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Sudan: New Law Amending Penal Code Takes Effect

(July 23, 2020) On July 13, 2020, the Sudanese Official Gazette published Law No. 12 of 2020, which amends 15 provisions of the Penal Code of 1991. According to Justice Minister Nasredeen Abdulbari, the new provisions are part of Sudan’s efforts to eliminate all laws that violate human rights and “demolish any kind of discrimination […]

Malaysia: Federal Court Holds that Illegitimate Muslim Child Cannot Use Father’s Last Name

(Mar. 6, 2020) On February 13, 2020, Malaysia’s Star news media outlet reported that the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia’s highest court) had held, by a 4-3 majority, that the National Registration Department (NRD) cannot register the father’s last name for a Muslim child who was born or conceived out of wedlock. It also held, however, […]

Australia: High Court Rules that Aboriginal People Cannot be Deported

(Feb. 26, 2020) On February 11, 2020, the High Court of Australia (Australia’s highest court) handed down a decision in the case of Love v Commonwealth of Australia [2020] HCA 3 (“Decision”). In the significant judgment, the Court ruled by a majority of 4-to-3 that indigenous Australians who do not hold Australian citizenship cannot be deported. […]

India: Government Begins Discussions on Overhauling Colonial-Era Penal Code

(Dec. 9, 2019) On October 20, 2019, the Indian central government began discussions on overhauling the Indian Penal Code (IPC), which was adopted during the British colonial era. According to a senior government official, the Code requires major revisions because the “idea behind the overhaul is that the master-servant concept envisaged in [the] IPC should […]

Brazil: Superior Tribunal of Justice Rules Uber Drivers Do Not Have a Labor Relationship

(Oct. 1, 2019) On September 4, 2019, a decision issued by the Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiça, STJ) determining that Uber drivers do not have ­­ labor relationship and therefore cannot claim rights in labor courts was published in Brazil’s official gazette. (STJ, Conflito de Competência No. 164.544 – MG (2019/0079952-0).) The […]

UAE: Court Orders Doctors to Pay Blood Money to Patient’s Family

(Apr. 16, 2019) On March 29, 2019, the United Arab Emirates Federal Supreme Court in Abu Dhabi upheld the rulings of a criminal court of first instance and an appellate court to grant the family of a deceased patient the right to receive blood money. The Federal Supreme Court issued a decision ordering two Asian […]

Syria: Women’s Rights in Light of New Amendments to Syrian Personal Status Law

(Apr. 8, 2019) On February 5, 2019, the People’s Assembly of Syria approved amendments to more than 60 articles of the Personal Status Law issued by Legislative Decree No. 59 of 1953. (President al-Assad Issues Law Amending Certain Articles of Personal Status Law Issued by Legislative Decree No. 59 of 1953 and Its Amendments, SYRIAN […]

Tunisia: Cabinet Approves Bill Requiring Equal Inheritance Shares for Men and Women

(Dec. 4, 2018) On November 25, 2018, the cabinet of Tunisia approved a bill that, for the first time in the nation’s history, would require that male and female heirs receive equal inheritance shares. Tunisia is the first among Arab countries to adopt such a bill. The bill will now be referred to the Tunisian […]

Germany: Federal Court of Justice Rules Same-Sex Marriage Does Not Make Wife of Child’s Mother Co-parent by Law

(Nov. 9, 2018) On October 10, 2018, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH), Germany’s supreme court for civil and criminal cases, held that being in a same-sex marriage does not automatically make the wife of the mother of a child co-parent by law. The Court stated that there is no legal presumption for […]

United Arab Emirates: Federal Supreme Court Orders Drivers to Pay Blood Money After Killing Pedestrians

(Aug. 22, 2018) The Federal Supreme Court of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has ordered faulty drivers in two separate cases of traffic fatalities to pay compensation to the victims’ families. According to Islamic law, anyone causing the death or injury of another person accidentally or intentionally is required to pay a form of financial […]