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China: AI Governance Principles Released

(Sept. 9, 2019) On June 17, 2019, China’s Ministry of Science and Technology published on its website the Governance Principles for a New Generation of Artificial Intelligence: Develop Responsible Artificial Intelligence (Chinese original; English translation). The Principles were formulated by the Ministry’s New Generation Artificial Intelligence [AI] Governance Expert Committee. The AI Governance Principles provide […]

Estonia: Government Issues Artificial Intelligence Report

(July 31, 2019) In May 2019 a multidisciplinary group of experts, headed by the Chief Information Officer of Estonia’s government, produced a study on artificial intelligence (AI) that, if accepted by the government, may serve as the country’s first AI strategy. While the report is not a legal document, it aims at outlining the principles […]

Czech Republic: Government Adopts National Artificial Intelligence Strategy

(June 5, 2019) On May 6, 2019, the Czech government adopted its National Artificial Intelligence [AI] Strategy. (Press Release, Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic, The Czech Republic Is Among the Elite in Presenting a Strategy for the Development of Artificial Intelligence (May 6, 2019).) According to the Ministry of Industry and […]

Italy: Measures for Simplification of Companies and Public Administration Take Effect

(Feb. 5, 2019) On December 12, 2018, new measures to simplify public administration and promote the economy entered into force in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 135 of December 14, 2018, Urgent Provisions on Supporting and Simplifying Companies and Public Administration) (D.L. No. 135), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.), Dec. 14, 2018, G.U. website (in Italian).) Support for Small […]

Israel: Ministry of Transport Issues Regulations on Autonomous Vehicle Testing

(Jan. 29, 2019) On May 31, 2018, Israel’s Ministry of Transport issued the Transportation (Amendment No. 12) Regulations, which authorize the National Traffic Controller to exempt vehicle operators conducting experiments in new technologies from requirements under the Transportation Regulations. Such exemptions may be obtained following consultation with the licensing authority and a police officer, and […]

Russia: Government Begins Testing Driverless Cars

(Jan. 18, 2019) On November 26, 2018, the government of the Russian Federation issued a regulation that permits the testing of driverless cars on regular roads to begin. (Government of the Russian Federation, Regulation No. 1415 of November 26, 2018, on Conducting an Experiment in Testing the Use of Highly Automated Vehicles on Public Roads, […]

Iran: Space Agency Aims to Train Specialists in Space Law

(Nov. 7, 2018) The Iranian Space Agency (ISA) and the University of Tehran’s Institute for Studies in Public Law signed a memorandum of understanding in late-August 2018 providing for the University to train specialists in space law “to increase Iran’s role in international assemblies and secure national interests.” (Iran Expanding Space Law Studies, EGHTESAD ONLINE […]

Luxembourg: Law on Use of Resources in Space Adopted

(Aug. 22, 2017) The Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies adopted a law on the exploration of space and the use of space resources on July 13, 2017; the Grand Duke signed the law on July 20, 2017. (Loi du 20 juillet 2017 sur l’exploration et l’utilisation des ressources de l’espace [Law of 20 July 2017 on the […]

Israel: Law Prohibiting Human Cloning Amended

(June 7, 2016) On May 23, 2016, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Prohibition on Genetic Intervention (Human Cloning and Genetic Change in Reproductive Cells) (Amendment No. 3), 5776- 2016. (Amendment Law, Knesset website (in Hebrew).) The Amendment Law amends the Prohibition on Genetic Intervention (Human Cloning and Genetic Change in Reproductive Cells) Law 5759-1999.  […]

Italy: Legislation to Improve Government Educational Buildings and Research

(Apr. 22, 2016) On March 29, 2016, new legislation aimed at bettering government-run educational facilities and research was passed in Italy. (Decree Law No. 42 of March 29, 2016, Urgent Provisions on the Functionality of the Education System and Research (D.L. No. 42), GAZETTA UFFICIALE No. 73 (Mar. 29, 2016), available at NORMATTIVA (in Italian).) […]