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Edible Wild Plants

Tracer Bullet 07-4


Photo: plant with blue-green leaves and very light, five-petaled blossoms with brown centers.
Golden Currant - Harvested by Plains Indians for use in preparing pemmican, a combination of fruit, meat and fat. Photo from the National Park Service, Wind Cave National Park Web site.


The awareness of edible wild plants in our backyards springs from a desire to return to nature. Whether in rural or suburban areas, the appeal of natural foods is linked to the environmental movement. How do you know what plants are safe to eat? How do you collect and prepare what you find? What are the historical uses of plants by native peoples and generations past?

An update of TB 96-1, the following guide is intended to help readers locate relevant sources of information for the identification, harvesting, and preparation of wild plants that may be used for food, e.g., berries, mushrooms, flowers, leaves, seeds, and roots. Caution should be used whenever collecting wild plants and many of the sources include guidelines to avoid toxicity. Materials cited are available in the collections of the Library of Congress or on the Internet. Emphasis is on plants found in North America. Other related titles in the Science Tracer Bullet series include TB 04-2 Medicinal Plants and TB 97-1 The Ethnobotany of the Americas. Not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography, this compilation is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the reader "on target."



Alfs, Matthew. The art of wild-plant foraging. In his Edible & medicinal wild plants of Minnesota & Wisconsin. New Brighton, MN, OTBH, 2001. p. 1-12.
   QK98.5.U6A43 2001

Alfs, Matthew. Health, medicine, and weeds. In his Edible & medicinal wild plants of Minnesota & Wisconsin. New Brighton, MN, OTBH, 2001. p. 13-24.
   QK98.5.U6A43 2001

Brill, Steve, and Evelyn Dean. An introduction to foraging for wild plants. In their Identifying and harvesting edible and medicinal plants in wild (and not so wild) places. New York, Hearst Books, c1994. p. 1-22.
   QK98.5.U6B75 1994 <SciRR>

Meuninck, Jim. Basic essentials. Edible wild plants & useful herbs. 3rd ed. Guilford, CT, Falcon Guide, 2007. 87p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QK98.5.U6M48 2007



Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which materials on edible wild plants can be found include the following:

Highly Relevant

   See also names of groups of and individual plants, e.g., BERRIES; FRUIT; HERBS;       MUSHROOMS; WEEDS
   May be subdivided geographically, e.g., WILD PLANTS, EDIBLE--FLORIDA; WILD FOODS


   See also subject headings for cookery of wild plants, e.g., COOKERY (BERRIES); COOKERY       (MUSHROOMS); COOKERY (WILD RICE)
   See also names of groups of and individual edible fungi, e.g. MUSHROOMS, EDIBLE; TRUFFLES


   See also subdivision ETHNOBOTANY under names of ethnic groups, e.g., INDIANS OF NORTH       AMERICA--ETHNOBOTANY



Brill, Steve, and Evelyn Dean. Identifying and harvesting edible and medicinal plants in wild (and not so wild) places. New York, Hearst Books, c1994. 317 p.
   Bibliography: p. 297-298.
   QK98.5.U6B75 1994 <SciRR>

Couplan, François. The encyclopedia of edible plants of North America. New Canaan, CT, Keats Pub., c1998.
584 p.
   Bibliography: p. 555-565.
   QK98.5.N57C68 1998 <MRR>

Genders, Roy. Edible wild plants: a guide to natural foods. New York, Van der Marck Editions, c1988. 208 p.
   QK98.5.A1G46 1988

Gibbons, Euell, and Gordon C. Tucker. Euell Gibbons' handbook of edible wild plants. Virginia Beach, VA., Donning, 1979. 319 p.
   Bibliography: p. 319.
   QK98.G52 <SciRR>

Lyle, Katie Letcher. The complete guide to edible wild plants, mushrooms, fruits, and nuts. Guilford, CT, Lyons Press, 2004. 195 p.
   Rev. ed. of Foraging gourmet, c1997.
   Bibliography: p. 185-187.
   TX823.L93 2004 <SciRR>

Thayer, Samuel. The forager's harvest: a guide to identifying, harvesting, and preparing edible wild plants. Ogema, WI, Forager's Harvest, c2006. 360 p.
   Bibliography: p. 343-345.
   QK98.5.A1T43 2006



