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Germany: Desecration of EU Symbols Criminalized

(July 6, 2020) On June 24, 2020, an amendment to the German Criminal Code entered into force that makes the desecration of European Union (EU) flags and the EU hymn a crime punishable by imprisonment for up to three years or a fine. In particular, it criminalizes desecrating the EU flag or hymn publicly, in […]

Italy: New Urban Regulations for the City of Rome

(July 17, 2019) On June 20, 2019, the City of Rome enacted new urban police regulations concerning hygiene, decorum, safety, and law enforcement, and established new and increased penalties for violations. (New Urban Police Regulations of the City of Rome (the Regulations), Municipality of Rome website (under “Selezione La Tipologia” choose “Deliberazione Dell’Assemblea Capitolina” and […]

China/Hong Kong/Macau: Penalization of Disrespect for National Anthem Under Tenth Criminal Code Amendment

(Nov. 8, 2017) On November 4, 2017, that the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPCSC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) adopted an amendment to the country’s Criminal Code to include criminal sanctions, including up to three years of imprisonment, for disrespecting the national anthem. (Amendment (10) to the Criminal Code of […]

Mauritania: Senate Abolished in Referendum

(Aug. 22, 2017) On August 5, 2017, Mauritania held a referendum in which the country voted to change to its government structure, abolishing the Senate. (Gwenyth Gamble Jarvi, Mauritania Votes in Referendum to Abolish Senate, PAPER CHASE (Aug. 7, 2017).) Previously there was a bicameral legislature that consisted of the Senate (Majlis al-Shuyukh) and the National […]

China/Hong Kong: National Anthem Law Under Consideration

(July 18, 2017) On June 27, 2017, the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) published a draft National Anthem Law for consideration. The public has one month, from June 28 to July 27, to submit their opinions on the draft.  (Guoge Fa Cao’an Zhengqiu Yijian [Draft National Anthem Law Soliciting Public Opinions], NPC […]