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Biographical Sources in the Sciences -- General Works and National Sources

Tracer Bullet 06-7



This guide, a revision of Library of Congress Science Tracer Bullet 88-3, offers a systematic approach to the wide variety of published biographical information on men and women of science and technology. Both historical and contemporary scientists are covered, with emphasis on Americans. While citations to many new works have been added, quite a few of the previous listings have been retained, to allow consideration of evolving styles in scientific biography. Among the changes adopted in this revision are the indication of illustrations, particularly portraits, and the inclusion of preliminary pagination extending to more than 13 pages and unnumbered as well as numbered series notes.

Departing from the usual Tracer Bullet format, where one subject is treated per publication, Biographical Resources in the Sciences instead is being issued in three parts, General Works; Life, Earth and Physical Sciences; and Technology and Computer Science. Each Tracer Bullet contains an introduction to the topic that includes basic works on biography and a general listing of subject headings. This part, TB06-7 includes General Works--Comprehensive; General Works--Limited; Bibliographies and Indexes; National Sources--United States; National and Regional Source--Selected Other Countries; Abstracting and Indexing Services; Journals; and Internet Resources.

Other biographical titles in the Science Tracer Bullet series are African American Women in the Sciences and Related Disciplines (TB93-4), Blacks in Science and Related Disciplines (TB89-9), and Women in the Sciences (TB90-6).



On Searching for Biographical Information

In seeking biographical information about scientists, one is apt to encounter contrary difficulties, most easily described as "feast or famine." Dozens of book-length biographies may be available for the great figures, such as Newton or Darwin, while little or nothing is ready to hand for less well known or obscure individuals. A few suggestions may be in order for searchers confronted with the latter situation. Look for journal articles; nowadays, authors' affiliations are usually given, and these can provide a useful starting point. Check membership directories of societies in the scientist's field where varying amounts of biographical information can often be found--at the very least, an address. If the individual is no longer living, a death date will facilitate the search for newspaper obituaries. If only the year of death is known, an obituary may be found by browsing journals and/or society newsletters in the scientist's field. The organization or institution that last employed the scientist may be able to offer advice or assistance. If the location of the person's home at the time of death is known, consider addressing a query to the local library. Many libraries keep clipping files devoted to noteworthy local residents, and may even be able to supply addresses of surviving family members. Published genealogies and local histories can be consulted as well. If the scientist's educational background is known, examination of college and university alumni magazines may produce information; if these are not readily available, one can try contacting the institution's alumni office.

Introductory Material

Chen, Ching-chih. Biographical sources. In Scientific and technical information sources. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1987. p. 448-464.
   Z7401.C48 1987 <SciRR Desk>

Elliott, Clark A. Models of the American scientist: a look at collective biography. Isis, v. 73, Mar. 1982: 77-93.
   Bibliographic footnotes.
   Q1.I7, v. 73
   "This note has a twofold aim: to identify some of the chief quantitative works relating to the lives and careers of scientists in America, and to give a preliminary outline of what seem to have been the chief characteristics of the scientific population at various times prior to World War II."

Hankins, Thomas L. In defense of biography: the use of biography in the history of science. History of science, v. 17, Mar. 1979: 1-16.
   Q125.H63, v. 17, pt. 1
   References (41): p. 14-16.
   "... history of science places peculiar demands on the biographer, and it is these demands that I should like to discuss in this paper."

Lederberg, Joshua. Introduction: reflections on scientific biography. In The Excitement and fascination of science; reflections by eminent scientists. v. 3, pt. 1. Compiled by Joshua Lederberg. Palo Alto, CA, Annual Reviews, 1990. p. xvii-xxiv. illus.
   Q171.E98, v. 3, pt. 1
   References (22): p. xxiii-xxiv.

Williams, L. Pearce. The life of science and scientific lives. Physis, rivista internazionale di storia della scienza, nuova ser., v. 28, fasc. 1, 1991: 199-213. illus.
   Bibliographic footnotes.
   Q54.P53, n.s., v. 28
   "I would urge that until the biographical history of the giants is reasonably complete, we shall not know much of importance about the history of science."



Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which biographical materials on scientists and engineers can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs, include the following:

Highly Relevant

   See also subdivision BIOGRAPHY under groups of scientists, e.g.,



   See also subdivision BIOGRAPHY under other scientific disciplines, e.g., AERONAUTICS; ELECTRONIC DATA PROCESSING; PHOTOGRAPHY. Note: these headings are used for collective biography only.

   See also subdivision BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY under other scientific disciplines, e.g., GEOLOGY; MEDICINE; SCIENCE



   See also subdivisions ANECDOTES; ANECDOTES, FACETIAE, SATIRE, ETC.; CORRESPONDENCE; CORRESPONDENCE, REMINISCENCES, ETC.; INTERVIEWS; and PORTRAITS under groups of scientists, e.g., ENGINEERS; PHYSICISTS; TECHNOLOGISTS, with or without geographic area subdivisions

More General




Alic, Margaret. Hypatia’s heritage: a history of women in science from antiquity to the late nineteenth century. London, Women’s Press, 1986. 230 p., [8] p. of plates. illus., ports.
   Bibliography: p. 210-224.
   Q130.A48 1986 <SciRR>

Asimov, Isaac. Asimov's biographical encyclopedia of science and technology. The lives and achievements of 1510 great scientists from ancient times to the present, chronologically arranged. 2nd rev. ed. Garden City, NY, Doubleday, 1982. xxxv, 941 p. [24] p. of plates. ports.
   Q141.A74 1982 <SciRR>
   "Alphabetical list of biographical entries": p. xvii-xxxv.
   The index lists subjects, as well as the "names of individuals other than those whose biographies are included in the book."

A Biographical dictionary of scientists. 3rd ed. Edited by Trevor I. Williams. Assistant editor: Sonia Withers. New York, Wiley, 1982. xiv, 674 p.
   Q141.B528 1982 <SciRR Desk>
   A list entitled "Anniversaries" (p. 617-649) is a chronological arrangement of birth and death dates of scientists through 1981.

The Biographical dictionary of scientists. 3rd ed. Consultant editors, Roy Porter, Marilyn Ogilvie. New York, Oxford University Press, 2000. 2 v. (1196 p.) illus., ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.B528 2000 <SciRR Desk>

The Biographical dictionary of women in science: pioneering lives from ancient times to the mid-20th century. Marilyn Ogilvie and Joy Harvey, editors. New York, Routledge, 2000. 2 v. (xxxviii, 1499 p.)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.B5285 2000 <SciRR>
   Indexes of scientists by occupation, time period, and country.

Biographical encyclopedia of scientists. 2nd ed. Edited by John Daintith and others. Bristol, Philadelphia, Institute of Physics Pub., 1994 2 v. (1075 p.) illus., ports.
   Q141.B53 1994 <SciRR Desk>
   Includes a chronology of scientific discoveries and publications (p. 989-1130) and a section “giving accounts of the history and work of major scientific centers” (p. 1031-1037).
   A list of books on p. 1039-1053 is arranged by title; initial articles in any language are treated as filing words.

Biographical encyclopedia of scientists. Editor, Richard Olson, associate editor, Roger Smith. New York, Marshall Cavendish, c1998. 5 v. (lv, 1460 p., lxxx p.) illus.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.B532 1998 <SciRR>

Bol’shaia sovetskaia entsiklopediia. Biograficheskii slovar’deiatelei estestvoznaniia i tekhniki. Otv. redaktor, A. A. Zvorykin. Moskva, 1958-59. 2 v. ports.
   Includes bibliographic references.
   “Spravochnaia biograficheskaia literatura”: v. 2, p. 443-467. Includes lists of foreign publications with biographical information about scientists and engineers.

Bunch, Bryan H. Appendix A. Obituaries: 1992-1994. In Handbook of current science and technology. Detroit, Gale, 1996. p. 761-785.
   Q158.B84 1996 <SciRR>

The Cambridge dictionary of scientists. 2nd ed. By David Millar and others. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2002. 428 p. illus., ports.
   Q141.C128 2002 <MRR Biog>

Darmstaedter, Ludwig. Naturforscher und Erfinder; biographische Miniaturen. New York, Johnson Reprint Corp., 1966. 182 p., [16] leaves of plates. illus., facsims., ports. (The Sources of science, no. 26)
   Q141.D28 1966
   Reprint of a work first published in 1926 by Velhagen & Klasing in Bielefeld.

Dictionary of scientific biography. Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor in chief. New York, C. Scribner’s Sons, 1970-1980. 16 v.
   Q141.D5 <SciRR Desk>
   Vol. 15, Supplement; v. 16, Index.

Dictionary of scientific biography. Supplement II. Adams-Zwicky. Frederic L. Holmes, editor in chief. New York, C. Scribner’s Sons, 1990. 2 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.D5 1981 <SciRR Desk>
   The first supplement (v. 15) contains, in addition to the biographies, seven topical essays “on the scientific outlook and accomplishments of certain ancient civilizations.” The index volume (v. 16) includes separate listings of periodicals and societies, as well as lists of scientists by field. The second volume (v. 18) of the second supplement also includes a comprehensive index and lists of scientists by field.

Gascoigne, Robert Mortimer. A chronology of the history of science, 1450-1900. New York, Garland Pub., 1987. 585 p. (Garland reference library of the humanities, v. 714)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q125.G39 1987 <SciRR>
   Contents: pt. 1. The cognitive dimension. Arrangement by subjects.-- pt. 2. The social dimension. Arrangement by countries or regions.
   Sketches of “the thousand most important scientists of the period” are chronologically arranged in pt. 2. The index identifies these by bold entry numbers.

The Great scientists. Edited by Frank N. Magill. Danbury, CT, Grolier Education Corp., 1989. 12 v. illus., ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.G767 1989 <SciRR>
   Complete contents of the set is listed in each volume. An index by areas of achievement is provided at the end of v. 12.

Grosse Naturwissenschaftler; biographisches Lexikon mit einer Bibliographie zur Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften. Hrsg. von Fritz Krafft. 2., neubearb. und erw. Aufl. Dusseldorf, VDI, 1986. 456 p.
   Bibliography: p. 365-435.
   Q141.G85 1986 <SciRR>
   Includes a chronological list of the scientists covered in the dictionary, as well as a six-page diagram of their life span and a name index.

Howard, Arthur V. Chambers's dictionary of scientists. London, W. & R. Chambers, 1951. 500 columns.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.H69 1951a <SciRR>
   A six-column supplement with updates through early 1955 is laid in.
Lists of Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry, and medicine, 1901-54, appear on the lining papers at the end of the volume.

Les Inventeurs célèbres: sciences physiques et applications. Publié sous la direction de Louis Leprince-Ringuet. Paris, L. Mazenod, 1950. 403 p., [168] p. of plates. illus. (some col.), ports. (some col.) (La Galerie des hommes célèbres, v. 6)
   A German edition, entitled Die Berühmten Erfinder: Physiker und Ingenieure, was published in Geneva in 1951 (Q141.B43).

Jöcher, Christian Gottlieb. Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexicon. Leipzig, J. F. Gleditsch, 1750-51. 4 v. port.
   Z1010.J63 <MRR Biog>

Larousse dictionary of scientists. Editor, Hazel Muir. Edinburgh, New York, Larousse, 1994. 595 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.L36 1994 <SciRR>
   Provides a list of Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine, 1901-93. The index lists names under narrow topics.

