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Jurisdictions Surveyed: Angola | Argentina | Botswana | Bulgaria | Cambodia | China | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Côte d’Ivoire | Egypt | Gabon | Georgia | Ghana | Greenland | Guyana | India | Indonesia | Kazakhstan | Liberia | Nepal | Pakistan | Russia | Thailand | Turkey | Vietnam
Appendix: Mexico | Saudi Arabia | United Arab Emirates | United Kingdom

Mexico

According to a bill introduced in April 2020 in Mexico’s Senate, wet markets in poor sanitary conditions exist in Mexico, and therefore, the bill proposes to close them and penalize their operations by federal law.[1]

Specifically, the bill proposes to provide powers to the federal Departments of Agriculture and Health to close animal marketplaces and slaughterhouses that do not have the necessary animal health measures in place to ensure food safety and thus pose an epidemiological risk, under pertinent regulations to be developed by these departments.[2]

The initiative also proposes the following:

  • The General Health Law should be reformed to consider the killing of animals (both domestic and wild) in public streets as a specific crime.
  • The Federal Criminal Code should be reformed so that whoever trades in animal products that fail to comply with animal health and hygiene regulations risks human health and safety and should be punished.
  • Anyone who operates an underground slaughterhouse should be convicted of a crime and sentenced to imprisonment.[3]

The bill is currently pending in the Mexican Senate.[4]

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Prepared by Gustavo Guerra
Senior Foreign Law Specialist
August 2020


[1] Iniciativa de la Sen. Laura María de Jesús Rodríguez Ramírez, del Grupo Parlamentario Morena, con proyecto de decreto por el que se reforman y adicionan diversas disposiciones de la Ley Federal de Sanidad Animal, de la Ley General de Salud y del Código Penal Federal, Gaceta del Senado, Apr. 24, 2020, https://perma.cc/VC3Q-TT7E.

[2] Id.

[3] Press Release, Animal Equality, Animal Equality Introduces New Initiative in Mexico to Ban Sale of Live Animals at Markets (Apr. 28, 2020), https://perma.cc/E967-WCAX.

[4] Iniciativa de la Sen. Laura María de Jesús Rodríguez Ramírez, del Grupo Parlamentario Morena, con proyecto de decreto por el que se reforman y adicionan diversas disposiciones de la Ley Federal de Sanidad Animal, de la Ley General de Salud y del Código Penal Federal, Gaceta del Senado, Estado Actual: Pendiente, Apr. 24, 2020, https://perma.cc/HY4T-AS6D.

Last Updated: 12/31/2020