Angier, Bradford. Feasting free on wild edibles. Mechanicsburg, PA, Stackpole Books, 2002, c1969. 288 p.
   "A one volume edition of Free for the eating & More free-for-the eating wild foods."
   TX823.A48 2002

Dow, Elaine. Pages from a weed woman's journal of common wild plants: their histories and uses in flower arrangement, cooking, dyeing, landscaping, and drying, with recipes. Topsfield, MA., Historical Presentations, c1991. 183 p.
   Bibliography: p. 182-183.
   QK98.4.A1D69 1991

Fernald, Merritt Lyndon, Alfred C. Kinsey, and Reed C. Rollins. Edible wild plants of eastern North America. New York, Dover Publications, 1996. 452 p.
   Originally published New York, Harper, 1958.
   Bibliography: p. 415-422.
   QK98.5.U6F47 1996

Gibbons, Euell. Stalking the wild asparagus. 25th anniversary ed. Putney, VT, A. C. Hood; Woodstock, VT, Distributed by the Countryman Press, 1987, c1962. 303 p.
   Reprint. Originally published New York, D. McKay, 1962.
   QK98.5.U6G52 1987

Harris, Ben Charles. Eat the Weeds. New Canaan, CT, Keats Pub., 1995. 254 p.
   "How to find, prepare and preserve 150 natural delights from acorns to yarrow."
   Originally published Barre, Mass. by Barre Publishers, c1969.
   Bibliography: p. 242-245.
   QK98.5.A1H37 1995 <SciRR>

Hitchcock, Susan Tyler. Gather ye wild things: a forager's year. Charlottesville, University Press of Virginia, 1995. 182 p.
   Originally published New York, Harper & Row, c1980.
   Bibliography: p. 175-177.
   QK98.5.A1H57 1995

Lyle, Katie Letcher. The wild berry book: romance, recipes & remedies. Minocqua, WI, NorthWord Press, c1994. 160 p.
   Bibliography: p. 152-154.
   QK98.5.A1L94 1994

Sturtevant, E. Lewis. Sturtevant's edible plants of the world. Edited by U. P. Hedrick. New York, Dover Publications, 1972. 686 p.
   Reprint of the 1919 ed. published by J. B. Lyon Co., Albany, for the State of New York, as the Dept. of Agriculture's 27th Annual report, v. 2, pt. 2 (Report of the New York Agricultural Experiment Station for 1919), under title: Sturtevant's notes on edible plants.
   "A bibliography of Sturtevant's writings:" p. 13-16; "Authors and titles quoted in Sturtevant's notes on edible plants," p. 625-667.
   QK98.5.A1S78 1972

Thoreau, Henry David. Wild fruits: Thoreau's rediscovered last manuscript. Edited by Bradley P. Dean. New York, W. W. Norton, c2000. 409 p.
   Bibliography: p. 377-385.
   QK98.5.A1T46 2000 <SciRR>



Specific Geographic Areas

Alfs, Matthew. Edible & medicinal wild plants of Minnesota & Wisconsin. New Brighton, MN, OTBH, 2001. 426 p.
   Bibliography: p. 357-401.
   QK98.5.U6A43 2001

Dabbs, J. T. Southeastern edibles: a field and culinary guide to the edible wild plants of the southeast. Birmingham, AL, Hickory Hill Press, c1995. 208 p.
   Bibliography: p. 183-189.
   TX823.D32 1995

Deuerling, Richard J., and Peggy S. Lantz. Florida's incredible wild edibles. Orlando, FL., Florida Native Plant Society, c1993. 68 p.
   QK98.5.U6D48 1993

Farnsworth, Kahanah. A taste of nature: edible plants of the Southwest and how to prepare them. 3rd ed. [CA?], K. Farnsworth, c2005. 207 p.
   Bibliography: p. 199-200.
   TX823.F39 2005

Kershaw, Linda. Edible & medicinal plants of the Rockies. Edmonton, Renton, WA, Lone Pine Pub., 2000. 270 p.    Bibliography: p. 259-260.
   QK98.5.R63K46 2000

