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Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Implements Mediation and Conciliation Center

(Feb. 25, 2021) The recently created mediation and conciliation center of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) will hear its first dispute involving the exclusive use of the iPhone brand in Brazil. The center, which was created on August 6, 2020, through STF Resolution No. 697 (Resolução STF No. 697, de 6 […]

International: International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea Confirms Sovereignty of Mauritius over Chagos Archipelago

(Feb. 23, 2021) On January 28, 2021, in its Judgment on Preliminary Objections in the Dispute Concerning Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary between Mauritius and the Maldives in the Indian Ocean, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) rejected the Maldives’ challenges to the Tribunal’s jurisdiction. The judgment was rendered by the […]

Italy: Supreme Court Rules on Relevance of Public Policy in Arbitration

(Feb. 19, 2021) On January 18, 2021, the Italian Supreme Court issued Decision No. 1788 concerning the grounds for invalidating a domestic arbitral award based on public policy considerations. Background of the Case A petitioner requested the Italian Supreme Court to overturn a decision by the Appellate Court of Ancona, which had rejected his petition […]

Denmark: Parliament Votes to Initiate Impeachment Proceedings against Former Immigration Minister

(Feb. 19, 2021) On February 2, 2021, the Danish Parliament voted to initiate impeachment court proceedings against former Minister for Immigration, Integration and Housing Inger Støjberg for issuing a directive in 2016 requiring the automatic separation of asylum-seeking spouses when either spouse was under the age of 18. The directive was in force during February […]

Russian Federation: Supreme Court Recognizes Birthdays and Bad Weather as Legitimate Reasons for Not Working

(Feb. 17, 2021) The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation recently reviewed several labor law cases previously resolved by lower courts and concluded that any evidence admitted under the Civil Procedural Code can be used by employees to prove the validity of their absence from work. In one case, a fellow at a research institute […]

United States: Supreme Court Holds Germany Not Liable for Forced Sale of Artifacts by German Jewish Art Dealers during 1930s

(Feb. 16, 2021) On February 3, 2021, the United States Supreme Court delivered a unanimous opinion in Federal Republic of Germany v. Philipp, holding that heirs to Jewish art dealers whose relics were acquired by the German government during Nazi rule are barred from recovery in United States courts under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA). […]

China: Country’s Second Specialized Financial Court to Be Established in Beijing

(Feb. 10, 2021) On January 22, 2021, China’s National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) issued a decision approving the establishment of a new specialized financial court, the Beijing Financial Court. The establishment of China’s first financial court, the Shanghai Financial Court, was approved by the NPCSC on April 27, 2018. The Supreme People’s Court (SPC, […]

United States: Appeals Court Rules Property Claims out of Early 20th Century Acts of Genocide Do Not Satisfy Jurisdictional Requirements in Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act

(Feb. 5, 2021) On September 24, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed a lower court’s decision dismissing a complaint for lack of subject matter jurisdiction under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA), 28 U.S.C. § 1602 et seq. (Rukoru v. Federal Republic of Germany, No. 19-609 (2d Cir. Sept. 24, […]

Russian Federation: Constitutional Court Says Movement Restrictions during Pandemic Are Legal

(Jan. 27, 2021) On December 25, 2020, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation reviewed a case against the governor of the Moscow Region regarding freedom of movement during the COVID-19 pandemic. The case was submitted by an individual who in April 2020 was fined by local authorities for disobeying the governor’s “stay at home” […]

Sweden: Appellate Court Declares Decision on Shared Reindeer Herding Rights Invalid

(Jan. 26, 2021) On December 16, 2020, the Appellate Court for Upper Norrland remanded the Vapsten reindeer case to the court of first instance, ordering it to rehear the case to determine which Sami group has a better right to herd reindeer in the Vapsten reindeer herding area in northern Sweden. (Appellate Court of Upper […]