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Norway: Data Protection Authority Orders International Baccalaureate to Explain Its Automated Use of Personal Data in Awarding Final Grades during Pandemic

(July 24, 2020) On July 20, 2020, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority (NDPA, Datatilsynet) issued a letter to the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) ordering it to explain its use of personal data, atomization, and historic prediction data in awarding final grades to Norwegian International Baccalaureate Diploma students during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The NDPA is […]

Italy: Decree Laws on Conclusion of School Year and Elections amid COVID-19 Pandemic Issued

(May 20, 2020) In April 2020, two decree laws entered into effect in Italy to regulate educational and electoral affairs that had been disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Decree Law No. 22 of April 8, 2020 (D.L. No. 22) on the conclusion of the 2019/2020 school year and state examinations in Italy entered into effect […]

Germany: Court Allows Student to Wear Niqab at School

(Feb. 25, 2020) On January 29, 2020, the Higher Administrative Court of Hamburg (OVG Hamburg) held that a 16-year old girl is allowed to attend school dressed in a niqab face veil that leaves only the area around the eyes open. The Court stated that there is no legal basis in Hamburg law for the […]

Italy: New Provisions on Recruitment of School Staff and Research Entities and the Qualification of Teachers Take Effect

(Dec. 6, 2019) On October 31, 2019, Decree Law No. 126 of October 29, 2019 (Decreto-Legge 29 ottobre 2019, n. 126) (D.L. No. 126), containing extraordinary measures on the recruitment of staff at school and research entities and on the qualification of teachers, entered into force in Italy. The new measures are aimed at tackling […]

Italy: New Legislation Guaranteeing Inclusive Education to Students with Disabilities Takes Effect

(Oct. 8, 2019) On September 12, 2019, Legislative Decree No. 96 of August 7, 2019, Provisions Integrating and Correcting Legislative Decree No. 66 of April 13, 2017 on the Promotion of School Inclusion for Students with Disabilities (L.D. No. 96), entered into effect in Italy. The amendments under the new Decree add the United Nations […]

Estonia: Court Confirms Russian Not a School Language

(Aug. 29, 2016) On August 26, 2016, an Estonian second instance Circuit Court, whose jurisdiction includes the capital city of Tallinn, confirmed the legality of a decision issued by a lower court earlier this year to reject consideration of a complaint submitted by the parents of two Tallinn city high school students objecting to the […]

Taiwan: Proposed Amendment to School Health Act Would Ban Use of GM Foods

(Dec. 10, 2015) It was reported on December 1, 2015, that the Legislative Yuan (the primary parliamentary body of the Republic of China (on Taiwan)) is currently reviewing an amendment to Taiwan’s School Health Act that would ban genetically modified (GM) ingredients and processed foods containing them from educational institutions throughout the country.  (GM Food […]

Uzbekistan: Political Science Studies Terminated

(Sept. 15, 2015) It was reported on September 1, 2015, that the Minister of Higher and Special Education of Uzbekistan, Alisher Vakhabov, had issued an order cancelling the teaching of political science in Uzbekistan’s universities. (Uzbek Officials Renounced Political Studies, RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY (Sept. 1, 2015) (in Russian).) A photocopy of the order, which […]

Italy: Urgent Measures Concerning Education, Higher Education, and Research

(Nov. 29, 2013) Italy adopted a Decree-Law in September 2013 containing emergency measures designed to bolster classroom instruction, higher education, and research activities throughout the country. (Decreto-Legge 12 settembre 2013, n. 104 [Decree-Law No. 104, September 12, 2013] (effective the same day),NORMATTIVA, as amended and updated by Legge 8 novembre 2013, n. 128 [Law No. […]