Medve, Richard J., and Mary Lee Medve. Edible wild plants of Pennsylvania and neighboring states. University Park, PA., Pennsylvania State University Press, c1990. 242 p.
   Bibliography: p. 231-233.
   QK98.5.U6M43 1990 <SciRR>

Naegele, Thomas A. Edible and medicinal plants of the Great Lakes region. Rev. ed. Davisburg, MI, Wilderness Adventure Books, 1996. 423 p.
   Bibliography: p. 403-412.
   QK99.G73N33 1996

Seymour, Tom. Foraging New England: finding, identifying, and preparing edible wild foods and medicinal plants from Maine to Connecticut. Guilford, CT, Globe Pequot Press, 2002. 183 p.
   QK98.5.U6S49 2002

Tilford, Gregory L. Edible and medicinal plants of the West. Missoula, MT, Mountain Press Pub., c1997. 239 p.
   Bibliography: p. 225-226.
   QK98.5.U6T54 1997 <SciRR>

Tull, Delena. Edible and useful plants of Texas and the southwest: including recipes, harmful plants, natural dyes, and textile fibers: a practical guide. Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 1999. 518 p.
   Originally published as Practical guide to edible & useful plants. Austin, TX, Texas Monthly Press, c1987.
   Bibliography: p. 405-417.
   QK98.5.U6T85 1999

Wiltens, James S. Edible and poisonous plants of northern California. Berkeley, CA, Wilderness Press, c1999. 160 p.
   Originally published as two works, the 1st, Plants your mother never told you about. Cuperto, CA, Deer Crossing Camp, 1986; the 2nd, Thistle greens and mistletoe. Berkeley, CA, Wilderness Press, 1988.
   Bibliography: p. 155-157.
   QK98.5.U6W567 1999

Field Guides

Cvancara, Alan M. Edible wild plants and herbs. Camden, ME, Ragged Mountain Press, 2001. 109 p.
   Bibliography: p. 107-108.
   QK98.5.A1C83 2001

Elias, Thomas S., and Peter A. Dykeman. Edible wild plants: a North American field guide. New York, Sterling Pub. Co., 1990. 286 p.
   Rev. ed. of Field guide to North American edible wild plants, c1982.
   QK98.5.U6E35 1990 <SciRR>

Forey, Pamela, and Cecilia Fitzsimons. An instant guide to edible plants: the most familiar edible wild plants of North America described and illustrated in full color. New York, Gramercy Books, 2001. 123 p.
   Originally published New York, Crescent Books, 1997.
   QK98.5.N67F67 2001

McKnight, Kent H., and Vera B. McKnight. A field guide to mushrooms, North America. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1987. 429 p. (The Peterson field guide series, no. 34)
   "Sponsored by the National Audubon Society and the National Wildlife Federation."
   Bibliography: p. 407.
   QK617.M424 1987 <SciRR>

Peterson, Lee, and Roger Tory Peterson. A field guide to edible wild plants of Eastern and Central North America. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1978, c1977. 330 p. (The Peterson field guide series, no. 23)
   Bibliography: p. 313-314.


Alaska wild berry guide and cookbook. By the editors of Alaska magazine. Anchorage, AK, Northwest Pub. Co., c1982. 201 p.
   TX813.B4A38 1982

Bowers, Priscilla G. I eat weeds. Jacksonville, FL, Buttercup Press, c1996. 219 p.
   Bibliography: p. 215.
   TX823.B654 1996

Brill, Steve. The wild vegetarian cookbook: a forager's culinary guide (in the field or in the supermarket) to preparing and savoring wild (and not so wild) natural foods, with more than 500 recipes. Boston, Harvard Common Press, c2002. 500 p.
   TX837.B824 2002 <SciRR>

Farges, Amy. The mushroom lover's mushroom cookbook and primer. New York, Workman Pub., c2000. 340 p.
   TX804.F37 2000

Gaertner, Erika E. Reap without sowing: wild food from nature's cornucopia. Burnstown, Ont., Canada, General Store Pub. House, c1995. 182 p.
   Bibliography: p. 184-188.
   QK98.5.C2G34 1995

George, Jean Craighead. Acorn pancakes, dandelion salad, and 38 other wild recipes. New ed. New York, HarperCollins Publishers, c1995. 63 p.
   New ed. of The wild, wild cookbook, c1982.
   TX823.G45 1995