Lenard, Philipp E. A. Great men of science; a history of scientific progress. Translated from the 2nd German ed. by H. Stafford Hatfield. With a pref. by E. N. da C. Andrade. Freeport, NY, Books for Libraries Press, 1970. xx, 389 p., [48] p. of plates. ports. (Essay index reprint series)
   Bibliographic footnotes.
   Q141.L62 1970 <SciRR>
   Reprint of a work first published in New York by Macmillan Co. in 1933.

Lexikon der Naturwissenschaftler: Astronomen, Biologen, Chemiker, Geologen, Mediziner, Physiker. Heidelberg, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, 1996. 505 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 440.
   Q141.L66 1996 <SciRR>
   Provides brief sketches of more than 3,000 scientists. Concepts named for scientists are described in marginal notes.
   Includes lists of Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine, 1901-95, both chronologically in each field and in a single alphabet by name, and a comprehensive subject index.

McGraw-Hill modern scientists and engineers. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1980. 3 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.M15 1980 <SciRR>
   Previous ed. published under title McGraw-Hill modern men of science (1966-68. 2 v.).
   The third volume provides a list of names arranged by field of specialization and an analytical index.

Membership directory, Sigma XI, the Scientific Research Society. 1998. White Plains, NY, B. C. Harris Pub. Co., 1998. xviii, 1363 p.
   Q11.S67a 1998 <SciRR>
   Includes a brief history of the society, answers to questions about membership, a description of the society's programs, and a listing of Nobel Prize winners who were or are members. Biographical entries are supplemented by lists of members grouped by primary area of specialization and by geographic location. There is also a separate listing of members' e-mail addresses.

The New York times biographical service. v. 1 1970- v. 32 Dec. 2001. New York, New York Times; Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms International. monthly.
   CT120.N45 <MRR Biog> <BRS Biog>
   Indexes cumulated annually. Cumulated indexes 1970-1990 and 1980-1990.
   Ceased with v. 32, no. 12 (Dec. 2001).
   Title, 1970-1974: New York times biographical edition.

Newsmakers. 1985+ Detroit, Gale Research. ports.
   CT120.C663 <MRR Biog> <BRS Biog>
   3 no. a year, with annual cumulation.
   Title, 1985-88: Contemporary newsmakers.
   Indexes by nationality, occupation, subject, and name in the annual volumes are cumulative.

Notable scientists from 1900 to the present. Updated 2nd ed. Brigham Narins, editor. Farmington Hills, MI, Gale Group, c2001. 5 v. (xxxix, 2633 p.) ports
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.N728 2001 <SciRR Desk>
   Rev. ed of: Notable twentieth-century scientists. 1995; and Notable twentieth-century scientists. Supplement. 1998.
   Indexes by field of specialization, gender, nationality/ethnicity, and subject.

Poggendorff, J. C. Biographisch-literarisches Handwörterbuch zur Geschichte der exakten Wissenschaften. Leipzig, Barth, 1863-1904; Verlag Chemie, 1925-40. 6 v. in 11.
   Z7404.P74 <SciRR>
   Contents: v. 1-2. To 1857.--v. 3. 1858-83.--v. 4. 1883-1904.--v. 5. 1904-22.--v. 6. 1923-31.

Poggendorff, J. C. Biographisch-literarisches Handwörterbuch der exakten Naturwissenschaften. Berlin, Akademie-Verlag, 1955+
   Z7404.P74 <SciRR>
   Beginning with v. 7, the series is subdivided into two parts: v. 7a covers scientists from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, 1932-53, and v. 7b, scientists from other countries, 1932-62. SciRR set is incomplete.

Scientists: the lives and works of 150 scientists. Peggy Saari and Stephen Allison, editors. Detroit, U·X·L, 1996-2003. 7 v. illus., ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.S3717 1996 <SciRR>
   Vols. 4-6 edited by Marie C. Ellavich; v. 7 edited by Tanya Lee Stone. Vols. 4-7 have subtitle: Their lives and works. Vols. 4-7 each contain a cumulative index.

Scienziati e tecnologi dalle origini al 1875. v. 1+ Milano, A. Mondadori, 1975+ + illus. (some col.), facsims. (some col.), ports. (some col.)
   Contents: v. 1. Da Abano, Pietro d' a Gibbs, Josiah Willard.--

Turkevich, John, and Ludmilla B. Turkevich. Prominent scientists of continental Europe. New York, American Elsevier, 1968. 204 p.
   Q141.T82 <SciRR>
   Brief entries are alphabetically listed for each of 23 countries.

Who's who in European research and development. 1995+ London, New Jersey, Bowker-Saur.
   Q141.W56 2003 <SciRR Desk>

Who’s who in science and engineering. 8th ed. 2005-2006. Wilmette, IL, Marquis Who’s Who, 2004. 2374 p.
   Q141.W576 <SciRR Desk> and Electronic format

Who's who in science in Europe: a biographical guide in science, technology, agriculture, and medicine. 9th ed. London, Cartermill International; New York, Stockton, 1995. 2 v. (2084 p.)
   Q141.W59 1995 <SciRR Desk>
   A subject index (p. 2029-2084) lists names under professional fields for each of the 36 countries included.

World of scientific discovery. 1994+ Detroit, Gale Research Inc.    Q121.W676 <SciRR>
   Latest edition in Science Reading Room.

World who's who in science; a biographical dictionary of notable scientists from antiquity to the present. Editor: Allen G. Debus. Chicago, Marquis-Who's Who, 1968. xvi, 1855 p.
   Bibliography: p. xi.
   Q141.W7 <SciRR Desk>
   Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine, 1901-67, are listed on the lining papers.

UXL newsmakers. 2005+ Detroit, Thomson Gale
   Each annual ed. is published in multiple

Zahm, John Augustine. Woman in science; with an introductory chapter on woman's long struggle for things of the mind. By H. J. Mozans [psued.] Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1974. xvii, 452 p.
   Bibliography: p. 419-426.
   Q147.Z26 1974 <SciRR>
   Reprint, with a new introduction by Mildred S. Dresselhaus, of a work first published in 1913 by D. Appleton in New York.
   Contents: 1. Woman's long struggle for things of the mind.--2. Woman's capacity for scientific pursuits.--3. Women in mathematics.--4. Women in astronomy.--5. Women in physics.--6. Women in chemistry.--7. Women in the natural sciences.--8. Women in medicine and surgery.--9. Women in archaeology.--10. Women as inventors.--11. Women as inspirers and collaborators in science.--12. The future of women in science: summary and epilogue.



Die 100 des Jahrhunderts: Naturwissenschaftler. Reinbek bei Hamburg, Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag, 1994. 208 p. ports. (Rororo Handbuch)
   Q141.A156 1994

Arago, Dominique François Jean. Biographies of distinguished scientific men. Translated by W. H. Smyth, Baden Powell, and Robert Grant. Freeport, NY, Books for Libraries Press, 1972. 2 v. (Essay index reprint series)
   Q141.A65 1972
   Reprint of a work first published in 1859 by Ticknor and Fields in Boston.
Arago's autobiography (to 1830) is followed by memoirs of Bailly, William Herschel, Laplace, Fourier, Lazare Carnot, Malus, Fresnel, Thomas Young, and James Watt.

Bailey, Brooke. The remarkable lives of 100 women healers and scientists. Holbrook, MA, B. Adams, 1994. 208 p. (20th century women)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R692.B35 1994 <SciRR>
   Index by occupation: p. 205-208.

Bass, Thomas A. Reinventing the future: conversations with the world's leading scientists. Reading, MA, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1994. 249 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 245-248.
   Q141.B32 1994
   Sarah Hrdy, Luc Montagnier, James Black, Thomas Adeoye Lambo, Etienne-Emile Baulieu, Richard Dawkins, Farouk El-Baz, Bert Sakmann, Jonathan Mann, Norman Packard, and Mary-Claire King.

Bildnisse zeitgenössischer Physiker Herrn Viktor von Lang zu seinem 70. Geburtstag (2. März 1908) gewidmet. [Wien? 1908] 341 ports. on 44 leaves.

Biographical studies. In Despite the odds; essays on Canadian women and science. Edited by Marianne Gosztonyi Ainley. Montreal, Véhicule Press; U.S. distribution, University of Toronto Press, Buffalo, NY, 1990. p. 179-262. illus., ports.
   Bibliography: p. 419-431.
   Q130.D47 1990
   Essays on Maude Abbott, Harriet Brooks, Alice Wilson, Isabella Preston, Margaret Newton, Cypra Cecilia Krieger, and Blossom Wigdor.

Biographical studies. In Uneasy careers and intimate lives: women in science, 1789-1979. Edited by Pnina G. Abir-Am and Dorinda Outram. With a foreword by Margaret W. Rossiter. New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 1987. p. 129-280. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 314-354.
   Q130.U525 1987
   Essays on Maria Mitchell, Clémence Royer, Sofia Kovalevskaia, Marie Curie, Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, and Dorothy Wrinch.

Brian, Denis. Genius talk: conversations with Nobel scientists and other luminaries. New York, Plenum Press, 1995. 423 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 407-413.
   Q141.B817 1995

Bridges, Thomas C., and H. Hessell Tiltman. Master minds of modern science. London, G. G. Harrap, 1930. 278 p., [32] leaves of plates. illus., ports.

Cohen, Harry, and Itzhak J. Carmin, eds. Jews in the world of science; a biographical dictionary of Jews eminent in the natural and social sciences. New York, Monde Publishers, 1956. xxiv, 264 p. ports.

Creese, Mary R. S. Ladies in the laboratory? American and British women in science, 1800-1900; a survey of their contributions to research. With contributions by Thomas M. Creese. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 1998. 452 p. illus.
   Bibliography: p. 439-441.
   Q141.C69 1998 <SciRR>
   "Bibliography of papers by American and British women in scientific periodicals, 1800-1900": p. 371-437

Creese, Mary R. S. Ladies in the laboratory II: West European women in science, 1800-1900; a survey of their contributions to research. With contributions by Thomas M. Creese. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2004. 290 p. illus.
   Bibliography: p. 283-285.
   Q141.C693 2004 <SciRR>
   “Bibliography of papers by West European Women (excluding the British) in scientific periodicals, 1800-1900": p. 237-274.

Crowther, J. G. Scientific types. London, Barrie & Rockliff, the Cresset Press, 1968. 408 p., [12] leaves of plates. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 393-399.
   Contents: Individual investigators. Charles Thomson Rees Wilson. John William Strutt, Third Lord Rayleigh. Thomas Young.--Teachers. Thomas Henry Huxley. John Tyndall. Augustus De Morgan.--Scientist inventors. James Dewar. Osborne Reynolds. Charles Babbage.--Organizers. Walter Morley Fletcher. Arthur Schuster. George Biddell Airy.

Downs, Robert Bingham. Landmarks in science: Hippocrates to Carson. Littleton, CO, Libraries Unlimited, 1982. 305 p.
   Bibliography: p. 291-299.
   Q125.D68 1982 <SciRR>
   A survey of 74 "masterworks in science from ancient to modern times" and their authors.

The Excitement and fascination of science. Palo Alto, CA, Annual Reviews, 1965-1995. 4 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Vol. 2, with subtitle Reflections by eminent scientists, compiled by W. C. Gibson.
   "Reprinted from the Annual review of biochemistry, the Annual review of pharmacology, the Annual review of physical chemistry, and the Annual review of physiology."
   -Vol. 3 has subtitle Reflections by eminent scientists, compiled by Joshua Lederberg.
"Reprinted from the Annual review of anthropology ... [et al.]"
   Vol. 4, has subtitle Reflections by eminent scientists, compiled by Robert H. Haynes and William Kaufmann.

