I. Mandatory Deposit Laws
Norway has a mandatory deposit law that has as its purpose “secur[ing] the accumulation and storage of publicly available information for national collections, in order that [the information] that bears witness to Norwegian culture and society may be preserved and accessed as source material for research and documentation.” Current legislation requires that seven copies of both physical and digital materials that have been made available for the public be deposited with institutions in Norway. When a physical copy is deposited the National Library of Norway may also require that the underlying digital copy of the media be deposited (for instance, the digital version of a book).
Most published material is subject to the deposit mandate, but publications of, for example, membership lists are not intended to be covered by the requirement. Media that is published abroad need only be deposited if either the publisher is Norwegian or the material specifically targets Norwegians. The National Library oversees the enforcement of depository laws.
The depository requirement must be fulfilled by the publisher, producer, or importer of the document. Upon the death of the depositor, his or her estate must fulfill the deposit requirement. Similarly, bankruptcy estates must fulfill the deposit requirement.
Deposits are made to the National Library of Norway, which retains two copies for its collection and distributes the remaining deposits to the following institutions:
- University of Oslo Library
- University of Bergen Library
- Norwegian University of Science and Technology Library
- University of Tromsø Library
- Sami Library (if the title includes content in the Sami language)
II. Online Access
The National Library of Norway has been prioritizing digital content. For instance, it hosts an e-library of digitized books at Bokhylla.no (bokhylla is Norwegian for “bookshelf”), which provides access to digital copies of Norwegian library holdings to persons using Norwegian IP-addresses. The National Library has made it a priority is digitize all books published prior to 2000 and make them available online. The National Library’s ultimate goal is reportedly to digitize its entire collection.
Prepared by Elin Hofverberg
Foreign Law Research Consultant
 § 1 Lov om avleveringsplikt for allment tilgjengelege dokument (Pliktavleveringslova) (LOV 1989-06-09-32) [Act on Mandatory Deposits for Published Material (Act No. 32 of June 9, 1989)] § 1, https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/1989-06-09-32, archived at https://perma.cc/6MHY-5APD (translation by author).
 § 4 Pliktavleveringslova (emphasis by author).
 Det Kongelege Kulturdepartementet [Royal Danish Ministry of Culture], Proposjon [Prop.] 106 L (2014–2015): Endringar i lov om avleveringsplikt for allment tilgjengelege dokument (innsamling av digitale dokument m.m.) [Government Bill 106 L (2014–2015): Changes in the Mandatary Deposit Act (Collection of Digital Material etc.)] at 47, https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/a660c098687e4e7 f84fbd5908d122412/nn-no/pdfs/prp201420150106000dddpdfs.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/ZP5E-2FBH.
 § 4 mom. 2 Pliktavleveringslova.
 Art. I Instruks for institusjonar som forvaltar dokument innkomne etter lov om avleveringsplikt for allment tilgjengelege document (FOR-1990-05-25-4696) [Regulation for Institutions that Maintain Documents Received in Accordance with the Act on Mandatory Deposits (Regulation No. 4696 of May 25, 1990)], https://lovdata.no/ dokument/INS/forskrift/1990-05-25-4696, archived at https://perma.cc/XM52-Q35V.
 § 5 Pliktavleveringslova.
 § 6 Pliktavleveringslova.
 § 4 mom. 1 Pliktavleveringslova; Art. IV Instruks for institusjonar som forvaltar dokument innkomne etter lov om avleveringsplikt for allment tilgjengelege document.
 Mandat og strategi, Nasjonalbiblioteket, https://www.nb.no/om-nb/hva-og-hvem-er-vi/mandat-og-strategi (last visited Apr. 11, 2018).
 Digitizing Policy, Nasjonalbiblioteket, https://www.nb.no/English/The-Digital-Library/Digitizing-policy (last visited Apr. 11, 2018). For more on the Norwegian National Library’s work with digitization see https://www.nb.no/ om-nb/digitalisering-2 (in Norwegian).
Last Updated: 12/30/2020