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African-American Women in the Sciences and Related Disciplines

Tracer Bullet 93-4


This guide lists sources documenting the contributions of African-American women in science, technology, medicine, and related disciplines. Of possible interest to users of this compilation are Blacks in Science and Related Disciplines (TB 89-9) and Women in the Sciences (TB 90-6). Not an exhaustive treatment of the subject, this Tracer Bullet, as the name of the series implies, is designed to put the reader "on target."



[Black women in science and technology] Sage, a scholarly journal on Black women, v. 6, fall 1989: 2-54. ports.
   E185.86.S24, v. 6 and Pamphlet box <SciRR>
   Includes bibliographic references.
Contents: Mickens, R. Achieving against the odds.--Manning, K. R. Roger Arliner Young, scientist.--Patterson, R. M. Black women in the biological sciences.--Malcom, S. Increasing the participation of Black women in science and technology.--Bozeman, S. T. Black women mathematicians: in short supply.- -Thomas, V. L. Black women engineers and technologists.--Sluby, P. C. Black women and inventions.--Falconer, E. Z. Close-up. A story of success: the sciences at Spelman College.--Cobb, J. P. A life in science: research and service.--Granville, E. B. My life as a mathematician.--King, R. C. Becoming a scientist: an important career decision.--Patrick, J. R. Trials, tribulations, triumphs.--Mickens, R. Resource round-up. Selected bibliography on women and minorities in science.

Harding, Sandra G. "... and race"? Toward the science question in global feminisms. In her Whose science? Whose knowledge? Thinking from women's lives. Ithaca, Cornell University Press, c1991. p. 191-217.
   Q130.H37 1991

Spector, Barbara. Large-scale mentoring program succeeds for women scientists. The Scientist, v. 7, July 26, 1993: 1, 6.
   Pamphlet box <SciRR>



Subject headings under which books on science and technology on African American women in the sciences can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs include the following.


Works, mostly biographical, on Afro-American women specializing in specific scientific and technical fields are found under subject headings such as:


Works, mostly biographical, on both Afro-American men and women in scientific and technical fields, often including material on Afro-American women, are found under headings such as:


Works, mostly biographical, on women in scientific and technical fields, including Afro-American women, and found under subject headings, often subdivided by "United States," such as:


Works that discuss all aspects of women as a class of persons in scientific and technical fields are found under subject headings, often subdivided by "United States," such as:


Works that discuss all aspects of Afro-Americans as a class of persons in scientific and technical fields, often including women, are found under subject headings such as:


Works that may contain references to Afro-Americans, including women, may be included under subject headings such as:


Please note that prior to 1976 the Library of Congress used the subject heading "Negroes" to refer to all persons of African descent. In 1976 the term "Negroes" was discontinued and the subject headings "Afro-Americans" and "Blacks" were added to refer to persons of African descent within and outside the United States respectively, but the cataloging of pre-1976 books was not changed; books published prior to 1976 were not recataloged.



Aptheker, Bettina. Woman's legacy: essays on race, sex, and class in American history. Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press, 1982. 177 p.
   E185.86.A67 1982
   See especially "Quest for dignity: Black women in the professions, 1865- 1900": p. 89-110.

Black mathematicians and their works. Edited by Virginia K. Newell and others. Ardmore, Pa., Dorrance, c1980. 327 p.
   QA28.B58 <SciRR>
   Includes bibliographies.

Black women in the nursing profession: a documentary history. Edited with an introduction by Darlene Clark Hine. New York, Garland, 1985. 165 p.
   RT83.5.B57 1985
   Includes bibliographies.

Brodie, James Michael. Created equal: the lives and ideas of Black American innovators. New York, W. Morrow, c1993. 208 p.
   E185.96.B835 1993

Carnegie, Mary Elizabeth. The path we tread: Blacks in nursing, 1854- 1990. 2nd ed. New York, National League for Nursing Press, c1991. 301 p.
   RT83.5.C37 1986b
   Bibliography: p. 261-266.

