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Colombia: Constitutional Reforms Proposed to Increase Punishment for Violent and Sexual Crimes Against Minors

(Nov. 12, 2019) During debates over the last several months in the Colombian Congress regarding a proposed constitutional reform to apply life imprisonment to perpetrators of violent and sexual crimes against children, representative Jaime Rodriguez submitted an additional and highly controversial proposal to impose the death penalty for those who commit such crimes. Article 11 of the Colombian […]

International: World Trade Organization Authorizes United States Countermeasures Against the European Union

(Oct. 8, 2019) On October 2, 2019, the World Trade Organization (WTO) authorized the United States to apply countermeasures of nearly $7.5 billion annually against the European Union (EU) in a long-running dispute regarding subsidies given by the EU to the aircraft manufacturer Airbus. Airbus and the United States manufacturer Boeing dominate the worldwide commercial […]

Morocco: Draft Law Introduced to Protect Whistle-Blowers in Corruption Cases

(Oct. 8, 2019) On February 15, 2019, the Moroccan Minister of Administration and Public Service announced the introduction of a new draft law to protect whistle-blowers. The draft law is intended to fulfill Morocco’s commitment as a signatory to the United Nations Convention against Corruption to enact relevant domestic laws, in this case by protecting […]

International: Botswana, Canada Ratify Arms Trade Treaty

(Sept. 17, 2019) In June 2019, Canada and Botswana each ratified the United Nations’ Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), becoming the 103rd and 104th states to join the ATT. The ATT will enter into force for Botswana and Canada in September 2019, 90 days after their ratifications. Botswana will become the 26th African country to join […]

Japan: New Ainu Law Becomes Effective

(Aug. 5, 2019) A new act that legally recognizes the Ainu as the indigenous people of Japan was promulgated on April 26, 2019, and became effective on May 24, 2019. (Act on Promoting Measures to Realize a Society in Which the Pride of the Ainu People Is Respected, Act No. 16 of 2019 (Ainu Promotion […]

Russia: President Signs Law Allowing Adoption of Children by People with Particular Diseases

(June 26, 2019) On May 29, 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill that allows courts to use discretion in approving adoption orders concerning children who already live with their prospective adoptive parents if one of the parents is suffering from certain diseases. (Federal Law No. 115 of May 29, 2019, on […]

Mexico, United States: Agreement on Migration Concluded

(June 17, 2019) On June 7, 2019, the governments of the United States and Mexico announced they had reached an agreement to take measures to address the “dramatic increase in migrants moving from Central America through Mexico to the United States” in recent months. (Press Release, US Department of State, U.S.-Mexico Joint Declaration (June 7, […]

Italy: Legislation in the Event of Brexit Takes Effect

(May 21, 2019) On March 23, 2019, new legislation addressing the potential effects of Brexit entered into force in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 22 of March 25, 2019, Urgent Measures to Ensure Safety, Financial Stability and the Integrity of Markets as well as the Protection of the Health and Freedom of Residence of Italian Citizens and […]

New Zealand: Zero Carbon Bill Introduced

(May 14, 2019) On May 8, 2019, New Zealand’s Minister for Climate Change, James Shaw, introduced the Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill in the Parliament. (Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill, NEW ZEALAND PARLIAMENT (last visited May 8, 2019); Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill, New Zealand Legislation website.) The explanatory […]

Israel: Law on Freezing Revenues Designated for the Palestinian Authority Implemented

(Mar. 27, 2019) On February 17, 2019, the Israeli Defense Cabinet reportedly decided to deduct 500 million new Israeli shekels (about US$138.2 million) from the revenues transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA) on the basis of Israeli domestic legislation for implementing the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement (the Paris Protocol). (Noa Landau  & Jack Khoury, Israel Freezes […]