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Italy: New Law Aiding Reconstruction Following Earthquakes Takes Effect

(May 10, 2019) On April 19, 2019, new legislation on public procurement and on aiding the recovery of areas hit by earthquakes entered into force in Italy. (Decree Law No. 32, Urgent Provisions for Revitalizing the Public Contracts Sector, [and] for Accelerating Infrastructure Interventions, Urban Regeneration and Reconstruction After Seismic Events) (D.L. No. 32), GAZZETTA […]

Germany: Federal Court of Justice Prohibits Uber Black App

(Feb. 11, 2019) In a decision published on January 29, 2019, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH), Germany’s supreme court for civil and criminal cases, held that booking cars for hire with professional drivers through the app Uber Black, the luxury chauffeur service, is prohibited. (BGH, Dec. 13, 2018, Docket No. I ZR 3/16, ECLI:DE:BGH:2018:131218UIZR3.16.0, […]

Israel: Ministry of Transport Issues Regulations on Autonomous Vehicle Testing

(Jan. 29, 2019) On May 31, 2018, Israel’s Ministry of Transport issued the Transportation (Amendment No. 12) Regulations, which authorize the National Traffic Controller to exempt vehicle operators conducting experiments in new technologies from requirements under the Transportation Regulations. Such exemptions may be obtained following consultation with the licensing authority and a police officer, and […]

Russia: Government Begins Testing Driverless Cars

(Jan. 18, 2019) On November 26, 2018, the government of the Russian Federation issued a regulation that permits the testing of driverless cars on regular roads to begin. (Government of the Russian Federation, Regulation No. 1415 of November 26, 2018, on Conducting an Experiment in Testing the Use of Highly Automated Vehicles on Public Roads, […]

China: Rail Passengers Refusing to Vacate Others’ Seats Punished by Administrative Detention

(Dec. 20, 2018) On December 3, 2018, two rail passengers in China were reportedly punished by administrative detention after refusing to vacate seats booked by others, which may be the harshest punishments handed out in cases of this kind in the country. (Mandy Zuo, China Gets Tough on Train ‘Seat Robbers’ Who Refuse to Move, […]

Israel: Knesset Passes Additional Provisions on Police Testing of Drivers’ Alcohol and Drug Levels

(Dec. 6, 2018) On November 5, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) passed an amendment law with new provisions regarding the testing of drivers’ blood and alcohol levels by the police. (Transportation Ordinance (Amendment No. 125) Law, 5779-2018 (SEFER HAHUKIM [SH] [BOOK OF LAWS] (official gazette) 5778 No. 2755 p. 40, Ministry of Justice website (in […]

New Zealand: Mandatory Phase Out of Single-Use Plastic Bags to Commence Mid-2019

(Dec. 3, 2018) On November 24, 2018, Associate Minister for the Environment, Eugenie Sage, announced that the New Zealand government had decided that a mandatory phaseout of single-use plastic shopping bags will come into effect in the middle of 2019. (Press Release, Eugenie Sage, Mandatory Phase Out of Single-Use Plastic Bags Confirmed (Nov. 24, 2018).) […]

Japan: Commercial Code Amended, Language Modernized

(Aug. 27, 2018) Japan’s Commercial Code (Act No. 48 of 1899, as amended, e-Gov website (in Japanese)) was amended and promulgated on May 25, 2018. (Act No. 29 of 2018, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE], Extra Ed. No. 111, at 4 (May 25, 2018), National Printing Bureau website (in Japanese).) The highlights of the amendment include the addition […]

United Arab Emirates: Federal Supreme Court Orders Drivers to Pay Blood Money After Killing Pedestrians

(Aug. 22, 2018) The Federal Supreme Court of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has ordered faulty drivers in two separate cases of traffic fatalities to pay compensation to the victims’ families. According to Islamic law, anyone causing the death or injury of another person accidentally or intentionally is required to pay a form of financial […]

Norway: Government Publishes First Drone Strategy

(July 31, 2018) On April 3, 2018, the Norwegian government published its first drone strategy. (Press Release, Regjeringen [Government], Norges første dronestrategi er på plass [Norway’s First Drone Strategy Completed] (Apr. 3, 2018), Norwegian Government website.) The provisions focus on six different areas connected with drone operations: Aviation Regulation of Drone Activity and Flight Safety; […]