A Century of Black photographers, 1840-1960. Edited by Valencia Hollins Coar. Providence, R.I., Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, c1983. 192 p.
   TR646.U6P763 1983 <P&P>
   Bibliography: p. 191-192.
   Catalog of an exhibition held Mar. 31, 1983 to Aug. 26, 1984 at the Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design and other institutions.

Douglas, Deborah G. United States women in aviation, 1940-1985. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1990. 142 p. (Smithsonian studies in air and space, no. 7)
   TL521.D68 1990 <MRR>

Driskell, Claude Evans. History of Chicago Black dental professionals, 1850-1983. Chicago, C. E. Driskell, c1982. 122 p.
   RK34.U7C44 1982
   Bibliography: p. 122.

Dummett, Clifton O., and Lois Doyle Dummett. Afro-Americans in dentistry: sequence and consequence of events. Los Angeles, C. Dummett, c1978. 144 p.
   Bibliography: p. 124-127.

Guthrie, Robert V. Even the rat was white: a historical view of psychology. New York, Harper & Row, c1976. 224 p.
   Bibliography: p. 209-217.

Hardesty, Von, and Dominick Pisano. Black wings: the American Black in aviation. Washington, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, 1983. 80 p.
   TL553.H34 1983
   Bibliography: p. 79-80.

Holden, Henry M., and Lori Griffith. Ladybirds: the untold story of women pilots in America. Freedom, N.J., Black Hawk Pub. Co., c1991. 215 p.
   TL521.H58 1991
   Bibliography: p. 205-209.

Ives, Patricia Carter. Creativity and inventions: the genius of Afro-Americans and women in the United States and their patents. Arlington, Va., Research Unlimited, 1987. 88 p.
   T21.I84 1987 <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 81-86.

Jakeman, Robert J. The divided skies: establishing segregated flight training at Tuskegee, Alabama, 1934-1942. Tuscaloosa, University of Alabama Press, c1992. 416 p.
   TL713.T87J35 1992
   Bibliography: p. [391]-402.

James, Portia P. The real McCoy: African-American invention and innovation, 1619-1930. Washington, Published for the Anacostia Museum of the Smithsonian Institution by the Smithsonian Institution Press, c1989. 110 p.
   T39.J28 1989
   Bibliography: p. 103-106.

Johnson, Jesse J. Black women in the Armed Forces, 1942-1974: (a pictorial history). Hampton, Va., Johnson, c1974. 110 p.

Macdonald, Anne L. Feminine ingenuity: women and invention in America. New York, Ballantine Books, 1992.
514 p.
   T36.M33 1992 <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 445-491.

Moldow, Gloria. Women doctors in gilded-age Washington: race, gender, and professionalization. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, c1987. 246 p.
   R692.M6 1987
   Bibliography: p. 217-239.

Morais, Herbert M. The history of the Negro in medicine. 3rd ed. New York, Publishers Co., [1969]. 322 p.
   Published under the auspices of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History.
   R695.M6 1969 <MRR>
   Bibliography: p. 283-309.

The Negro almanac: a reference work on the African American. Compiled and edited by Harry A. Ploski and James Williams. 5th ed. Detroit, Gale Research Inc., c1989. 1622 p.
   E185.N385 1989 <MRR Ref Desk>
   Bibliography: p. 1556-1582.

Oakes, Claudia M. United States women in aviation, 1930-1939. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, c1991. 70 p.
   TL521.O17 1991 <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 69-70.

Royster, Jacqueline Jones. Women as healers: a noble tradition. Atlanta, Women's Research and Resource Center, Spelman College, c1983. 24 p.
   "Publication of an exhibition at Spelman College, Women's Research and Resource Center, Atlanta, Georgia, June 24, 1983 to June 31, 1984."
   R692.R69 1983
   Bibliography: p. 18-22.

