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Denmark: Supreme Court Rules Status as Co-mother Cannot Be Revoked

(Nov. 26, 2019) On November 12, 2019, the Danish Supreme Court ruled that a co-mother cannot opt out of her status as the co-mother of a legally recognized child. (Sup. Ct., Nov. 12, 2019, Sag BS-48699/2018-HJR.) Since  2013, co-mothers—lesbian partners of birth mothers who have received medical assistance to become pregnant—have been afforded the same […]

Pakistan: Electronic Media Regulatory Authority Issues Directive Barring TV Anchors from Offering Opinions

(Nov. 21, 2019) On October 27, 2019, the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA), an independent federal institution responsible for regulating the issuance of broadcasting licenses and distribution of privately owned print and electronic media channels (including those for radio, television, and satellite broadcasting), issued a directive under Section 18(g) of the Television Broadcast Station […]

Germany: Court Rules Day Care Assignments More than 30 Minutes from Home Unreasonable

(Nov. 20, 2019) In a decision published on August 2, 2019, the Higher Administrative Court of Rhineland-Palatinate held that the city of Mainz, Germany, cannot fulfill its legal obligation to provide children three years and older with day care that is a reasonable distance from their home by assigning them a place in a center […]

France: High Court Rejects Complaint Against Insulting Caricature of Politician Marine Le Pen

(Nov. 19, 2019) On October 25, 2019, the Cour de cassation (France’s highest court for matters of civil and criminal law) ruled that a caricature of Marine Le Pen, a member of the French Parliament and leader of the far-right party National Rally (formerly National Front), constituted a legal exercise of free speech under French […]

Niger: ECOWAS Court of Justice Rejects Appeal of Former Niger Prime Minister and Presidential Candidate in Baby Trafficking Case

(Nov. 18, 2019) On October 30, 2019, the Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) rejected the appeal of Hama Amadou against the Republic of Niger in an alleged baby trafficking case. Amadou was Niger’s prime minister from 1995 to 1996 and again from 2000 to 2007, and was the […]

Colombia: Constitutional Reforms Proposed to Increase Punishment for Violent and Sexual Crimes Against Minors

(Nov. 12, 2019) During debates over the last several months in the Colombian Congress regarding a proposed constitutional reform to apply life imprisonment to perpetrators of violent and sexual crimes against children, representative Jaime Rodriguez submitted an additional and highly controversial proposal to impose the death penalty for those who commit such crimes. Article 11 of the Colombian […]

France: Constitutional Court Extends Principle of Affordable Public Education to Higher Education

(Oct. 30, 2019) On October 11, 2019, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council, France’s constitutional court) ruled that public higher education should remain affordable for all, including students from outside the European Union (EU). This ruling stems from a decision by the French government to increase fees paid by students from outside the EU. Under the […]

Brazil: Association of Magistrates Questions Constitutionality of Law Criminalizing Abuse of Authority

(Oct. 25, 2019) On September 28, 2019, the Association of Brazilian Magistrates (Associação de Magistrados Brasileiros, AMB) filed a lawsuit with the Federal Supreme Court asking the Court to declare unconstitutional articles 9, 10, 19, 20, 27, 30, 32, 33, 36, 37, and 43 of Law No. 13,869 of September 5, 2019. This Law was […]

Turkey: AKP Submits Draft “Judicial Reform Package” to Grand National Assembly

(Oct. 17, 2019) On October 7, 2019, the Justice Commission of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (GNAT, Turkey’s parliament) accepted a draft bill constituting a “judicial reform package” that was submitted to the GNAT by Turkey’s Justice and Development Party (the AKP) on September 30, 2019. A press statement released by the AKP stated […]

Sudan: Interim Constitutional Declaration Signed

(Oct. 9, 2019) On August 4, 2019, Sudanese media announced that the Transitional Military Council and an opposition movement known as the Coalition of Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) would officially sign an interim constitutional declaration. The 2019 Interim Constitutional Declaration, consisting of 15 chapters and 70 provisions, provides that a governing council will […]