for tables, figures, graphs, charts and other illustrations from the scholarly research and technical literature. Each record is classified by one or more general categories reflecting the type of image display (e.g. photomicrograph, diffraction pattern, etc.), thus allowing researchers to learn about the actual data collected, observed, or modeled. Illustrata: Technology is interdisciplinary, covering a wide variety of journals from all major areas. By going deeper and specifically indexing the content associated with all the individual tables and figures, Illustrata enables researchers to find information that otherwise would not be retrievable in traditional, article-level and full-text indexing systems.

Graphical objects indexed include: Technology-Specific Graphs (Control Chart, Diffraction Pattern, Gantt Chart, Phase Diagram, Pole Figure); Graphs (3D Surface Plot, Area Chart, Box Plot, Cluster Diagram, Contour Plot, Histogram/Bar Chart, Line Graph, Pie Chart, Polar Plot, Rose Diagram, Scatter Plot, Spectral Analysis, Spectrogram, Time Series Plot, Triangle Plot, Vector/Raster Diagram); Technology-Specific Illustrations (Architectural Design/Blueprint, Floor Plan, Mechanical Design/Blueprint, Organizational Chart, Schematic: Circuit Diagram); Illustrations (Chemical Structure, Equipment Illustration, Flow Chart, Molecular Structure, Schematic: Genetic/Evolutionary Tree, Venn Diagram, Vertical Section Illustration); Maps (Bathymetric Map, Geological Map, Study Site Map, Topographic Map); Photographs (Dot Blots, Equipment Photograph, Gel, Microwell Plates, Photomicrograph, Satellite Image, Study Site Photograph, Vertical Section Photograph); and Transmission/Emission Images.

IMechE Proceedings Archive
Coverage: Various Dates
On-Site Access Only

Index to thousands of technical papers, obituaries, meeting reports, technical drawings, and editorial comment covering some of the most influential and innovative years of engineering development. The database is useful to engineers, scientists, historians, social commentators, biographers, and genealogists. IMechE Archive Sections (Links are to LC print holdings):

Online full text access to this resource is limited; use the links above for LC call numbers or contact reference staff to help find the titles.

Ingenta Open
Coverage: Various Dates

Ingenta Open is a central hub and browsing service for Open Access resources. The platform hosts content from all scholarly disciplines and caters for multiple formats, including whole books, chapters, monographs, single articles, and entire journals.

INIS Database
Coverage: Various Dates
On-Site Access Only

A leading reference database for scientific literature published worldwide on the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. The database contains over 3 million bibliographic citations and abstracts of journal articles, scientific and technical reports, conference papers, books, patents, theses, laws, regulations and standards, and web documents, covering publications in 63 languages; all records include keywords and most have an abstract in English. Also includes over 200,000 full-text documents: scientific and technical reports, conference proceedings, patents, theses, and preprints. This “grey” non-conventional literature (NCL) is not easily available from other sources.

Also Search International Atomic Energy Agency publications in the field of nuclear technologies covering safety, security, and environmental issues (the IAEA is an independent international organization related to the United Nations). Series publications include:

  • Emergency Preparedness and Response
  • Operating Experience with Nuclear Power Stations in Member States
  • Nuclear Security Series
  • Safety Reports Series
  • Technical Reports Series
  • Operating Experience with Nuclear Power Stations in Member States

Many IAEA documents, as well as other technical reports, are available in the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

INIST-CNRS : ArticleSciences
Coverage: 1990's to present

Search for technical reports, grey literature, books, articles and other related sources identified by the French scientific and technical information center.  Provided by the Institut de l' Information Scientifique et Technique (INIST) in France.

International Data Base (IDB)
Coverage: Various Dates

The U.S. Census Bureau International Data Base contains demographic indicators, population pyramids, and source information for countries and areas of the world with a population of 5,000 or more. Measures of population, mortality, fertility, and net migration are updated regularly.

International Energy Agency Publications
Coverage: Various Dates

The IEA is an autonomous organisation that has four main areas of focus: energy security, economic development, environmental awareness and engagement worldwide. Publications cover: Bioenergy Biofuels; CCS; Clean Energy Technology; Climate Change; Coal; Electricity; Electric Vehicles; Energy Efficiency; Energy Poverty; Energy Security; Geothermal; Heat; Hydropower; Natural Gas; Nuclear Oil; Renewable Energy; Solar PV and CSP; Solar Heat; Transport; and Wind Power.

