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Turkey: Parliament Updates Competition Law in Accordance with EU Rules

(July 9, 2020) On June 16, 2020, Turkey’s parliament passed a law amending the country’s Law on the Protection of Competition (LPC). The explanatory memorandum of the bill that became the amending law explains that the main purpose of the amendments is to reflect in Turkish law the developments that have occurred in European Union […]

European Union: Council Adopts Temporary European Instrument “SURE” to Help Protect Jobs amid COVID-19 Pandemic

(June 16, 2020) On May 19, 2020, the Council of the European Union (Council) adopted “SURE,” a regulation establishing a European instrument to provide temporary financial support to mitigate unemployment risks caused by the COVID-19 outbreak. Under SURE, the European Union (EU) will temporarily provide loans not exceeding 100 billion euros (€) (about US$113.5 billion) […]

European Union: Court of Justice Rules against Poland, Czech Republic, and Hungary for Noncompliance with Migrant Relocation Obligations

(June 5, 2020) On April 2, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) in Luxembourg issued a judgment in Joined Cases C-715/17, C-718/17 and C-719/17, European Commission v. Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, finding these three countries in noncompliance with the temporary mechanism for the relocation of applicants for international protection […]

European Union: Commission Adopts Second Amendment to Temporary Framework for State Aid Measures to Support Member States’ Economies during COVID-19 Outbreak

(June 3, 2020) On May 8, 2020, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the Temporary Framework for State Aid Measures to include recapitalization measures and subordinated debt. The Temporary Framework was first adopted on March 19, 2020, allowing a variety of state aid measures otherwise incompatible with European Union […]

European Union: Commission Proposes Temporary European Instrument (SURE) to Help Protect Jobs Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

(Apr. 24, 2020) On April 2, 2020, the European Commission (Commission) published a proposal for a regulation on the establishment of a temporary instrument for “support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency” (SURE) following the COVID-19 outbreak. The proposal, which has its legal basis in article 122 of the Treaty on the Functioning of […]

European Union: Commission Adopts Temporary Framework for State Aid Measures to Support Member States’ Economies During COVID-19 Outbreak

(Apr. 10, 2020) On March 19, 2020, the European Commission (Commission) adopted a Temporary Framework for state aid measures (Temporary Framework) to support the European Union economy during the current COVID-19 outbreak. Under the Temporary Framework, member states can temporarily grant state aid in a variety of forms that would otherwise be incompatible with the […]

European Union: Commission Proposes European Climate Law to Achieve Climate Neutrality by 2050

(Apr. 7, 2020) On March 4, 2020, the European Commission (Commission) published a proposal for a regulation (European Climate Law). The proposal would codify the European Union’s (EU’s) goal to become climate neutral by 2050 in accordance with the European Green Deal of December 2019. An EU regulation has general application. It is binding in […]

European Union: Court of Justice Clarifies Test for Morality as Ground for Rejecting EU Trade Mark

(Mar. 31, 2020) On February 27, 2020, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled that “no concrete evidence has been put forward” that the registration of the word sign “Fack Ju Göhte” as an EU trade mark would be “against the fundamental moral values and standards of society.” (Case C‑240/18 P, para. 69.) The ECJ held […]

European Union: New Regulation Amends EU Visa Policy

(Mar. 17, 2020) On February 2, 2020, Regulation (EU) 2019/1155 (Regulation), which establishes new rules for short-term visas, entered into force. The Regulation amends Regulation (EC) No 810/2009 (European Union (EU) Visa Code) and updates the common visa policy to better balance economic growth considerations (tourism and mobility) with concerns for security and migration. (Regulation […]

European Union: New Directive Amends Consumer Protection Rules

(Feb. 10, 2020) On January 7, 2020, Directive (EU) 2019/2161 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 November 2019 Amending European Union (EU) Consumer Protection Rules for Better Enforcement and Modernization (Directive) entered into force. The Directive updates the current EU consumer protection rules to incorporate technological developments and improve enforcement. An […]