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Montenegro: New Law Establishing Registration of Same-Sex Partnerships Enters into Force

(Aug. 5, 2020) On July 3, 2020, the president of Montenegro, Milo Đukanović, signed Decree No. 01-1337 / 2 on the Promulgation of the Law on the Same-Sex Life Partnership. The president issued the decree two days after the Skupština Crne Gore (the Parliament of Montenegro) passed the Law on the Same-Sex Life Partnership (Law […]

Germany: New Act Allows Stepchild Adoption in Nonmarital Families

(Apr. 29, 2020) On March 31, 2020, an act that allows stepchild adoption in nonmarital families entered into force in Germany. The act implements a decision of the German Federal Constitutional Court of March 26, 2019, which ruled the exclusion of stepchild adoption in nonmarital families unconstitutional. The decision obligated the legislature to enact new […]

Malaysia: Federal Court Holds that Illegitimate Muslim Child Cannot Use Father’s Last Name

(Mar. 6, 2020) On February 13, 2020, Malaysia’s Star news media outlet reported that the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia’s highest court) had held, by a 4-3 majority, that the National Registration Department (NRD) cannot register the father’s last name for a Muslim child who was born or conceived out of wedlock. It also held, however, […]

Philippines: House Bill on Divorce Approved in Committee

(Mar. 4, 2020) On February 4, 2020, a bill proposing the legalization of divorce in the Philippines was approved by the Committee on Population and Family Relations of the Philippine House of Representatives. Currently, the Philippines and the Vatican are the only two sovereign states in the world that still prohibit divorce. Opponents of this […]

Denmark: Supreme Court Rules Status as Co-mother Cannot Be Revoked

(Nov. 26, 2019) On November 12, 2019, the Danish Supreme Court ruled that a co-mother cannot opt out of her status as the co-mother of a legally recognized child. (Sup. Ct., Nov. 12, 2019, Sag BS-48699/2018-HJR.) Since  2013, co-mothers—lesbian partners of birth mothers who have received medical assistance to become pregnant—have been afforded the same […]

Israel: Family Court Rejects Request to Register Same-Sex Spouse of Biological Parent as a Third Parent or an Additional Guardian

(Nov. 14, 2019) On October 22, 2019, the Lod Central-District Court rejected a request to register a woman as the third parent of her same-sex spouse’s biological children or alternatively appoint her as a guardian of the children in addition to their biological parents. (Family Appeal 52550-10-18 Anonymous v. Anonymous (decision rendered Oct. 22, 2029, by […]

Israel: Family Court Recognizes Right to Adopt for a Man and a Woman “Known to the Public as Married”

(Oct. 31, 2019) On September 17, 2019, the deputy president of the Be’er Sheva Family Court approved the adoption of a minor by a heterosexual unmarried couple the Court determined to be “known to the public as married.” Israeli law does not recognize common-law marriage. Cohabitation and evidence of sharing life together as a husband […]

Italy: New Law Enters into Force to Protect Victims of Domestic and Gender Violence

(Sept. 9, 2019) On August 9, 2019, new legislation related to protecting victims of domestic and gender violence entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 69 of July 19, 2019, Amendments to the Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure and other Provisions on the Protection of Victims of Domestic and Gender Violence (in Italian).) Changes […]

France: Bill Proposed to Extend “Medically-Assisted Procreation” to Lesbian Couples and Single Women

(Sept. 6, 2019) On July 24, 2019, the French prime minister and the minister of Health and Solidarity submitted a bill on bioethics to the National Assembly, one of the two chambers of the French parliament. While this bill touches on a number of different subjects, the most notable and controversial aspect is that it […]

Switzerland: Consultation Process on Marriage Equality Proposal Concludes

(Aug. 26, 2019) On June 21, 2019, the Federal Assembly—the Swiss parliament—concluded the consultation process on the parliamentary “Marriage for All” initiative, through which interested parties, in accordance with the Federal Act on the Consultation Procedure and the Decree on the Consultation Procedure, were able to voice their opinion on the Draft Revision of the […]