Feldman, Anthony, and Peter Ford. Scientists & inventors. Update editor, Graham Yost. New York, Facts on File, 1986. 352 p. illus. (some col.), facsims. (some col.), ports. (some col.)
   T39.F37 1986 <SciRR>
   Sketches of more than 150 inventors and scientists are presented in chronological order.

Haber, Louis. Women pioneers of science. New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1979. xvii, 171 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 159-165.
   Q141.H215 <SciRR>
   Alice Hamilton, Florence Rena Sabin, Lise Meitner, Leta S. Hollingworth, Rachel Fuller Brown, Gladys Anderson Emerson, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Myra Adele Logan, Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Jane C. Wright, Rosalyn S. Yalow, and Sylvia Earle Mead.

Halacy, D. S. They gave their names to science. New York, Putnam's Sons, 1967. 159 p.facsims., ports.
   Q141.H22 <SciRR>
   Chapters are devoted to Mach, Mendel, Doppler, Geiger, Sadi Carnot, Coriolis, Mohorovicic, Van Allen, Mössbauer, and Nobel.
   An epilogue (p. 149-156) lists 165 scientists, including those mentioned above, along with the theories, laws, effects, objects, constants, diseases, instruments, and units of measurement to which their names have been attached.

Harré, Rom, ed. Early seventeenth century scientists. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1965. 188 p., [4] leaves of plates. illus., ports. (The Commonwealth and international library. Liberal studies division. Science and society, v. 1)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.H29 1965
   Essays on William Gilbert, Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, William Harvey, Johann van Helmont, and René Descartes.

Jones, Bessie Zaban., ed. The golden age of science; thirty portraits of the giants of 19th-century science, by their scientific contemporaries. New York, Simon and Schuster, in cooperation with the Smithsonian Institution, 1966. xxxii, 659 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.J68 <SciRR>

Lang, Harry G., and Bonnie Meath-Lang. Deaf persons in the arts and sciences, a biographical dictionary. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1995. xvii, 424 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 411.
   HV2373.L36 1995
   Arrangement is alphabetical, with names listed by field in an appendix. Another appendix provides brief notes on additional individuals.

Late seventeenth century scientists. Editor: Donald Hutchings. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1969. 183 p. illus. (The Commonwealth and international library. Education and education research)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.L37 1969
   Includes: Robert Boyle, Marcello Malpighi, Christopher Wren, Christiaan Huygens, Robert Hooke, and Isaac Newton.

Lindop, Laurie. Scientists and doctors. New York, Twenty-First Century Books, 1997. 128 p. ports. (some col.) (Dynamic modern women)
   Bibliography: p. 125-126.
   Q141.L6813 1997
   Mildred Dresselhaus, Biruté Galdikas, Mae Jemison, Mary-Claire King, Mary Leakey, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Susan Love, Helen Taussig, Chien-Shiung Wu, and Rosalyn Yalow

Nobel Prize winners: an H. W. Wilson biographical dictionary. Editor, Tyler Wasson; consultants, Gert H. Brieger and others. New York, H. W. Wilson, 1987. xxxiv, 1165 p. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   AS911.N9N59 1987 <SciRR>
   Biographies of laureates through 1986 are alphabetically arranged. A list of the winners by category and year is given on p. xiii-xix. Other introductory matter includes a biography of Alfred Nobel and an essay on the Nobel Prizes and Nobel institutions.

Nobel Prize winners. Supplement 1987-1991: an H. W. Wilson biographical dictionary. Editor, Paula McGuire. New York, H. W. Wilson Co., 1992. 143 p. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   AS911.N9N59 1987 Suppl. <SciRR>
   Provides lists of laureates by category and year, and by country of residence, 1901-1990, and a list of those who have died since 1986.

Nobel Prize winners. Supplement 1992-1996: an H. W. Wilson biographical dictionary. Editor, Clifford Thompson. New York, H. W. Wilson Co., 1997. 165 p. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   AS911.N9N59 1992 Suppl. <SciRR>
   Provides lists of laureates by category and year, and by country of residence, 1901-1996, and a list of those who have died since 1991.

Nobel Prize winners. 1997-2001, supplement: an H. W. Wilson biographical dictionary. Editor, Mari Rich. New York, H. W. Wilson, 2002. xl, 155 p. illus.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   AS911.N9N59 2002 Suppl. <SciRR>
   Provides lists of laureates by category and year, and by country of residence, 1901-2001, and a list of those who have died since 1996.

Oakes, Elizabeth H. Encyclopedia of world scientists. New York, Facts on File, 2001. 450 p. ports.
   Bibliography: 409-410.
   Q141.O25 2001 <SciRR>
   Includes indexes of entries by field, country of birth, country of major scientific activity, and year of birth.

Oakes, Elizabeth H. International encyclopedia of women scientists. New York, Facts on File, 2002. xiv, 448 p. ports.
   Q141.O27 2002 <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 399-400.

Oesper, Ralph E. The human side of scientists. Cincinnati, University Publications, University of Cincinnati, 1975. xiv, 218 p.
   Bibliography: p. 211-218.
   Anecdotes involving 133 scientists are preceded by brief summaries of their lives and accomplishments.

Olby, Robert C., ed. Early nineteenth century European scientists. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1967. 179 p. illus., ports. (The Commonwealth and international library. Liberal studies division)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.O38 1967
   Includes: Humphry Davy, Jons Jacob Berzelius, Thomas Young, Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre and William Henry Fox Talbot, Charles Lyell, and Adolphe Quetelet.

Olby, Robert C., ed. Late eighteenth century European scientists. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1966. 209 p ., [3] leaves of plates. illus. (The Commonwealth and international library. Liberal studies division. Science and society, v. 2)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.O4 1966
   Includes: Jean Lamarck, Joseph Koelreuter, Antoine Lavoisier, Henry Cavendish, Alessandro Volta, James Watt, and William Herschel.

A Passion to know; 20 profiles in science. Allen L. Hammond, editor. New York, C. Scribner's Sons, 1984. 240 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 225-234.
   Q141.P374 1984
   Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Carleton Gajdusek, Sheldon Glashow, Margaret Mead, Gerald Wasserburg, Robert Trivers, Kurt Gödel, Bernd Heinrich, Frank Oppenheimer, Michael McElroy, Barbara McClintock, Charles Darwin, Robert Wilson, Herbert Simon, James Lovelock, Birgit Zipser, John Wheeler, Tuzo Wilson, Mark Ptashne, and Albert Einstein.

Scientific American. Lives in science. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1957. 274 p. illus., ports.
   Bibliography: p. 271-274.
   Galileo, Newton, Hooke, Laplace, Sir William Rowan Hamilton, G. F. Fitzgerald, Priestley, Lavoisier, Franklin, Faraday, Joseph Henry, Maxwell, Harvey, Darwin, Pavlov, Babbage, Lewis Carroll, and Ramanujan.

Scientific genius and creativity; readings from Scientific American. With an introd. by Owen Gingerich. New York, W. H. Freeman, 1987. 110 p. illus. (some col.), facsims. (some col.), maps (some col.), ports. (some col.).
   Bibliography: p. 107-108.
   Q141.S293 1987
   Includes essays on William Harvey, Newton, Boyle, Lavoisier, Gauss, Galois, Joseph Henry, Darwin, Wegener, and Millikan.

Simmons, John G. The scientific 100: a ranking of the most influential scientists, past and present. Secaucus, NJ, Carol Pub. Group, 1996. xix, 504 p. illus., ports.
   Bibliography: p. 487-495.
   Q148.S55 1996 <SciRR>

Stille, Darlene R. Extraordinary women scientists. Chicago, Childrens Press, 1995. 208 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 199-200.
   Q130.S75 1995 <SciRR>
   Biographies of 49 individuals and four groups: "Women scientists from ancient times to the Age of Reason," "A Legacy of women doctors," "Women mathematicians," and "Women inventors and engineers."

Walsh, James Joseph. Catholic churchmen in science; sketches of the lives of Catholic ecclesiastics who were among the great founders in science Philadelphia, American Ecclesiastical Review, Dolphin Press, 1906-17. 3 v.

Weisgerber, Robert A. The challenged scientists: disabilities and the triumph of excellence. New York, Praeger, 1991. 193 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 189-190.
   Q149.U5W45 1991
   Includes profiles of eight students and 13 working professionals.

The Who's who of Nobel Prize winners, 1901-2000. 4th ed. Edited by Louise S. Sherby. Westport, CT, Oryx Press, 2002. xxiii, 277 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   AS911.N9W53 2002<SciRR>

Wilson, Grove. The human side of science. . New York, Cosmopolitan Book Corp., 1929. 397 p., [12] leaves of plates. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 391-397.

Wolpert, L., and Alison Richards. A passion for science. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 1988. 206 p. ports.
   Q173.W79 1988
   Interviews with Abdus Salam, Martin Rees, Michael Berry, Christopher Zeeman, Dorothy Hodgkin, Francis Crick, Sydney Brenner, Gunther Stent, John Maynard Smith, Stephen Jay Gould, Anthony Epstein, Walter Bodmer, and Richard Gregory.

Wolpert, L., and Alison Richards. Passionate minds: the inner world of scientists. A companion volume to A Passion for Science. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997. 240 p. ports.
   Q141.W6786 1997
   Interviews with Carl Djerassi, Roald Hoffmann, Jared Diamond, Leroy Hood, David Weatherall, James Lighthill, James Lovelock, Peter Mitchell, John Cairns, Richard Lewontin, Antonio Garcia Bellido, James Black, Gerald Edelman, Michael Berridge, Elwyn Simons, Murray Gell-Mann, Sheldon Glashow, Nicole Le Douarin, Gerald Holton, Carlo Rubbia, David Pilbeam, Anne McLaren, and Avrion Mitchison.

Yost, Edna. Women of modern science. New York, Dodd, Mead, 1959. 176 p., [8] p. of plates. ports.
   Gerty Theresa Cori, Lise Meitner, Helen Sawyer Hogg, Elizabeth Shull Russell, Rachel Fuller Brown, Chien Shiung Wu, Edith Hinkley Quimby, Jocelyn Crane, Florence van Straten, Gladys Anderson Emerson, and Dorothea Rudnick.

Yount, Lisa. Twentieth-century women scientists. New York, Facts on File, 1996. xvii, 123 p. illus., ports. (Global profiles)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.Y69 1996
   Lise Meitner, Barbara McClintock, Rita Levi-Montalcini, E. Margaret Burbidge, Katsuko Saruhashi, Rosalind Elsie Franklin, R. Rajalakshmi, Lydia Phindile Makhubu, Biruté M. F. Galdikas, and Kutlu Aslihan Yener.



American biographical index. Compiled by Laureen Baillie. 2nd cumulated and enl. ed. München, K. G. Saur, 1998. 10 v. (xxiv, 4200 p.)
   CT213.A64 1998 <MRR> and Electronic format
   Alternative title: Amerikanischer biographischer Index.
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled American biographical archive (Microfiche 90/7009 (C)) and American biographical archive, ser. II (Microfiche 97/15 (C)), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets.

