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Turkey: Parliament Updates Competition Law in Accordance with EU Rules

(July 9, 2020) On June 16, 2020, Turkey’s parliament passed a law amending the country’s Law on the Protection of Competition (LPC). The explanatory memorandum of the bill that became the amending law explains that the main purpose of the amendments is to reflect in Turkish law the developments that have occurred in European Union […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Declares Criminal Code Provision on Child Abduction Unconstitutional

(June 30, 2020) On May 29, 2020, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision declaring the unconstitutionality of a Criminal Code provision on the suspension of parental authority in cases of child abduction and child maintenance overseas. (Decision No. 102 of May 29, 2020.) Background of the Case At the request of the Supreme Court […]

Australia: WTO Appellate Body Rejects Appeal Regarding Plain Packaging of Tobacco

(June 18, 2020) On June 9, 2020, the World Trade Organization’s (WTO’s) Appellate Body issued its reports on cases brought by Honduras and the Dominican Republic against Australia’s tobacco plain packaging requirements. (Australia — Certain Measures Concerning Trademarks, Geographical Indications and Other Plain Packaging Requirements Applicable to Tobacco Products and Packaging (DS435 and DS441).) The […]

European Union: Council Adopts Temporary European Instrument “SURE” to Help Protect Jobs amid COVID-19 Pandemic

(June 16, 2020) On May 19, 2020, the Council of the European Union (Council) adopted “SURE,” a regulation establishing a European instrument to provide temporary financial support to mitigate unemployment risks caused by the COVID-19 outbreak. Under SURE, the European Union (EU) will temporarily provide loans not exceeding 100 billion euros (€) (about US$113.5 billion) […]

European Union: Court of Justice Rules against Poland, Czech Republic, and Hungary for Noncompliance with Migrant Relocation Obligations

(June 5, 2020) On April 2, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) in Luxembourg issued a judgment in Joined Cases C-715/17, C-718/17 and C-719/17, European Commission v. Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, finding these three countries in noncompliance with the temporary mechanism for the relocation of applicants for international protection […]

European Union: Commission Adopts Second Amendment to Temporary Framework for State Aid Measures to Support Member States’ Economies during COVID-19 Outbreak

(June 3, 2020) On May 8, 2020, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the Temporary Framework for State Aid Measures to include recapitalization measures and subordinated debt. The Temporary Framework was first adopted on March 19, 2020, allowing a variety of state aid measures otherwise incompatible with European Union […]

Norway: Supreme Court Overrules Detention Order Issued Following Remote Proceedings

(May 14, 2020) On May 8, 2020, the Supreme Court of Norway overturned a decision to detain a man suspected of attempted murder because the pretrial detention hearing had been conducted remotely. (Supreme Court Decision HR-2020-972-U (sak nr. 20-065997STR-HRET).) To limit the risk of spreading COVID-19, the court of first instance conducted an initial pretrial […]

European Union: Commission Proposes Temporary European Instrument (SURE) to Help Protect Jobs Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

(Apr. 24, 2020) On April 2, 2020, the European Commission (Commission) published a proposal for a regulation on the establishment of a temporary instrument for “support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency” (SURE) following the COVID-19 outbreak. The proposal, which has its legal basis in article 122 of the Treaty on the Functioning of […]

International: World Intellectual Property Organization Announces 2019 as “Best” Year for Intellectual Property Services, Treaties, and Finances

(Apr. 15, 2020) Last week, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) released its 2019 statistics, recording 2019 as its best year for intellectual property (IP) services, treaties, and finances since WIPO’s creation in 1967. It also announced that in 2019, China surpassed the United States as the top filer of international patents—the first time any […]

European Union: Commission Adopts Temporary Framework for State Aid Measures to Support Member States’ Economies During COVID-19 Outbreak

(Apr. 10, 2020) On March 19, 2020, the European Commission (Commission) adopted a Temporary Framework for state aid measures (Temporary Framework) to support the European Union economy during the current COVID-19 outbreak. Under the Temporary Framework, member states can temporarily grant state aid in a variety of forms that would otherwise be incompatible with the […]