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New Zealand: Zero Carbon Bill Introduced

(May 14, 2019) On May 8, 2019, New Zealand’s Minister for Climate Change, James Shaw, introduced the Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill in the Parliament. (Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill, NEW ZEALAND PARLIAMENT (last visited May 8, 2019); Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill, New Zealand Legislation website.) The explanatory […]

Israel: Law on Freezing Revenues Designated for the Palestinian Authority Implemented

(Mar. 27, 2019) On February 17, 2019, the Israeli Defense Cabinet reportedly decided to deduct 500 million new Israeli shekels (about US$138.2 million) from the revenues transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA) on the basis of Israeli domestic legislation for implementing the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement (the Paris Protocol). (Noa Landau  & Jack Khoury, Israel Freezes […]

Argentina: New Requirement Adopted for Foreigners Seeking Permanent Residence

(Mar. 25, 2019) On March 1, 2019, the Dirección Nacional de Migraciones (National Directorate on Immigration) adopted a measure requiring that foreigners who apply for permanent residence in Argentina prove they have had no criminal record during the ten years prior to their application. The new provision constitutes a seven-year increase over the previous requirement. […]

Germany/France: Countries Sign Friendship Treaty on Cooperation and Integration

(Feb. 1, 2019) On January 22, 2019, Germany and France signed the “Aachen Treaty,” a bilateral friendship treaty on cooperation and integration. The treaty comes fifty-six years after the signing of the Élysée Treaty, which focused on reconciliation after the end of the Second World War. The Aachen Treaty complements the Élysée Treaty, renews the […]

Italy: EU Regulation on the Abuse of Markets Implemented

(Jan. 15, 2019) On September 29, 2018, new legislation implementing an EU regulation concerning the abuse of markets entered into force in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 107 of August 10, 2018, Provisions Adapting Domestic Legislation to the Provisions of EU Regulation No. 596/2014 on the Abuse of Markets and Repealing Directives 2003/6/CE, 2003/124/UE, 2003/125/CE and […]

Mexico: Convention on the Application of the Principles of the Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively Ratified

(Jan. 11, 2019) On November 23, 2018, Mexico ratified an International Labor Organization (ILO) convention known as the Convention Concerning the Application of the Principles of the Right to Organize and to Bargain Collectively (commonly referred to as Convention 98). (Mexico Ratifies the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98), ILO (Nov. […]

Sweden: Animal Protection Ordinance Takes Effect, Prohibiting Circus Animals

(Jan. 9, 2019) On January 1, 2019, a new Animal Welfare Protection Ordinance took effect in Sweden. (Djurskyddsförordning Svensk författningssamling [SFS] 1988:539, as amended by SFS 2018:1204, Riksdagen (Parliament) website.) Under the new rules circuses may no longer include elephants or sea lions in their performances. (35 § 2 st Djurskyddsförordning.) Other animals that were […]

Malawi: Parliament Passes Law Allowing Dual Citizenship

(Dec. 27, 2018) On December 12, 2018, Malawi’s 193-member unicameral National Assembly reportedly passed the Malawi Citizenship Amendment Bill to amend the 1966 Citizenship Act (hereinafter “the Principal Act”). If enacted, the new law would permit Malawians who have acquired the citizenship of other countries to retain their Malawi citizenship. (Malawi Parliament Passes Bill Allowing […]

Sweden: Migration High Court Rules That Applying High School Act Does Not Violate Schengen

(Dec. 13, 2018) On September 25, 2018, the Swedish Migration Court of Appeals found that the newly enacted “High School Act,” which allows undocumented minors whose asylum application has been rejected to stay in the country to pursue a high school education, does not violate the Schengen rules requiring proof of identity. (Migrationsöverdomstolen [Migration Appeals […]

United States: Federal Appellate Court Orders That Siblings Wrongfully Removed to United States Be Returned to Panama

(Nov. 28, 2018) On November 20, 2018, the US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit ordered that two ten-year old siblings who were wrongfully removed by their mother to the United States four years ago be returned to Panama. (Fernandez v. Bailey, No. 16-16387 (11th Cir. 2018) (Fernandez 2018), US Court of Appeals for […]