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Brazil: Punishment for Crimes Committed Electronically or Over Internet Increased

(June 8, 2021) On May 27, 2021, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro signed a law amending the Penal Code (Código Penal [C.P.]) to enhance the seriousness of crimes involving theft and fraud through computer device violation or over the internet. The new law, Lei No. 14.155, de 27 de Maio de 2021, increases the punishment for […]

European Union: Commission Publishes Proposal to Regulate Artificial Intelligence

(May 26, 2021) On April 21, 2021, the European Commission published a legislative proposal for an Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act). The AI Act addresses the risks of AI systems to the safety or fundamental rights of citizens by following an approach based on risks ranging from unacceptable to minimal. Whereas certain harmful AI-enabled practices […]

United Kingdom: Bill Introduces New Agency for Cutting-Edge Scientific Research

(Apr. 8, 2021) On March 2, 2021, the government of the United Kingdom (UK) introduced the Advanced Research and Invention Agency Bill. The bill provides for the establishment of an independent agency known as the Advanced Research and Invention Agency (ARIA) and sets out the legislative framework that details how the agency should be governed. […]

International: WTO Considers Waiving Certain Intellectual Property Protections for the Prevention, Containment, and Treatment of COVID-19

(Mar. 24, 2021) At a meeting on March 10-11, 2021, the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Council (TRIPS Council) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) continued its consideration of a waiver from the implementation, application, and enforcement of several sections of the TRIPS Agreement in relation to the prevention, containment, and treatment of COVID-19. […]

United Kingdom: Government Publishes Public Consultation on Environmental Impact of Commercial Spaceflight

(Mar. 2, 2021) On February 10, 2021, the United Kingdom’s government published a consultation (survey) seeking the public’s opinion about the environmental objectives the U.K.’s spaceflight regulator must consider when determining whether to grant a spaceport or launch operator license, along with guidance on how the regulator must implement these objectives. The government acknowledges both […]

Argentina: National Digital Payment System Implemented

(Jan. 28, 2021) On December 7, 2020, the Central Bank of Argentina (Banco Central de la República Argentina, BCRA) implemented the first stage in the rollout of a new national digital payment system. The system, named Transferencias 3.0 (Transfers 3.0), will allow any business or company in the country to charge for its services through payments made through […]

Italy: Education Ministry Reorganized

(Jan. 14, 2021) On December 29, 2020, a Decree of the President of the Council of Ministers of Italy approving the Regulations on the Organization of the Ministry for Universities and Research entered into effect, significantly reorganizing the country’s education ministry. Ministry Divided into New Directorates-General  The new legislation overhauls the structure of the Ministry […]

Russian Federation: New Bill Defines Cryptocurrency, Proposes Tax Regulations

(Jan. 11, 2021) On December 1, 2020, the government of the Russian Federation introduced to the State Duma (the country’s parliament) Bill No. 1065710-7 on Amendments to Parts One and Two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation. The bill, proposed in mid-November by the Ministry of Finance, includes provisions that would regulate the […]

Denmark: Health Authority Issues New Guidance for COVID-19 Tracing Including Updated Rules for Danish COVID App

(Dec. 23, 2020) On November 24, 2020, Sundhedssyrelsen (the Danish Health Authority) published an updated version of its guides on tracing COVID-19. The guide, COVID-19: Opsporing og håndtering af nære kontakter (COVID-19: Tracking and Managing Close Contacts), is the third version discussing how to trace transmission of COVID-19 in Denmark. The guide contains updated rules […]