Schiebinger, Londa L. The mind has no sex? women in the origins of modern science. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1989. 355 p.
   Includes index.
   Q130.S32 1989 <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 329-345.

Send us a lady physician: women doctors in America, 1835-1920. Edited by Ruth J. Abram. New York, Norton, c1985. 255 p.
   R692.S46 1985
   Extensive bibliographical references.

Stanley, Autumn. Mothers and daughters of invention: notes for a revised history of technology. Metuchen, N.J., Scarecrow Press, 1993. 1116 p.
   T36.S73 1993 <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 917-1041.
   See Index under "Black women inventors."

We are your sisters: Black women in the nineteenth century. Edited by Dorothy Sterling. New York, W. W. Norton, c1984. 535 p.
   E185.86.W43 1984
   Bibliography: p. [499]-503.
   See especially "Representative women and a new generation": p. 418-450.



Biographical Material

Black women in America: an historical encyclopedia. Editor, Darlene Clark Hine. Associate editors, Elsa Barkley Brown, Rosalyn Terborg-Penn. Brooklyn, N.Y., Carlson Pub., 1993. 2 v. (1530 p.)
   E185.86.B542 1993 <MRR Ref Desk>
   See especially entries for aviators, nurses, mathematicians, physicians, and scientists in "Classified list of biographical entries": v. 2, p. 1345-1352.
   Bibliography: p. 1333-1344.

A Century of Black surgeons: the U.S.A. experience. Edited by Claude H. Organ, Jr. and Margaret M. Kosiba. Norman, Okla., Transcript Press, c1987. 2 v. (973 p.)
   RD27.34.C46 1987
   Bibliography: v. 2, p. 943-946.

Earley, Charity Adams. One woman's army: a Black officer remembers the WAC. College Station, Texas A&M University Press, c1989. 218 p. (Texas A&M University military history series, 12)
   D811.E23 1989

Epic lives: one hundred Black women who made a difference. Jessie Carney Smith, editor. Detroit, Visible Ink Press, c1993. 632 p.
   E185.96.E65 1993
   Bibliography: p. 603-632.
   Partial contents: Mary Elizabeth Carnegie, nursing administrator.--Jewel Plummer Cobb, biologist, university president.--Bessie Coleman, aviator.-- Effie O'Neal Ellis, physician, health administrator.--Lucille C. Gunning, pediatrician.--Mae C. Jemison, astronaut, physician, government official.

Hawkins, Walter L. African American biographies: profiles of 558 current men and women. Jefferson, N.C., McFarland, c1992. 490 p.
   E185.96.H38 1992 <MRR Biog>

Ho, James K. K. Black engineers in the United States--a directory. Washington, Howard University Press, 1974. 281 p.
   Partial contents: Delores Brown.--Joan M. Clark.--Sarah Harper.--Pauline Harris.--Sandra L. Mathias.--Phyllis A. Norris.--Mary Ann Sutton.--Pamela J. Webb.--Vera N. Wilson.

Jackson, George F. Black women, makers of history: a portrait. Rev. ed. Sacramento, Calif., Fong & Fong, c1977. 289 + 10 p.
   E185.96.J25 1977
   Bibliography: p. 291-292.
   See especially sections on Education, Medical, and Military.

Lightfoot, Sara Lawrence. Balm in Gilead: journey of a healer. Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., c1988. 321 p.
   RC339.52.L39L54 1988

Logan, Onnie Lee. Motherwit, an Alabama midwife's story. New York, Dutton, c1989. 177 p.
   RG950.L64A3 1989

Majors, Monroe A. Noted Negro women, their triumphs and activities. Freeport, N.Y., Books for Libraries Press, 1971 [c1893]. 365 p.
   E185.96.M23 1971 <MRR Biog>

Moutoussamy-Ashe, Jeanne. Viewfinders: black women photographers. New York, Dodd, Mead, c1986. 201 p.
   TR139.M63 1986 <P&P>

Notable American women, 1607-1950: a biographical dictionary. Edward T. James, editor. Cambridge, Mass., Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971. 3 v.
   CT3260.N57 <B&E Biog>
   "Prepared under the auspices of Radcliffe College."

