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United Kingdom: Uber Drivers Are Workers Entitled to Employment Law Protections, Supreme Court Rules

(Mar. 17, 2021) The Supreme Court, the United Kingdom’s highest court, upheld on February 19, 2021, a ruling from the Court of Appeal that drivers who brought an employment law claim against Uber in 2016 were not independent contractors and were entitled to the protections afforded workers under U.K. employment law. The high court rejected […]

United Kingdom: Export of King George III Watch Temporarily Banned in Hopes Bridgerton Interest Will Help Raise Funds to Keep It in UK

(Feb. 26, 2021) On January 29, 2021, Minister for Digital and Culture Caroline Dinenage, upon the advice of the Reviewing Committee of the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest (RCEWA) of the Arts Council, placed a temporary bar on the issuance of an export order for a watch designed by Abraham-Louis […]

Germany: Tax Rate for Female Sanitary Products Reduced

(Jan. 3, 2020) On January 1, 2020, a new reduced tax rate of 7% for female sanitary products went into effect in Germany. The tax reduction was enacted as part of the Annual Tax Act. (Annual Tax Act art. 12, no. 21.) Background to the Tax Reduction The German Value-Added Tax Act (VAT Act) charges either a […]

Germany: Federal Ministry of Finance Publishes Guidance on VAT Treatment of Virtual Currencies

(Mar. 13, 2018) On February 27, 2018, the German Federal Ministry of Finance published guidance on value-added-tax (VAT) treatment of bitcoin and other virtual currencies. It determined that transactions to exchange a traditional currency for bitcoin or other virtual currencies and vice versa constitute the taxable supply of other services for consideration, but fall under […]

Turkey: Law to Increase Tax Revenues Adopted

(Dec. 28, 2017) On December 5, 2017, Turkey’s Law No. 7061 on the Amendment of Some Tax Laws and Some Other Laws, which was adopted on November 28, 2017, was published in the Official Gazette (Resmi Gazete). Aspects of the Law become effective on various dates. (Bazi Vergi Kanunlari ile Diger Bazi Kanunlarda Degisiklik Yapilmasina […]

United Kingdom: $20 Million in Tampon Tax to Be Distributed to Women’s Charities

(Dec. 12, 2017) In the United Kingdom, there has been a long-running campaign to remove value-added tax (VAT) from women’s sanitary products. Since January 1, 2001, the VAT rate charged for sanitary products has been 5%, a 15% discount on the current 20% rate of VAT in the UK and the lowest rate currently permitted […]

United Arab Emirates: New Law Issued Creating Value-Added Tax on Transactions

(Oct. 3, 2017) On August 28, 2017, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) Ministry of Finance announced the issuance of Federal Law No. 8 of 2017 on Value-Added Tax (VAT). (Federal Law No. 8 of 2017 on VAT, UAE Ministry of Finance website (Aug. 28, 2017) (click on the PDF icon to view text of the law).) […]

Hungary: Broad Tax Reforms Adopted

(Nov. 28, 2016) The Hungarian Parliament adopted a number of tax reforms on November 22, 2016. The tax package is aimed at enhancing the competitiveness of small and medium enterprises by giving them more incentives, cutting bureaucracy, and combatting the black market.  (Parliament Adopts Tax Package Designed to Cut Red Tape and Provide SME Incentives, […]