This report, prepared by foreign law specialists, analysts, and consultants of the Law Library of Congress, describes the programs of eighteen countries and the European Union involving combating human trafficking, with a special focus on the training of personnel.
Each survey provides a brief introduction to the jurisdiction’s legal framework on human trafficking, describes the roles and responsibilities of particular government agencies in enforcing laws against human trafficking, and provides a description of training programs or initiatives that are conducted by and provided to government personnel.
Some common threads are apparent across the surveyed jurisdictions. A majority of the surveyed countries have laws specifically targeting the problem of human trafficking. Almost all the surveyed countries are parties to relevant international instruments addressing human trafficking, particularly the United Nations’ 2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. (While Japan has not ratified the Protocol, it has enacted domestic legislation providing for prosecution, protection, and prevention mechanisms similar to those in the Protocol.)
All of the surveyed jurisdictions have multiple agencies with specifically identified responsibilities to address human trafficking; these usually include police forces, labor agencies, border control authorities, and immigration bureaus. Some countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Egypt, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Malaysia, and the Netherlands, have national interministerial or interagency councils, task forces, or committees responsible for coordinating anti-trafficking efforts across governmental agencies.
The surveys highlight the diverse approaches taken by the covered jurisdictions to the training of government officials with respect to combating human trafficking. Information on training programs is identified for each of the surveyed countries. In several instances, training programs provided by nongovernmental organizations are identified.
A bibliography on recent resources on international and comparative treatments of human trafficking is also provided.
Prepared by Luis Acosta
Chief, Foreign, Comparative, and International Law Division II
Last Updated: 12/30/2020