Coverage: Various Dates

Databases provided by FIZ Karlsruhe covering the areas of informatics and technical information.  Sources include:

  • : Informatics portal providing access to about one million publications in informatics and related subject areas from all over the world.
  • The Scientific & Technical Information Network (STN International) : source for scientific-technical and patent information.
  • e-Science – enhanced science : provides information on handling of data masses and the optimum integration of computer and equipment capacities.
IsisCB Cumulative Bibliography
Coverage: 1913-1975

Contains nearly 154,000 citation records to works in the history of science, all of which are classified by historians of science and subject bibliographers. These include citations to about 83,000 articles, 44,000 books, 20,000 reviews, and 6,000 chapters. Produced by The History of Science Society.

Also use IsisCB Explore to search the content in the IsisCB bibliography and World History of Science Online, which provides scholars with basic information about current activities in the field of history of science and technology.

Coverage: Various Dates

Provides the research results of Japanese universities, national research institutes, the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), and other research institutions that are capable of being licensed for application.

Many English-language Japanese reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS). Japanese language reports may be found in the Asian Reading Room.

Coverage: Various Dates
On-Site Access Only

Provides full text access to Jane's research in defense, terrorism, market intelligence, national security and transportation.

Knovel Library
Coverage: Various Dates
On-Site Access Only

Contains the full text for over 1,500 leading science and engineering reference handbooks, technical data and reports, textbooks, and conference proceedings. Some of the contributing publishers are CRC Press, McGraw-Hill, Institute of Physics, Butterworth-Heinemann, Kluwer, Reed Elsevier, and John Wiley & Sons. Popular titles include: Chemical Properties Handbook (McGraw-Hill); CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics; Lange's Handbook of Chemistry; Machinery's Handbook; Marks' Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers; and Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook.

Karst Information Portal
Coverage: Various Dates

The Karst Information Portal is an open-access digital library containing reports describing ongoing scientific research about landscape that is formed by the dissolution of soluble rocks. Caves and springs are typical of karst regions, which can contain aquifers that are capable of providing large supplies of water.

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Coverage: 1993 to present
On-Site Access Only

Contains cross-referenced collections of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, fire, and maintenance codes from BOCA, SBCCI, ICBO, ICC, and NFPA. MADCAD also covers state and local codes and standards.

Many standards are also available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Coverage: various dates

MatWeb is a free searchable database of engineering materials containing data sheets with specifications for the properties of metals, carbons, fluids, plastics, ceramics, natural fibers, composites, and other engineering materials. New materials are added regularly.

Coverage: various dates

The Military Education Research Library Network includes links to current U.S. Government policy statements and digital collections of full-text papers, lectures, worldwide military library catalogs, military journals and publications and ongoing legislation. The MERLN website is maintained by the National Defense University Library in Washington, D.C.

Meteorological & Geoastrophysical Abstracts
Coverage: 1930s to present
On-Site Access Only

Covers the World's literature on meteorology, climatology, atmospheric chemistry and physics, astrophysics, hydrology, glaciology, physical oceanography and environmental sciences. Includes summaries from over 600 journal titles, as well as conference proceedings, books, technical reports and other monographs, are included.

NACA Technical Reports Server
Coverage: 1917-1958

Contains citations and full text of technical reports issued by the predecessor organization to NASA. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Technical Reports Server - NACATRS - covers areas such as: streamlining studies to improve the aerodynamics of aircraft; supersonic flight; wind tunnel testing; Cold War missile technology; reentry of space vehicles; and the possibility of manned space flight. Reports were issued from a variety of research centers, including the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, the Ames Aeronautical Laboratory, and the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory, or “the Cleveland laboratory,” (later renamed the Lewis Research Center).

From the NASA History website: "Between its founding in 1915 and its incorporation into NASA in 1958, NACA accomplished many technological feats. It was a major force for technological change in aeronautics. NACA’s efforts were in a large part responsible for turning the American airplane from slow cloth-and-wood biplanes of the World War I era into the jets of today. The foundations of NASA and the success of its many missions rest squarely on the cornerstone of NACA’s organizational and technical expertise."

A few NACA technical reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

NASA Technical Reports Server
Coverage: Various Dates

NTRS contains NASA aerospace information, including research reports, journal articles, conference and meeting papers, technical videos, mission-related operational documents, and preliminary data. Provides searching in 20 different abstract and technical report servers maintained by various NASA centers and programs including the Ames Research Center, Dryden, Goddard Institute for Space Studies, and the Kennedy Space Center.

