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Jurisdictions Surveyed: Angola | Argentina | Botswana | Bulgaria | Cambodia | China | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Côte d’Ivoire | Egypt | Gabon | Georgia | Ghana | Greenland | Guyana | India | Indonesia | Kazakhstan | Liberia | Nepal | Pakistan | Russia | Thailand | Turkey | Vietnam
Appendix: Mexico | Saudi Arabia | United Arab Emirates | United Kingdom

Argentina

Although Argentina has no legislation on wet markets as such, it has enacted a comprehensive regulation for the sale of animals, including game animals and their by-products. The regulation includes sanitary and health requirements applicable to establishments handling and selling animal products for human consumption. The National Animal Health Service is the enforcement authority that controls the manufacture and commercialization of animal products, including game animals, for human consumption.

I. Regulatory Requirements

Argentina enacted a comprehensive regulation in 1968 on the sale of animals, including game animals, that ensures basic standards of hygiene for animal products, by-products, and derivatives intended for human consumption.[1] The Secretariat of State of Agriculture and Livestock, through its specialized agencies, is the authority in charge of such regulation.[2]

The Regulation on the Inspection of Products, By-products, and Derivatives of Animal Origin (hereinafter the R.I.) sets forth sanitary and health requirements and protocols for the preparation and commercialization of such products.[3] The R.I. governs all the hygienic-sanitary aspects of the manufacture and production of meat, by-products, and derivatives, and of all animal products, as well as the sanitary building requirements for the construction of establishments where animals are slaughtered and processed.[4] These establishments are subject to authorization, registration, and inspection before they are authorized to operate.[5]

The R.I. defines “food” as any nutritive substance or mixture of substances intended for human or animal consumption.[6] It defines an “animal,” for the purposes of the regulation, as the living unit of zoological species of slaughter allowed in establishments enabled for this purpose.[7]

The following are considered animals whose slaughter for human consumption is allowed only in establishments that comply with the requirements of the R.I.:[8]

  • Cattle
  • Buffalo
  • Equines
  • Pigs
  • Sheep
  • Goats
  • Llamas
  • Domestic rabbits
  • Hatchery otters
  • Chickens and roosters
  • Turkeys
  • Domestic ducks
  • Domestic geese
  • Quail

The term “wild game animals fit for human consumption” is defined to include land mammals, birds, reptiles, and certain amphibians whose meat is obtained through authorized hunting methods.[9]

The R.I. provides detailed requirements for establishments where animals are slaughtered and their meat is processed and sold. It includes cleaning, disinfection, painting, and illumination requirements.[10] There are also mandatory requirements for the provision and use of water and sewage as well as wastewater disposal.[11] The same requirements apply to establishments selling game animals.[12]

Establishments processing and selling animal meat are required to have a veterinary inspection and to store products derived from different animal species in separate sections.[13] In addition, cleaning, refrigeration, and preservation are subject to different procedures according to each animal species.[14]

II. Penalties and Enforcement

Violations of the R.I. may be subject to penalties ranging from a warning to fines, cancellation of authorizations, and seizure of animal pieces and tools used in the perpetration of a violation.[15] The R.I. provides that these sanctions are mainly applicable in the following cases:

  • Unauthorized use or sale of meats, products, and by-products of animal origin and/or their derivatives in the manufacture of food products for human or animal use with no veterinary inspection[16]
  • Preparation of food products with raw materials that do not meet the conditions established in the R.I.[17]
  • Extracting products without sanitary health documentation issued by the veterinary inspection authority[18]
  • Manufacture, manipulation, storage, or transport of products in violation of the R.I.[19]
  • Providing inaccurate or false information on the quality, quantity, or origin of products subject to veterinary inspection[20]
  • Allowing people with no health card issued by the competent authority to work in the establishment[21]
  • Allowing the swarming of rodents or other animals harmful to health[22]
  • Working in establishments with suspended national authorizations[23]

No information on the level of compliance with the R.I. has been identified.

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Prepared by Graciela Rodriguez-Ferrand
Senior Foreign Law Specialist
August 2020


[1] Decreto 4238/1968 Reglamento de Inspección de Productos, Subproductos y Derivados de Origen Animal art. 1, Boletín Oficial [B.O.], Aug. 26, 1968, https://perma.cc/KN3J-P76Z.

[2] Id. art. 3.

[3] Id.

[4] Id. art. 1.

[5] Id. ch. II.

[6] Id. ch. I, § 1.1.1.9.

[7] Id. ch. I, § 1.1.12.

[8] Id. ch. I, § 1.12.1.

[9] Id. ch. I, § 12.2.

[10] Id. ch. III.

[11] Id. ch. IV.

[12] Id. ch. XIX.

[13] Id. ch. V.

[14] Id. ch. XXX, § 19.2.1.

[15] Id. ch. XXX, § 19.2.2.

[16] Id. ch. XXX, §§ 30.2.1 , 30.2.2 & 30.2.10.

[17] Id. ch. XXX, § 30.2.7.

[18] Id.ch. XXX, §. 19.2.11.

[19] Id. ch. XXX, § 19.2.12.

[20] Id. ch. XXX, § 19.2.15.

[21] Id. ch. XXX, § 19.2.18.

[22] Id. ch. XXX, § 19.2.20.

[23] Id. ch. XXX, § 19.2.26.

Last Updated: 12/31/2020