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Côte d’Ivoire

The Ivorian Constitution provides,

when the institutions of the Republic, the independence of the Nation, the integrity of its territory or the execution of it international commitments are under grave and immediate threat, and that the regular operation of the constitutional public authorities is interrupted, the President of the Republic shall take the measures required by the circumstances, after officially consulting with the Prime Minister, the Presidents of [the National Assembly and the Senate], as well as the Constitutional Council.[1] 

The same article of the Constitution specifies that the President may not dissolve the National Assembly during such times, and that the Parliament always has the right to meet.[2]

There does not appear to be any formal provision in Ivorian law regarding the functioning of the national legislature under emergency measures, nor does Ivorian law appear to provide for any sort of “emergency parliament” with devolved powers from the whole parliament to address crisis situations.

The Ivorian National Assembly is subject to a quorum requirement, whereby a majority of its members need to be present for a vote to occur.[3] If a quorum is not present when a vote was to take place, the vote must be postponed for at least one hour.[4] This postponed vote will be considered valid regardless of the number of members present.[5] No information was found as to whether the Senate is also subject to a quorum requirement. Furthermore, no information was found on how either the National Assembly or the Senate are to operate if their members and staff are unable to travel or are under any sort of confinement.

Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, the National Assembly has limited all meetings to a maximum of 50 participants.[6] Furthermore, the President of the National Assembly has requested that all members, staff, and visitors wash their hands or use the hand sanitizer available at washing stations installed at the building’s entrances and exits.[7] No information was found about whether the Senate has modified its operations or adopted any special measures in the face of the current pandemic.

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Prepared by Nicolas Boring
Foreign Law Specialist
March 2020


[1] Const. art. 73, https://perma.cc/DTG3-CH9A (in French; translation by author).

[2] Id.

[3] Résolution No. 006 A du 1er Juin 2006 Portant Modification du Règlement de l’Assemblée Nationale de Côte d’Ivoire, art. 21, https://perma.cc/T3Q8-9LQ7.

[4] Id.

[5] Id.

[6] News Release, Assemblée Nationale, L’Assemblée nationale suspend, en son sein, toutes les réunions de plus de cinquante personnes, jusqu’à nouvel ordre (Mar. 18, 2020), https://perma.cc/TW6V-PN9Y.

[7] Id.

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Last Updated: 12/30/2020