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United Kingdom: New Law Provides Framework for Covert Human Intelligence

(Mar. 31, 2021) The United Kingdom enacted the Covert Human Intelligence Sources Act (the CHIS Act) on March 1, 2021. The CHIS Act provides a framework to provide a criminal conduct authorization (CCA) that enables covert human intelligence sources (CHIS) to participate in actions during the course of their work that would otherwise constitute a […]

Mexico: Amendment Reforming National Security Law Approved

(Jan. 25, 2021) On December 15, 2020, the House of Representatives of the Mexican Congress (Cámara de Diputados) in a plenary session approved an amendment to the National Security Law. The reform was approved with 329 votes in favor, 98 against, and 40 abstentions. The bill had already been approved by the Senate and, with […]

Ukraine: New Law on Intelligence Enters into Force

(Nov. 30, 2020) On October 24, 2020, a new law on the collection of intelligence entered into force in Ukraine. Law No. 912-IX on Intelligence of Ukraine, which had been passed by the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament of Ukraine) and signed by President Volodymyr Zelensky on September 17, 2020, regulates the legal and organizational basis for […]

Australia: Bills Containing New Espionage, Foreign Interference Offenses, and Establishing Foreign Agent Registry Enacted

(Aug. 21, 2018) On June 28, 2018, the Australian Parliament passed the National Security Legislation Amendment (Espionage and Foreign Interference) Bill 2018 (Cth) (the Bill). (National Security Legislation Amendment (Espionage and Foreign Interference) Bill 2018, Parliament of Australia website; National Security Legislation Amendment (Espionage and Foreign Interference) Act 2018 (Cth), Federal Register of Legislation website.) The Bill […]

Netherlands: Referendum to Be Held on Surveillance Law

(Nov. 17, 2017) On November 1, 2017, the Electoral Council (Kiesraad) of the Netherlands publicly announced that, based on the more than 384,000 valid signatures received requesting it, a referendum on the Act on Intelligence and Security Services will be held within six months. (Press Release, Referendum over Wiv gaat door [Referendum on Wiv Coming Along], Kiesraad […]

Turkey: More Emergency Decrees Issued

(Sept. 8, 2017) On August 25, 2017, the Turkish government issued two new emergency decrees, numbers 693 and 694. Decree Law 693 continues the pattern in earlier decrees of providing for the dismissal of public servants and the closure of institutions and organizations deemed to be a threat to national security or affiliated with terrorist […]

New Zealand: Security and Intelligence Bill Introduced

(Aug. 16, 2016) On August 15, 2016, the Prime Minister of New Zealand, John Key, introduced the New Zealand Intelligence and Security Bill 2016 in the Parliament.  (New Zealand Intelligence and Security Bill, NEW ZEALAND PARLIAMENT; New Zealand Intelligence and Security Bill, New Zealand Legislation website (both last visited Aug. 15, 2016).)  The Bill implements […]

Russia: New Electronic Surveillance Rules

(July 18, 2016) On July 6, 2016, the President of the Russian Federation signed the recently adopted Federal Law No. 374 on Amending the Federal Law on Counterterrorism and Select Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Concerning the Creation of Additional Measures Aimed at Countering Terrorism and Protecting Public Safety (Federal Law No. 374, PRAVO.GOV.RU […]

Netherlands: Municipalities May Deploy Flexible Cameras for Surveillance

(Apr. 11, 2016) On March 22, 2016, the Dutch Senate (Eerste Kamer) approved a legislative proposal that gives municipalities in the Netherlands more options in using cameras for surveillance purposes (i.e., CCTV). Instead of relying only on cameras in previously agreed upon, fixed locations, the authorities will be able to deploy cameras flexibly to handle […]