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Russian Federation: Newly Adopted Amendments to Insolvency Law Allow Some Citizens to Go Through Bankruptcy but Avoid Court Proceedings

(Nov. 25, 2020) On September 1, 2020, Federal Law No. 289-FZ on Amendments to the Federal Law on Bankruptcy entered into force. This law, which was signed by President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin on July 31, 2020, allows some categories of Russian citizens to declare bankruptcy while avoiding court proceedings and without paying […]

Japan: Supreme Court Rules on Unequal Treatment of Fixed-Term Employees

(Nov. 19, 2020) On October 13 and 15, 2020, Japan’s Supreme Court rendered five judgments on whether it is reasonable to treat fixed-term employees differently from their counterpart permanent employees in the payment of bonuses, retirement allowances, holiday extra pay, and paid leave. Employees with nonregular status (e.g., fixed-term employees, dispatched workers, temporary workers) represent […]

China: Judicial Interpretation on Trade Secret Crimes Issued

(Nov. 12, 2020) On September 12, 2020, China’s highest court, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), and the highest procuratorial organ, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate (SPP), jointly issued a judicial interpretation (JI) on handling criminal cases concerning intellectual property infringement, which covers trademark, copyright, and trade secret crimes. The interpretation took effect on September 14, 2020. […]

Canada: Government Reintroduces Bill to Amend Criminal Code Provisions on Medical Assistance in Dying (MAID)

(Nov. 10, 2020) On October 5, 2020, the minister of justice and the attorney general of Canada reintroduced in the House of Commons Bill C-7, which amends the federal Criminal Code’s provisions on medical assistance in dying (MAID). The changes are the same as an earlier version of the bill proposed in the previous parliamentary […]

Israel: Prime Minister Contests Attorney General’s Legal Opinion Clarifying Conflict of Interest Rules Ahead of Criminal Trial

(Nov. 9, 2020) On November 5, 2020, Israeli prime minister (PM) Benyamin Netanyahu submitted an objection in Israel’s Supreme Court to a legal opinion issued three days earlier by the Office of the Attorney General (AG) regarding conflict of interest rules that would prevent the PM from using his position to influence his upcoming corruption […]

United States: Cayuga Indian Nation Immune from County Tax Foreclosure Action

(Nov. 6, 2020) On October 23, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed a lower court’s decision permanently enjoining Seneca County, New York, from foreclosing on the Cayuga Indian Nation’s real property for nonpayment of property taxes on the ground of tribal sovereign immunity. (Cayuga Indian Nation of New York v. […]

Egypt: Country’s First Law on Protection of Personal Data Enters into Force

(Oct. 29, 2020) On October 17, 2020, Egypt’s first law to protect personal data entered into force. Law No. 151 of 2020 on the Protection of Personal Data had been ratified on July 13, 2020, by Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Article 7 of the law stipulates that enforcement of the law would begin 90 days […]

Russian Federation: Government Agrees with Lowering Threshold for Personal Data Protection during Coronavirus Pandemic

(Oct. 26, 2020) On October 13, 2020, the Russian Federal Ministry of Digital Development, Communications, and Mass Media confirmed the legality of a decree issued by the mayor of Moscow, Sergey Sobyanin, requiring that, beginning October 5, 2020, all employers in the city of Moscow transfer to telework at least one-third of all employees, as […]

Germany: Upskirting Criminalized

(Oct. 23, 2020) On October 14, 2020, an amendment to the German Criminal Code that makes upskirting a crime was published in the German Federal Law Gazette. Upskirting refers to the act of taking photos or videos under women’s clothing without permission. The amendment will enter into force on January 1, 2021.  Content of the […]

United Nations: UN Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation Enters into Force

(Oct. 13, 2020) Last month the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation (the Singapore Convention on Mediation) entered into force. The Singapore Convention on Mediation was adopted by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) in 2018, but came into force in September 2020, six months after six countries […]