Photo, Print, Drawing 9. Window details - Ellis Island, Baggage & Dormitory Building, New York Harbor, New York County, NY Drawings from Survey HABS NY-6086-E

About this Item

About this Item

Title
Ellis Island, Baggage & Dormitory Building, New York Harbor, New York County, NY
Contributor Names
Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
Office of the Architect of the Treasury
Taylor, James Knox
U.S. Coast Guard
Watchorn, Robert
Fry, Brooks Alfred
U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor
U.S. Department of Labor
U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service
U.S. General Services Administration
U.S. Department of the Interior
New York State Construction Company
Williams, William
Evans, Almirall & Company
Lee and Bellmer Company
Sargent, Frank P
Western Union Telegraph Company
Hudgens & Dumas
Howe, Frederic C
U.S. Department of the Navy
Curran, Henry C
Perkins, Frances
Corsi, Edward
Palmer, Carleton H
Day, Benjamin M
Johnson, Philip
Emmons, Michael J, Jr, historian
Davidson, Lisa Pfueller, project manager
Davidson, Lisa Pfueller, transmitter
Boucher, Jack E, photographer
Rosenthal, James W, photographer
Arzola, Robert R, project manager
Davidson, Paul, field team supervisor
De Sousa, Daniel, field team supervisor
Schara, Mark, field team
Autilio, Kathleen, field team
Doddington, L Naomi, field team
Martinez, Alberto, field team
Reifschneider, Kristen, field team
Sloan, Caleb, field team
Warren, Emily R, field team
Ortiz, Jarob J, photographer
Statue of Liberty National Monument, sponsor
Created / Published
Documentation compiled after 1933
Subject Headings
-  immigrants
-  dormitories
-  luggage
-  storage facilities
-  detention facilities
-  war (World War I)
-  war (World War II)
-  flat roofs
-  quoins
-  Beaux-Arts architectural elements
-  brick buildings
-  steel structural frames
-  concrete girders
-  enclosed porches
-  porticoes (porches)
-  skylights
-  graffiti
-  New York -- New York County
Latitude / Longitude
40.699886,-74.039405
Notes
-  Significance: The Baggage & Dormitory Building at Ellis Island played an important role in U.S. immigration during the early twentieth century. Built in 1908-09 adjacent to the Main Immigration Building on Island 1, the Baggage & Dormitory Building provided critical space for baggage handling, temporary housing for detained immigrants, railroad ticketing, food service, and offices. Construction began on the facility after the peak immigration year of 1907, when a staggering 1,004,756 immigrants were processed at the island. After the completion of the Baggage & Dormitory Building, its facilities helped process the 500,000 to 900,000 immigrants who arrived annually at Ellis Island, until the outbreak of World War I slowed the influx. The Baggage & Dormitory Building is thus a direct product of one of the most important eras of immigration in United States history, at its primary port of entry. The Baggage & Dormitory Building is also significant due to its use as a detention center for enemy aliens during World War I (1917-20), the First Red Scare (1918-20), and World War II (1941-48). The structure was also used by the U.S. Coast Guard for training and operation space from 1939 to 1946, and again from 1951 to 1954. The building was abandoned when the Ellis Island U.S. Immigration Station ceased operation in 1954. The Baggage & Dormitory Building was designed by the Office of the Architect of the Treasury, under Supervising Architect John Knox Taylor, with important input and review from Robert Watchorn, Commissioner of Immigration at Ellis Island, and Alfred Brooks Fry, the Chief Engineer and Superintendent of Repairs. Compared with the Main Immigration Building, the architectural style of the Baggage & Dormitory Building is more restrained, reflective of its less prominent position, a limited budget, and the need for rapid construction. The Baggage & Dormitory Building features classical symmetry, a flat roof, a raised first story with arched windows and doorways, heavy quoining, and a subtle polychromy accomplished through brick and limestone exterior walls. The structural system of the building includes steel, concrete, and structural terra cotta tile. The building was expanded significantly in 1913-14 when a third story was added to the entire structure, and a large two-story projection was added to the north side.
-  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: ?2244, ?2245, ?2246, ?2247, ?2248, ?2249, ?2250, ?2251, ?2252
-  Survey number: HABS NY-6086-E
-  Building/structure dates: 1908- 1909 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1913- 1914 Subsequent Work
-  Building/structure dates: 1935 Subsequent Work
-  Building/structure dates: 1924-1926 Subsequent Work
-  Building/structure dates: 1928 Subsequent Work
-  National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 66000058
Medium
Photo(s): 44
Color Transparencies: 5
Measured Drawing(s): 10
Data Page(s): 71
Photo Caption Page(s): 5
Call Number/Physical Location
HABS NY,31-ELLIS,1E-
Source Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Control Number
ny1602
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
Online Format
image
pdf

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress does not own rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not license or charge permission fees for use of such material and cannot grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute the material.

