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Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China

Tracer Bullet 10-4


Photo: suspension bridge.The Dong Ting Lake Bridge in China is equipped with magnetorheological motion dampers to counteract gusts of wind. Image courtesy: Lord Corporation. From the NASA Website.


This bibliographic guide references English-language sources on scientific and technological developments in China beginning in October 1949, following the Communist revolution. Little was known about the inner workings and policies of the newly-formed government, including its scientific mission and activities until the end of 1978. At that time, China embarked on a path of economic reform under national leader, Deng Xiaoping, who declared “Science and technology are the primary productive force.” Scientists and engineers who had been denounced and dismissed during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) were reinstalled as were the R&D institutions whose work had been disrupted, students of science and engineering who had been unable to leave the country were once again sent abroad for training. Science and technology remain primary to China’s leaders today.

This compilation is based on English-language materials and public access electronic resources available in the collections of the Library of Congress. This and other recent Tracer Bullets are available online from the Science Reference Section at URL: // Not meant to be a comprehensive bibliography, this compilation is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the reader “on target.”



Hsiung, Deh-I. China’s science & technology system: challenge and change. Arlington, VA, National Science Foundation, 2005. 48 p.
   Pamphlet box <SciRR>

Lu, Youngxiang. Construction of Chinese national S&T innovation system and latest advancements in science and technology in China. Current science, v. 81, Oct. 2001: 930-935.
   Pamphlet box <SciRR>

Sargent, Michael. Sixty years of science in Mainland China. Interdisciplinary science reviews, v. 34, Mar. 2009: 117-122.



Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which books on science and technology in the People’s Republic of China may be located in Library Catalogs, include the following:

Highly relevant








China's four modernizations: the new technological revolution. Edited by Richard Baum. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1980. 307 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.

China's science and technology sector and the forces of globalisation. Editors, Elspeth Thomson, Jon Sigurdson. Hackensack, NJ, World Scientific Pub., 2008. 219 p. (Series on contemporary China, v. 13)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HC430.T4C464 2008

Elman, Benjamin A. A cultural history of modern science in China. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2006. 308 p.
   Bibliography: p. 243-283.
   Q127.C5E46 2006 <SciRR>

Ke, Yan. Science & technology in China: reform and development. Translated from Chinese by Chen Ru. Beijing, China Intercontinental Press, 2004. 198 p.
   Q127.C5K3813 2004 <SciRR>

McDonald, T. David. The technological transformation of China. Washington, National Defense University Press, 1990. 191 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T27.C5M33 1990

Preeg, Ernest H. The emerging Chinese advanced technology superstate. Arlington, VA, Manufacturers Alliance/MAPI; Washington, Hudson Institute, 2005. 237 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HC430.H53P53 2005

Science and technology in post-Mao China. Edited by Denis Fred Simon and Merle Goldman. Cambridge, MA, Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University Press, 1989. 461 p. (Harvard contemporary China series, 5)
   Bibliography: p. 399-450.
   Q127.C5S333 1989

Science progress in China. Editor-in-Chief, Lu Yongxiang. Beijing, Science Press, 2003. 494 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q127.C5S38 2003 <SciRR>

Sigurdson, Jon, Jian Jiang, and others. Technological superpower China. Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar, c2005. 347 p.
   Bibliography: p. 313-325.
   T27.C5S58 2005 <SciRR>

Tang, Tong B. Science and technology in China. London, Longman; Detroit, Distributed by Gale Research, 1984. 269 p. (Longman guide to world science and technology, 3)
   Q127.C5T36 1984

Zhou, Yu. The inside story of China's high-tech industry: making Silicon Valley in Beijing. Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Pub., 2008. 201 p.
   Bibliography: p. 177-189.
   HC430.H53Z49 2008



Broadbent, K. P. Dissemination of scientific information in the People's Republic of China. Ottawa, International Development Research Centre, 1980. 60 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.