Australasian biographical index. Edited and compiled by Victor Herrero Mediavilla. München, New Providence, NJ, K. G. Saur, 1996. 3 v. (xv, 1326 p.)
   CT2775.A87 1996 <MRR> and Electronic format
   Alternative title: Australasiatischer biographischer Index.
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche set, entitled Australasian biographical archive (Microfiche 96/154 (C)), which is also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche set.

Barr, E. Scott. An index to biographical fragments in unspecialized scientific journals. University, Ala., University of Alabama Press, 1973. 294 p.
   Q141.B29 <SciRR>
    "This index covers about 7700 individuals, providing about 15,000 citations and about 1500 portrait locations" found in seven journals.

Biografische index van de Benelux. Samengesteld door Willemena van der Meer. München, K. G. Saur, 1997. 4 v. (1604 p.)
   CT1139.B56 1997 Benelux <EuRR> and  Electronic format
   Alternative titles: Index biographique de pays du Bénélux; Biographischer Index der Benelux-Länder.
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche set, entitled Biografisch archief van de Benelux (94/2001 (C)), which is held in MicRR.
   (2003 ed. not in LC)

Biographischer Index der Antike. Bearb. von Hilmar Schmuck. München, K. G. Saur, 2001. 3 v. (1034 p.)
   DE7.B56 2001 <MRR>
   Alternative title: Biographical index of the classical world.
   Alphabetical listing of 50,821 biographies contained in the Biographisches Archiv der Antike (97/358 (P)), held in MiCRR, which consists of articles extracted from 87 titles originally published between 1820 and 1994.
   Contents: 1. A-E--2. F-0--3. P-Z.

Biography and genealogy master index; a consolidated index to more than 3,200,000 biographical sketches in over 350 current and retrospective biographical dictionaries. 2nd ed. Edited by Miranda C. Herbert and Barbara McNeil. Detroit, Gale Research Co., 1980- 2005. (Gale biographical index series, no. 1)
   Z5305.U5B57 1980 <MRR Biog> <BRS Biog> and Electronic format
   Kept up to date by annual supplements (some in more than one part), and by quinquennial cumulations of the annual supplements: 1981-85 (5 v.), 1986-1990 (3 v.), 1991-1995 (3 v.), 1996-2000 (4 v.)

Biography index; a cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines. v. 1+ Jan. 1946+ New York, H. W. Wilson Co.
   Z5301.B5 SSRR <MRR Biog> <BRS Biog> and Electronic format
   Quarterly, with cumulations--triennial, Jan. 1946-Aug. 1982; biennial, Sept. 1982-Aug. 1992; annual, Sept. 1992+.
   Each issue includes an index to professions and occupations

British biographical index. 2nd cumulated and enl. ed. Edited by David Bank and Theresa McDonald. München, K.G. Saur, 1998. 7 v. (xxviii, 3179 p.)
   CT773.B75 1998 <MRR> and Electronic format
   Alternative title: Britischer biographischer Index.
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled British biographical archive (86/901 (C)) and British biographical archive, ser. 2 (97/1 (C) ), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets.

Chinese biographical index. Compiled by Stephan von Minden. München, K.G. Saur, 2000. 3 v. (xiii, 1197 p.)
   CT1821.C45 2000 <MRR>
   Alternative title: Chinesischer biographischer Index.
   Index to the microfiche collection entitled Chinese biographical archive (97/359 (C)) also held in MicRR.
Contents: 1. A-K--2. L-V--3. W-Z.

Deutscher biographischer Index. 2. kumulierte und erw. Ausg. München, K. G. Saur, 1998. 8 v. (xxiv, 4017 p.)
   Z5305.G3K63 1998 <MRR> and Electronic format
   Alternative title: German biographical index.
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled Deutsches biographisches Archiv (86/900 (C)) and Deutsches biographisches Archiv, N.F., (90/8113 (C)) which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets.
   (2004 ed. not in LC.)

Herrero Mediavilla, Victor. African biographical index. München, K.G. Saur, 1999. 3 v. (xviii, 1134 p.)
   Z5305.A38H47 1999 <MRR>
   Bibliography: p. xiii-xviii.
   Alternative titles: Index biographique Africain; Afrikanischer biographischer Index.
   Contents: 1. A-Gebru--2. Gecaga-Mzozoyana--3. Na Abba-Z.
Index to African biographical archive (99/42), which is also held in MicRR, a microfiche reprint of 233 biographical reference works published between 1807 and 1993. (Library of Congress michrofiche set is incomplete).

Herzenberg, Caroline L. Women scientists from antiquity to the present, an index; an international reference listing and biographical directory of some notable women scientists from ancient to modern times. West Cornwall, Conn., Locust Hill Press, 1986. xxxix, 200 p.
   Q141.H475 1986 <SciRR>
   Includes an introductory essay, "Early women scientists and engineers" (p. xi-xxviii).
   "References: bibliography and source abbreviation key": p. xxix-xxxvii.
   Names of women for whom references are provided are listed alphabetically. This is followed by a section entitled "Women scientists listed by field."

Howsam, Leslie. Scientists since 1660; a bibliography of biographies. Aldershot, Hants, Brookfield, VT, Ashgate, 1997. 150 p.
   Z7401.H66 1997 <SciRR>
   Lists 1,106 book-length biographies in English for "565 men and women of science whose careers began during or after the burgeoning of modern science around 1660 ..." Appendices list the names of scientists by field of specialization, by names of major publishers of the biographies, and by names of any series in which the biographies were issued.

Index biographique français. 2ème éd. cumulée et augm. Compilé par Tommaso Nappo. München, K. G. Saur, 1998. 7 v. (xxiii, 3310 p.)
   CT1003.I53 1998 <MRR> and Electronic format
   Alternative titles: French biographical index; Franzosischer biographischer Index.
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled Archives biographiques françaises (90/7007 (C)) and Archives biographiques françaises, 2 sér. (97/13 (C)), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets.
   (2004 ed. not in LC)

Indice biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica. 3. ed., corr. y ampliada. Editado e dirigado por Victor Herrero Mediavilla. München, New Providence, NJ, K. G. Saur, 2000. 10 v. (3586 p.)
   CT1345.I53 2000 <MRR> and Electronic format
   Alternative titles: Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American biographical index; Indice biográfico de Espanha, Portugal e Ibero-América; Spanischer, Portugiesischer und Iberoamerikanischer Biographischer Index.
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled Archivo biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica (90/12 (C)); Archivo biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica, nueva serie (97/5); and Archivo biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica, (1960-1995) (97/6 (C)), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets.

Indice biografico italiano. 2a ed., corr. ed ampliata. A cura di Tommaso Nappo. München, K. G. Saur, 1997. 7 v. (xxxii, 2650 p.)
   CT1123.I53 1997 <MRR> and Electronic format
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled Archivio biografico italiano (90/8108 (D)) and Archivio biografico italiano, nuova serie (96/158 (C)), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets.
   (2001 ed. not in LC)

Ireland, Norma Olin. Index to scientists of the world, from ancient to modern times; biographies and portraits. Boston, Mass., F. W. Faxon Co., 1962. xliii, 662 p. (Useful reference series, no. 90)
   Z7404.I7 <SciRR>
   "List of collections analyzed in this work and key to symbols used": p. xvii-xliii.

ISIS cumulative bibliography; a bibliography of the history of science formed from ISIS critical bibliographies 1-90, 1913-65. Edited by Magda Whitrow. Chairman of editorial committee, I. Bernard Cohen. London, Mansell in conjunction with the History of Science Society, 1971-84. 6 v.
   Z7405.H6I2 <SciRR>
   Contents: v. 1. Personalities, A-J.--v. 2. Personalities, K-Z. Institutions.--v. 3. Subjects.--v. 4. Civilizations and periods, prehistory to Middle Ages.--v. 5. Civilizations and periods, 15th to 19th centuries.--v. 6. Author index.

ISIS cumulative bibliography, 1966-1975; a bibliography of the history of science formed from ISIS critical bibliographies 91-100 indexing literature published from 1965 through 1974. Edited by John Neu. London, Mansell in conjunction with the History of Science Society, 198085. 2v.
   Z7405.H6I2 Suppl. <SciRR>
   Contents: v. 1. Personalities and institutions.--v. 2. Subjects, periods and civilizations.

ISIS cumulative bibliography, 1976-1985; a bibliography of the history of science formed from ISIS critical bibliographies 101-110 indexing literature published from 1975 through 1984. Edited by John Neu. Boston, G. K. Hall in conjunction with the History of Science Society, 1989. 2 v.
   Z7405.H6I2 Suppl. 2 <SciRR>
   Contents: v. 1. Persons and institutions.--v. 2. Subjects, periods and civilizations.

ISIS cumulative bibliography, 1986-1995; a bibliography of the history of science formed from the annual ISIS current bibliographies. Edited by John Neu. Canton, MA, Published for the History of Science Society by Science History Publications/USA, 1997. 4 v. (xxx, 1362 p.)
   Z7405.H6I2 Suppl. 3 <SciRR>
   Contents: v. 1. Persons, A-L.--v. 2. Persons, M-Z. Institutions.--3. Subjects. Time periods, antiquity through 18th century.--v. 4. Time periods, 19th and 20th centuries.
   "In all likelihood, this will be the final printed cumulation of the ISIS bibliographies, since the material is now available also electronically through the Research Libraries Information Network."--Editor's introduction

Jüdischer biographischer Index. Opracowany przez Hilmar Schmuck. München, K. G. Saur, 1998. 4 v. (xiii, 1491 p.)
   DS115.J84 1998 <MRR>
   Alternative title: Jewish biographical index.
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche set, entitled Jüdisches biographisches Archiv (97/2 (D)), which is also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche set.
   There is also an index listing names under occupational headings (p. 1099-1491).
   (2000/2005 ed. not in LC)

Levy, Felice D. Obituaries on file. New York, Facts on File, 1979. 2 v. (1010 p.)
    CT120.L43 <MRR Biog>
   "... a compilation of the obituaries that have appeared in Facts on File from ... late 1940 through 1978."
   A chronology index (p. 657-760) arranges the names by date of death; the subject index (p. 761-1010) includes names of professions and occupations.

The New York times obituaries index. New York, New York Times, 1970-80. 2 v.
   CT213.N47 SSRR <MRR Biog> <BRS Biog>
   Contents: v. 1. 1858-1968.--v. 2. 1969-1978.

Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey, and Kerry Lynne Meek. Women and science, an annotated bibliography. New York, Garland Pub., 1996. 556 p. (Garland reference library of social science, v. 859)
   Z7963.S3O35 1996 <SciRR>
   Includes indexes by field, nationality, period, persons and institutions, type of reference source, and themes.

Pelletier, Paul A. Prominent scientists; an index to collective biographies. 3rd ed. New York, Neal-Schuman Publishers, 1994. xxxix, 353 p.
   Q141.P398 1994 <SciRR Desk>
   "Key to books indexed": p. xi-xxxv.
   "List of scientists by field": p. 305-353.

Polski indeks biograficzny. Compiled by, Gabriele Baumgartner. München, K.G. Saur, 1998. 4 v. (1467 p.) CT1230.P653 1998
   Alternative title: Polnischer Biographischer Index; Polish biographical index.
   May serve as an index to the microfiche collections, entitled Polski archiwum biograficzne (94/2008 (C)) and Polski archiwum biograficzne. Suplement (98/9 (C)), held in MRR.
   Contents: v. 1. Aaczek-Glixelli--v. 2. Glizenstein-Lasocki--v. 3. Lason´-Pusch--v. 4. Puschko-Zyzys.
   (2004 ed. not in LC)

Scandinavian biographical index. Edited by Laureen Baillie. London, New Jersey, K. G. Saur, 1994. 4 v. (2432 p.) CT1243.S25 1994 Scandinavia <EuRR> and Electronic format
   Alternative title: Skandinavischer biographischer Index.
   Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche set, entitled Scandinavian biographical archive, (94/2000 (C)), which is held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche set.