Also try:

Many NASA technical reports, along with AGARD publications, are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

Coverage: Various Dates

Provides citation and some full text access to scholarly research in the Netherlands, including data sets, publications and directories for scholars and organizations.

National Centers for Environmental Information (NOAA)
Coverage: Various Dates

NOAA provides resources for a variety of subject areas, including weather and atmospheric sciences, oceanography, ocean engineering, nautical charting, marine ecology, marine resources, ecosystems, coastal studies, aeronomy, geodesy, cartography, mathematics and statistics.

Many of the technical reports listed by the Library may also be available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

National Science Digital Library
Coverage: Various Dates

NSDL was established by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to direct users to resources for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education and research. NSDL provides an organized point of access to STEM content that is aggregated from a variety of other digital libraries, NSF-funded projects, and NSDL-reviewed web sites.

Many of the technical reports found in NSDL may also be available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

National Technical Reports Library
Coverage: 19th century to present

NTRL contains nearly 3 million scientific and technical reports (500,000 in full text) on US government-sponsored research and worldwide scientific, technical, engineering, and business-related information. The database includes unclassified and publicly available information from research reports, journal articles, data files, computer programs and audio visual products arranged by major subject categories from Federal sources. The NTIS NTRL also has information from international organizations and government departments including those from Canada, Japan, the former Soviet Union, and Western and Eastern European countries. Major source Agency contributors:

  • Department of Defense (DoD) (Also see U.S. Department of Defense publications ).
  • Department of Energy (DOE)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • Department of Interior (DoI)
  • Department of Transportation (DOT)
  • Department of Commerce
  • Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Department of Justice (DOJ)
  • Department of Health and Human Services (DHS)

Many reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS). Also see List of LC holdings for other editions of NTIS.

For more information about U.S. government reports, read the May 2001 GAO report Information management dissemination of technical reports for an overview of U.S. government issued technical reports.

NCDC Climatic Data
Coverage: Various Dates

NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) includes meteorological / climatological information, environmental satellite data, and NEXRAD weather radar data. The databases contain more than 90 percent of NOAAs data on precipitation (rain, snow, etc.) and general climatic data (temperature, wind, pressure, clouds, and solar).

Also try Climate Variables maintained by the The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), which has served as the primary climate-change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) since 1982.

NCSTRL: Networked Computer Science Technical Reference Library
Coverage: Various Dates

NCSTRL is an international collection of computer science technical reports from computer science departments and industrial and government laboratories.

Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD)
Coverage: Various Dates

NDLTD provides access to thousands of international electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs).

NISO Standards
Coverage: Various Dates

The National Information Standards Organization identifies, develops, maintains, and publishes technical standards for the full range of information-related needs, including retrieval, re-purposing, storage, metadata, and preservation. Also consult the PREMIS Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata .

Many standards are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

NIST Scientific and Technical Databases
Coverage: Various Dates

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Gateway provides access to over 80 of the NIST scientific and technical databases. These databases cover a broad range of substances and properties from many different scientific disciplines. Search by Keyword, Property, or Substance Name.

List of all NIST publicly available databases. For background materials, useful links, and search tools for locating information about the use of standards in government, visit Standards.Gov . The primary focus of the site is on Federal agency use of standards for regulatory and procurement purposes. Many standards are also available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

North American Transportation Statistics Database
Coverage: Various Dates

Provides information and statistics on transportation and transportation-related activities among Canada, the United States and Mexico, both within individual countries and between the countries. This database, presented in French, English, and Spanish is, accessible in table and time series formats, and covers twelve thematic areas, including transportation and the economy, transportation safety, transportation’s impact on energy and the environment, passenger and freight activity, and transportation and trade.

Also try:

  • U.S. Census Bureau North American Transportation in Figures , covering Canada, Mexico and the United States. Sections include: Transportation and the Economy; Transportation Safety; Transportation, Energy, and the Environment; Domestic Freight Activity; North American Merchandise Trade; International Merchandise Trade Between North America and the Rest of the World; Domestic Passenger Travel; North American Passenger Travel; International Passenger Travel Between North America and the Rest of the World; Transportation Infrastructure; and Transportation Vehicles (cars, trucks, etc.).
  • NTSB aviation accident database - contains information from 1962 and later about civil aviation accidents and selected incidents within the United States, its territories and possessions, and in international waters.
  • - contains statistics for deaths and injuries involving specific makes and modes of vehicles (including crash test and rollover ratings for cars and trucks), as well as information about defects and recalls (maintained by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ).
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Occupational Safety and Health Standards
Coverage: Various Dates

Provides a comprehensive resource for current United States OSHA standards and compliance-related information.