Kluger, Marilyn. The wild flavor. New York, Holt, 1990. 285 p.
   Originally published New York, Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1973.
   TX823.K47 1990

March, Kathryn G., and Andrew L. March. The wild taste: plant & mushroom recipes for the knowledgeable cook. Bailey, CO, Meridian Hill Publications, c1989. 312 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TX823.M2742 1989

Mogelon, Ronna. Wild in the kitchen: recipes for wild fruits, weeds, and seeds. New York, M. Evans, 2001. 143 p.
   Bibliography: p. 138-140.
   TX823.M63 2001

Nicholson, Delaine. From field & forest: the guide to making wild jelly. Key Largo, FL, TerraNovaNet, c1996. 64 p.
   TX612.J4N53 1996

Niethammer, Carolyn J. American Indian cooking: recipes from the Southwest. Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, 1999. 191 p.
   Originally published as American Indian food and lore. New York, London, Collier Macmillan, 1974.
   Bibliography: p. 175-178.
   E78.S7N53 1999

Vargas, Pattie, and Rich Gulling. Making wild wines & meads: 125 unusual recipes using herbs, fruits, flowers & more. Pownal, VT, Storey Books, c1999. 169 p.
   TP548.2.V37 1999



Angell, Madeline. A field guide to berries and berrylike fruits. Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, c1981. 250 p.
   Bibliography: p. 241-245.
   QK660.A58 <SciRR>

Duke, James A. Handbook of edible weeds. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, c2001. 246 p.
   Bibliography: p. 217-222.
   QK98.5.U6D85 2001 <SciRR>

Fielder, Mildred. Wild fruits: an illustrated field guide & cookbook. Chicago, Contemporary Books, c1983. 271 p.
   Bibliography: p. 237-251.
   QK98.5.N57F53 1983

Henderson, Robert K. The neighborhood forager: a guide for the wild food gourmet. White River Junction, VT, Chelsea Green Pub., c2000. 226 p.
   Bibliography: p. 217-219.
   TX823.H423 2000

Nyerges, Christopher. Guide to wild foods and useful plants. Chicago, Chicago Review Press, c1999. 237 p.
   Bibliography: p. 235-237.
   QK98.5.A1N94 1999

Ritchie, Fern J. Handbook of edible wild plants and weeds. Springfield, OR, Ritchie Unlimited Publications, c1999. 2 v.
   Bibliography: v. 2, p. 57-65.
   Contents: v. 1. Field book; reference guide to available edible native plants for adventure, camping, and emergency food. -- v. 2. Reference; reference guide to available edible native plants for adventure, camping, and emergency needs.
   QK98.5.U6R58 1999 <SciRR>

Smith, Alexander Hanchett, and Nancy S. Weber. The mushroom hunter's field guide. All color and enl. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, c1980. 316 p.
   Bibliography: p. 309-310.
   QK617.S56 1980 <SciRR>

Springmeyer, Fritz. Willow bark & rosehips: an introduction to common edible and useful wild plants of North America. Helena, MT, Falcon, c1996. 80 p.
   QK98.5.N57S68 1996



American Herbal Products Association. American Herbal Products Association's botanical safety handbook. Edited by Michael McGuffin and others; prepared for the Standards Committee of the American Herbal Products Association. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, c1997. 231 p.
   Bibliography: p. 191-212.
   RA1250.A44 1997 <SciRR>

Berzok, Linda Murray. Foodstuffs. In her American Indian food. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2005. p. 49-96.
   Bibliography: p. 205-206.
   E98.F7B47 2005

Boa, E. R. Wild edible fungi: a global overview of their use and importance to people. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2004. 147 p.
   Bibliography: p. 71-88.
   Paper discusses traditional and contemporary uses of fungi as food or in medicine. Reviews the characteristics of fungi biology and ecology, as well as fungi management.
   QK617.B713 2004

Burrows, George E., and Ronald J. Tyrl. Toxic plants of North America. Ames, Iowa State University Press, 2001. 1342 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QK100.N6B87 2001 <SciRR>

Cotton, C. M. Ethnobotany: principles and applications. Chichester, Eng., New York, John Wiley & Sons, c1996. 424 p.
   Bibliography: p. 375-399.
   GN476.73.C67 1996 <SciRR>

