Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Tunisia: Ratification of African Union Anti-corruption Convention Follows on Recent Anti-corruption Reforms

(Apr. 6, 2020) On February 10, 2020, Tunisia’s secretary of state for foreign affairs, Sabri Bash Tabaji, deposited documents of ratification of the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption. The ratification, according to Tabaji, is an important step toward strengthening the collaboration with the African Union and African states in the fight against […]

United States: Supreme Court Dismisses Claims Against Border Patrol Agent for Constitutional Violations in Cross-border Shooting Death

(Mar. 31, 2020) On February 25, 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court announced a 5–4 opinion holding that a U.S. Border Patrol agent was not liable for claims of Fourth and Fifth Amendment violations stemming from a cross-border shooting death of a 15-year-old Mexican national. (Hernández v. Mesa, No. 17-1678 (Feb. 25, 2020).) Case History In […]

Italy: New Provisions Amending the Civil Protection Code Take Effect

(Mar. 30, 2020) On February 27, 2020, Legislative Decree No. 4 of February 6, 2020 (L.D. No. 4), amending Legislative Decree No. 1 of January 2, 2018, the Code of Civil Protection (C.P.C.) entered into force in Italy. (Decreto Legislativo 6 febbraio 2020, n. 4, Disposizioni Integrative e Correttive del Decreto Legislativo 2 gennaio 2018, […]

Israel: Supreme Court Removes Knesset Speaker and Orders Knesset to Schedule Election of a Permanent Speaker

(Mar. 27, 2020) In an unprecedented decision on March 25, 2020, at 8:00 p.m. Israel time, the Supreme Court, by an extended panel of five justices, revoked the powers of the outgoing speaker of the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) and ordered the Knesset to convene the Knesset plenum to elect a permanent speaker. The unanimous decision […]

Israel: Exclusion of Single Men and Same-Sex Male Spouses with Genetic Affinity for the Newborn from Surrogacy Agreements Held Unconstitutional

(Mar. 24, 2020) On February 27, 2020, Israel’s Supreme Court, with an extended bench of five justices, unanimously ruled that same-sex couples and single men with genetic affinity for the newborn should have access to surrogacy agreements in Israel. (HC 781/15 Arad-Pinkas v. Committee for Approval of Surrogacy Agreements, State of Israel: Judicial Authority (all […]

Chile: Law Enacted Adopting Criminal Penalties for Public Disruptions and Violence

(Mar. 10, 2020) On January 30, 2020, Law No. 21,208 enacted Chile’s “Anti-looting law,” amending the Penal Code to impose criminal penalties for looting and actions that threaten the freedom of movement of people on public roads through violence and intimidation. Under the new Law, setting up barricades, looting, and other violent practices that have […]

Malaysia: Federal Court Holds that Illegitimate Muslim Child Cannot Use Father’s Last Name

(Mar. 6, 2020) On February 13, 2020, Malaysia’s Star news media outlet reported that the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia’s highest court) had held, by a 4-3 majority, that the National Registration Department (NRD) cannot register the father’s last name for a Muslim child who was born or conceived out of wedlock. It also held, however, […]

Bahrain: Royal Decree Enacted Regarding Mediation for Dispute Settlement

(Mar. 6, 2020) On October 13, 2019, the King of Bahrain issued Royal Decree 22/2019, regarding mediation for dispute settlement. The Royal Decree, consisting of 20 articles, is the first legal instrument in Bahrain that provides the definition of “mediation” and regulates the requirements that mediators must meet and their responsibilities. Also, for the first […]

Italy: Provision of Regional Basilicata Law Granting State Legal Aid to Certain Criminal Defendants Ruled Unconstitutional

(Mar. 3, 2020) On November 19, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared the unconstitutionality of article 7, paragraph 2 of Law No. 45 of the Basilicata Region, which granted legal assistance to certain criminal defendants. (Decision No. 285 of November 11, 2019  (the Decision) (in Italian).) Request for Declaration of Unconstitutionality  The President of the […]

Turkey: Parliament Passes Amendments to New “Valuable Real Estate Tax”

(Feb. 28, 2020) On February 14, 2020, Turkey’s Parliament adopted Law No. 7221, which, among other things, amends several provisions of the Real Estate Tax Law (Law No. 1319). The provisions in question were only recently introduced last December by Law No. 7194. The provisions of Law No. 7194 had introduced an annual “Valuable Real […]