Gu, Shulin. China's industrial technology: market reform and organisational change. London, New York, Routledge, 1999. 410 p. (UNU/INTECH studies in new technology and development, 8)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HC430.T4G8 1999

Innovation with Chinese characteristics: high-tech research in China. Edited by Linda Jakobson. Basingstoke, Eng., New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. 178 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T58.5.I5647 2007

Kharbanda, V. P., and M. A. Qureshi. Science, technology, and economic development in China. New Delhi, Navrang, 1987. 226 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q127.C5K47 1987

Science and technology strategies for development in India and China: a comparative study. Edited by V. P. Kharbanda and Ashok Jain. New Delhi, Har-Anand Publications, 1999. 472 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T27.I4S375 1999

Simon, Denis Fred, and Cong Cao. China's emerging technological edge: assessing the role of highend talent. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2009. 406 p.
   Bibliography: p. 367-395.
   T27.C5S622009 <SciRR>

Statistics on science and technology of China, 1949-1989. Beijing, Zhongguo Tong Ji Chu Ban She, 1990. 516 p.
   Q127.C5C5685 1990 FT MEADE




Harvey, Brian. China’s space program: from conception to manned spaceflight. Berlin, New York, Springer, c2004. 349 p.
   Bibliography: p. 334-337.
   TL789.8.C55H36 2004 <SciRR>

Johnson-Freese, Joan. The Chinese space program: a mystery within a maze. Malabar, FL, Krieger Pub., 1998. 139 p.
   Bibliography: p. 129-133.
   TL789.8.C55J64 1998

Pollpeter, Kevin. Building for the future: China's progress in space technology during the tenth 5-year plan and the U.S. response. Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U. S. Army War College, 2008. 64 p.
   Bibliography: p. 54-64.
   UG1525.C6P655 2008

Environmental Science

Babson, John Freeman. Science, technology, and the environment of China. Hong Kong, General Education Centre, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2008. 320 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q175.52.C6B33 2008

Baldinger, Pamela, and Jennifer L. Turner. Crouching suspicions, hidden potential: United States environmental and energy cooperation with China. Washington, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2002. 64 p.
   TD170.B344 2002

Environmental governance in China. Edited by Neil T. Carter and Arthur P. J. Mol. London, Routledge, 2007. 204 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HD75.6.E567 2007

Environmental protection in China: land-use management. Edited by Jeff Bennett, Xuehong Wang, and Lei Zhang. Cheltenham, Eng., Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar, c2008. 234 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HD928.E58 2008

Freeman, Charles, and Xiaoqing Lu. Assessing Chinese government response to the challenge of environment and health: a report of the CSIS Freeman Chair in China Studies. Washington, CSIS Press, c2008. 35 p.
   “CSIS--Center for Strategic & International Studies.”
   RA566.5.C6F74 2008

Ma, Xiaoying, and Leonard Ortolano. Environmental regulation in China: institutions, enforcement, and compliance. Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, c2000. 209 p.
   Bibliography: p. 191-199.
   GE190.C6M3 2000

Murray, Geoffrey, and Ian G. Cook. Green China: seeking ecological alternatives. New York, RoutledgeCurzon, 2002. 254 p.
   Bibliography: p. 238-244.
   GE160.C6M87 2002

Wang, Yongchen. Green action in China. Beijing, Foreign Languages Press, 2006. 129 p.
   TD187.5.C6W36 2006

Yu, Hongyuan. Global warming and China's environmental diplomacy. New York, Nova Science Publishers, 2008. 199 p.
   Bibliography: p. 173-188.
   QC981.8.G56Y9 2008

Xie, Lei. Environmental activism in China. London, New York, Routledge, 2009. 213 p. (China policy series, 9)
   Bibliography: p. 179-209.
   HC430.E5X45 2009

Information and Communication Technology

China's information and communications technology revolution: social changes and state responses. Edited by Xiaoling Zhang and Yongnian Zheng. London, New York, Routledge, 2009. 160 p. (China policy series, 7)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HC430.I55C455 2009

Fannin, Rebecca A. Silicon dragon: how China is winning the tech race. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2008. 183 p.
   Bibliography: p. 155-165.
   HD9696.8.C62F36 2008

Harwit, Eric. China's telecommunications revolution. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 2008. 249 p.
   Bibliography: p. 190-230.
   HE8424.H37 2008

Ning, Lutao. China's rise in the world ICT industry: industrial strategies and the catch-up development model. New York, Routledge, 2009. 249 p.
   Bibliography: p. 230-245.
   HC430.H53N55 2009

Popkin, James M. IT and the East: how China and India are altering the future of technology and innovation. Boston, Harvard Business School Press, 2007. 226 p.
   Bibliography: p. 205-216.
   HC430.H53P52 2007

Shen, Xiaobai. The Chinese road to high technology: a study of telecommunications switching technology in the economic transition. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1999. 227 p.
   Bibliography: p. 207-217.
   HE8424.S54 1999

