These reports describe the data protection laws of the European Union and of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. They describe the legal framework for the collection, use, and transfer of data, and examine whether existing laws are adequate to deal with online privacy in an era of rapid technological development and globalization.
Foreign Countries Report (Update)
(Dec. 2017) (PDF, 925KB)
European Union Report
(June 2012; updated May 2014) (PDF, 535KB).
Foreign Countries Report
(June 2012) (PDF, 2.48MB).
Last Updated: 12/30/2020