Nicaragua is a state party to the 2018 Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean, which it signed on September 27, 2019.
No specific legislation for the protection of environmental defenders was found. The country’s environmental legislation, such as the Special Law of Crimes Against the Environment and Natural Resources and the General Law of the Environment and Natural Resources, among many others, does not refer to environmental defenders.
Secondary sources indicate that Nicaragua is not a safe place for defenders of the environment. For instance, a study on two hundred defenders of the environment and earth who were killed during 2016 states that “[o]ther Latin American countries that stand out in the study are Nicaragua and Honduras. The first case is worrying, because 11 murders recorded in 2016 make Nicaragua the most dangerous country in the world per capita for environmental defenders.”
Prepared by Norma C. Gutiérrez
Senior Foreign Law Specialist
 Regional Agreement on Access to the Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Regional Agreement) art. 4.1., Escazú, Mar. 4, 2018, C.N.195.2018.TREATIES-XXVII.18, https://perma.cc/F5AU-DZ94.
Last Updated: 12/30/2020