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United Kingdom: Uber Drivers Are Workers Entitled to Employment Law Protections, Supreme Court Rules

(Mar. 17, 2021) The Supreme Court, the United Kingdom’s highest court, upheld on February 19, 2021, a ruling from the Court of Appeal that drivers who brought an employment law claim against Uber in 2016 were not independent contractors and were entitled to the protections afforded workers under U.K. employment law. The high court rejected […]

United Kingdom: Export of King George III Watch Temporarily Banned in Hopes Bridgerton Interest Will Help Raise Funds to Keep It in UK

(Feb. 26, 2021) On January 29, 2021, Minister for Digital and Culture Caroline Dinenage, upon the advice of the Reviewing Committee of the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest (RCEWA) of the Arts Council, placed a temporary bar on the issuance of an export order for a watch designed by Abraham-Louis […]

Russian Federation: New Bill Defines Cryptocurrency, Proposes Tax Regulations

(Jan. 11, 2021) On December 1, 2020, the government of the Russian Federation introduced to the State Duma (the country’s parliament) Bill No. 1065710-7 on Amendments to Parts One and Two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation. The bill, proposed in mid-November by the Ministry of Finance, includes provisions that would regulate the […]

United States: Cayuga Indian Nation Immune from County Tax Foreclosure Action

(Nov. 6, 2020) On October 23, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed a lower court’s decision permanently enjoining Seneca County, New York, from foreclosing on the Cayuga Indian Nation’s real property for nonpayment of property taxes on the ground of tribal sovereign immunity. (Cayuga Indian Nation of New York v. […]

Italy: Supreme Court Decision Finds Tax Inversion Illegal Absent Actual Transfer of Functions

(Oct. 22, 2020) On March 16, 2020, the Italian Supreme Court of Cassation issued Decision No. 10098 on the legal consequences of tax inversion (esterovestizione), which is the relocation abroad of the residence of a person or company in order to enjoy a more advantageous tax regime. Confirming its precedent, the Court held that the […]

Japan: Revised Enforcement Rule of the Electronic Books Preservation Act Seeks to Ease Requirements for Paperless Tax Documents

(Oct. 5, 2020) The amended Enforcement Rule of the Electronic Books Preservation Act (Enforcement Rule) will come into force on October 1, 2020. (Ministry of Finance (MOF) Ordinance No. 43 of 1998, amended by MOF Ordinance No. 24 of 2020.) The Enforcement Rule was amended to enable the following electronic records to be stored instead […]

Italy: Urgent Economic Measures Adopted in Response to COVID-19 Damage

(Sept. 18, 2020) A law approving urgent measures for the support and revitalization of the national economy in response to the negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic entered into force in Italy on August 15, 2020. Decree-Law No. 104 of August 14, 2020 provides additional aid to employers, bonuses for workers in certain sectors, special […]