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Brazil: Bill Approved Authorizing Possession of Firearms on Rural Properties

(Sept. 27, 2019) On August 21, 2019, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved Bill No. 3,715/2019 (Projeto de Lei 3715/2019), which amends the Disarmament Statute of 2003 (Estatuto do Desarmamento, Lei No. 10.826, de 22 de dezembro de 2003). The bill authorizes the possession of firearms throughout the extent of rural properties. For example, the […]

Italy: Expansion of Urban DASPO Measures and Powers to Dissolve Provincial and City Councils in Cases of Mafia Infiltration Ruled Unconstitutional

(Sept. 6, 2019) On July 24, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional article 21-bis, paragraph 2(a) of Decree-Law No. 113 of October 4, 2018 (D.L. No. 113), thereby invalidating the expansion of urban DASPOs to protect public decorum and safety on the grounds that such expansion violates the constitutional right to health. (Decision No. […]

Brazil: New Regulation on Firearms and Ammunition Enacted

(Aug. 27, 2019) On June 25, 2019, Brazil enacted Decree No. 9,847 to regulate the acquisition, registration, possession, and sale of firearms and ammunition, as well as define the responsibilities of the National Arms System (Sistema Nacional de Armas, SINARM) and create the Military Weapons Management System (Sistema de Gerenciamento Militar de Armas). The Decree […]

Turkey: New Regulation Requires Media and Platform Service Providers to Obtain Licenses for Offering Radio and Audiovisual Services on the Internet

(Aug. 20, 2019) The government of Turkey published a regulation in the Official Gazette on July 1, 2019, which provides for a new framework for the licensing of radio and audiovisual transmissions made on the internet. The new regulation, the Regulation on the Transmission of Radio, Television, and On-Demand Services on the Internet, was prepared […]

Italy: Mandatory Confiscation in Security Violation Ruled Unconstitutional

(Aug. 16, 2019) On March 6, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional article 187-sexies of Legislative Decree No. 58 of 1998, which provides for the mandatory confiscation of the proceeds of an insider trading offense and the instruments used to commit it. (Decision No. 112 of March 6, 2019 (the Decision) (in Italian).) Background […]

Brazil: City of São Paulo Enacts Decree Regulating Use of Electric Scooters

(May 23, 2019) After a series of accidents involving electric scooters (patinete elétrica), the mayor of the city of São Paulo on May 13, 2019, enacted Decree No. 58,750. This Decree provides for the provisional regulation of sharing services and use of both electric and nonelectric self-propelled personal mobility equipment, scooters, cycles, and similar equipment […]

Brazil: Brazilian Bar Association Decides Violence Against Women, the Elderly, Children, Adolescents, and Persons with Physical and Mental Disabilities Precludes Membership

(Apr. 3, 2019) On March 18, 2019, the plenary of the Federal Council of the Brazilian Bar Association (Conselho Federal da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil, CFOAB) enacted a decision (súmula) disqualifying law graduates who had committed aggression and violence against women from enrolling in the Bar. (Conselho Pleno Decide que Violência Contra a Mulher […]

Japan: High Court Rules Tattooing Is Not a Medical Act

(Nov. 23, 2018) On November 14, 2018, the Osaka High Court acquitted a tattoo artist who had been convicted of violating the Medical Practitioners Act. (Osaka High Ct., Case No. 2017 (u) No. 1117 (Nov. 14, 2018) (in Japanese), posted by defense lawyers, Good Morning website.) Previously, the Osaka District Court had imposed a fine […]

Germany: Court Holds That Bitcoin Trading Does Not Require a Banking License

(Oct. 19, 2018) On September 29, 2018, the Higher Regional Court of Berlin (Kammergericht Berlin, KG Berlin) held that trading in Bitcoin does not require a banking license because Bitcoin is not a financial instrument, in particular, not a unit of account, within the meaning of the German Banking Act. The defendant was therefore not […]

Malta: Government Passes Three Laws to Encourage Blockchain Technology

(Aug. 31, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the Maltese government enacted three laws whose goal is to make Malta a haven for projects that rely on blockchain and other distributed ledger technology (DLT). The Malta Digital Innovation Authority Act (MDIA Act), Innovative Technology Arrangements and Services Act (ITAS Act), and Virtual Financial Assets Act (VFA […]