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New Zealand: Bill Providing for Bereavement Leave Following Miscarriage Passed

(Mar. 26, 2021) On March 24, 2021, the New Zealand Parliament unanimously passed the Holidays (Bereavement Leave for Miscarriage) Amendment Bill (No 2). The Bill “makes it clear that the unplanned end of a pregnancy by miscarriage or still-birth constitutes grounds for bereavement leave for the mother and her partner or spouse, and that the […]

South Korea: Abortion Decriminalized since January 1, 2021

(Mar. 18, 2021) Abortion became decriminalized in South Korea effective January 1, 2021, when the provisions of Act No. 293, the Criminal Act, that criminalized abortion became invalid. (Criminal Act, Act No. 293, Sept. 18, 1953, arts. 269–270, amended by Act No. 5057, Dec. 29, 1995.) The decriminalization of abortion was the effect of a […]

Argentina: Senate Passes Bill Legalizing Abortion

(Jan. 7, 2021) On December 30, 2020, Argentina’s Senate passed a bill legalizing abortion until the 14th week of pregnancy. The vote, which took place after a 12-hour debate, saw 38 senators supporting the bill, 29 opposing it, and one abstaining. The new law establishes the conditions under which a woman may voluntarily terminate a […]

France: Bill Proposed to Extend “Medically-Assisted Procreation” to Lesbian Couples and Single Women

(Sept. 6, 2019) On July 24, 2019, the French prime minister and the minister of Health and Solidarity submitted a bill on bioethics to the National Assembly, one of the two chambers of the French parliament. While this bill touches on a number of different subjects, the most notable and controversial aspect is that it […]

Germany: Proposed Amendment to the Criminal Code Concerning Advertising Services for Abortion

(Mar. 19, 2018) On February 22, 2018, the German Bundestag (Parliament) debated draft acts introduced by three parliamentary groups concerning a provision in the Criminal Code that penalizes advertising services for abortion. The amendments would either abolish the provision or restrict its scope to cover only grossly offensive advertising. (Gesetzentwurf der Fraktion BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN, […]

Germany: Court Rules Costs for In Vitro Fertilization of Infertile Woman in Same-Sex Partnership Are Tax-Deductible

(Jan. 25, 2018) In a decision published on January 3, 2018, the German Federal Fiscal Court (Bundesfinanzhof, BFH), the supreme court in tax and customs matters, held that costs for in vitro fertilization (IVF) incurred by an infertile woman in a same-sex partnership are tax-deductible, reversing a lower court ruling. (BFH, Oct. 5, 2017, Docket No. VI […]

Portugal: New Law Further Regulates Surrogate Pregnancy

(Aug. 14, 2017) On July 31, 2017, the Government of Portugal enacted Regulatory Decree No. 6 to further regulate surrogate pregnancy (gestação de substituição), which is governed by Law No. 32 of 2006.  (Decreto Regulamentar No. 6/2017, de 31 de Julho (Regulatory Decree No. 6), DIÁRIO DA REPÚBLICA ELETRÓNIO; Lei No. 32/2006, de 26 de Julho (Surrogacy […]

India: Draft Legislation Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology Published

(Nov. 2, 2015) On September 30, 2015, India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, through its Department of Health Research, published for public and stakeholder comments draft legislation regulating assisted reproductive technology (ART). (Sushmi Dey, Foreigners May Be Barred from Commissioning Surrogacy in India, TIMES OF INDIA (Oct. 16, 2015).) According to the Director of […]

Iceland: Legalization of Surrogacy Proposed

(Oct. 26, 2015) On October 13, 2015, Iceland’s Health Minister, Kristján Þór Júlíusson, announced a proposal to legalize surrogacy in Iceland. (Proposal to Legalise Surrogacy in Iceland, MBL.IS (Oct. 14, 2015).) The proposed law would permit only altruistic surrogacy agreements, not commercial ones. It would allow both men and women to solicit a surrogate to carry their child. […]

Brazil: End of Age Limit for Assisted Fertilization

(Sept. 24, 2015) On September 22, 2015, the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina, CFM), issued Resolution No. 2,121/2015 on, inter alia, eliminating the need by women over 50 years of age to obtain the consent of a medical association in order to use assisted reproduction techniques in order to become pregnant. (Mulheres […]