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Brazil: New Law Prohibits Marriage of Persons Under 16 Years of Age

(Mar. 22, 2019) On March 12, 2019, Brazil enacted legislation to prohibit underage persons from marrying. The new law—Law No. 13,811 (Lei No. 13.811, de 12 de Março de 2019, Presidency of the Republic website)—amends article 1,520 of the Civil Code to establish that only persons who have reached the age of marriage determined in […]

Italy: New Anti-Corruption Legislation Comes into Force

(Feb. 26, 2019) On January 31, 2019, new legislation introducing amendments to the Italian Criminal Code aimed at preventing and punishing corruption involving public agencies entered into force. (Law No. 3 of January 9, 2019, Measures to Combat Crimes Against the Public Administration, as well as on the Statute of Limitations for Crimes and the […]

Egypt: New Constitutional Amendments Proposed

(Feb. 13, 2019) On February 5, 2019, the General Committee of the Egyptian Parliament approved a petition signed by 120 members of the House of the Representatives to amend some articles of the Egyptian Constitution of 2014 and add some new ones. (Nour Ali, General Committee of Parliament Approves Proposed Constitutional Amendments by Two-Thirds Majority, […]

Italy: Measures for Simplification of Companies and Public Administration Take Effect

(Feb. 5, 2019) On December 12, 2018, new measures to simplify public administration and promote the economy entered into force in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 135 of December 14, 2018, Urgent Provisions on Supporting and Simplifying Companies and Public Administration) (D.L. No. 135), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.), Dec. 14, 2018, G.U. website (in Italian).) Support for Small […]

Venezuela: President of the National Assembly Cites Constitutional Basis for Assuming Office the Presidency on an Interim Basis

(Jan. 31, 2019) On January 23, 2019, the president of the Venezuelan National Assembly, Juan Guaidó, declared that he was assuming the office of the presidency on an interim basis on the basis of article 233 of the Venezuelan Constitution. (CONSTITUTION OF BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF VENEZUELA [CV], Dec. 30, 1999, as amended, art. 233 (in Spanish).) […]

Mexico: Lower House of Congress Approves Reform to Create a National Guard

(Jan. 28, 2019) In a plenary session held on January 16, 2019, Mexico’s Chamber of Deputies approved a constitutional amendment for the creation of a National Guard. The amendment was approved after nine hours of debate, with 348 votes in favor, 108 votes against, and 10 abstentions. (David Vicenteño y Héctor Figueroa, Deputies Approve Creation […]

Guinea: President Refuses to Approve New Civil Code Legalizing Polygamy

(Jan. 28, 2019) On December 29, 2018, the Guinean Parliament adopted a new Civil Code to replace the one that Guinea has had since 1983. (Guinean Civil Code: Some Advances for Women, but Polygamy Legalized, RFI AFRIQUE (Dec. 31, 2018) (in French); NEW CIVIL CODE (DRAFT), Feb. 2016, Guinea Millenium Challenge Corporation (MCC Guinée) website.) However, […]

Mexico: Central Bank Challenges Pay Limits for Public Servants Law Before Supreme Court

(Jan. 23, 2019) In a press release issued on January 3, 2019, the Bank of Mexico (Mexico’s central bank) announced it was filing a constitutional suit before the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation. The Bank is asking the Court to establish and delimit the scope of application of the Federal Law on Remuneration […]

Japan: Supreme Court Decides Registered Owner of Car Responsible for Damages Caused by Actual Owner

(Jan. 3, 2019) On December 17, 2018, the Supreme Court of Japan held the registered owner of a car liable for the personal injury caused by the car’s driver, who was the actual owner of the car. (Sup. Ct., 2018 (ju) 16 (Dec. 17, 2018) (in Japanese, click characters besides PDF icon).) The Act on […]

United States: Federal Appellate Court Rejects Suit to Hold Bank Liable for Soldier’s Death by Iranian Explosive in Iraq

(Jan. 2, 2019) The US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit recently affirmed a lower court’s decision to dismiss plaintiff Rhonda Kemper’s complaint against Deutsche Bank (the Bank) for failure to state a claim under 18 U.S.C. § 2333, commonly referred to in judicial opinions as the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA). (Kemper v. Deutsche Bank […]