Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Italy: Constitutional Court Limits Drug Searches Conducted Without Judicial Authorization

(Jan. 5, 2021) On November 26, 2020, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional a provision in Presidential Decree No. 309 of October 9, 1990, that allows police to conduct searches and seizures in illegal drug cases without previous authorization from a magistrate. (Decision No. 252 of November 26, 2020  (in Italian).)  Article 103, paragraph 3 […]

European Union: European Court of Justice Upholds Flemish Requirement to Stun Animals Before Slaughter

(Dec. 31, 2020) On December 17, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled that a decree requiring that animals undergo a reversible (temporary) stunning procedure before slaughter is not an illegal infringement of freedom of religion as guaranteed by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. At issue was a […]

Germany: State Higher Administrative Court Strikes Down Quarantine Requirement for People Returning from COVID-19 Risk Areas

(Dec. 29, 2020) On November 20, 2020, the Higher Administrative Court for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (Oberverwaltungsgericht für das Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, OVG NRW) struck down most provisions of a regulation requiring all people returning from a “COVID-19 risk area” to North Rhine-Westphalia to enter a mandatory quarantine for 10 days. The court held that […]

Sweden: Parliament Adopts New Rules for Electronic Communication with Courts

(Dec. 28, 2020) On November 4, 2020, the Swedish Parliament voted to adopt new legislation that will allow for the digital signing of certain court documents, thereby amending the Code of Judicial Procedure as well several other acts, including, among others, the Act on Administrative Procedure, the Act on Court Matters, and the Land Code. […]

United States: Federal Appellate Court Affirms Conviction of International Parental Kidnapping for Unlawful Retention of Children in Yemen

(Dec. 2, 2020) On November 13, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed the conviction and sentence of Mahyoub Molhi Mohamed Houtar for international parental kidnapping under the International Parental Kidnapping Crime Act (IPKCA) and for passport fraud. (United States v. Houtar, New York, No. 19-3627, slip op. (Nov. 13, 2020).) […]

Russian Federation: Newly Adopted Amendments to Insolvency Law Allow Some Citizens to Go Through Bankruptcy but Avoid Court Proceedings

(Nov. 25, 2020) On September 1, 2020, Federal Law No. 289-FZ on Amendments to the Federal Law on Bankruptcy entered into force. This law, which was signed by President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin on July 31, 2020, allows some categories of Russian citizens to declare bankruptcy while avoiding court proceedings and without paying […]

China: Judicial Interpretation on Trade Secret Crimes Issued

(Nov. 12, 2020) On September 12, 2020, China’s highest court, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), and the highest procuratorial organ, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate (SPP), jointly issued a judicial interpretation (JI) on handling criminal cases concerning intellectual property infringement, which covers trademark, copyright, and trade secret crimes. The interpretation took effect on September 14, 2020. […]

Canada: Government Reintroduces Bill to Amend Criminal Code Provisions on Medical Assistance in Dying (MAID)

(Nov. 10, 2020) On October 5, 2020, the minister of justice and the attorney general of Canada reintroduced in the House of Commons Bill C-7, which amends the federal Criminal Code’s provisions on medical assistance in dying (MAID). The changes are the same as an earlier version of the bill proposed in the previous parliamentary […]

Israel: Prime Minister Contests Attorney General’s Legal Opinion Clarifying Conflict of Interest Rules Ahead of Criminal Trial

(Nov. 9, 2020) On November 5, 2020, Israeli prime minister (PM) Benyamin Netanyahu submitted an objection in Israel’s Supreme Court to a legal opinion issued three days earlier by the Office of the Attorney General (AG) regarding conflict of interest rules that would prevent the PM from using his position to influence his upcoming corruption […]

China: Supreme People’s Court Issues Interpretation on Civil Enforcement of Trade Secrets

(Nov. 5, 2020) On September 10, 2020, China’s Supreme People’s Court (SPC) issued a judicial interpretation (JI) on civil enforcement of trade secrets. (SPC, Provisions on Several Issues Concerning the Application of Law in Handling Civil Cases of Trade Secret Infringement, Fa Shi [2020] No. 7.) This is the first JI issued by the SPC […]