Cunningham, Anthony B. Applied ethnobotany: people, wild plant use, and conservation. London, Earthscan, 2001. 300 p.
   Bibliography: p. 278-294.
   QK86.5.C85 2001 <SciRR>

Edible and poisonous mushrooms of the world. By Ian R. Hall and others. Christchurch, N.Z., Crop & Food Research, 2003. 371 p.
   Includes a list of mushroom names in Chinese.
   Bibliography: p. 327-346.
   QK617.E37 2003b <SciRR>

Elliott, Douglas B. Wild roots: a forager's guide to the edible and medicinal roots, tubers, corms, and rhizomes of North America. Rochester, VT, Healing Arts Press, c1995. 128 p.
   Originally published as Roots. Old Greenwich, CT, Chatham Press, c1976.
   Bibliography: p. 122-123.
   QK99.N67E445 1995

Hardin, James W., and Jay M. Arena. Human poisoning from native and cultivated plants. 2nd ed. Durham, NC, Duke University Press, 1974. 194 p.
   Bibliography: p. 173-178.
   QK100.N6H3 1974 <SciRR>

Kavasch, E. Barrie. Native harvests: American Indian wild foods and recipes. Mineola, NY, Dover Publications, 2005. 238 p.
   Originally published as Native harvests; recipes and botanicals of the American Indian. New York, Random House, 1979.
   Bibliography: p. 213-223.
   E98.F7K37 2005

Moerman, Daniel E. Native American ethnobotany. Portland, OR, Timber Press, c1998. 927 p.
   Bibliography: p. 619-623.
   E98.B7M66 1998 <SciRR>



Disseratations describe research results that have been completed, or report research in progress. Dissertations may be identified by using online resources or the following indexes located in the Main Reading Room. Consult any reference librarian about options. Some dissertations may be available in full text through electronic resources on public terminals at the Library of Congress.

Comprehensive Dissertation Index. Supplement (1973- annual)

Dissertation Abstracts International (1938- monthly)
   Z5053.D57 and Electronic format

Digital Dissertations (1861- )
   Electronic resource



Bailey, Brent. Social and economic impacts of wild harvested products. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1999.
   Collation of the original: 103 p.
   UMI publication number AAT 9967216
   Thesis (doctoral)--West Virginia University, 1999.

Jones, Eric Todd. The political ecology of wild mushroom harvester stewardship in the Pacific Northwest. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 2002.
   Collation of the original: 198 p.
   UMI publication number AAT 3068569
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of Massachusetts Amherst, 2002.

LaRochelle, Serge. Common property and traditional ecological knowledge: biodiversity conservation in the Sierra Tarahumara, Mexico. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 2003.
   Collation of the original: 120 p.
   UMI publication number AAT MQ89529
   Thesis (masters)--University of Manitoba, 2003.

Ogle, Britta Mathilda. Wild vegetables and micronutrient nutrition: studies on the significance of wild vegetables in women’s diets in Vietnam. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 2001.
   Collation of the original: 103 p.
   UMI publication number AAT C805818
   Thesis (doctoral)--Uppsala Universitet, 2001.



Abstracting and Indexing Services that index relevant journal articles and other literature on edible wild plants are listed below. Please consult a reference librarian for the location and formation of abstracting and indexing services in the Science Reading Room.

Academic Search Premier (1965- )
   Electronic Format

Biological Abstracts (1926- )
   QH301.B37 <SciRR> and Electronic Format

Biological & Agricultural Index (1916- )
   Z5073.A46 and CD-ROM <SciRR> and Electronic Format

Cumulated Index Medicus, Medline, PubMed (1960- )
   Z6660.I422 and Electronic Format

Garden, Landscape & Horticulture Index
   Electronic format

General Science Index (1978- )
   Z7401.G46 <SciRR> and Electronic Format

   Electronic format

Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- )
   AI3.R48 <BusRR> and Electronic Format

Science Citation Index (1961- )
   Z7401.S365 <SciRR> and Electronic format



Journals that often contain articles relevant to edible wild plants:

American Gardener
Herb Companion SB351.H5H3523
Herb Quarterly SB351.H5H357
Horticulture SB1.H86
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Mother Earth News AP2.M7919
OG S605.5.O7



Barash, Cathy Wilkinson. Please eat the flowers. Horticulture, v. 95, May 1998: 36-38, 40.