Slocum, Robert B. Biographical dictionaries and related works, an international bibliography. 2nd ed. Detroit, Gale Research Co., 1986. 2 v. (1319 p.)
   Z530l.S55 1986 <SciRR>
   Contents: v. 1. Universal biography; national or area biography.--v. 2. Biography by vocation; author index, title index, subject index.
   See particularly, in v. 2, sections on medicine and dentistry (p. 900-929), science (p. 1006-1024), and technology and applied science (p. 1046-1059).

Smith, Roger. Biographies of scientists, an annotated bibliography. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 1998. 291 p. (Magill bibliographies)    Z7404.S64 1998 <SciRR>
   A first chapter on multidisciplinary sources is followed by eight chapters devoted to various fields such as chemistry and life sciences; collected works and individual biographies are included, as are series for young readers in two of the chapters. A list of websites is given on p. 6-7, and there are indexes of names and subjects.

Stuckey, Ronald L. Index to biographical sketches and obituaries in publications of the Ohio Academy of Science, 1900-1970. Ohio journal of science, v. 70, July 1970: 246-255.
   Q1.O3, v. 70
   (The freely available Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view and print this resource.)

Biographical Archives and Indexes by K. G. Saur.

   Biographical archives in microfiche format by K. G. Saur which are in the collections of the the Library of Congress are listed in this Tracer Bullet as note information with the printed index title; otherwise archives with no printed index are listed below. Each archive is a microfiche compilation of entries appearing in a large number of biographical reference works, including many highly specialized titles. The earliest reference work included was originally published in 1646, and the most recent in the 1990's. The biographies are arranged alphabetically with various types of indexing to the content.
   The electronic database World Biographical Information Service provides indexing for the content of several of the biographical archives and more archives are added yearly. (For more detailed information see the entry listing for World Biographical Information Service in Abstracting and Indexing Services section of this bibliography)./p>

Biographical Archives listed below are held in microfiche format in the Microform Reading Room <MicRR> (with some exceptions):

Arabisch-Islamisches Biographisches Archiv (AIBA)/Arab-Islamic Biographical Archive (1994-2002)
   Microfiche 97/3 (D) <MicRR>
Archivio Biografico Italiano sino al 2001 (ABI IV)/Italienisches Biographisches Archiv bis 2001/Italian Biographical Archive to 2001 (2002-2004)
    Microfiche 2000/1 <MicRR>
Biographisches Archiv der Antike (BAA)/Biographical Archive of the Classical World (1997-1999)
   Microfiche 97/358 (P) <MicRR>
Biographisches Archiv der Sowjetunion (1917-1991) (BASU)/Biographical Archive of the Soviet Union (1917-1991) (2000-2003)
   Microfiche 2004/4 <<MicRR>
Ceský Biografický archív a Slovenský biografický archív (CSBA)/Tschechisches und Slowakisches Biographisches Archiv/Czech and Slovakian Biographical Archive (1992-1997)
   Microfiche 97/16 (C) <MicRR>
Chinese Biographical Archive (CBA)/Chinesisches Biographisches Archiv (1996-1999)
    Microfiche 97/359 (C) <MicRR>
Deutsches Biographisches Archiv 1960-1999 (DBA III)/German Biographical Archive 1960-1999 (1999-2001)
   Microfiche 2001/20 <MicRR>
Deutsches Biographisches Archiv. Neue Folge bis zur Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts (DBA II)/German Biographical Archive. A Sequel up to the Mid-Twentieth Century
   Microfiche 90/8113 (C) <MicRR>
Griechisches Biographisches Archiv (GBA)/Greek Biographical Archive (1998-2001)
   Microfiche 99/45 <MicRR>
Indian Biographical Archive (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka) (InBA)/Indisches Biographisches Archiv (Indien, Pakistan, Bangladesch, Sri Lanka) (1997-2000)
   Microfiche 97/361 (C) <MicRR>
Japanese Biographical Archive (JaBA)/Japanisches Biographisches Archiv (2000-2003)
   Microfiche 2004/7 <MicRR>
Korean Biographical Archive (KBA)/Koreanisches Biographisches Archiv (2000-2004)
   Microfiche 2003/48 Korea <Asian RR>
Russisches Biographisches Archiv (RBA)/Russian Biographical Archive (1997-2000)
   Microfiche 98/4 (C) <MicRR>
South-East Asian Biographical Archive (SEABA)/Südostasiastisches Biographisches Archiv (1997-2000)
   Microfiche 98/5 (C) <MicRR>
Südosteuropäisches Biographisches Archiv (SOBA)/South-East European Biographical Archive (1998-2004)
   Microfiche 98/40 (D) <MicRR>
Türkisches Biographisches Archiv (TBA)/Turkish Biographical Archive (1999-2002)
    Microfiche 2000/4 <MicRR>
Ungarisches Biographisches Archiv (UBA)/Magyar Életrajzi Archivum/Hungarian Biographical Archive (1994-1999)
   Microfiche 96/166 <MicRR>



National Sources--United States

American men and women of science. 12th+ ed.; 1970+ New Providence, NJ, R. R. Bowker.
   Q141.A47 <SciRR>
   Continues American men of science, 1st-11th ed., 1906-70, also in SciRR. Most recent edition is kept at SciRR Desk.
   With 16th ed., call no. changed to Q141.A474.

American men and women of science. Editions 1-14. Cumulative index. Compiled by Jaques Cattell Press. New York, R. R. Bowker, 1983. 847 p.
   Q141.A47 1983 <SciRR Desk>

American national biography General editors, John A. Garraty, Mark C. Carnes. New York, Oxford University Press, 1999. 24 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   CT213.A68 1999 <MRR Biog> and Electronic format
   Includes indexes by subject, contributor, place of birth, and occupation.
   Contents: v. 1. Aarons-Baird--v. 2. Baker-Blatch--v. 3. Blatchford-Burnet--v. 4. Burnett-Clarke, Lewis--v. 5. Clarke, Mary-DaCosta--v. 6. Dafora-Dubuclet--v. 7. Dubuque-Fishbein--v. 8. Fishberg-Gihon--v. 9. Gilbert-Hand--v. 10. Handerson-Hofmann--v. 11. Hofstadter-Jepson--v. 12. Jeremiah-Kurtz--v. 13. Kurtzman-Lovecraft--v. 14. Lovejoy-McCurdy--v. 15. McCutcheon-Moskowitz--v. 16. Mosler-Parish--v. 17. Park-Pushmataha--v. 18. Putman-Roush--v. 19. Rousseau-Simmons--v. 20. Simms-Stratemeyer--v. 21. Stratton-Tunney--v. 22. Tunnicliff-Welk--v. 23. Wellek-Wrenn--v. 24. Wright-Zworykin.

American national biography. Supplement. Editors, Paul Betz, Mark C. Carnes. New York, Oxford University Press, 2002-2005. 2 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   CT213.A68 2002 <MRR Biog> and Electronic format
   “Cumulative index by occupations and realms of renown.”

Bailey, Martha J. American women in science: 1950 to the present; a biographical dictionary. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c1998. 455 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 429-431.
   Q141.B254 1998 <SciRR>

Bell, Whitfield J. Patriot-improvers: biographical sketches of members of the American Philosophical Society. Philadelphia, The Society, 1997-1999. 2 v. (Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society held at Philadelphia for promoting useful knowledge, v. 226-227.)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q11.P612 Vol. 226, etc. <SciRR>
   v. 1. 1743-1768. -- v. 2. 1768.

Carwell, Hattie. Blacks in science: astrophysicist to zoologist. Hicksville, NY, Exposition Press, 1977. 95 p., [8] p. of plates. illus., ports.
   Bibliography: p. 93-34.
   Q141.C23 <SciRR>
   "Appendix: List of Black inventors and inventions": p. 75-91.

Crowther, J. G. Famous American men of science. Freeport, NY, Books for Libraries Press, 1969. 414 p.
   Reprint of the 1937 ed.
   Includes: Benjamin Franklin, Joseph Henry, Josiah Willard Gibbs, and Thomas A. Edison.

Directory of experts and consultants in science and engineering. 2nd ed. Woodbridge, CT., Research Publications, 1987. 2 v. (xxviii, 1990 p.)
   TA12.D4885 <SciRR>
   Contents: v. 1. Professional listings.--v. 2. Indexes.

Distinguished African American scientists of the 20th century. James H. Kessler, and others. With Sigrid Berge, portrait artist, and Alyce Neukirk, computer graphics artist. Phoenix, AZ, Oryx Press, 1996. 382 p. ports.
   Q141.D535 1996 <SciRR>
   Includes a chronological listing and one arranged by research area, as well as an index of names and subjects.

Elliott, Clark A. Biographical dictionary of American science; the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries. Westport, CT., Greenwood Press, 1979. xvii, 360 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.E37 <SciRR Desk>
   Intended "as a retrospective companion to American Men of Science," the book provides major entries for nearly 600 scientists never included in AMS, and minor entries for some 300 others that were included. Appendices list names of the scientists by year of birth, place of birth, education, occupation, and field of science; in the last of these, an individual may be listed under more than one field.

Elliott, Clark A. Biographical index to American science, the seventeenth century to 1920. New York, Greenwood Press, 1990. xliii, 300 p. (Bibliographies and indexes in American history, no. 16)
   Q141.E373 1990 <SciRR Desk>
   "Key to biographical sources": p. xix-xliii.
   "Index of names by scientific field": p. 261-300. An individual may be listed under more than one field.
   Supplements his earlier work with leads to information about "some 2850 American scientists who died prior to 1921."

Elliott, Clark A. Collective lives of American scientists: an introductory essay and a bibliography. In Beyond history of science; essays in honor of Robert E. Schofield. Edited by Elizabeth Garber. Bethlehem, Lehigh University Press, 1990. p. 81-104.
   Q126.9.B49 1990
   References (37): p. 88-90.
   "Bibliography of bibliographies, indexes and collective lives of American scientists deceased before 1941": p. 90-104.

Fortune. Great American scientists: America's rise to the forefront of world science. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1961. 144 p.
   Presents "the principal advances in each of four fields--physics, chemistry, astronomy, and biology--over the last four decades" and provides brief sketches of 39 scientists (p. 119-130).

Haber, Louis. Black pioneers of science and invention. New York, Harcourt, Brace & World, 1970. 181 p. illus., facsims., ports.
   Bibliography: p. 168-176.
   Benjamin Banneker, Norbert Rillieux, Jan Ernst Matzeliger, Elijah McCoy, Granville T. Woods, Lewis Howard Latimer, Garrett A. Morgan, George Washington Carver, Percy Lavon Julian, Lloyd A. Hall, Ernest Everett Just, Daniel Hale Williams, Louis Tompkins Wright, and Charles Richard Drew.

Harris, Jonathan. Scientists in the shaping of America. Menlo Park, CA, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1971. 142 p. illus., ports. (Specialized studies in American history series)
   Bibliography: p. 127-130.
   Cotton Mather, Benjamin Franklin, Louis Agassiz, Asa Gray, George Washington Carver, and J. Robert Oppenheimer and their participation "in the forefront of the battles for an enlightened society."

