Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Turkey: Constitutional Court Censures Lower Court for Not Enforcing Constitutional Court Judgment

(Apr. 9, 2021) On January 21, 2020, the Grand Chamber of the Constitutional Court of Turkey issued its decision in the Kadri Enis Berberoglu (3) case, censuring the Istanbul 14. Criminal Court for refusing to comply with the Constitutional Court’s prior decision in Kadri Enis Berberoglu (2). The cases arose from complaints made by Kadri […]

Norway: Election Law Committee Recommends Amendments to Constitution and to Election Law on Delaying Elections under Special Circumstances

(Sept. 11, 2020) On June 3, 2020, the Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation (Kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartementet, KMD) sent a proposal for a legislative consultation (høring) on amending both the Norwegian Constitution and Norway’s Election Act to allow the government to postpone general elections under extraordinary circumstances, such as a global pandemic. The proposal […]

Jamaica: Early Election to Take Place amid COVID-19 Pandemic

(Aug. 26, 2020) On August 11, 2020, Prime Minister Andrew Holness announced in Parliament that early elections would be held on September 3, 2020, with “Nomination Day” scheduled for August 18, 2020. Holness stated that the rise in COVID-19 cases and the devastating effects of the pandemic on employment in the country demanded “responsibility and […]

Georgia: Constitution and Election Code Amended to Change Electoral System

(Aug. 20, 2020) On June 29, 2020, the president of Georgia, Salome Zourabichvili, signed a new law amending the Constitution of Georgia to change the election system and electoral process in the country. (Constitutional Law, No. 6500-RS, On the Amendments to the Constitution of Georgia.) The amendments to the Constitution were published on the same […]

Iraq: Prime Minister Announces Early Parliamentary Elections and Urges Implementation of New Election Law

(Aug. 14, 2020) On July 31, 2020, Iraqi interim Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi announced that early parliamentary elections would take place on June 6, 2021, rather than in May 2022 as originally scheduled. Al-Kadhimi, who came to power in May 2020 after months of protests had forced his predecessor to resign, said that early elections […]

Germany: State Constitutional Court of Thuringia Declares Act on Gender Parity in Politics Unconstitutional

(July 24, 2020) On July 15, 2020, the German State Constitutional Court of Thuringia (Thüringer Verfassungsgerichtshof, VerfGH) held in a 6–3 ruling that the Seventh Act to Amend the State Election Act of Thuringia (Parity Act) is unconstitutional. The goal of the Parity Act was to counter the current underrepresentation of women in the State […]

Brazil: Municipal Elections Postponed Because of COVID-19

(July 7, 2020) On July 2, 2020, the Brazilian Congress promulgated Constitutional Amendment No. 107, which determines that the first round of the municipal elections scheduled for October 2020 will take place on November 15, 2020, and the second round, where applicable, will be held on November 29, 2020. In the event that the sanitary […]

Italy: Decree Laws on Conclusion of School Year and Elections amid COVID-19 Pandemic Issued

(May 20, 2020) In April 2020, two decree laws entered into effect in Italy to regulate educational and electoral affairs that had been disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Decree Law No. 22 of April 8, 2020 (D.L. No. 22) on the conclusion of the 2019/2020 school year and state examinations in Italy entered into effect […]

Israel: Supreme Court Again Rejects Petition for Court to Rule on Indicted Knesset Member’s Eligibility for Prime Ministership

(Apr. 20, 2020) On April 12, 2020, the Supreme Court of Israel, sitting as a High Court of Justice, unanimously rejected a petition that the Court determine whether a member of Knesset (Israel’s parliament) who had been indicted for an offense of moral turpitude is eligible to serve as prime minister (PM), and whether the […]

Israel: Supreme Court Removes Knesset Speaker and Orders Knesset to Schedule Election of a Permanent Speaker

(Mar. 27, 2020) In an unprecedented decision on March 25, 2020, at 8:00 p.m. Israel time, the Supreme Court, by an extended panel of five justices, revoked the powers of the outgoing speaker of the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) and ordered the Knesset to convene the Knesset plenum to elect a permanent speaker. The unanimous decision […]