Tai, Zixue. The Internet in China: cyberspace and civil society. New York, Routledge, 2006. 365 p.
   Bibliography: p. 315-340.
   HM851.T35 2006

Wu, Irene S. From iron fist to invisible hand, the uneven path of telecommunications reform in China. Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2009. 187 p.
   Bibliography: p. 163-178.
   HE8425.W8 2009

Yu, Jiang, and Richard Li-Hua. China's highway of information and communication technology. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. 209 p.
   Bibliography: p. 189-197.
   HC430.I55Y8 2010

Medical Sciences

Cassidy, Claire Monod. Contemporary Chinese medicine and acupuncture. New York, Churchill Livingstone, 2002. 436 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R601.C375 2002

Drug discovery and traditional Chinese medicine: science, regulation, and globalization. Edited by Yuan Lin. Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001. 249 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R852.L55 2001

Ho, Peng Yoke, and F. Peter Lisowski. A brief history of Chinese medicine. 2nd ed. Singapore, River Edge, NJ, World Scientific, 1997. 103 p.
   Bibliography: p. 79.
   R601.H542 1997

Innovation in Chinese medicine. Edited by Elisabeth Hsu. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2001. 426 p. (Needham Research Institute studies, 3)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R601.I566 2001

Scheid, Volker. Currents of tradition in Chinese medicine, 1626-2006. Seattle, Eastland Press, 2007. 565 p.
   Bibliography: p. 483-524.
   R601.S356 2007

Science and medicine in twentieth-century China: research and education. Edited by John Z. Bowers, J. William Hess, and Nathan Sivin. Ann Arbor, Center for Chinese Studies, the University of Michigan, 1988. 283 p. (Science, medicine, and technology in East Asia, v. 3)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RA395.C53S35 1988

Taylor, Kim. Chinese medicine in early communist China, 1945-63: a medicine of revolution. London, New York, RoutledgeCurzon, 2005. 236 p.
   Bibliography: p. 206-229.
   R601.T396 2005

Zhao, Ruan Jin. From legend to science: a history of Chinese medicine. New York, Vantage Press, 2004. 227 p.
   Bibliography: p. 227.
   R601.Z482 2004 <SciRR>

Military Technology

Allen, Kenneth W., Glenn Krumel, and Jonathan D. Pollack. China's air force enters the 21st century. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1995. 249 p.
   Bibliography: p. 239-249.
   UG635.C6A43 1995

China's future nuclear submarine force. Edited by Andrew S. Erickson and others. Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 2007. 412 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   V859.C6C55 2007

China's growing military power: perspectives on security, ballistic missiles, and conventional capabilities. Edited by Andrew Scobell and Larry M. Wortzel. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U. S. Army War College, 2002. 312 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   UA835.C44627 2002

China's new great leap forward: high technology and military power in the next half-century. Cicero, IN, Hudson Institute, 2005. 95 p.
   UA835.C47 2005

China's nuclear future. Edited by Paul J. Bolt and Albert S. Willner. Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006. 221 p.
   Bibliography: p. 193-209.
   U264.5.C6C635 2006

Cordesman, Anthony H., and Martin Kleiber. Chinese military modernization: force development and strategic capabilities. Washington, CSIS Press, 2007. 226 p. (Significant issues series, v. 29, no. 3)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   UA835.C4494 2007

Feigenbaum, Evan A. China's techno-warriors: national security and strategic competition from the nuclear to the information age. Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2003. 339 p.
   Bibliography: p. 291-318.
   UA835.F44 2003

Fisher, Richard D. China's military modernization: building for regional and global reach. Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008. 309 p.
   Bibliography: p. 253-299.
   UA835.F57 2008

Lewis, John Wilson, and Xue Litai. China builds the bomb. Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 1988. 329 p.
   Bibliography: p. 293-309.

Li, Xiaobing. A history of the modern Chinese Army. Lexington, University Press of Kentucky, 2009. 413 p.
   Bibliography: p. 371-394.
   UA837.L484 2009

Science and Technology Policy

A Decade of reform: science & technology policy in China. International Development Research Centre, Canada, State Science and Technology Commission, People's Republic of China. Ottawa, International Development Research Centre, c1997. 160 p.
   Bibliography: p. 159-160.
   Q127.C5D43 1997

Guide to China's science and technology policy: white paper on science and technology. State Science and Technology Commission of the People's Republic of China. Beijing, International Academic Publishers; New York, Pergamon Press, 1989. 591 p. (White paper on science and technology, 2)
   Q127.C5G85 1988