O'Hern, Elizabeth Moot. Profiles of pioneer women scientists. Washington, Acropolis Books, c1985. 264 p.
   R153.O36 1985
   Bibliography: p. 235-250.

Rich, Doris L. Queen Bess: daredevil aviator. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993. 153 p.
   TL540.C646R52 1993
   Bibliography: p. 137-141.

Sammons, Vivian O. Blacks in science and medicine. New York, Hemisphere Pub. Corp., c1990. 293 p.
   Q141.B58 1990 <SciRR Desk>
   Bibliography: p. 261-268.

Scally, M. Anthony. Medicine, motherhood, and mercy: the story of a Black woman doctor. Washington, Associated Publishers, c1979. 121 p.
   R154.E433S33 1979
   Bibliography: p. 119-121.

Who's who among Black Americans. Detroit, Gale Research, Inc., <1990/91->
   E185.96.W52 <B&E Biog>

Women in medicine: a bibliography of the literature on women physicians. Compiled and edited by Sandra L. Chaff and others. Metuchen, N.J., Scarecrow Press, 1977.
   Z7963.M43W65 <SciRR> and <MRR>

Career Related Material

Blacks, science, and American education. Edited by Willie Pearson, Jr., and H. Kenneth Bechtel. New Brunswick, Rutgers University Press, c1989. 174 p.
   Q149.U5B57 1989
   Bibliography: p. 153-165.

Estimates and projections of Black and Hispanic physicians, dentists, and pharmacists to 2010. Rockville, Md., U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services, Public Health Service, Health Resources and Services Administration, Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Disadvantaged Assistance, 1986. 63 p. (DHHS publication, no. (HRA)82-10)
   R695.E88 1986
   Includes bibliographic references.

Financial aid for minorities. Garrett Park, Md., Garrett Park Press, c1987-c1993. 6 v.
   LB2337.2.F57 1987 <MRR>
   Rev. ed. of 8 pt. set published 1980-81 with collective titles Financial aid for minorities or Financial assistance for minorities.
   Partial contents: [1] Financial aid for minorities: awards open to students with any major.--[4] Financial aid for minorities in engineering and science.- -[5] Financial aid for minorities in health fields.

Grants at a glance: a directory of financial resources of women in science. 2nd ed. Project Director, Stephanie J. Bird. Editors, Melissa Boulin and Deborah C. Fort. Washington, Association for Women in Science, c1992. 115 p.
   Q130.G73 1992 and Pamphlet box <SciRR>

A Hand up: women mentoring women in science. Editor, Deborah C. Fort. Washington, Association for Women in Science, c1993. 349 p.
   Q130.H36 1993 <SciRR>

Lecca, Pedro J., and Thomas D. Watts. Pathways for minorities into the health professions. Lanham, University Press of America, c1989. 88 p.
   R745.L455 1989
   Bibliography: p. 72-75.

Marrett, Cora Bagley. Minority females in high school mathematics and science. Madison, Wis., Wisconsin Center for Education Research, University of Wisconsin, 1982. 70 p.
   QA27.5.M37 1982
   Bibliography: p. 59-65.

Oakes, Jeannie. Lost talent: the underparticipation of women, minorities, and disabled persons in science. Santa Monica, Calif., Rand, 1990. 104 p.
   Bibliography: p. 85-104.
   Q130.O2 1990

Science and engineering programs: on target for women? Marsha Lakes Matyas and Linda Skidmore Dix, editors. Washington, National Academy Press, 1992. 216 p.
   Q130.S325 1992
   "Ad Hoc Panel on Interventions, Committee on Women in Science and Engineering, Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, National Research Council."

Sokoloff, Natalie J. Black women and white women in the professions: occupational segregation by race and gender, 1960-1980. New York, Routledge, 1992. 175 p.
   HD6054.2.U6S65 1992
   Bibliography: p. 159-169.

