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Jurisdictions Surveyed: Angola | Argentina | Botswana | Bulgaria | Cambodia | China | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Côte d’Ivoire | Egypt | Gabon | Georgia | Ghana | Greenland | Guyana | India | Indonesia | Kazakhstan | Liberia | Nepal | Pakistan | Russia | Thailand | Turkey | Vietnam
Appendix: Mexico | Saudi Arabia | United Arab Emirates | United Kingdom


The consumption of meat from wild animals is an important part of everyday life in Gabon. A study from 2010 found that over 70% of all rural families engage in some degree of subsistence hunting, which provides up to 90% of the protein diet of families living in the most remote areas.[1] In addition to being an important part of their diet, bushmeat is also a significant source of income for rural communities, as they supply more urban areas with it.[2] Most bushmeat is sold either through direct orders to a hunter, through roadside or street vendors, or through restaurants, while only about 18% is sold through fixed marketplaces.[3]

Hunting, trading, and transporting bushmeat appears to be theoretically subject to licensing and permit requirements.[4] However, it appears that these requirements are generally unenforced, as the legislation instituting them has generally not been followed up with appropriate application measures.[5] According to some sources, the commercialization of bushmeat is illegal in Gabon, except for sales among members of the same community.[6] We were unable to find any primary sources—laws, decrees or other official texts—confirming whether bushmeat can legally be sold in Gabon.

On March 30, 2020, the government of Gabon issued an executive order banning the sale of all species of pangolins and bats.[7] This order appears to be actively enforced by the government, in an effort to prevent the possible transmission of viruses from these animals to humans.[8]

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Prepared by Nicolas Boring
Foreign Law Specialist
August 2020

[1] Katharine Abernethy & Anne Marie Ndong Obiang, Bushmeat in Gabon 6-7 (U. of Stirling Dec. 2010),

[2] Christelle Marot, En Afrique centrale, la consommation de viande de brousse ne faiblit pas, Equal Times (June 3, 2020),

[3] Abernethy & Ndong Obiang, supra note 1, at 8.

[4] Id. at 11.

[5] Id.

[6] Marot, supra note 2; Joseph Sotinel, Gabon: les ventes de pangolin flanchent, La Presse (Mar. 16, 2020),

[7] Désiré-Clitandre Dzonteu, Viande de brousse: Une mission de contrôle dans les marchés de l’Estuaire, Gabon Rev. (May 11, 2020),; Albertine Ondo, Pour limiter les risques épidémiques, le Gabon entend mieux réguler les marchés de viande de brousse, La Libreville (May 10, 2020),

[8] Dzonteu, supra note 7.

Last Updated: 12/31/2020