Coverage: Various Dates

1science is a discovery platform for both open access and subscription content. Use the 1findr search box to access 90 million indexed resources - millions of which are open access - published in peer-reviewed journals and including technical reports and data sets, in all fields of research, in all languages and from every country.
Coverage: Various Dates

Provides access to over 31,000 data sets, 190 code repositories and 35 APIs developed by NASA. OpenNASA is devoted to five types of visitors: the Citizen Scientist, the Developer, the Citizen Activist, the Govvie and the Curious.

Coverage: Various Dates

The OpenNet database contains over 485,000 bibliographic references for document collections from several DOE sources, including declassified materials. Related collections include:

OpenNet is provided by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI).

Many technical reports and other grey literature are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) . Reports can also be found in the general collections of the Library by searching the LC online catalog .

OpenSIGLE System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe
Coverage: 2000's to present

Locate results from technical or research reports, conference papers, and official government publications originating in the International Conference Series on Gray Literature. Also try Greytext: Inhouse Archive of Publications on Grey Literature .

Grey Literature has been defined on the Grey Literature Network Service as "Information produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry in electronic and print formats not controlled by commercial publishing, i.e. where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body." (Luxembourg, 1997 - New York, 2004, GL conferences).

Many technical reports and other grey literature are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) . Reports can also be found in the general collections of the Library by searching the LC online catalog .

OSF Preprints
Coverage: Various Dates

OSF is an open source service of the Center for Open Science providing access to over 2 million preprints covering topics in Architecture, Arts and Humanities, Business, Education, Engineering, Law, Life Sciences, Medicine and Health Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics and Social and Behavioral Sciences.

OTA Archive
Coverage: 1974 - 1995

Contains the complete collection of the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) publications. The OTA closed on September 29, 1995, but during its 23-year history, the office provided Congressional members and committees analysis of complex scientific and technical issues of the late 20th century. The site, maintained at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, also includes additional materials that illuminate the history and impact of the agency. Also see the Congressional Research Service report Technology Assessment in Congress: History and Legislative Options .

Coverage: Various Dates

The Publishing Network for Geoscientific & Environmental Data is a public digital library for science containing georeferenced data with special emphasis on environmental, marine and geological basic research.

Coverage: 1993 to present
On-Site Access Only

Worldwide coverage of published congresses, symposiums, conferences, expositions, workshops and meetings received by The British Library Document Supply Centre. Subject areas include: arts; economics; humanities; politics; sciences; and social sciences.

Coverage: Various Dates

Plenario is a centralized hub for open datasets from city portals around the world. The database is designed to allow users to access, combine, download and visualize disparate sets of data from one query. Users will be able to study regions over specified time periods using all relevant data, regardless of original source (including federal government or privately curated datasets), and represent the data as a single time series.

PolarInfo Database
Coverage: Various Dates

Contains references to northern and Native subjects covering health, education, law, business, political science, geology, cold regions engineering, vegetation, and wildlife. Indexed materials include articles from journals, northern newspapers, Native newspapers, newsletters, selected conference proceedings, selected annual and government reports, and other grey literature.
Coverage: Various Dates

An open access repository for research methods that allows researchers to share vital details of procedures used in their experiments. The site provides persistent, citable identifiers for laboratory protocols and acts as a preprint server for science methods, computational workflows, clinical trials, operational procedures, safety checklists and instructions / manuals.

QDR: Qualitative Data Repository
Coverage: Various Dates

QDR selects, ingests, curates, archives, manages, durably preserves, and provides access to digital data used in qualitative and multi-method social inquiry.

Quake Hazards Program
Coverage: Various Dates

USGS Earthquakes Hazards Program provides data for earthquakes, earthquake engineering, natural hazard mitigation, and related topics.

Also see:

MCEER reports are also available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

re3data: Registry of Research Data Repositories
Coverage: Various Dates is a global registry of research data repositories that covers research data repositories from different academic disciplines. It presents repositories for the permanent storage and access of data sets to researchers, funding bodies, publishers and scholarly institutions.