Hayden, Robert C. 7 African American scientists. Rev. and expanded ed. Frederick, MD, Twenty-First Century Books, 1992. 171 p. illus., ports. (Achievers: African Americans in science and technology)
   Q141.H37 1992
   Benjamin Banneker, Charles Henry Turner, Ernest E. Just, Matthew A. Henson, George Washington Carver, Percy L. Julian, and Shirley A. Jackson.

Herman, Kali. Women in particular; an index to American women. Phoenix, AZ, Oryx Press, 1984. xviii, 740 p. illus.
   HQ1412.H47 1984 <MRR Biog>
   "Source List": p. xvii-xviii.
   Includes sections on "Medicine and Life Sciences" (p. 291-321) and "Physics, Mathematics, and Earth Sciences" (p. 379-382).

Jaffe, Bernard. Men of science in America; the story of American science told through the lives and achievements of twenty outstanding men from earliest colonial times to the present day. Rev. ed. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1958. xli, 715p., [16] p. of plates. illus., ports.
   Bibliography: p. 654-670.
   Q127.U6J271958 <SciRR>

Jenkins, Edward Sidney. To fathom more: African American scientists and inventors. With contributions by Patricia Stohr-Hunt, Exyie C. Ryder, S. Maxwell Hines. Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 1996. 399 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.J46 1996 <SciRR>

Jordan, David Starr. Leading American men of science. New York, H. Holt, 1910. 471 p., [17] leaves of plates. ports. (Biographies of leading Americans)
   Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford), Alexander Wilson, John James Audubon, Benjamin Silliman, Joseph Henry, Louis Agassiz, Jeffries Wyman, Asa Gray, James Dwight Dana, Spencer Fullerton Baird, Othniel Charles Marsh, Edward Drinker Cope, Josiah Willard Gibbs, Simon Newcomb, George Brown Goode, Henry Augustus Rowland, and William Keith Brooks.

Kohlstedt, Sally G. Appendix: biographical directory of the AAAS, 1848-60. In The formation of the American scientific community; the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848-60. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1976. p. 267-330.
   Q11.A53K63 <SciRR>
   The first section, "Leadership," provides biographical sketches, with bibliographic references, for 337 men. The lists of members and participating nonmembers which follow indicate only years of activity in the AAAS and place of residence during all or most of that period.

Leaders in American science. 1st-8th ed.; 1953/54-1968/69. Hattiesburg, MS., Who's Who in American Education, 1968. 681 p.

National Academy of Sciences. Biographical memoirs. v.1+ 1877+ Washington, National Academy Press. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Each issue also has distinct title.
   LC set is incomplete.

Noble, Iris. Contemporary women scientists of America. New York, J. Messner, 1979. 158 p.
   Q141.N67 <SciRR>
   The first chapter, "20th century pioneers: seven scientists," summarizes the careers of Annie Jump Cannon, Gerty Theresa Cori, Florence Rena Sabin, Helen Brooke Taussig, Alice Hamilton, Edith Hinkley Quimby, and Rachel Carson, and is followed by essays on Margaret Mead, Joanne Simpson, Estelle Ramey, Charlotte Friend, Chien Shiung Wu, Dixie Lee Ray, Isabella Karle, Elizabeth Shull Russell, and Mildred Dresselhaus..

Oleksy, Walter G. Hispanic-American scientists. New York, Facts on File, 1998. 120 p. (American profiles)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.O42 1998 <SciRR>

Sammons, Vivian O. Blacks in science and medicine. New York, Hemisphere Pub. Corp., 1990. 293 p.
   Bibliography: p. 26l-268.
   Q141.B58 1990 <SciRR Desk>
   Includes a list of names arranged by scientific field.

Sherrow, Victoria. Great scientists. New York, Facts on File, 1992. 148 p. illus., ports. (American profiles)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.S465 1992
   Thomas Hunt Morgan, Albert Einstein, Robert Hutchings Goddard, Arthur Holly Compton, Linus Carl Pauling, Enrico Fermi, Robert Oppenheimer, and James Dewey Watson.

Siegel, Patricia Joan, and Kay Thomas Finley. Women in the scientific search: an American bio-bibliography, 1724-1979. Metuchen, NJ, Scarecrow Press, 1985. xvii, 399 p.
   Z7404.S57 1985 <SciRR>
   Arrangement is by profession or occupation. Names of individual women are included in the index.

Spangenburg, Ray, and Diane Moser. African Americans in science, math, and invention. New York, Facts on File, 2003. xviii, 254 p. illus.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.S6285 2003 <SciRR>

Special Libraries Association. Science-Technology Division. Handbook of scientific and technical awards in the United States and Canada, 1900-1952. Edited by Margaret A. Firth. New York, Special Libraries Association, 1956. xxiv, 491 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.S63 <SciRR>
   For persons receiving awards during the years 1929-52, references to published biographical information are provided to the extent possible.

Who was who in American history--science and technology. A component of Who's who in American history. 76 bicentennial ed. Chicago, Marquis Who's Who, 1976. 688 p.
   Q149.U5W5 <SciRR Desk>

Yost, Edna. American women of science. Rev. ed. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1955. xviii, 232 p.
   Q130.Y6 1955
   Ellen H. Richards, Annie Jump Cannon, Alice Hamilton, Florence Rena Sabin, Mary Engle Pennington, Lillian Moller Gilbreth, Libbie Henrietta Hyman, Wanda K. Farr, Hazel K. Stiebeling, Florence B. Seibert, Katharine Burr Blodgett, and Margaret Mead.

Yost, Edna. Modern Americans in science and invention. Drawings by Margaret Ayer. New York, F. A. Stokes Co., 1941. 270 p. illus.
   Ezra Cornell, John Francis Appleby, Stephen Smith, Samuel F. Langley, John Brashear, Ambrose Swasey, William Crawford Gorgas, Harvey Washington Wiley, Elmer A. Sperry, George Washington Carver, Leo Hendrik Baekeland, Willis H. Carrier, Charles F. Kettering, Frederick G. Cottrell, Robert R. Williams, Vladimir K. Zworykin, and Emil Truog.

Yost, Edna. Modern Americans in science and technology. New York, Dodd, Mead, 1962. 175 p., [8] p. of plates. ports. (Makers of our modern world)
   Includes chapters on all but the first eight of the men treated in the earlier work and adds Enrico Fermi, Paul Allman Siple, Robert Hutchings Goddard, and John P. Hagen.

Yount, Lisa. Asian-American scientists. New York, Facts on File, 1998. 112 p. (American profiles).
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.Y678 1998 <SciRR>
   Profiles twelve Asian-American scientists, including Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Paul Chung-wu Chu, and Constance Tom Noguchi.

Yount, Lisa. Black scientists. New York, Facts on File, 1991. 111 p. illus., ports. (American profiles)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.Y68 1991
   Daniel Hale Williams, George Washington Carver, Ernest Everett Just, Percy Lavon Julian, Charles Richard Drew, Jane Cooke Wright, Bertram O. Fraser-Reid, and John P. Moon

Yount, Lisa. Contemporary women scientists. New York, Facts on File, 1994. xv, 124 p. illus., ports. (American profiles)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q130.Y65 1994
   Helen Brooke Taussig, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Grace Murray Hopper, Chien Shiung Wu, Gertrude Belle Elion, Eugenie Clark, Jewel Plummer Cobb, Vera Cooper Rubin, Candace Beebe Pert, and Flossie Wong-Staal.

National and Regional Sources -- Other Countries (Selected)

Académie des sciences, (France). Index biographique de l'Academie Des science,s du 22 décembre 1666 au 1er octobre 1978. Paris, Gauthier-Villars, 1979. 513 p.
   Bibliography: p. 33-34.
   Q46.A163 1979
   Includes chronological listings of the various categories of members, foreign associates, and correspondents during the period 1795-1976.
   The biographical sketches indicate whether manuscripts and/or portraits can be found in the academy's archives.

Arabisch-islamisches biographisches Archiv [microform]: AIBA. München, K.G. Saur Verlag, 1995-2002. 63, 453, 44 microfiches.
   97/12 (D) <MicRR>
   Alternative title: Arab-Islamic biographical archive.
   Reproduces a one-alphabet cumulation of the most important biographical reference works on the Arab world published between 1858 and 1993. A separate name index provides identifying information to individuals contained in the works.

Australia’s Nobel Laureates: adventures in innovation. Editor in chief, John Keeney. Roseville, N.S.W., ETN Communications for ABIE, 2004. 310 p. illus. (chiefly col.)
   AS911.N9A89 2004

Australian men and women of science, engineering and technology. Port Melbourne, Vic., Reed Reference Australia; New Providence, NJ, R. R. Bowker, distributor, 1995. xxvi, 661 p. map.
   Q141.A78 1995 <SciRR>
   Produced in association with the Australian Academy of Science and the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering.
   Includes an index to fields of specialization and an index to location, which is subdivided by discipline.

Bartke, Wolfgang. Who's who in the People's Republic of China. 2nd ed. München, New York, K. G. Saur, 1987. 786 p. ports.
   DS779.28.B37 1987 <MRR Biog>
   Includes a detailed index of occupations. The list under the heading "Scientists" also indicates the specialized field for each individual.
   The 3rd ed. (1991. 2 v.), also in <MRR Biog>, has no index.

Beek, Leo. Dutch pioneers of science. Assen, Netherlands, Van Gorcum, 1985. 181 p. illus. (some col.), maps (some col.), ports. (some col.)
   Bibliography: p. 177-179.
   Q141.B35 1985

Bhatnagar laureates, 1958-91. Compiled by Sushil Kumar and others. New Delhi, Human Resource Development Group, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, 1992. xxiii, 492 p. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.B47 1992
   Biographies of 259 recipients of the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, awarded annually to Indian scientists under 45 years of age for outstanding contributions in various fields.

Capparoni, P. Profili bio-bibliografici di medici e naturalisti celebri italiani dal sec. XV° al sec. XVIII°. Roma, Istituto naz. medico farmacologico "Serono," 1928-32. 2 v. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   LC copy of v. 1 published in 1932 "con correzioni ed aggiunte."

Chattopadhyay, Anjana. Encyclopaedia of Indian scientists (from ancient to contemporary). New Delhi, Reliance Pub. House, 1995. 272 p. ports.
   Q145.C47 1995

Crowther, J. G. British scientists of the nineteenth century. London, K. Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1935. 332 p., [13] leaves of plates. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.C7 1935
   Contents: Humphry Davy.--Michael Faraday.--James Prescott Joule.--William Thomson.--James Clerk Maxwell.

Crowther, J. G. British scientists of the twentieth century. London, Routledge & K. Paul, 1952. xiv, 320 p., [8] leaves of plates. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Joseph John Thomson, Ernest Rutherford, James Hopwood Jeans, Arthur Stanley Eddington, Frederick Gowland Hopkins, and William Bateson.

Deutsche Forscher aus sechs Jahrhunderten; Lebensbilder von Ärzten, Naturwissenschaftlern und Technikern. Leipzig, Bibliographisches Institut, 1965. 440 p., [20] p. of plates. ports.

Diccionario histórico de la ciencia moderna en España. Por José M. López Piñero and others. Barcelona, Península, 1983. 2 v. (Historia, ciencia, sociedad, 180-181)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.D48 1983 <SciRR>
   There are indexes of names, organizations, and disciplines.

