Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Germany: Higher Regional Court Rules Agreement between Google and German Ministry of Health on “Knowledge Panels” Violates Competition Law

(Mar. 4, 2021) On February 10, the Higher Regional Court Munich I (Landgericht München I, LG München I) granted two applications for preliminary injunctions against the German Ministry of Health (Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, BMG) and Google Ireland, Ltd. (Google) requested by NetDoktor.de GmbH (NetDoktor). The court held that the agreement between the BMG and Google […]

Australia: New Legislation Establishes Code of Conduct for Negotiations between News Media and Digital Platforms over Payments for Content

(Feb. 26, 2021) On February 25, 2021, the Australian Parliament passed the Treasury Laws Amendment (News Media and Digital Platforms Mandatory Bargaining Code) Bill 2021 (Cth). The bill, which has been the subject of considerable domestic and international discussion, establishes a “mandatory code of conduct that applies to news media businesses and digital platform corporations […]

Ecuador: Law on Restrictions on the Use of Plastic Enters into Force

(Feb. 16, 2021) On December 21, 2020, the Organic Law for the Rationalization, Reuse and Reduction of Single Use Plastics entered into force in Ecuador through its publication in the Registro Oficial, the official gazette. The purpose of the law is to restrict the use of single-use plastic products. Under the new law, the following […]

China: New Cosmetics Regulation Published

(Sept. 10, 2020) On June 29, 2020, China’s State Council (cabinet) published an overarching regulation governing the production of cosmetics and the operation of cosmetic companies in the country, the Regulation on Supervision and Administration of Cosmetics. Taking effect on January 1, 2021, the long-awaited new Regulation will repeal the 1989 Regulation Concerning the Hygiene […]

Australia: WTO Appellate Body Rejects Appeal Regarding Plain Packaging of Tobacco

(June 18, 2020) On June 9, 2020, the World Trade Organization’s (WTO’s) Appellate Body issued its reports on cases brought by Honduras and the Dominican Republic against Australia’s tobacco plain packaging requirements. (Australia — Certain Measures Concerning Trademarks, Geographical Indications and Other Plain Packaging Requirements Applicable to Tobacco Products and Packaging (DS435 and DS441).) The […]

New Zealand: Bill to Regulate Vaping Introduced

(Mar. 12, 2020) On February 24, 2020, the New Zealand government introduced the Smokefree Environments and Regulated Products (Vaping) Amendment Bill into the Parliament. The government minister responsible for the Bill, Associate Minister of Health Jenny Salesa, stated that it “aims to strike the right balance between making sure vaping is available for smokers who want […]

Sweden: Consumer Ombudsman Sues E-cigarette Vendor over Illegally Advertising Online

(Feb. 27, 2020) On February 24, 2020, the Swedish Consumer Ombudsman (Konsumentombudsmannen (KO)) sued an online e-cigarette vendor for illegally advertising e-cigarettes in violation of the Act on Tobacco and Similar Products. (Lag (2008:2088) om tobak och liknande produkter.)  The KO monitors compliance with marketing rules and may sue companies on behalf of Swedish consumers […]

European Union: New Directive Amends Consumer Protection Rules

(Feb. 10, 2020) On January 7, 2020, Directive (EU) 2019/2161 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 November 2019 Amending European Union (EU) Consumer Protection Rules for Better Enforcement and Modernization (Directive) entered into force. The Directive updates the current EU consumer protection rules to incorporate technological developments and improve enforcement. An […]

China: Government Tightens Regulation of E-Cigarettes

(Dec. 27, 2019) On October 30, 2019, China’s State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (STMA, also known as China Tobacco) and the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) jointly issued the Circular on Further Protecting Minors from the Harm of E-cigarettes, which urges the industry to stop selling and advertising e-cigarettes online to prevent minors from obtaining […]