Women and minorities in science and engineering: an update. Update prepared by Patricia E. White. Washington, National Science Foundation, Jan. 1992. 187 p. (NSF 92-303)
   Minorities in science Vertical file <SciRR>

Yentsch, Clarice M., and Carl J. Sindermann. The woman scientist: meeting the challenges for a successful career. New York, Plenum Press, c1992. 271 p.
   Q130.Y46 1992



National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Women in Science and Engineering. Women in science and engineering: increasing their numbers in the 1990s: a statement on policy and strategy, from the Committee on Women in Science and Engineering, Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, National Research Council. Washington, National Academy Press, 1991. 152 p.
   Q130.N38 1991
   Bibliography: p. 115-126.

Nissen, Sally H. Sourcing program to identify outstanding women and ethnic minorities in research and research management. Prepared under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy. Livermore, Calif., Employment Equity and Compliance Center, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Aug. 1991. 85 p.
   DE92 000097 <SciRR>

Pfeffer, Richard L., and Robin J. Kung. DOD science and engineering apprenticeship program for high school minorities and women: summer 1990 activities. Final report. Sponsored by the Office of Naval Research at Florida State University and administered by the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Institute. Tallahassee, Fla., Florida State University, Jan. 1991. 27 p.
   AD-A231 910 <SciRR>

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology. Women, minorities, and the disabled in science and technology: hearing ... One Hundredth Congress, second session, June 28, 1988. Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1988. 183 p.
   KF27.S399 1988l <Law>

United States. Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology. Changing America: the new face of science and engineering: final report. Washington, Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, 1989. 46 p.
   Q130.U55 1989



Ethnic minority perspectives on clinical training and services in psychology. Hector F. Myers and others, editors. Washington, American Psychological Association, c1991. 194 p.
   RC467.7.E84 1991
   Based on a series of three conferences held in 1988, sponsored by the NIMH.

Lessons for the future: minorities in math, science, and engineering at community colleges. Enid B. Jones, editor. Washington, American Association of Community Colleges, National Center for Higher Education, c1993. 89 p. (AACC special reports, no. 2)
   QA13.L47 1993
   Papers presented at a roundtable convened by AACC in Washington, D.C., Aug. 13-14, 1992.

Toward ethnic diversification in psychology education and training. Edited by George Stricker and others. Washington, American Psychological Association, 1990. 251 p.
   BF77.T68 1990
   Papers of a National Council of Schools of Professional Psychology (NCSPP) conference held in Puerto Rico during the winter of 1988-1989.
Bibliography: p. 235-247.



Dissertations can be located by using the following indexes and CD-ROM, all located in the Library's Main Reading Room

Comprehensive Dissertation Index 1861/1972- (1973- annual) Z5053.X47 1973
Dissertation Abstracts International (1938- monthly) Z5053.D57
Dissertation Abstracts Ondisc CD-ROM <MRR>
Masters Abstracts International (1962-1985) Z5055.U49M3



Cook-Nobles, Robin L. Social and psychological factors in the career development of the professional Black female.
   UMI Microfiche AAC8913764 <MicRR>
   Collation of the original: 294 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--Boston University, 1989.
   Abstracted in Dissertation Abstracts International, v. 50/04A: 876.

Ehrhart, Dorothy McRay. Factors to which African-American women in high status careers attribute their success.
Collation of the original: 272 p.
   UMI Microfiche AAC9032573 <MicRR>
   Thesis (doctoral)--Claremont Graduate School, 1990.
   Abstracted in Dissertation Abstracts International, v. 51/09A: 3037.

Epps, Juanita Dawkins. Factors related to occupational choice among Black females: traditional versus nontraditional.
   UMI Microfiche AAC8822741 <MicRR>
   Collation of the original: 148 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--California School of Professional Psychology-Los Angeles, 1988.
   Abstracted in Dissertation Abstracts International, v. 49/09B: 4000.