Saich, Tony. China's science policy in the 80s. Atlantic Highlands, NJ, Humanities Press International, 1989. 188 p.
   Bibliography: p. 170-183.
   Q127.C5S333 1989

Wang, Yeu-Farn. China's science and technology policy, 1949-1989. Brookfield, VT, Avebury, c1993. 173 p.
   Bibliography: p. 158-173.
   Q127.C5W352 1993

Yu, Q. Y. The implementation of China's science and technology policy. Westport, CT, Quorum Books, 1999. 233 p.
   Bibliography: p. 225-227.
   Q127.C5Y8 1999

Technology Transfer

Billings, Bruce H. China and the West: information technology transfer from printing press to computer era. Long Beach, CA, Intertech Press, 1997. 134 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T174.3.B55 1997

Blank, Stephen. The dynamics of Russian weapon sales to China. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U. S. Army War College, 1997. 40 p.
   Bibliography: p. 28-36.
   UA12.B53 1997

Bridgwater, A. V., and others. An assessment of the possibilities for transfer of European biomass gasification technology to China. Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1999. 108 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP339.B75 1999

Chinese technology transfer in the 1990's: current experience, historical problems, and international perspectives. Edited by Charles Feinstein, Christopher Howe. Cheltenham, Glos., Eng., Lyme, NH, Edward Elgar, c1997. 243 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HC430.T4C465 1997

From technology transfer to technology management in China. Theodor Leuenberger, editor. New York, Springer, c1990. 281 p.
   T27.C5F76 1990

Hood, Stephen, and Anthony N. Williams. Technology transfer in the People's Republic of China: a specially commissioned report. Quarry Bay, Hong Kong, Chicago, Longman, c1987. 46 leaves.
   Includes bibliographical references
   HC430.T4H66 1987

Kan, Shirley. China: possible missile technology transfers. New York, Novinka Books, 2003. 84 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   UG745.C5K35 2003<

Lan, Ping. Technology transfer to China through foreign direct investment. Aldershot, Hants, Eng., Brookfield, VT, Avebury, c1996. 279 p.
   Bibliography: p. 263-279.
   T174.3.L355 1996

Li-Hua, Richard. Technology and knowledge transfer in China. Aldershot, Hants, Eng., Ashgate, c2004. 160 p. T174.3.L52 2004
   Bibliography: p. 147-155.
   T174.3.L52 2004

Schnepp, Otto, Mary Ann Von Glinow, and Arvind Bhambri. United States-China technology transfer. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, 1990. 262 p.
   Bibliography: p. 257-262.
   T174.3.S33 1990



Andreas, Joel. Rise of the red engineers: the Cultural Revolution and the origins of China’s new class. Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, c2009. 344 p.
   Bibliography: p. 317-336.
   HN740.Z9E413 2009

Cao, Cong. China's scientific elite. London, New York, RoutledgeCurzon, 2004. 256 p. (RoutledgeCurzon studies on China in transition, 21)
   Bibliography: p. 225-249.
   Q175.52.C6C36 2004

Hu, Danian. China and Albert Einstein: the reception of the physicist and his theory in China 1917-1979. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2005. 257 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QC16.E5H79 2005

Karplus, Valerie J., and Xing Wang Deng. Agricultural biotechnology in China: origins and prospects. New York, Springer, c2008. 165 p.
   Bibliography: p. 143-153.
   S494.5.B563K37 2008

Miller, H. Lyman. Science and dissent in post-Mao China: the politics of knowledge. Seattle, University of Washington Press, c1996. 370 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q175.52.C6M55 1996;

Progress on cryptography: 25 years of cryptography in China. Edited by Kefei Chen. Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, c2004. 246 p. (Kluwer international series in engineering and computer science, SECS 769)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QA76.9.A25P77 2004

Schneider, Laurence A. Biology and revolution in twentieth-century China. Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. 307 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH305.2.C6S36 2003

Walcott, Susan M. Chinese science and technology industrial parks. Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2003. 220 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   T175.7.W35 2003



The Cox report: the unanimous and bipartisan report of the House Select Committee on U.S. National Security and Military Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China. Edited by Kenneth deGraffenreid. Washington, Regnery Pub., c1999. 374 p.
   UA835.C69 1999

Technology transfer to China. Washington, Congress of the U.S., Office of Technology Assessment, 1987. 245 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T174.3.T414 1987

