Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Great Britain: House of Commons Advances Bill to Limit Criminal Prosecution of Veterans for Acts Committed during Overseas Operations

(Oct. 7, 2020) On September 23, 2020, the Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Bill received its second reading in the British House of Commons and progressed through to the Committee stage with a comfortable majority. The bill aims to provide certainty for Service personnel and veterans by protecting them from vexatious legal claims for […]

United States: Appeals Court Rules Shareholders Not Eligible to Bring Claim under Alien Tort Act When Claim Involves Breach of Fiduciary Duty

(Sept. 14, 2020) The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently reversed a lower court’s decision to allow an amended complaint in a derivative lawsuit (one allowing shareholders to sue the managers of their company) brought by plaintiff shareholders of Lebanese Canadian Bank (LCB) to support a cause of action (giving a party […]

New Zealand: Court Partially Upholds Challenge to Legality of COVID-19 Lockdown

(Aug. 20, 2020) On August 19, 2020, the High Court of New Zealand, the third-highest court in the judicial hierarchy, released its decision in the case of Andrew Borrowdale v Director-General of Health [2020] NZHC 2090 (Decision), in which Borrowdale, a former government legal drafter, challenged the legality of aspects of the New Zealand government’s lockdown measures […]

Denmark: Appeals Court Rules Coughing on and Screaming “Corona” at Police Officer Constitutes Threat of Violence

(Aug. 13, 2020) On June 2, 2020, a Danish appeals court, the Western High Court (Vestre Landsret), convicted a man for coughing on and screaming “corona” at a police officer, ruling that these actions when done together constituted a threat of violence under the Danish Criminal Code. (Vestre Landsret, Case No. V.L. S-0831-20, U.2020.2985-2899, June […]

China: Man Executed for Killing Government Officials Performing Epidemic Control Duties

(Aug. 12, 2020) On July 9, 2020, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), China’s highest court, published a press release announcing that the intermediate court of Honghe Prefecture of Yunnan Province had executed a 24-year-old man that day in accordance with an SPC order. The man, named Ma Jianguo, had been sentenced to death by the […]

Norway: Supreme Court Rules It Has Universal Jurisdiction over Foreigners’ Prior Terrorist Acts Abroad

(July 16, 2020) On June 26, 2020, the Norwegian Supreme Court ruled that Norwegian courts may exercise universal jurisdiction over crimes of terrorism and that foreigners may thus be sentenced in Norway for terrorism crimes they committed before arriving in the country. (Supreme Court Decision Case No. HR-2020-1340-A.) Facts of the Case The defendant, a […]

Russian Federation: Newly Adopted Constitutional Amendments Change Jurisdiction of Constitutional Court and Procedure for Appointing Judges

(July 15, 2020) On July 3, 2020, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin signed Decree No. 445 “On the Official Publication of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, as Amended.” The president issued the decree immediately after the Russian Central Election Commission had approved the results of the national referendum held between June 25 and July […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Declares Criminal Code Provision on Child Abduction Unconstitutional

(June 30, 2020) On May 29, 2020, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision declaring the unconstitutionality of a Criminal Code provision on the suspension of parental authority in cases of child abduction and child maintenance overseas. (Decision No. 102 of May 29, 2020.) Background of the Case At the request of the Supreme Court […]

Italy: Supreme Court of Cassation Issues Decision on Rights of Detained Persons

(June 26, 2020) On May 22, 2020, the Italian Supreme Court of Cassation (SCC) issued a decision declaring unconstitutional a provision imposing a radical ban on communication between incarcerated persons who, in accordance with Law No. 94 of July 15, 2009 and article 4-bis of Law No. 354 of July 26, 1975, are grouped together […]