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Costa Rica/OAS: Inter-American Court of Human Rights Declares Right to Marry Should Be Extended to Same-Sex Couples

(Feb. 9, 2018) On January 9, 2018, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) published an advisory opinion stating that under the American Convention of Human Rights, the institution of marriage should be extended to same-sex couples. (Press Release, IACtHR, Advisory Opinion on Gender Identity and Nondiscrimination Against Same-Sex Couples (Jan. 9, 2018), IACtHR website […]

Germany: Court Rules Costs for In Vitro Fertilization of Infertile Woman in Same-Sex Partnership Are Tax-Deductible

(Jan. 25, 2018) In a decision published on January 3, 2018, the German Federal Fiscal Court (Bundesfinanzhof, BFH), the supreme court in tax and customs matters, held that costs for in vitro fertilization (IVF) incurred by an infertile woman in a same-sex partnership are tax-deductible, reversing a lower court ruling. (BFH, Oct. 5, 2017, Docket No. VI […]

Australia: Same-Sex Marriage Bill Passes

(Dec. 13, 2017) On December 7, 2017, the Australian House of Representatives (lower house) voted to pass the Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017, which legalizes same-sex marriage nationwide, with only four members voting against the legislation. (Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017, PARLIAMENT OF AUSTRALIA (last visited Dec. 7, 2017).) […]

Austria: Same-Sex Couples Allowed to Get Married Starting January 2019

(Dec. 12, 2017) On December 4, 2017, the Austrian Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgerichtshof Österreich, VfGH) struck down the provisions of the Civil Code and the Registered Partnership Act that restrict marriage to persons of different sexes and registered partnerships to persons of the same sex, respectively.  The Court held that the provisions violate the prohibition of […]

Israel: High Court Rejects Petition to Recognize Same-Sex Marriages

(Sept. 11, 2017) On August 31, 2017, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as a High Court of Justice, unanimously rejected a petition by Israel’s LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) Task Force and individual petitioners. Petitioners had requested that the Court  recognize same-sex marriages and declare that sections 1-2 of the Rabbinical Court Jurisdiction Law, 5713-1953, […]

Taiwan: Constitutional Court Rules Same-Sex Marriage Prohibition Unconstitutional

(June 5, 2017) On May 24, 2017, Taiwan’s Constitutional Court announced J.Y. Interpretation No. 748, which rules that the prohibition of same-sex marriage in the current Civil Code violates the Constitution. (Judicial Yuan Interpretation No. 748 and Reasons (May 24, 2017), Judicial Yuan website (in Chinese) (click on the first PDF link); Press Release, On the Same […]

Finland: Gender Neutral Marriage Act Enters Into Force

(Mar. 2, 2017) On March 1, 2017, the Finnish Marriage Act became gender neutral as amendments to the Act entered into force.  (Äktenskapslag [Marriage Act] (Finsk författningssamling [FFS] 13.6.1929/234), FINLEX.)  The amending Act was adopted on February 20, 2015.  (Lag om ändring av äktenskapslagen [Act on Amendment of the Marriage Act] (FFS 20.2.2015/156249), FINLEX.) Registered […]

Israel: Naturalization Procedures for Gay and Non-Gay Partners to Be Harmonized

(Dec. 9, 2016) On December 8, 2016, Israel’s Attorney General, Avichai Mandelblit, announced that the government would make the procedures for naturalization of gay partners of Israeli nationals the same as those for non-gay partners.  Mandelblit’s announcement was made in response to a petition filed with the High Court of Justice by the Israeli Gay […]

Australia: Bill to Establish State Relationship Register for Same-Sex Couples Introduced

(Oct. 7, 2016) On September 22, 2016, the South Australian government introduced into the State Parliament a bill that will enable unmarried couples, both same-sex and heterosexual, to register their relationships with the government.  The Relationships Register Bill 2016 (SA) provides for such couples to receive a certificate of registration and have their relationships legally […]

Romania: Same-Sex Marriage Decision Postponed

(Sept. 27, 2016) On September 20, 2016, the High Court of Cassation and Justice of Romania, for the second time, postponed making a decision on recognizing a same-sex marriage concluded between a Romanian citizen and a non-Romanian outside the country. The decision was previously postponed in July, with the Court saying it needed more time […]