Evans, Kathy Marie. Factors influencing the career aspirations of Black college women: a comparative study.
   UMI Microfiche AAC9007848 <MicRR>
   Collation of the original: 158 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--The Pennsylvania State University, 1989.
   Abstracted in Dissertation Abstracts International. v. 50/11A: 3482.



Abajian, James de T. Blacks in selected newspapers, censuses and other sources: an index to names and subjects. Boston, Mass., G. K. Hall, 1977. 3 v.
   Z1361.N39A28 <MRR>
   Bibliography: v. 1, p. xi-xxi.

Abajian, James de T. Blacks in selected newspapers, censuses and other sources: an index to names and subjects. First supplement. Boston, Mass., G. K. Hall, 1985. 2 v.
   Z1361.N39A28 Suppl. <MRR>

Clewell, Beatriz C., and Bernice Anderson. Women of color in mathematics, science & engineering: a review of the literature. Washington, Center for Women Policy Studies, c1991. 100 p.
   QA13.C54 1991 <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 72-100.

Hall, Christine C. Iijima, Brenda J. Evans, and Stephanie Selice. Black females in the United States: a bibliography from 1967 to 1987. Washington, PsycINFO, American Psychological Association, c1989. 189 p. (Bibliographies in psychology, no. 3)
   Z1361.N39H27 1989 <MRR>

Davis, Lenwood G. The Black woman in American society: a selected annotated bibliography. Boston, G. K. Hall, c1975. 159 p.

Enabulele, Arlene B., and Dionne J. Jones. A resource guide on Black women in the United States. Washington, Mental Health Research Center, Institute for Urban Affairs and Research, Howard University, 1978. 107 p.
   Includes bibliographies.

Fausto-Sterling, Anne, and Lydia L. English. Women and minorities in science: course materials guide. Rev. ed. Providence, R.I., Brown University, Division of Medicine and Biology, Mar. 1990. 24 p.
   Pamphlet box <SciRR>
   Originally compiled for the Odyssey Project, 1984-85.

Lyle, Stanley L., and Sally W. Weimer. Electronic access to American diversity: a selected bibliography. Denver, Colo., ALA MARS User Access to Services Committee, 1993. 7 p.
   Pamphlet box <SciRR>
   The bibliography was compiled for the open forum panel discussion by the User Access to Services Committee of the Machine Assisted Reference Section of RASD, Denver, Colorado, January 24, 1993.

Miller, Wayne Charles, and Faye Nell Vowell. A comprehensive bibliography for the study of American minorities. New York, New York University Press, 1976. 2 v. (1380 p.)
   Z1361.E4M529 <MRR>

Oaks, Priscilla. Minority studies: a selective annotated bibliography. Boston, G. K. Hall, c1975. 303 p.
   Z1361.E4O24 <MRR Alc>

Redfern, Bernice. Women of color in the United States: a guide to the literature. New York, Garland, 1989, c1988. 156 p. (Garland reference library of social science, v. 469)
   Z7964.U49R4 1989 <MRR>

Sims-Wood, Janet L. The progress of Afro-American women: a selected bibliography and resource guide. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1980. 378 p.
   Z1361.N39S52 <MRR>

Willis-Thomas, Deborah. An illustrated bio-bibliography of Black photographers, 1940-1988. New York, Garland, 1989. 483 p. (Garland reference library of the humanities, v. 760)
   TR139.W55 1989 <P&P>
   Bibliography: p. 475-478.



Abstracting and indexing services that index relevant journal articles and other literature on African-American women in the sciences are listed below. Consult reference librarian for locations of these materials in Science Reading Room; some are available in CD-ROM format.