Registry of Open Access Repositories
Coverage: Various Dates

ROAR allows users to search or browse more than 1,000 OAI-compliant open-access eprint archives. Cover OA content (full-texts) of preprints, postprints of peer-reviewed journal articles, or dissertations. Also tracks the growth in OA archives (the number of records in each archive, across time), showing growth charts for each Archive, as well as across Archives.

ROAD: Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources
Coverage: Various Dates

Contains bibliographic records for journals, conference proceedings, academic repositories, and (from 2014) monographic series which have been assigned an ISSN. ROAD is a service offered by the ISSN International Centre with the support of the Communication and Information Sector of UNESCO.

Reports of the Science Defense Board
Coverage: 1970's to present

Contains the full reports of the DSB, a committee of civilian experts appointed to advise the United States Department of Defense on scientific and technical matters. The reports center on defense and national security related matters directed at the science, technology, research, engineering, manufacturing, and the acquisition process for weapons research and the security infrastructure.

Many reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

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Sabin Center for Climate Change Law (Columbia University)
Coverage: Various Dates

The Sabin Center provides reports and tracks developments in litigation and administrative proceedings related to climate change. The Center also maintains two databases of climate change litigation, one for U.S. climate change litigation and one for non-U.S. cases.

SAE Standards
Coverage: Various Dates

Identify and locate automotive and aerospace standards issued by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Also search for other SAE Publications .

Many standards are available, in print and electronically, through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Science Accelerator
Coverage: Various Dates

Science Accelerator (now known as OSTI.Gov) is a gateway to United States Department of Energy (DOE) key resources containing scientific and technical information representing billions of dollars of DOE research. Resources contain the results of research and development (R&D) projects and programs, descriptions of R&D projects under way or recently completed, and major R&D accomplishments. Resources searched include:

  • DOE Data Explorer: Collections of DOE non-text data
  • DOE Green Energy Results: DOE green energy research and development
  • DOE Information Bridge: Full-text DOE documents
  • DOE R&D: Accomplishments Significant outcomes via full-text DOE documents and/or DOE-associated Nobel Laureates
  • DOE Technology Transfer: DOE laboratory technology transfer websites and databases
  • DOEpatents Patents resulting from DOE R&D.
  • DOE Energy Citations Database: Bibliographic records
  • Energy Science and Technology Software Center: Scientific and technical software
  • E-print Network: Journal article pre-publication drafts, scholarly papers, and more
  • Science Conference Proceedings: Conference papers and proceedings
  • Science Journals Connector: Scientific journal resources publicly available on the Web
  • ScienceCinema Multimedia: videos about DOE and other science research

Science Acceleration replaces the GrayLIT Network, a comprehensive portal to Federal gray literature. Grey Literature has been defined on the Grey Literature Network Service as "Information produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry in electronic and print formats not controlled by commercial publishing, i.e. where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body." (Luxembourg, 1997 - New York, 2004, GL conferences).

Many technical reports and other grey literature are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) . Reports can also be found in the general collections of the Library by searching the LC online catalog .

Coverage: Various Dates

ScienceBase is a collaborative scientific database that contains ongoing information about scientific efforts, partnerships, collections, or projects that benefit from use of a centralized data management platform. The database has various built-in capabilities to store, organize, display, share, and serve geospatial (GIS) data.

Scitation (AIP)
Coverage: 1975 to present

Contains Citations and abstracts from dozens of technical publications in the physical sciences. Users must first register, which is free. Maintained by the American Institute of Physics (AIP). The Library of Congress holds in print many of the titles indexed in the database.

Many technical reports and standards are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

SciTech Connect
Coverage: Various Dates

SciTech Connect consolidates the contents of OSTI's Information Bridge and Energy Citations Database to cover disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, and computer science. It includes bibliographic citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

There are over 2.5 million citations in SciTech Connect, including citations to 1.4 million journal articles, 368,000 of which have digital object identifiers (DOIs) linking to full-text articles on publishers’ websites. SciTech Connect also has over 316,000 full-text DOE sponsored scientific and technical reports; most of these are post-1991, but close to 85,000 of the reports were published prior to 1990.

Many reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Semantic Scholar
Coverage: Various Dates

AI2 Semantic Scholar crawls the web, finding PDFs of publically available scientific papers on a variety of topics, extracting both text and diagrams/captions, and indexing it all for future contextual retrieval. Using natural language processing, the system identifies the top papers (especially in computer science), extracts filtering information and topics, and sorts by what type of paper and how influential its citations are.

