Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Germany: Federal Fiscal Court Revokes Nonprofit Status of ATTAC

(Mar. 20, 2019) In a decision published on February 27, 2019, the German Federal Fiscal Court (Bundesfinanzhof, BFH), Germany’s supreme court for tax and customs matters, held that the activist group ATTAC was no longer eligible for nonprofit status due to its general political activity and its calls for concrete actions and demands. The BFH […]

Sweden: Supreme Court No Longer Receives or Sends Communications via Telefax

(Mar. 8, 2019) As of March 1, 2019, the Swedish Supreme Court is no longer sending or receiving messages via fax machine in its communications with the public (including counsel and defendants). (Press Release, Supreme Court, Supreme Court Ceases Communicating by Telefax (Feb. 14, 2019) (in Swedish).) After an amendment to the Administrative Procedure Act […]

Mexico: Central Bank Challenges Pay Limits for Public Servants Law Before Supreme Court

(Jan. 23, 2019) In a press release issued on January 3, 2019, the Bank of Mexico (Mexico’s central bank) announced it was filing a constitutional suit before the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation. The Bank is asking the Court to establish and delimit the scope of application of the Federal Law on Remuneration […]

Germany: Courts’ Obligation to Accommodate Disability at Oral Argument Must Be Balanced Against Other Principles

(Jan. 16, 2019) In an order published on January 3, 2019, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) declined to hear a case in which the complainant requested that oral arguments be conducted in a way to accommodate his Asperger’s syndrome. The Court held that the decision of the regional social court (Landessozialgericht) denying his […]

Japan: Supreme Court Decides Registered Owner of Car Responsible for Damages Caused by Actual Owner

(Jan. 3, 2019) On December 17, 2018, the Supreme Court of Japan held the registered owner of a car liable for the personal injury caused by the car’s driver, who was the actual owner of the car. (Sup. Ct., 2018 (ju) 16 (Dec. 17, 2018) (in Japanese, click characters besides PDF icon).) The Act on […]

United States: Federal Appellate Court Rejects Suit to Hold Bank Liable for Soldier’s Death by Iranian Explosive in Iraq

(Jan. 2, 2019) The US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit recently affirmed a lower court’s decision to dismiss plaintiff Rhonda Kemper’s complaint against Deutsche Bank (the Bank) for failure to state a claim under 18 U.S.C. § 2333, commonly referred to in judicial opinions as the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA). (Kemper v. Deutsche Bank […]

Switzerland: Voters Reject Popular Initiative on Giving Swiss Constitution Explicit Precedence over International Law

(Dec. 17, 2018) On November 25, 2018, Swiss voters rejected by a vote of 66.2% to 33.8% a popular initiative known as the “Self-Determination Initiative.” Voter turnout was 47.7%. (Vorlage Nr. 624. Vorläufige amtliche Endergebnisse. Volksinitiative vom 12.08.2016 “Schweizer Recht statt fremde Richter (Selbstbestimmungsinitiative)” [Proposal No. 624, Preliminary Official Results: Popular Initiative of Aug. 12, 2016 “Swiss Law […]

China: Supreme People’s Court Designated as Appeals Court for Highly Technical IP Cases

(Nov. 29, 2018) On October 26, 2018, China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) Standing Committee issued the Decision on Several Issues Concerning the Litigation Procedures in Patent and Other Intellectual Property Cases (Decision). Effective January 1, 2019, the Decision designates the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), the highest court in China, as the appeals court to hear […]

United States: Federal Appellate Court Orders That Siblings Wrongfully Removed to United States Be Returned to Panama

(Nov. 28, 2018) On November 20, 2018, the US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit ordered that two ten-year old siblings who were wrongfully removed by their mother to the United States four years ago be returned to Panama. (Fernandez v. Bailey, No. 16-16387 (11th Cir. 2018) (Fernandez 2018), US Court of Appeals for […]

Japan: High Court Rules Tattooing Is Not a Medical Act

(Nov. 23, 2018) On November 14, 2018, the Osaka High Court acquitted a tattoo artist who had been convicted of violating the Medical Practitioners Act. (Osaka High Ct., Case No. 2017 (u) No. 1117 (Nov. 14, 2018) (in Japanese), posted by defense lawyers, Good Morning website.) Previously, the Osaka District Court had imposed a fine […]