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Russian Federation: Newly Adopted Constitutional Amendments Change Jurisdiction of Constitutional Court and Procedure for Appointing Judges

(July 15, 2020) On July 3, 2020, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin signed Decree No. 445 “On the Official Publication of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, as Amended.” The president issued the decree immediately after the Russian Central Election Commission had approved the results of the national referendum held between June 25 and July […]

European Union: Court of Justice Rules against Poland, Czech Republic, and Hungary for Noncompliance with Migrant Relocation Obligations

(June 5, 2020) On April 2, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) in Luxembourg issued a judgment in Joined Cases C-715/17, C-718/17 and C-719/17, European Commission v. Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, finding these three countries in noncompliance with the temporary mechanism for the relocation of applicants for international protection […]

Sudan: Interim Constitutional Declaration Signed

(Oct. 9, 2019) On August 4, 2019, Sudanese media announced that the Transitional Military Council and an opposition movement known as the Coalition of Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) would officially sign an interim constitutional declaration. The 2019 Interim Constitutional Declaration, consisting of 15 chapters and 70 provisions, provides that a governing council will […]

Brazil: Supreme Court Rules Federal Police Plea Bargains Are Constitutional

(June 25, 2018) On June 21, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) ruled on a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade (ADI) 5508) proposed by the Public Prosecutor’s Office (Procuradoria Geral da República), holding that agents of the Federal Police (Delegados) could not make plea bargain agreements (acordos de […]

Malaysia: Federal Court Rules that State Sharia Court Has Jurisdiction Over Apostasy Cases

(Mar. 6, 2018) On February 27, 2018, it was reported that the Malaysian Federal Court (the highest court in Malaysia) had dismissed an appeal by four people from the state of Sarawak who wished to have their apostasy cases considered in a civil court. (Sharon Ling, Federal Court Rules Jurisdiction to Hear Apostasy Cases Lies […]

Ukraine: Establishment of Anticorruption Court Discussed in Legislature

(Mar. 5, 2018) On March 1, 2018, following strong recommendations of the International Monetary Fund, the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine passed a resolution to include the recently introduced Bill on the High Anticorruption Court in the legislative agenda. The Rada agreed to discuss the Bill during the current parliamentary session once the suggestions proposed […]

Saudi Arabia: Riyadh High Court Waives Requirement for Women to Fully Cover Their Faces in Courthouse

(Feb. 8, 2018) For the first time in its history, the High Court of Riyadh is no longer requiring women to fully cover their faces when they visit the Riyadh courthouse. (Fatimah Al-Dabees, Riyadh Court Waives Condition of Covering the Face and Is Satisfied with Hijab, OKAZ (Dec. 25, 2017) (in Arabic).) The Chief Justice […]

Italy: New Legislation on International Judicial Cooperation in Effect

(Dec. 6, 2017) On October 31, 2017, comprehensive new legislation on extradition and other forms of international judicial cooperation entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 149 of October 3, 2017, Provisions Amending Book XI of the Code of Criminal Procedure on Jurisdictional Relations with Foreign Authorities (L.D. No. 149), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (Oct. 16, […]

Italy: New Legislation on Honorary Judges

(Sept. 28, 2017) On July 18, 2017, new legislation amending the statute on honorary judges and other judges entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 116 of July 13, 2017, Organic Reform of the Honorary Judiciary and Other Provisions on Justices of the Peace as well as Temporary Regulations on Honorary Magistrates in Service, […]