SIPRI Military Expenditure Database
Coverage: Various Dates

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) military expenditure data contains consistent time series on the military spending of 171 countries since 1988, and of NATO member states from 1949.

SIRIS: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System
Coverage: Various Dates

Search over 9.0 million catalog records of Smithsonian museum objects and library & archives materials. More than 1.2 of these records contain online images, video and sound files, electronic journals and other online resources. Site includes separate search engine for their "Directory of Airplanes."

SPIRES HEP High-Energy Physics Literature Database
Coverage: Various Dates

SPIRES High-Energy Physics Literature Database provides searching of more than 500,000 high-energy physics related articles, including journal papers, preprints, e-prints, technical reports, conference papers and theses. Comprehensively indexed by the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) and Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) libraries since 1974.

SPRILIB : A Polar and Glaciological Bibliographic Database
Coverage: Various Dates

The Scott Polar Research Institute Library (SPRILIB) databases cover the literature relating to the Arctic and Antarctic published in a wide range of languages. The database also offers comprehensive coverage for all aspects of snow and ice throughout the world. In addition to records for books, chapters, conference proceedings and papers, government and other reports, SPRILIB includes records for articles identified through the regular scanning of over 1,000 periodicals. The resource includes:

Subject Coverage: All subjects relating to the polar regions are included, with particularly good coverage for: land and sea ice; snow and snow cover; geocryology; snow and ice engineering; geology; marine sciences; ice navigation; atmospheric sciences; global change; environmental issues; zoology (especially sea mammals and birds); indigenous peoples of northern Russia, North America and the European Arctic; international law and policy; and history of exploration.

Geographic coverage includes: Alaska; Antarctica (especially published results of historic expeditions); Arctic Ocean and adjacent waters; Canadian North (Yukon and Northwest Territories); Northern Fennoscandia; Greenland; Russian Arctic and Siberia; and Svalbard.

Coverage: Various Dates

StandardsGov provides background materials and useful links for locating information about the use of standards in government. The primary focus is on federal agency use of standards for regulatory and procurement purposes.

Many standards are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

State Agency Databases Across the Fifty States (GODORT)
Coverage: Various Dates

Directory of state agency databases covering regulatory, scientific and policy information.

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Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Coverage: Various Dates

TRAIL includes digitized versions of the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) Monograph Series covering the technical literature on various subjects. These detailed reports, published between 1959 and 1982, include materials data, mathematical functions, time series, diffraction patterns, measurements, standards, methods and much more. Information about the project is available from the Center for Research Libraries (CRL) site.

Many reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Also see the May 2001 GAO report Information management dissemination of technical reports for an overview of U.S. government issued technical reports.

Technology Research Database
Coverage: 1962 to present
On-Site Access Only

A comprehensive indexing and abstracting database covering all fields of engineering and technology. Sources covered include over 4,000 periodicals, conference proceedings, technical reports, trade journal/newsletter items, patents, books, and press releases.

Major areas of coverage include: Aeronautics; Alloys; Astronautics; Biomaterials; Casting and molding; Ceramics; Civil engineering; Communications and networks; Composites; Computer applications; Construction materials; Corrosion; Database information systems; Decision support systems; Earthquake engineering; Electronics; Engineered materials; Environmental engineering; Glass; Intermetallics; Mechanical engineering; Metallurgy; Metals and their applications; Meteorology, climatology and oceanography; Navigation; Nonferrous metals; Optical and acoustic technology; Pollution, waste and water engineering; Polymers; Robotics and automation; Semiconductors; Space biology; Steels; Superconductors; Surface finishing; Telecommunications; Transportation engineering; and Welding.

Coverage: Various Dates

Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB) and the Universitätsbibliothek Hannover (UB) catalog contains German research reports, conference proceedings, and other related technical reports and grey literature materials. Maintained by the German National Library of Science and Technology and University Library of Hannover.

Many reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Coverage: Various Dates

The U.S. Navy’s Higher Education Digital Archives Preservation System provides searchable access to the Navy’s publicly available collections including materials from the U.S. Naval Academy, the Naval Postgraduate School and the U.S. Naval War College.

UCDP/PRIO Armed Conflict Dataset
Coverage: 1946 to present

A conflict-year dataset with information on armed conflict where at least one party is the government of a state. Maintained by the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University.

United Nations Digital Library
Coverage: Various Dates

Provides access to UN documents including speeches, maps, and voting data, as well as public domain publications.