Applied Science & Technology Index (1913 - )
   Z7913.I7 <SciRR A&I> <MRR> and <N&CPR>
   See: Blacks--Occupations
   Women Engineers
   Women in the Computer Industry
   Women Mathematicians
   Women Meteorologists
   Women Physicists
   Women Scientists

Bibliographic Index (1937 - )
   Z1002.B595 <SciRR> <MRR> <N&CPR>
   See: Afro-American Women
   Afro-Americans in Medicine
   Afro-American Physicians
   Women Medical Scientists
   Women Physicians
   Women Scientists
   Headings beginning "Women in," e.g., Women in Science

Biography Index (1946 - )
   Z5301.B5 <MRR Biog> <N&CPR> <LH&G> <B&E Biog>
   See: Scientists
   Names of invidivual disciplines, e,g., Astronomers, Botanists, Chemists

General Science Index (1946 - )
   Z7401.G46<SciRR A&I> <MRR> <N&CPR>
   See: Blacks

Index to Black Periodicals (1941 - )
   AI3.04 <MRR> <N&CPR>
   See: Subject headings of interest, e.g., Architects, Astronauts, Biologists, Chemical Engineers, Chemists, Dentists, Engineers, Inventors, Mathematicians, Midwives, Nurses, Pharmacists, Physicians, Pilots, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, Scientists, Women Engineers, Women in Science, Women Scientists

Magazine Index (1981 - )
   Available in several formats at LC
   See: Afro-American Women Chemists    Afro-American Air Pilots
   Afro-American Astronauts
   Afro-American Dentists
   Afro-American Engineers
   Afro-American Inventors
   Afro-American Nurses
   Afro-American Physicians
   Afro-American Psychologists
   Afro-Americans in Aeronautics
   Afro-Americans in Medicine
   Afro-Americans in Veterinary Medicine

Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900 - )
   AI3.R45 <MRR> <B&E> <N&CPR>
   See: Blacks    Women Mathematicians
   Women Scientists



Journals that often contain relevant articles on African American women in the sciences include the following:

AWIS Magazine
Black Issues in Higher Education
Black Scholar E185.5.B575
Black World (formerly Negro Digest) E185.5.N3815
Journal of Black Studies E185.5.J8
Journal of Negro Education LC2701.J6
Journal of the National Medical Association R15.N2914
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering (in press)
Negro History Bulletin
Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women E185.86.S24



Black inventors: little-known creators have revolutionized American history. Ebony, v. 45, Feb. 1990: 128-132.

Black woman pilot: flying the friendly skies; Shirley Tyus is one of a handful of Black females working in cockpits of nation's commercial airlines. Ebony, v. 46, Apr. 1991: 63-67.

Campbell, Bebe Moore. From dropout to M.D.: Alison Walker. Essence, v. 17, Oct. 1986: 79.

Dr. Irene Long: a pioneer in aerospace medicine. Ebony, v. 39, Sept. 1984: 61-65.

Minorities in science. Journal of college science teaching, v. 17, Mar./Apr. 1988: 342-381.
   Partial contents.--Minorities: underrepresentation, education, and careers in science, by Tom Crosby.--Sons, daughters, where are your books? by Napoleon Bryant.--Black women in science: implications for improved participation, by Julia V. Clark.

Minorities in science: the pipeline problem. Science, v. 258, Nov. 13, 1992: 1175-1237.
   An extensive news report focusing on minorities in science, their successes and the obstacles they face.

Morrison, Catherine. Opening doors: everyone benefits when this combination of mentoring, summer employment, and financial support enables talented, minority students to complete their Ph.D.s. ChemTech, v. 23, Mar. 1993: 8-14.

Powell, Lois. Factors associated with the underrepresentation of African Americans in mathematics and science. Journal of Negro education, v. 59, no. 2, 1990: 292-298.

Smikle, Ken. On the cutting edge of telecommunications: AT&T's Michael Homes and Ilene Hayward develop new technologies. Black enterprise, v. 15, Feb. 1985: 67-69.

Space is her destination: Dr. Mae C. Jemison is NASA's first Black woman astronaut candidate. Ebony, v. 42, Oct. 1987: 93-98.

