Civil Rights Resource Guide
Today in History
Mary Church Terrell, educator, political activist, and
first president of the National Association of Colored Women
was born on September 23, 1863, in Memphis, Tennessee.
The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified
on July 28, 1868.
The Supreme Court ruled separate-but-equal facilities
constitutional on intrastate railroads. For fifty years,
the Plessy v. Ferguson decision upheld the principle of
Mahalia Jackson, the "Queen of Gospel Song,"
was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Novelist, essayist, and playwright James Baldwin was born
in New York City.
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., twentieth-century America's
most compelling and effective civil rights leader, was born
on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia.
President Harry Truman promises a "fair deal"
for all Americans.
Rosa Parks was arrested for disobeying an Alabama law requiring
blacks to relinquish bus seats to whites.
Civil Rights demonstrators begin a march from Selma to
Montgomery, Alabama, on a date now known as "Bloody
Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as a Supreme Court justice.
American diplomat Ralph Bunche, winner of the 1950 Nobel
Peace Prize, died in New York City.
Jackie Robinson threw out the ceremonial first pitch at
the second game of the World Series, commemorating the twenty-fifth
anniversary of his becoming the first African American to
play in modern Major League Baseball.