Cavagnaro, David. Bold and delicious amaranths. American gardener, v. 79, July/Aug. 2000: 47-51.

Chang, Shy-Shin, and others. Poisoning by Datura leaves used as edible wild vegetables.Veterinary and human toxicology, v. 41, Aug. 1999: 242-245.

Delang, Claudio O. Not just minor forest products: the economic rationale for the consumption of wild food plants by subsistence farmers. Ecological economics, v. 59, Aug. 2006: 64-73.

Duke, Jim, and Peggy Duke. Gather up a springtime tonic--of weeds you eat! Organic gardening, v. 43, Dec. 1996: 39-43.

Grivetti, Louis E., and Britta M. Ogle. Value of traditional foods in meeting macro- and micronutrient needs: the wild plant connection. Nutrition research reviews, v. 13, June 2000: 31-46.

Guil, J. L, I. Rodriguez-Garcia, and E. Torija. Nutritional and toxic factors in selected wild edible plants. Plant foods for human nutrition, v. 51, no. 2, 1997: 99-107.

Karasov, Corliss. Who reaps the benefits of biodiversity. Environmental health perspectives, v. 109, Dec. 2001: A582-A587.

Kowalewski, David. Helping students go feral: a university course on wild edible and medicinal plants.Educational research quarterly, v. 26, Dec. 2002: 29-38.

McDonald, Nancy. Flavorful flower beds. American gardener, v. 79, July/Aug. 2000: 34-40.

Moore, Galen. Wild things. Yankee, v. 68, May 2004: 90-100.

Nieminen, Petteri, Markku Kirsi, and Anne-Mari Mustonen. Suspected myotoxicity of edible wild mushrooms. Experimental biology and medicine, v. 231, Feb. 2006: 221-228.

Phillips, Stephen. Food for thought: beyond wheat, rice, and corn. Sierra, v. 90, Mar./Apr. 2005: 28-29.

Reich, Lee. Natives for the edible landscape. American gardener, v. 79, July/Aug. 2000: 41-46.

Ryan, Kathleen. Edible wild plants as digestive aids: ethnoarchaeology in Maasailand. Expedition, v. 42, no. 3, 2000: 7-8.

Simopoulos, Artemis P. Omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants in edible wild plants. Biological research, v. 37, no. 2, 2004: 263-277.
   Electronic format

Turner, Nancy J. The ethnobotany of edible seaweed (Porphyra abbottae and related species; Rhodophyta: Bangiales) and its use by First Nations on the Pacific Coast of Canada. Canadian journal of botany, v. 81, Apr. 2003: 283-293.

Winterrowd, Wayne. A taste for weeds. Horticulture, v. 95, Apr. 1998: 68, 70, 72, 74.



Selected materials such as pamphlets, newspaper clippings, short articles, and similar miscellany are available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet box for this Tracer Bullet. Example citations are below. Ask a reference librarian for the shelf location.

Farges, Amy. Morels: more than just mushrooms. Taunton’s fine cooking, no. 8, Apr./May 1995: 45-49.

Hluchy, Patricia. Tastes of the true North. Maclean’s, v. 116, July 1, 2003: 66-70, 72.

Irvine, F. R. Bibliography of wild food plants of Canadian Indians. Washington, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, 1963. 13 p.

Irvine, F. R. Bibliography of wild food plants of United States Indians. Washington, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, 1959. 26 p.

Kallas, John N. Delighting in wild greens. Taunton’s fine cooking, no. 8, Apr./May 1995: 54-57.

Kallas, John N. Wild marshmallows. Science teacher, v. 51, May 1984: 46-52.

Kernan, Henry S. The gifts of a forest. Northern woodlands, v. 9, summer 2002: 22-26.

Ottesen, Carole. Wild greens. American gardener, v. 83, Jan./Feb. 2004: 20-24.

Severson, Kim. Out of the winter and into the weeds. New York times, Apr. 26, 2006: F1, F4.

Walker, Janet. Tasteful displays. American gardener, v. 79, July/Aug. 2000: 62.