Ultimately, it is the researcher's obligation to assess copyright or other use restrictions and obtain permission from third parties when necessary before publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the Library's collections.

For information about reproducing, publishing, and citing material from this collection, as well as access to the original items, see: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscape Survey (HABS/HAER/HALS) Collection - Rights and Restrictions Information

  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
  • Reproduction Number: ---
  • Call Number: HABS NY,31-ELLIS,1E-
  • Access Advisory: ---

Obtaining Copies

If an image is displaying, you can download it yourself. (Some images display only as thumbnails outside the Library of Congress because of rights considerations, but you have access to larger size images on site.)

Alternatively, you can purchase copies of various types through Library of Congress Duplication Services.

  1. If a digital image is displaying: The qualities of the digital image partially depend on whether it was made from the original or an intermediate such as a copy negative or transparency. If the Reproduction Number field above includes a reproduction number that starts with LC-DIG..., then there is a digital image that was made directly from the original and is of sufficient resolution for most publication purposes.
  2. If there is information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can use the reproduction number to purchase a copy from Duplication Services. It will be made from the source listed in the parentheses after the number.

    If only black-and-white ("b&w") sources are listed and you desire a copy showing color or tint (assuming the original has any), you can generally purchase a quality copy of the original in color by citing the Call Number listed above and including the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

  3. If there is no information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can generally purchase a quality copy through Duplication Services. Cite the Call Number listed above and include the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

Price lists, contact information, and order forms are available on the Duplication Services Web site.

Access to Originals

Please use the following steps to determine whether you need to fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room to view the original item(s). In some cases, a surrogate (substitute image) is available, often in the form of a digital image, a copy print, or microfilm.

  1. Is the item digitized? (A thumbnail (small) image will be visible on the left.)

    • Yes, the item is digitized. Please use the digital image in preference to requesting the original. All images can be viewed at a large size when you are in any reading room at the Library of Congress. In some cases, only thumbnail (small) images are available when you are outside the Library of Congress because the item is rights restricted or has not been evaluated for rights restrictions.
      As a preservation measure, we generally do not serve an original item when a digital image is available. If you have a compelling reason to see the original, consult with a reference librarian. (Sometimes, the original is simply too fragile to serve. For example, glass and film photographic negatives are particularly subject to damage. They are also easier to see online where they are presented as positive images.)
    • No, the item is not digitized. Please go to #2.
  2. Do the Access Advisory or Call Number fields above indicate that a non-digital surrogate exists, such as microfilm or copy prints?

    • Yes, another surrogate exists. Reference staff can direct you to this surrogate.
    • No, another surrogate does not exist. Please go to #3.
  3. If you do not see a thumbnail image or a reference to another surrogate, please fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room. In many cases, the originals can be served in a few minutes. Other materials require appointments for later the same day or in the future. Reference staff can advise you in both how to fill out a call slip and when the item can be served.

To contact Reference staff in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room, please use our Ask A Librarian service or call the reading room between 8:30 and 5:00 at 202-707-6394, and Press 3.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Office Of The Architect Of The Treasury, James Knox Taylor, U.S. Coast Guard, Robert Watchorn, Brooks Alfred Fry, U.S. Department Of Commerce And Labor, et al., Boucher, Jack E, James W Rosenthal, and Jarob J Ortiz, photographer. Ellis Island, Baggage & Dormitory Building, New York Harbor, New York County, NY. New York New York County, 1933. translateds by Davidson, Lisa Pfuellermitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/ny1602/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Office Of The Architect Of The Treasury, Taylor, J. K., U.S. Coast Guard, Watchorn, R., Fry, B. A. [...] Statue Of Liberty National Monument, S., Boucher, J. E., Rosenthal, J. W. & Ortiz, J. J., photographer. (1933) Ellis Island, Baggage & Dormitory Building, New York Harbor, New York County, NY. New York New York County, 1933. Davidson, L. P., trans Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ny1602/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al., photographers by Boucher, Jack E, James W Rosenthal, and Jarob J Ortiz. Ellis Island, Baggage & Dormitory Building, New York Harbor, New York County, NY. trans by Davidson, Lisa Pfuellermitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/ny1602/>.

More Photos, Prints, Drawings like this