The Dictionary of nineteenth-century British scientists. General editor, Bernard Lightman. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2004. 4 v. (xxxix, 2256 p.)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.D485 2004

Florilège des sciences en Belgique. Bruxelles, Académie royale de Belgique, Classe des sciences, 1968-80. 2 v. illus., facsims., ports. (1 col.)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Contents: v. 1. Pendant de XIXe siècle et le début du XXe.--v. 2. 1920-1980.
   Biographies in both volumes are grouped by scientific field. The second volume includes a section on Belgian winners of the Nobel Prize, as well as sections on the development of various sciences in Belgium.

Fondation Francqui, Brussels. Lauréats des prix Francqui, 1934-1968. Bruxelles, Fondation Francqui, 1969. 239 p. ports.
   Entries for the 35 winners are alphabetically arranged and provide brief biographical data, as well as the text of the presentation of the prize.
   Published also in Flemish.

France. Délégation générale à la recherche scientifique et technique. Répertoire Des scientifiques franéais. Paris, Office national Des universites et écoles françaises, 1962-67. 5 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q145.F7 <Cat Ref ASCD>
   Contents: t. 1. Mathématiques pures.--t. 2. Mathématiques appliquées, mécanique, physique théorique.--t. 3. Biologie.--t. 4. Chimie.--t. 5. Physique.

Gerrits, G. C. Grote Nederlanders, bij de opbouw der natuurwetenschappen. Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1948. 518 p. illus., ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.

Hall, Alfred R. The Abbey scientists. London, R. & R. Nicholson, 1966. 72 p. illus., plan, ports. (The Memorials of Westminster Abbey)
   The 56 scientists buried or represented by memorials in the Abbey are discussed in a chronological narrative. A plan shows the location of their sites, and there is a name index.

Histoire des sciences en Belgique de l'antiquité à 1815. Direction scientifique, Robert Halleux and others. Bruxelles: Crédit Communal, 1998. 463 p. illus. (some col.)
   Bibliography: p. 433-446.
   Q127.B4H57 1998

Histoire des sciences en Belgique, 1815-2000. Direction scientifique, Robert Halleux and others. Tournai, Renaissance du livre; Brussels, Dexia, 2001. 2 v. illus. (some col.) maps (some col.)
   Bibliography: v 2, p. 275-294.
   Q127.B4H55 2001

In celebration of Canadian scientists: a decade of Killam laureates. Editors: G. A. Kenney-Wallace, M. C. MacLeod, R. G. Stanton. Winnipeg, Charles Babbage Research Centre, 1990. 319 p. ports.
   Q141.I48 1990
   Introductory matter in English and French. Biographies of the 25 winners are in English or French.

Indian National Science Academy. Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Indian National Science Academy. v. 1+ New Delhi, 1966+
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Continues Biographical memoirs of fellows of the National Institute of Sciences of India.

Indian National Science Academy. Fellows of the Indian National Science Academy, 1935-1993. Biographical notes. 2nd, updated ed. New Delhi, 1994. 2 v. (1020 p.) ports.
   "Diamond Jubilee compendium."
   Q73.I775143 1994
    Arrangement is alphabetical, with chronological and broad subject indices.

Irish innovators in science and technology. Edited by Charles Mollan, William Davis, and Brendan Finucane. Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, Enterprise Ireland, 2002. xv, 256 p. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.I79 2002

Knoll, Fritz, ed. Österreichische Naturforscher, Ärzte und Techniker. Hrsg. im Auftrage der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Wien, Im Verlag der Gesellschaft für Natur und Technik, 1957. 238 p. illus., ports.
   Bibliography: p. 223-232.
   In three parts: "Naturforscher, Mathematiker und Forschungsreisende," "Ärzte und medizinische Forscher," and "Techniker, Erfinder und Industrielle."

Korotki narysy pro zhyttia i naukovu diial'nist' akademikiv ta chleniv-korespondentiv Akademiï nauk ukraïns'koï RSR. In Istoriia Akademiï nauk Ukraïns'koï RSR. kn. 2. Kyïv, Akademiia nauk Ukraïns'koï RSR, 1967. p. 173-673.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   AS262.A74I8, v. 2

Kürschners deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender. Medizin, Naturwissenschaften, Technik. 17. Ausg. (1996). Berlin, New York, W. de Gruyter, 1996.
   Z6661.G3K87 <MRR Biog> <SciRR>
   Merged with Kürschners deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender. Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften, to form Kürschners deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender (18. Ausg. 2001+ (Z2230.K89)).
   Continues in part Kürschners deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender auf das Jahr ... (1. Jahrg. (1925)-16. Ausg. (1992) (Z223.K93)).

Kvítek, Martin. Prukopníci vedy a techniky v Ceských zemích. Ilustrovali Ondrej Zahradnícek, Tomáš Rízek. Praha, Fragment, 1994. 64 p. col. illus., col. ports. (Edice Odkaz)
   Q141.K85 1994

Le Gal, Étienne, and Lucien Klotz. Nos grands savants: ce que tout Français doit en connaître. Préf. de Émile Picard. Paris, Librairie Delagrave, 1926. 281 p. (Bibliothèque des chercheurs et des curieux)
   Bibliography: p. 280-281.
   Includes a list of the scientists discussed, arranged in five general categories: (1) mathematicians and astronomers, (2) engineers and inventors, (3) physicists and chemists, (4) naturalists, geologists, and archaeologists, and (5) physiologists, phoneticians, physicians, and surgeons.

Lindroth, Sten, ed. Swedish men of science, 1650-1950. Translated from the Swedish by Burnett Anderson. Stockholm, Swedish Institute, Almqvist & Wiksell, 1952. 295 p.
   Bibliography: p. 292-295.

List of past scientists. In 30 years' review of China's science & technology, 1949-1979. Singapore, World Scientific, 1981. p. 274-301.
   Q127.C5A15 1981
   Short sketches of the lives and accomplishments of 86 Chinese scientists who died during the period 1949-79.

Líudi russkoi nauki; ocherki o vydaíushchikhsía deíatelíiakh estestvoznaniía i tekhniki. Matematika, mekhanika, astronomiía, fizika, khimiía. Pod red. I. V. Kuznetsova. Moskva, Gos. izd-vo fiziko-matematicheskoi lit-ry, 1961. 599 p. illus., ports.
   Q141.L69 <EurRR>
   Includes bibliographical references.

Mangin, Arthur. Les savants illustres de la France. Nouv. éd., entièrement refondue et augm. de plusieurs biographies nouvelles. Avec un appendice comprenant l'histoire abrégée de la science et des savants pendant les trois derniers siècles. Ornée de seize portraits authentiques, dessinés par M. Bocourt. Paris, P. Ducrocq, 1865. 524 p., [16] leaves of plates. ports.

Mid-nineteenth-century scientists. Edited by John North. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1969. 190 p., [7] leaves of plates. illus. (The Commonwealth and international library. Liberal studies division. Science and society, v. 4)
   Q141.M43 1969
   Essays on Charles Babbage, Charles Darwin, James Prescott Joule, Hugh Powell, James Smith and Andrew Ross, Joseph Lister, and W. H. Perkin.

Middleton, Edgar. Men who are shaping the future. London, J. Gifford, 1939. 238 p., [8] leaves of plates. ports.
   Sir William Bragg, Sir Edward Mellanby, J. B. S. Haldane, Julian Huxley, Sir Joseph Barcroft, F. L. Hopwood, F. G. Banting, Sir James Jeans, Sir John Orr, Sir Frank Smith, Sir Arthur Keith, Lord Rayleigh, Sir F. G. Hopkins, Sir George Simpson, John Logie Baird, A. M. Low, and Edwin John Butler. Also notes the essential contributions of the "unknown soldiers of science."

National scientists of the Philippines, 1978-1988. Pasig City, Philippines, Dept. of Science and Technology, National Academy of Science and Technology, Philippines, published and exclusively distributed by Anvil Pub., 2000. 298 p. illus.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.N25 2000

Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna. Österreichische Naturforscher und Techniker. Wien, Im Verlag der Gesellschaft für Natur und Technik, 1951. 216 p. illus., ports.
   Bibliography: p. 203-209.
   In two parts: "Naturforscher und Forschungsreisende" and "Techniker, Erfinder, Industrielle." See also entry under Knoll, Fritz, above.

Outside the square: inspirational science and tales of extraordinary Australians. Foreword by Hugh Morgan; introd. by Robyn Williams. Parkville, Vic., Clunies Ross Press, 1993. 76 p. illus. (some col.), ports. (some col.)
   Q141.O84 1993
   "Winners of the Clunies Ross National Science & Technology Award."
Paul Trainor, Graeme Clark, Ewen Tyler, Mike Penny, Ralph Sarich, Donald Metcalf, Ern Dawes, John Gladstones, Bob Becher, Susan Serjeantson, Graeme Jameson, and Michael Rickard.

Pakistan Association of Scientists and Scientific Professions. Scientists and technologists of Pakistan, a directory. Karachi, 1966. 367 p.
   Arrangement is by field of specialization, with a name index.

Parry, Albert. The Russian scientist. New York, Macmillan, 1973. 196 p. illus., map,
   Bibliography: p. 183-186.
   Q141.P37 <SciRR>
   Includes chapters on Lomonosov, Lobachevskii, Mendeleev, Mechnikov, Pavlov, TSiolkovskii, and Kapitsa, and a section on the Soviet academy of sciences.

Philippine men of science. A bio-bibliographical handbook of men and women in the field of science and technology. v. 4-5. Bicutan, Taguig, Metro Manila, Scientific Clearinghouse and Documentation Services Division, Science Promotion Institute, National Science and Technology Authority, 1983-85. 2 v.
   Q141.P45 1983
   Each volume provides information about 50 individuals.

Portraits in science. Compiled and introduced by Ann Moyal. Canberra, National Library of Australia, 1994. 203 p. ports.
   Bibliography: p. 200-203.
   Q141.P667 1994
   Interviews with 12 Australian scientists.

Profiles of African scientists. 2nd ed., rev. and expanded. Nairobi, African Academy of Sciences, 1991. 661 p. ports.
   Q141.P76 1991 <SciRR>
   Arrangement is by country, with name and subject indexes.

Robinson, Norman H. The Royal Society catalogue of portraits. With biographical notes by Eric G. Forbes. London, Royal Society, 1980. 343 p. ports. (some col.)
   N7635.R63 1980 <SciRR>
   Portraits of 176 individuals, nearly all of them fellows or foreign members

Royal Society of London. Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. v. 1+ 1955+ London, The Society. ports.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Continues the Society's Obituary notices of fellows, v. 1-9, 1932-5 (Q41.L8475).
   LC set of the Biographical memoirs is incomplete.

Russisches biographisches Archiv [microform]. Editor, Axel Frey. München, K. G. Saur Verlag, 1997+ . 539 microfiche.
   Microfiche 98/4 (C) <MicRR> and Electronic format
   Alternative title: Russian biographical archive.
   “Consists of approximately 160,000 bibliographical entries for 75,000 individuals from the earliest times to the end of the dynasty of the Romanovs in 1917. Compiled from more than 150 source works published between 1827 and 1995.

Schmidt, Marian. Hommes de science: 28 portraits. Paris, Hermann, 1990. 250 p. ports.
   A short biographical sketch appears at the end of each interview.
   Q141.S292 1990

Scientists face to face. Edited by István Kardos. Translated by Inez Kemenes and others. Budapest, Corvina Kiadó, 1978. 400 p. ports.
   Based on television interviews with 18 Hungarian scientists, some of whom made their careers in other countries.
   Small portraits are reproduced on the inside front and back covers of the volume.