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Military power of the People's Republic of China: hearing before the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, second session, June 22, 2006. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2007. 69 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   KF27.A7 2006k

United States. Congress. Joint Economic Committee. Chinese access to dual-use and military technology: hearings before the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session, April 24, 1998. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 1998. 161 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   KF25.E2 1998l

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Transfer of satellite technology to China: hearing before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session, September 17, 1998. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 1999. 83 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   KF26.C69 1998v

United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Intelligence. Investigation of impacts to U.S. national security from advanced satellite technology exports to China and Chinese efforts to influence U.S. policy: hearings before the Select Committee on Intelligence, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session, June 10, 1998, and July 15, 1998. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2000. 147 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   KF26.5.I5 1998l

U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. China's high technology development: hearings before the U. S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, April 21 and 22, 2005. Washington, U.S. G. P.O., 2005. 335 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HC79.H53U17 2005



Technical Reports and other types of literature are indexed in the following guides:

Education Resources Information Center (ERIC)

GPO Access: a service of the U. S. Government Printing Office

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)



These selected reports are available in the Library’s Technical Report and Standards Collection (// and may be requested at the Science Reading Room desk. These reports may also be purchased from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5301 Shawnee Rd., Alexandria, VA 22312 (1-800-553-6847), or ordered online from its website.

Chu, Peter C., and Rongfeng Li. Topical and geographical focus of Chinese oceanographic research: a study of trends in publication. Monterey, CA, Dept. of Oceanography, Naval Postgraduate School, 2008. 19 p.

Hansen, J. R. Great leap upward: China’s human spaceflight program and Chinese national identity. Washington, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2008. 10 p.

Kostoff, Ronald N., and others. The structure and infrastructure of Chinese science and technology. Washington, U. S. Dept. of Defense, 2006. 504 p.



Dissertations may be identified by using online resources or the following indexes located in the Main Reading Room. Consult any reference librarian about options. Some dissertations may be available in full text through electronic resources on public terminals at the Library of Congress.

Comprehensive Dissertation Index (1861-1972)
   Z5053.X47 1973

Comprehensive Dissertation Index. Supplement (1973- annual)

Dissertation Abstracts International (1938- monthly)

Digital Dissertations and Theses (1861- )
   Electronic format



Leung, Ricky C. Doing nanotechnology in twenty-first century China. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2008.
   UMI publication number AAT 3327853
   Collation of the original: 288 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Li, Yahong. From imitation to innovation: the role of patent in China’s biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2007.
   UMI publication number AAT 3281884
   Collation of the original: 132 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--Stanford University, 2007.

Mu, Rongping. Technology transfer from Germany to China: case studies on Chinese carmakers and parts suppliers. Berlin, Technische Universitat Berlin, Universitatsbibliothek, Abt. Publikationen, 2001. 303 p.
   T174.3.M8 2001
   Bibliography: p. 295-303.
   Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral)--Technische Universitat Berlin, 2001.

Williams, James Harley. Fang Lizhi’s big bang: science and politics in Mao’s China. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 1994.
   UMI publication number AAT 9529558
   Collation of the original: 746 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of California, Berkeley, 1994.

Yoshihara, Toshi. Chinese strategic culture and military innovation: from the nuclear to the information age. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2004.
   UMI publication number AAT 3133699
   Collation of the original: 457 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Tufts University), 2004.

Yu, Yuegen. The bond of an enduring relationship: United States-China scientific relations, 1949-1989. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 1999.
   UMI publication number AAT 9926719
   Collation of the original: 362 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--West Virginia University, 1999.



Abstracting and Indexing Services that index relevant journal articles and other literature are listed below. The titles in electronic format are available onsite in the Library of Congress.

Abstracts in New Technologies and Engineering (1962-)
   Z7913.B7 <SciRR A&I>

Applied Science and Technology Index (1913-)
   Z7913.I7 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format

China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database
   Electronic format

Engineering Index (1884-)
   Z5851.E62 <SciRR A&I>

General Science Index (1978-)
   Z7401.G46 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format

Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- )
   AI3.R48 <BusRR> and Electronic format

Science Citation Index (1900- )
   Z7401.S365 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format



Journals that often contain information relevant to S & T development in China:

The American Journal of Chinese Medicine R601.A75
Asia Policy DS1.A47279
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists TK9145.A84
The China Environment Yearbook TD171.5.C6C45
China Environmental Series GE160.C6C55
The China Quarterly DS701.C472
China Statistical Yearbook on Science and Technology QL127.C5C5654 China Ref
Chinese Science Bulletin Q4.K5942
Journal of Technology Management in China T27.C5J68



Cao, C., and R. P. Suttmeier. China’s “brain ban”: leadership and elitism in Chinese science and engineering. Asian survey, v. 39, Mar./Apr. 1999: 525-559.