Superstars of science: Black researchers are making trailblazing discoveries in some of the country's most prestigious labs. Ebony, v. 46, June 1991: 42-46.



Selected materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include the following:

African American contributions to science and engineering. Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, 1992. 32 p.

Brush, Stephen G. Women in science and engineering: women are still seriously underrepresented in the sciences, and they have made comparatively little progress in the past five years. Why? American scientist, v. 79, Sept./Oct. 1991: 404-419.

Connor, J. Robert. Human resources--springboard to the 21st century: opportunities for women and minorities. Aviation week & space technology, v. 136, June 1, 1992: S1-S2, S-4, S6-S7, S-10, S12, S14.
   "Advertiser-sponsored market supplement."

Felder-Hoehne, Felicia H. Barbara Lynn Yarn, M.D.: the heart to live. Negro history bulletin, v. 45, Oct. 1982: 107.

Gaymon, Gloria Leaks. 215 African American women you should know about: trivia facts. Philadelphia, Nationwide Publishers, c1992. 88 p.

Jemison, Mae C. Current biography, v. 51, July 1993: 22-25.

Malcom, Shirley M. Racism and sexism: still a double bind for minority women in science. Washington, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1981. 11 p.
   Typewritten copy, March 5, 1981.
   Prepared for "A Fabric of Our Own Making": Southern Scholars on Women.

Mercer, Joye. Dr. Gloria McCutcheon: encouraging girls to study science. Black issues in higher education, v. 8, Mar. 14, 1991: 1, 15.

Neill, Michael. Ex-hairdresser Lois Dabney-Smith, now a top therapist, helps her clients brush out life's snarls. People, v. 30, Oct. 3, 1988: 121- 122.

Turner, Renee D. The global AIDS warrior: Helene Gayle. Ebony, v. 47, Nov. 1991: 38-40



Association for Women in Science (AWIS)
1200 New York Avenue NW, Ste. 650
Washington, DC 20005
Telephone: (202) 326-8940
Areas of interest: Women in science; career development; science education; affirmative action for women in science; sexism; legislation.

Division of Human Resource Development
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard
Room 815
Arlington, VA 22230
Telephone: (703) 306-1640
Encourages minority science education and research through conferences, workshops, publications, and grants to institutions and individuals, K- graduate school.

Moorland-Spingarn Research Center
Howard University
Founders Library, Room 120
500 Howard Place, N.W.
Washington, DC 20059
Telephone: (202) 806-7239
Areas of interest: Reference, bibliography, and research related to Afro- American history and culture, African history and culture, and Afro-Latin and Caribbean history and culture.

Minority Women in Science (MWIS)
American Association for the Advancement of Science
1333 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20005
Telephone: (202) 326-6670
MWIS's mission is to facilitate access to career information and educational opportunities for minority female students and to promote the professional advancement of minority women scientists and engineers. Its National Network maintains membership records, produces an annual report/update for members, and convenes an annual meeting in conjunction with the AAAS annual meeting.

National Black Nurses' Association, Inc. (NBNA)
1511 K Street, NW, Suite 415
Washington, DC 20005
Telephone: (202) 393-6870
Areas of interest: Nursing education; advocates for the Black community and minorities in relation to health care needs; recruitment, counseling, and assistance to Black persons to increase enrollment in the field; legislation and policies that affect the health and welfare of Black people and Black health professionals.

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Radcliffe College
10 Garden Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Telephone: (617) 495-8647
The Schlesinger Library collects manuscripts and printed materials on American women, ca. 1820 to the present; conducts oral history projects on women; and sponsors programs related to its holdings.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
The New York Public Library
515 Malcolm X Boulevard
New York, NY 10037-1801
Telephone: (212) 491-2259
Collects materials in all formats about Black people throughout the world. Extensive archival holdings, vertical files, audiotapes, prints, and photographs. Kaiser Index to Black Resources covers material, 1948-1986.


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