Scientists in the Philippines. Manila, National Science Development Board, 1975-78. 2 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.S295 1975
   Each volume contains chapters on 10 scientists, all of them deceased.

Singh, Jagjit. Some eminent Indian scientists. Delhi, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India, 1966. 131 p., [16] p. of plates. illus., ports.
   H. J. Bhabha, J. C. Bose, R. C. Bose, S. N. Bose, S. Chandrasekhar, J. B. S. Haldane, D. S. Kothari, K. S. Krishnan, P. C. Mahalanobis, C. V. Raman, S. Ramanujan, and M. N. Saha.

Some nineteenth century British scientists. Edited by R. Harré. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1969. 259 p. illus., map port.(The Commonwealth and international library. Liberal studies division. Science and society, v. 5)
   Q141.S567 1969
   Essays on Sir Charles Wyville Thomson and Sir James Murray, Arthur Cayley, Sir Francis Galton, William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), Sir Norman Lockyer, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, and Sir William Ramsay.

Tibenskéy, Ján. Priekopníci vedy a techniky na Slovensku. Bratislava, Obzor, 1986-1999. 3v. illus., facsims., maps, ports.
   Bibliography: v. 1, p. 379-414; v. 2, p. 909-966.
   Q141.T53 1986

Turkevich, John. Soviet men of science; academicians and corresponding members of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Princeton, NJ, D. Van Nostrand Co., 1963. 441 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.T83 <SciRR>

Who's who in science and technology in Nigeria. 2nd ed. Edited by Adetunji Akinyotu and Adeboye Olatunji. Akure, Federal University of Technology, 1994. xxix, 655 p.
   IQ141.W578 1994

Who's who in Soviet science and technology. Compiled by Ina Telberg. 2nd ed., rev. and enl. by Antonia Dmitriev and V. G. Telberg. New York, Telberg Book Co., 1964. 301 leave.
   Q127.R9W5 1964 <SciRR>

Wiemers, Gerald, and Eberhard Fischer. Die Mitglieder von 1846 bis 1996: Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig. Berlin, Akademie Verlag, 1996. 227 p. ports.
   Q49.W52 1996
   Errata slip with one portrait inserted.
   Portraits are accompanied by minimal biographical information--professional field and places and dates of birth and death.

Zhong, Shizu. Ancient China's scientists. Hong Kong, Commercial Press, 1984. 111 p. illus.    Q127.C5C55936 1984
   Contents: Lu Ban.-- Bian Que.--Cai Lun.--Zhang Heng.--Hua Tuo.--Zu Chongzhi.--Jia Sixie.--Bi Sheng.--Shen Kuo.--Li Shizhen.--Xu Xiake.



Abstracting and indexing services that index relevant journal articles and other literature of a biographical nature are listed below. Please consult a reference librarian for the location and formation of abstracting and indexing services in the Science Reading Room.

America, History and Life (1964- )
   Z1236.A48, Z1236.A484, Z1236.A485, Z1236.A486, Z1236.A488 and Z1236.A487 <MRR Alc> and Electronic Format

Applied Science & Technology Index (1913- )
   Z7913.I7 <SciRR> and Electronic Format

Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts (1969- )
   Z5153.A862 <SciRR>

Bibliography and Index of Geology (1933- )
   Z6031.G4 <SciRR> and Electronic Format

Bibliography of Agriculture (1942- )
   Z5073.U572 <SciRR> and Electronic Format

Biography and Genealogy Master Index (1975- )
   Z5305.U5B57 <MRR Biog> <BRS Biog> and Electronic format

Biography Index (1946- )
   Z5301.B5 <MRR Biog> <BRS Biog> and Electronic format

Biological Abstracts (1926- )
   QH301.B37 <SciRR> and Electronic Format

Chemical Abstracts (1907- )
   QD1.A51 <SciRR>

Current Biography (1940- )
   CT100.C8 <BRS> and Electronic Format

Current Work in the History of Medicine
   (1954- ) R131.A1C8

Engineering Index (1884- )
   Z5851.E62 <SciRR> and Electronic Format

Historical Abstracts (1955- )
   D299.H5, D299.H512, and D299.H513 <MRR> and Electronic Format

Mathematical Reviews (1940- )
   QA1.M76 <SciRR> and Electronic Format

New York Times Index (1913- )
   AI21.N44 and AI21.N45 <MRR>

Physics Abstracts (1898- )
   Q1.S3 <SciRR> and QC1.P46 <SciRR> and Electronic Format

Psychological Abstracts (1927- )
   BF1.P65 and Electronic Format

Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- )
   AI3.R48 <BRS> and Electronic Format

The electronic resources listed below may only be available at a large public or academic library. The Library of Congress has subscriptions to these resources which are available to on-site researchers at the Library of Congress. Some titles may be available exclusively in electronic format, while others have components which are represented in book or microfiche formats. Consult a reference librarian for the location and format of abstracting and indexing services in the Science Reading Room.

African American Biographical Database
   Electronic Format
   Includes Chadwyck-Healey's Black Biographical Dictionaries 1790-1950, obituary files, slave narrative collections, photographs, illustrations, and other sources

American National Biography
   CT213.A68 1999 <MRR Biog> and Electronic format
   Portraits of more than 17,4000 men and women from all areas and walks of life whose lives have shaped the nation.

Biography Resource Center
   Electronic format
   Database of biographical information on more than 150,000 individuals from all parts of the world. The information is taken from standard biographical resources, many of which are also available in print format in the Library.

Chambers Reference Online
   CT103.C4 <MRR Biog> and Electronic format
   Contains Chambers Biographical Dictionary (1997 ed. with amendments)

German Biography
   Electronic format
   Elektronische Allgemeine deutsche Biographie (E-ADB and E-NDB) is a database for German biographies.

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
   DA28.O95 2004 <MRR Biog> and Electronic format
   An illustrated collection of 50,000 specially written biographies of the men and women who shaped Britain's past

Proquest Historical Newspapers
   Electronic format

World Biographical Information System
   Electronic format
   Current component indexes and archives include the following, with more added yearly: American Biographical Archive (ABA Series I and II); Biographical Archive (ABEP Series I and II); Biographical Archive of the Benelux Countries/Archives biographiques des pays du Benelux (BAB I); British Biographical Archive (BBA Series I and II); Archives biographiques françaises /French Biographical Archive (ABF Series I and II); Deutsches biographisches Archiv /German Biographical Archive (DBA Series I and II); Archivio biografico italiano/Italian Biographical Archive (ABI Series I and II); Russisches biographisches Archiv/Russian Biographical Archive (RBA); Scandinavian Biographical Archive (SBA I); and Archivo biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica/Spanish, Portuguese and Latin-American Archive (ABEP Series I and II).

Xreferplus: Biography
   Electronic format
   Component sources include Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage, Debrett's People of Today, Macmillan Dictionary of Women's Biography, Penguin Biographical Dictionary of Women, Who's Who 2003, Who's Who in Ancient Egypt, Who's Who in Christianity, Who's Who in Gay and Lesbian History, and Who's Who in The Roman World.



Journals that often contain biographical articles on scientists, or bibliographic listings of relevant books and articles, include:

Agricultural History
American Heritage of Invention & Technology
American Psychologist BF1.A55
American Scientist LJ85.S502
British Journal for the History of Science Q125.B77
Bulletin of the History of Medicine R11.B93
Historia Mathematica QA21.H54
Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences QC7.H69
History of Science Q125.H63
History of Technology T14.7.H57
Industrial Archaeology T37.I5
Isis Q1.I7
Journal of Chemical Education QD1.J93
Journal of the History of Ideas B1.J75
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences R131.A1J6
Osiris Q1.O7
Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society Q11.P5
Science Q1.S35
Scientific American T1.S5
Scientific Monthly Q1.S817
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Q125.S94



Most of the resources listed below provide bibliographies or list links to related sites from their web sites. It is also possible to find sites using a search engine, such as Alta Vista, Google, or Yahoo to locate additional sites. Suggested terms for searching include: Internet Resources and Biographical Sources, Scientists and Biographical Sources, Scientists and Biography and Bibliography, or the names of individual subject specialties and the term biography, or the names of individual scientists.

Biographies PolySearch Engine

Biography resources: finding information on the famous, infamous, and obscure. C&RL News, January 2002, Vol. 63, no. 1.

BUBL Link Catalogue of Internet Resources: Scientists

Chemical Achievers
   QD21.B67 1997 and Electronic format

Dictionary of Australian Biography
   Contains 1030 biographies of Australians, or people closely connected to Australia, who died before the end of 1942. Components include Australian Medical Pioneers Index (AMPI), Bright Sparcs, and OzLife: Australian Biography Index.

Dictionary of Canadian Biography
   F1005.D49 <MRR Biog> and Electronic format
   The electronic database provides access to the 14 volumes of Dictionary of Canadian Biography already in print and to a selection of Canadian biographies from unprinted volumes.

Dictionary of New Zealand Biography
   CT2882.D53, CT2882.D53217 <MRR Biog> and Electronic format
   Contains over 3,000 biographies of deceased New Zealanders who have 'made their mark' on the country. The electronic database includes the collected biographies originally published in the printed Dictionary of New Zealand Biography (CT2882.D53) series between 1990 and 2000, and in the parallel Maori-language series, Nga Tangata Taumata Rau (CT2882.D53217). Updated occasionally.

Distinguished Women of Past and Present
   Links to biographies of women in all fields of endeavor.

Eric Weisstein’s World of Science
   Contains searchable full-text encyclopedias of astronomy, chemistry, mathematics, scientific biography, and physics.

The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences
   Photographs, short biographies, and bibliographical sources on African American scientists.

Galileo Project: Catalog of the Scientific Community in the 16th and 17th Centuries
   More than 600 biographies of members of the scientific community during the 16th and 17th centuries with 20 searchable fields.

Internet Public Library: Biographies

Library of Congress, Science Reference. Selected Internet Resources: Biography
   URL: //

MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive: Indexes of Biographies of Mathematicians
   Short biographies, some with photographs and references.

NASA Astronaut Biographies
   Includes photographs and personal data. Links to biographies of astronaut candidates, cosmonauts, and payload specialists.

New York Public Library: Research Guides: Biographical Sources: Selected Internet Sites

Nobel Prize Internet Archive
   Biographies of Nobel Prize winners, with links to other sites containing information.

Obituary Daily Times
   An index of published obituaries from across the world.

SACNAS Biography Project
   Photographs, biographies, and some video of Chicano/Latino and Native American scientists, compiled by the Society for the Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science.

School Science Directory: Science Biography Resources

Smithsonian Institution: Selected Bibliography on African American Inventors

WWW Virtual Library for the History of Science, Technology & Medicine: Biographical Sources
   Links to a variety of biographical sources covering virtually all scientific disciplines.

Location Codes for Items in the Library of Congress Reference Collections
<BRS Biog>
<MRR Biog>
<SciRR Desk>
<SciRR Dict>
Business Reference Services
Business Reference Services Biography
European Reading Room
Microform Reading Room
Main Reading Room
Main Reading Room Biography
Newspaper and Current Periodicals Room
Science Reading Room
Science Reading Room reference desk collection
Science Reading Room dictionary collection
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