Cao, C., R. P. Suttmeier, and D. F. Simon. China’s 15 year science and technology plan. Physics today, v. 59, Dec. 2006: 38-43.

Chen, Shilu. Progress and development of space technology in China. Acta astronautica, v. 46, May 2000: 559-563.

Chen, X. Technology transfer to China: alliances of Chinese enterprises with western technology exporters. Technovation, v. 20, July 2000: 353-362.

Feigenbaum, Evan A. Who’s behind China’s high-technology “revolution?” International security, v. 24, summer 1999: 95-126.

Gallagher, K. S. Limits to leapfrogging in energy technologies? Evidence from the Chinese automobile industry. Energy policy, v. 34, Mar. 2006: 383-394.

Hughes, James H. Chinese ballistic missile developments. Journal of social, political, and economic studies, v. 32, summer 2007: 153-161.

Jin, B., Ling Li, and Ronald Rousseau. Long-term influence of interventions in the normal development of science: China and the Cultural Revolution. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, v. 55, Apr. 2004: 544-550.

Kostoff, Ronald N., and others. Chinese science and technology: structure and infrastructure. Technological forecasting and social change, v. 74, Nov. 2007: 1539-1573.

Mu, Rongping, and others. Technology foresight towards 2020 in China: the practice and its impact. Technology analysis & strategic management, v. 20, May 2008: 287-307.

Song, Jian. Awakening: evolution of China’s science and technology policies. Technology in society, v. 30, Aug./Nov. 2008: 235-241.

Suttmeier, Richard P. Cong Cao, and Denis Fred Simon. China’s innovation challenge and the remaking of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Innovations, v. l, summer 2006: 78-97.

Wu, Songtao, and others. Recent main events in applied superconductivity in China. IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity, v. 19, June 2009: 1069-1080.

Yong, Chen-Chen, and others. Science and technology policy management in China. Journal of technology management in China, v. 4, no. 1, 2009: 85-97.

Zhu, Chen, and others. Life sciences and biotechnology in China. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, v. 369, June 2007: 947-957.



Selected materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include the following:

Chen, Zhu. Biomedical science and technology in China. Lancet, v. 372, Oct. 25, 2008: 1441-1443.

Dennis, C. China: stem cell rises from the East. Nature, v. 419, Sept. 26, 2002: 334-346.

Fulghum, David A., and Douglas Barrie. China stealth: Beijing wrestles with stealth, speed and weapon hurdles. Aviation week & space technology, v. 171, Nov. 23, 2009: 29-30.

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George Mason University. School of Law. U.S.-China Cooperation Program in Science Policy, Research, and Education
3301 Fairfax Drive, MS1E5
Arlington, VA 22201
Telephone: (703) 993-8279
Fax: (703) 993-8211

National Bureau of Asian Research
1414 NE 42nd Street, Suite 300
Seattle, WA 98105
Telephone: (206) 632-7370
Fax: (206) 632-7487

National Science Foundation. Office of International Science & Engineering
4201 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22230
Telephone: (703) 292-5111



The Internet offers a number of sites useful for finding information on science and technology in China. Several of the organizations listed above provide links to related sites from their web sites. You might try the sites listed below, or use your favorite search engine (such as Google or Yahoo) and appropriate key words to identify more specific resources.

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) is China's leading institution for high technology R&D; it has posted information on a wide variety of subjects. CAS is headquartered in Beijing with over 100 institutes in different parts of the country. Links to institutes are included.

Chinese Military Power is a compendium of online resources that offers articles, reports, commentaries, and links about the development of China’s military policy and technology.

Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China (MOST) is the policy-making organization that oversees China’s national development of science and technology. Its site provides S&T policies, regulations, national programs, and statistics.

National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), following the guidelines set by MOST, coordinates and administrates financial support to R&D activities in China. It also represents the country in developing cooperative relations with similar organizations in other countries, such as the National Science Foundation in the United States. Its website offers data on China’s domestic research in progress, as well as on its international science and technology activities.

Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) China Profile provides an updated analysis of China’s weapons program and links to resources that profile China’s nuclear and military developments.

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