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United Kingdom: Uber Drivers Are Workers Entitled to Employment Law Protections, Supreme Court Rules

(Mar. 17, 2021) The Supreme Court, the United Kingdom’s highest court, upheld on February 19, 2021, a ruling from the Court of Appeal that drivers who brought an employment law claim against Uber in 2016 were not independent contractors and were entitled to the protections afforded workers under U.K. employment law. The high court rejected […]

Italy: Fines Updated, Auto Tax Refund Scheme Created Under New Traffic Code

(Feb. 18, 2021) On December 31, 2020, Italy’s Ministry of Justice issued a Decree updating the fines established for violations of the Traffic Code. The Decree became effective on January 1, 2021. (Decree, art. 3.) Indexing of Fines for Traffic Violations The new legislation updates the amounts of the administrative pecuniary penalties established under article 195(3) […]

Italy: EU Directive on Recycling and Disposal of End-of-Life Vehicles Implemented

(Sept. 30, 2020) Italy in September adopted a measure on end-of-life vehicles (vehicles that are no longer in use and thus constitute waste) that will bring the country’s domestic law in line with EU directives. Legislative Decree No. 119 of September 3, 2020 (L.D. No. 119), effective September 27, 2020, implements EU Directive 849 of […]

Spain: National Directorate on Traffic Issues Regulation on Electric Scooters

(Dec. 18, 2019) On December 4, 2019, the National Directorate on Traffic issued temporary instructions regulating the use of vehicles of personal mobility (vehículos de movilidad personal, VMPs) and segways until an official permanent regulation is issued. According to the instructions, electric scooters with a maximum speed capability of 6 to 25 kph (about 3.7 […]

Egypt: Ministerial Resolution Issued to Regulate Activities of Ride-Sharing Companies

(Oct. 22, 2019) On September 18, 2019, Egypt’s cabinet issued Resolution No. 2180 of 2019, which regulates ride-sharing companies operating in Egypt, such as Uber. The Resolution acts as the executive regulation of Law No. 87 of 2018 concerning land transportation services. Under the Egyptian legal system, an executive regulation is used to clarify the […]

Ukraine: New Law Makes Charging Stations More Accessible and Requires Designated Lanes for Electric Vehicles

(Sept. 24, 2019) On July 11, 2019, the president of Ukraine signed into a law a bill on facilitating access to charging stations and requiring designated lanes for electric vehicles. (Law of Ukraine on Amendments to Some Legislative Acts of Ukraine on Creating Access to Charging Station Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles, July 11, 2019). The […]

Colombia: Congress Passes Laws Aimed at Improving Air Quality

(July 31, 2019) On July 18, 2019, the Colombian Congress passed a law aimed at reducing the emission of air pollutants—80% of which, according to the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, are produced by national transport, especially diesel vehicles. (Mejorar la calidad del aire, compromiso del Gobierno Duque en el Día Mundial del Medio […]

European Union: European Court of Justice Rules on German Highway Toll for Passenger Vehicles

(July 11, 2019) On June 18, 2019, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) held that the German highway toll for passenger vehicles is incompatible with European Union (EU) law, in particular with the principles of the free movement of goods and the freedom to provide services. It stated that the toll in combination with the […]

Germany: Regulation to Allow Use of E-scooters on Public Roads Enacted

(June 25, 2019) On June 14, 2019, a regulation was published in Germany’s Federal Law Gazette that allows the use of light electric vehicles on public roads. Light electric vehicles include, among other things, e-scooters and Segways. Riders must use bike lanes or, if none are available, the street. Previously, the use of e-scooters was […]

Denmark: Copenhagen Limits Number of Electric Scooters on Its Streets

(June 13, 2019) On June 3, 2019, the Technical and Environmental Committee for the Municipality of Copenhagen decided to cap the number of electric scooters and electric bicycles available on the streets of certain areas of Copenhagen. The decision provides that only 200 e-scooters and 200 rental e-bikes may be placed in the most crowded […]