United Nations Report on Military Expenditures
Coverage: Various Dates

Database of military expenditures by country. Includes links to:
United States Geological Survey Publications Warehouse
Coverage: Various Dates

The USGS reports and thematic maps database contains more than 61,000 bibliographic citations, including numbered series begun as early as 1882. Availability of content ranges from full text to bibliographic citation only. A number of Biological Resources Discipline report citations, primarily historical research reports, are included. These citations include reports released by the Fish and Wildlife Service as well as the National Biological Survey prior to the creation of the Biological Resources Division of the USGS. Updated regularly.

Also see the GSA Data Repository (1974- ), an open file where authors of articles in the Geological Society of America journals placed information that supplements and expands on their articles, and the USGS Long Term Archive.
Coverage: Various Dates

Provides data on federal awards and agency expenditures; agencies are required to report the name of the entity receiving the award, the amount of the award, the recipient’s location, the place of performance location, as well as other information.

Virtual Technical Reports Center
Coverage: Various Dates

Provides links to EPrints, Preprints, & Technical Reports on the Web. Institutions listed either provide full-text reports, or searchable extended abstracts of their technical reports on the World Wide Web.

Many technical reports are available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS) .

Web of Science
Coverage: Various Dates
On-Site Access Only

A multidisciplinary database covering the journal literature of the sciences, arts and humanities, and the social sciences. It indexes thousands of major journals across more than 200 disciplines. Because the information stored about each article includes the article's cited reference list (often called its bibliography), you can also search the database for articles that cite a known author or work. ISI Web of Science includes:

  • Science Citation Expanded, 1997-
  • Social Sciences Citation Index, 1956-
  • Arts & Humanities Citation Index, 1975-

Use All Databases to search Inspec; Web of Science; and Zoological Record. Use the Additional Researches Tab to search ISI Highly Cited; BIOSIS Index for Organism Names (ION); Biology Browser; ESI Special Topics; and Science Watch.

List of LC holdings for other editions of this title.

Wind-Wildlife Impacts Literature Database
Coverage: Various Dates

WIND is a bibliographic database covering the effects of energy development (including towers, power lines, and other wires) on birds. The effects of wind energy development on birds include mortality factors such as collision and electrocution, and impacts on nesting, foraging, roosting/loafing, and other bird disturbances. The database also contains documents on the potential impacts of wind energy development on humans, including visual and noise disturbances. The database includes documents from journals, periodicals, conference proceedings, government publications, utility company reports, books, and magazines.

Coverage: Various Dates

Wolfram Alpha is a computational knowledge search engine that tracks open-access curated data or algorithms for analysis and answers. The object of Wolfram|Alpha is to make all systematic knowledge immediately computable and accessible by answering questions, solving equations, cross-referencing data types, projecting future behaviors, and tracking related activities.

World Data Center for Marine Environmental Sciences
Coverage: Various Dates

WDC-MARE collects, scrutinizes, and disseminates data related to Global Change in the fields of environmental oceanography, marine geosciences, and marine biology. It focuses on georeferenced data (numeric, text, and any kind of binary objects) using the PANGAEA information system as its long-term archive and publication unit.

WDC-MARE is maintained by the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and the Center for Marine Environmental Sciences (MARUM). WDC-MARE reports are also available through the Library of Congress Technical Reports and Standards Unit (TRS).

Try also OceanExpert , a Global Directory of Marine and Freshwater Professionals containing information on over 9,000 experts and 4,500 institutions involved in all aspects of Marine or Freshwater Research and Management. Developed and maintained by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC).

WorldWideScience : Global Science Gateway
Coverage: Various Dates

Searches an array of databases found in dozens of science portals with only one query. was developed by the Energy Department and the British Library, along with science and technology organizations in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Japan and the Netherlands.

Worldwide Incidents Tracking System
Coverage: Various Dates

The National Counterterrorism Center’s database of terrorist incidents. According to the NCTC definition, terrorism occurs when groups or individuals acting on political motivation deliberately or recklessly attack civilians/non-combatants or their property and the attack does not fall into another special category of political violence, such as crime, rioting, or tribal violence.

Coverage: Various Dates

Zenodo is an open digital repository that enables researchers, scientists, EU projects and institutions to share, preserve and showcase multidisciplinary research results (data and publications) that are not part of the existing institutional or subject-based repositories of the research communities.


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   November 6, 2019
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