Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Ukraine: New Territorial Division of the Country Initiated

(July 21, 2020) On July 17, 2020, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine changed the administrative division of the country at the subregional level and approved Resolution No. 3650 of July 15, 2020, on the Creation and Elimination of Districts. With the implementation of the reform, planned before the local elections scheduled for October 25, […]

Brazil: Municipal Elections Postponed Because of COVID-19

(July 7, 2020) On July 2, 2020, the Brazilian Congress promulgated Constitutional Amendment No. 107, which determines that the first round of the municipal elections scheduled for October 2020 will take place on November 15, 2020, and the second round, where applicable, will be held on November 29, 2020. In the event that the sanitary […]

Indonesia: Spread of COVID-19 Declared a National Disaster

On April 13, 2020, Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo (“Jokowi”) issued Presidential Decree No. 12 of 2020 on Stipulation of the Non-Natural Disaster of the Spread of COVID-19 as a National Disaster. According to the Jakarta Post, the decree “states that efforts to mitigate the outbreak are to be led by the COVID-19 Task Force with the cooperation […]

Germany: Court Rules Day Care Assignments More than 30 Minutes from Home Unreasonable

(Nov. 20, 2019) In a decision published on August 2, 2019, the Higher Administrative Court of Rhineland-Palatinate held that the city of Mainz, Germany, cannot fulfill its legal obligation to provide children three years and older with day care that is a reasonable distance from their home by assigning them a place in a center […]

Brazil: Brazilian President Signs Decree Authorizing Use of Armed Forces in Amazon Region

(Sept. 19, 2019) On August 23, 2019, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro signed Decree No. 9,985 (Decreto No. 9,985, de 24 de Agosto de 2019) authorizing the use of the armed forces to assist in fighting fires in the Amazon forest. Article 1 of Decree No. 9,985 authorizes the use of the armed forces to guarantee […]

Italy: Expansion of Urban DASPO Measures and Powers to Dissolve Provincial and City Councils in Cases of Mafia Infiltration Ruled Unconstitutional

(Sept. 6, 2019) On July 24, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional article 21-bis, paragraph 2(a) of Decree-Law No. 113 of October 4, 2018 (D.L. No. 113), thereby invalidating the expansion of urban DASPOs to protect public decorum and safety on the grounds that such expansion violates the constitutional right to health. (Decision No. […]

Malaysia: Bill Reducing Voting Age to 18 Passed

(July 18, 2019) On July 16, 2019, the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia, passed the Constitution (Amendment) Bill 2019, which reduces the voting age in national and state elections from the current 21 years to 18 years. The Bill received 211 votes—the number of members present for the vote—surpassing the two-thirds […]

Italy: New Urban Regulations for the City of Rome

(July 17, 2019) On June 20, 2019, the City of Rome enacted new urban police regulations concerning hygiene, decorum, safety, and law enforcement, and established new and increased penalties for violations. (New Urban Police Regulations of the City of Rome (the Regulations), Municipality of Rome website (under “Selezione La Tipologia” choose “Deliberazione Dell’Assemblea Capitolina” and […]

China: New Waste-Sorting Rules to Take Effect in Shanghai

(June 27, 2019) On July 1, 2019, the Shanghai Household Waste Management Regulation will take effect. Passed by the Shanghai Municipal People’s Congress on January 31, 2019, the Regulation establishes rules for sorting household waste and restricts disposable items provided by restaurants and hotels in Shanghai. (Shanghai Household Waste Management Regulation (Jan. 31, 2019, effective […]

Denmark: Copenhagen Limits Number of Electric Scooters on Its Streets

(June 13, 2019) On June 3, 2019, the Technical and Environmental Committee for the Municipality of Copenhagen decided to cap the number of electric scooters and electric bicycles available on the streets of certain areas of Copenhagen. The decision provides that only 200 e-scooters and 200 rental e-bikes may be placed in the most crowded […]