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Presidential Election of 1824: A Resource Guide

John Quincy Adams, President of the United States
John Quincy Adams, President of the United States / painted by T. Sully ; eng. by A.B. Durand.
[Philadephia] : Published Oct. 6, 1826 by W.H. Morgan, Philada., c1826 Oct. 6 ; Printed by B. Rogers, Phila.
Prints & Photographs Division.
Reproduction Number:

The digital collections of the Library of Congress contain a wide variety of material associated with the presidential election of 1824, including manuscripts, broadsides, political cartoons, and government documents. This guide compiles links to digital materials related to the presidential election of 1824 that are available throughout the Library of Congress Web site. In addition, it provides links to external Web sites focusing on the 1824 election and a selected bibliography.

1824 Presidential Election Results [1]

Political Party
Presidential Nominee
Electoral College
Popular Vote
John Quincy Adams *
Andrew Jackson
William H. Crawford
Henry Clay

* No candidate received a majority of the Electoral College vote. John Quincy Adams was elected president by the House of Representatives on February 9, 1825.

Library of Congress Web Site | External Web Sites | Selected Bibliography

Digital Collections

Andrew Jackson Papers

The Andrew Jackson Papers contain more than 26,000 items dating from 1767 to 1874. Included are memoranda, journals, speeches, military records, land deeds, and miscellaneous printed matter, as well as correspondence reflecting Jackson’s personal life and career as a politician, military officer, president, slave holder and property owner.

  • John Pemberton to Andrew Jackson, February 15, 1825, "I have not language to express to you, the deep sorrow, and mortification I feel in the result of the late Election, by the Representatives of the People (falsely so styled) in their choice of a President of the US."
  • George Kremer to Andrew Jackson, March 8, 1825, "That the friends of Adams were urging as an argument to induce the friends of Clay to accede to the proposition that if Genl Jackson should be elected, Adams would be continued Secretary of State..." [Transcription]
  • Andrew Jackson to Henry Lee, October 7, 1825, "Mr Adams is the Constitutional President and as such I would myself be the last man in the Commonwealth to oppose him upon any other ground than that of principle. How he reached the office is an enquiry for the succeeding canvass, when the principles of the constitution, apart from his ministerial acts, or at least without necessary opposition to them, will sanction the investigation." [Transcription]

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875

This collection consists of published congressional records of the United States of America from 1774 to 1875.

James Madison Papers, 1723 to 1859

The James Madison Papers from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress consist of approximately 12,000 items captured in some 72,000 digital images.

Printed Ephemera: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera

The Printed Ephemera collection comprises 28,000 primary-source items dating from the seventeenth century to the present and encompasses key events and eras in American history. While the broadside format represents the bulk of the collection, there are a significant number of leaflets and some pamphlets.

Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 to 1827

The complete Thomas Jefferson Papers from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 27,000 documents.

A selection of letters from this collection that discuss the election of 1824 includes:

  • Thomas Jefferson to Samuel Smith, May 3, 1823, with Draft, "On the question of the next presidential election I am a mere looker on. I never permit myself to express an opinion, or to feel a wish on the subject. I indulge a single hope only, that the choice may fall on one who will be a friend of peace, of economy, of the republican principles of our constitution, and of the salutary distribution of powers made by that between the general and local governments." [Transcription]
  • Thomas Jefferson to Richard Rush, October 13, 1824, " The eclat of this visit has almost merged the presidential question, on which nothing scarcely is said in our papers. that question will lie ultimately between Crawford and Adams. but the vote of the people, at the same time, is so distracted by subordinate candidates that possibly they may make no election, and let it go to the House of Representatives. there it is thought Crawford’s chance will be best." [Transcription]
  • Thomas Jefferson to Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, November 4, 1823, "Who is to be the next President is the topic here of every conversation. my opinion on that subject is what I expressed to you in my last letter. the question will be ultimately reduced to the Northernmost and Southernmost candidates. the former will get every federal vote in the Union, and many republicans, the latter all those denominated of the old school: for you are not to believe that these two parties are amalgamated, that the lion & the lamb are lying down together, the Hartford Convention, the victory of Orleans, the peace of Ghent prostrated the name of Federalism." [Transcription]

Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years

In honor of the Manuscript Division's centennial, its staff selected approximately 90 representative documents spanning from the fifteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries.

Henry Clay used his influence to help deliver the vote of Kentucky's congressional delegation to John Quincy Adams. When Clay was subsequently appointed to the first place in Adams's cabinet--secretary of state--the Andrew Jackson camp raised the cry of "corrupt bargain."

Prints & Photographs Division

Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC)

Images from the 1824 presidential election:

External Web Sites

The American Presidency Project: Election of 1824 External Link

The American Presidency Project Web site presents election results from the 1824 presidential election.

A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns, 1787-1825

A searchable collection of election returns from 1787 to 1825. The data were compiled by Philip Lampi. The American Antiquarian Society and Tufts University Digital Collections and Archives have mounted it online with funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

The Presidential Election of 1824: The Election is in the House

The EDSITEment Web site, a project of the National Endowment for the Humanities, contains three lesson plans on the presidential election of 1824.

Teaching With Documents: Tally of the 1824 Electoral College Vote

The National Archives Web site presents teaching activities related to the 1824 Electoral College vote that are correlated to the National History Standards and National Standards for Civics and Government.

Selected Bibliography

Primary Sources: Campaign Literature

An Address to the People of Maryland, on the Subject of the Presidential Election. n. p., 1824? [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

An Address to the Citizens of North-Carolina, on the Subject of the Presidential Election. Raleigh, Bell & Lawrence, printers, 1823. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

An Address to the People of Ohio, on the Important Subject of the Next Presidency. Cincinnati, Looker & Reynolds, printers, 1824. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Presidential Election. Richmond, 1823. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Sketch of the Life of John Quincy Adams; Taken from the Port Folio of April, 1819. To Which are Added, the Letters of Tell: Originally Addressed to the Editor of the Baltimore American. Respectfully Submitted to the Serious Consideration of Those Freeholders of Virginia, Who Desire to Exercise the High Privelege of Voting for a President of the United States at the Approaching Election. S.l.: s.n., 1824. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Some Objections to Mr. Crawford as a Candidate for the Presidential Chair. n.p., 1823. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Some Reasons Why the Votes of the State of New-York, Ought to be Given to Henry Clay, for President of the United States. Respectfully Addressed to the Members of the New-York Legislature... n. p., 1824. [Full Text] External Link

Cassius, pseud. An Examination of Mr. Calhoun’s Economy and an Apology for those Members of Congress who have been Denounced as Radicals. n. p., 1823. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Crane, Isaac Watts. Address Delivered Before the Jackson Convention of Delegates. Philadelphia, 1824. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Fuller, Timothy. The Election of President of the United States, Considered. Boston, Printed by True and Greene, 1823. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Philo-Jackson, pseud. The Presidential Election. Frankfort, 1824. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Wyoming, pseud. The Letters of Wyoming, to the People of the United States, on the Presidential Election. Philadelphia, S. Simpson & J. Conrad, 1824. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link


1. Presidential Elections, 1789-2008. (Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2010), 125, 215.


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