Williams, Sue. A walk on the wild side. UNESCO sources, no. 99, Mar. 1998: 20-21.



American Herb Association
P.O. Box 1673
Nevada City, CA 95959
Tel: (530) 265-9552
   Promotes the use of herbs with emphasis on medicinal and aromatherapy uses, but includes links to more information.

American Herbal Products Association
8484 Georgia Avenue, Suite 370
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Tel: (301) 588-1171
Fax: (301) 588-1174
Email: [email protected]
   Information for commercial businesses; mission is to promote the responsible commerce of herbal products.

American Horticultural Society
7931 East Boulevard Drive
Alexandria, VA 22308
Tel: (703) 768-5700 and Toll-Free (800) 777-7931
Fax: (703) 768-8700
   Publisher of American gardener magazine. One of the oldest national gardening organizations in the country.

Herb Research Foundation (HRF)
4140 15th Street
Boulder, CO 80304
Telephone: (303) 449-2265
Fax: (303) 449-7849
Email: [email protected]
   Educates the public, health practitioners, legislators, and the media about the health benefits and safety of herbs. "Improving world health and well being through herbs."

North American Mycological Association
6615 Tudor Court
Gladstone, OR 97027-1032
Tel: (503) 657-7358
Email: [email protected]
   Organization of amateur and professional mycologists, includes list of clubs and events by region.

Wild Food Adventures
Institute for the Study of Edible Wild Plants and Other Foragables
4125 North Colonial Avenue
Portland, OR 97217-3338
Tel: (503) 775-3828
Email: [email protected]
   Provides expertise in wild edible plants and foraging through workshops, education, and a newsletter.

Wild Ones: Native Plants, Natural Landscapes
P.O. Box 1274
Appleton, WI 54912
Telephone: (920) 730-3986 and Toll-Free (877) 394-9453
Email: [email protected]
   Promotes environmentally sound landscaping practices to preserve biodiversity through native plant communities. A not-for-profit environmental education and advocacy organization. The site includes links for chapters and additional sources for information.



The Internet offers a number of sites useful for finding information on edible wild plants. Several of the organizations listed above provide links to related sites from their web sites. You might try the sites described below, or use your favorite search engine and appropriate key words to identify more specific resources.

Cornell University Poisonous Plants Informational Database
   Information listed by plant, with photos and Q&A about that plant, and links to other poisonous plants sites.

Dr. Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases
   Searchable phytochemical database includes links to external databases in nutrition, taxonomy, medicinal plants, and ethnobotany.

Edible Flowers
   ATTRA Publication #IP021, National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service. Geared to market gardeners, also contains information about wild flowers.

Edible Flowers
   A-Z list of flowers, includes cooking tips and recipes.

Edible Flowers
   Horticulture Information Leaflet 8513, North Carolina State University.

Fact Sheets & Plant Guides (USDA)
   Information about hundreds of plants important to conservation efforts and of cultural significance to Native Americans.

Foraging with the “Wildman”
   Learn about edible wild plants with author “Wildman” Steve Brill.

Guide to Poisonous Plants (Colorado State University)
   Includes searchable database.

Michael Moore: Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
   Links include images of thousands of plants and full text of monographs on medicinal plants and ethnobotany.

National Tropical Botanical Garden
   Includes sections “Meet the plants” and “Can you eat me?”

Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn)
   Database that includes foods, drugs, and fibers derived from plants used by Native American peoples.

Plants Database (USDA)
   Standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories.

Plants for a Future
   Edible, medicinal and useful plants. Includes a searchable database.

The Really Wild Food Guide
   Complements the book by the same name by Johnny Jumbalaya. Includes recipes and an historical bibliography.

Society of Ethnobiology
   Dedicated to the interdisciplinary study of the relationships of plants and animals with human cultures worldwide.

Wild Edible Plants
   Ohio Dept. of Natural Resources site has information about selected plants and recipes.

Wilderness Survival: Edible and Medicinal Plants
   A-Z list with photos of plants useful in wilderness survival. Source material is from the U.S. Army Field Manual 21-76 (Survival manual).

Winemaking: Making Wines from Wild Plants
   General information about winemaking and recipes using wild plants.

Compiled by Susan Westerberg Cole
May 2007

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