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Turkey: Constitutional Court Censures Lower Court for Not Enforcing Constitutional Court Judgment

(Apr. 9, 2021) On January 21, 2020, the Grand Chamber of the Constitutional Court of Turkey issued its decision in the Kadri Enis Berberoglu (3) case, censuring the Istanbul 14. Criminal Court for refusing to comply with the Constitutional Court’s prior decision in Kadri Enis Berberoglu (2). The cases arose from complaints made by Kadri […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Rules Naming and Threatening Police Officer in Rap Song to Be Freedom of Expression and Not a Crime

(Apr. 7, 2021) On March 31, 2021, the Supreme Court of Sweden issued a judgment finding that song lyrics that named a female police officer and included threatening language did not constitute the crime of threatening a police officer (hot mot tjänsteman), but was protected under the constitutional right to freedom of expression. (Supreme Court, […]

Sweden: Privacy Protection Authority Finds Police Use of Facial Recognition Illegal, Issues Fines

(Apr. 6, 2021) On February 10, 2021, the Swedish Authority for Privacy Protection (IMY, Integrationsmyndigheten, formerly Datainspektionen) issued a decision whereby it fined the Swedish Police Authority 2.5 million Swedish kronor (about US$296,000) for violating the Crime Data Act (Brottsdatalagen) by using the facial recognition application Clearview AI. The artificial intelligence application was used intermittently […]

United Kingdom: New Law Provides Framework for Covert Human Intelligence

(Mar. 31, 2021) The United Kingdom enacted the Covert Human Intelligence Sources Act (the CHIS Act) on March 1, 2021. The CHIS Act provides a framework to provide a criminal conduct authorization (CCA) that enables covert human intelligence sources (CHIS) to participate in actions during the course of their work that would otherwise constitute a […]

Ecuador: National Assembly Approves Amendment to Law on Human Mobility

(Mar. 26, 2021) On February 5, 2021, Ecuador’s National Assembly approved reforms to the Organic Law of Human Mobility. Among other measures, the changes provide new grounds for the inadmissibility and deportation of foreign citizens. The amendments allow deportation of aliens through administrative procedure. Ecuador’s new rules prohibit admission of foreign nationals who use false […]

England: Permission to Appeal Granted in Case Requiring Court Order for Puberty-Blocking Treatment for Transgender Teenagers

(Mar. 19, 2021) On January 18, 2021, the High Court in England granted the Tavistock and Portman NHS Trust permission to appeal a High Court ruling that children under 16 cannot give informed consent to receive puberty-blocking treatments, which effectively stopped both treatment and referrals for children under the age of 16 to the trust’s […]

South Korea: Abortion Decriminalized since January 1, 2021

(Mar. 18, 2021) Abortion became decriminalized in South Korea effective January 1, 2021, when the provisions of Act No. 293, the Criminal Act, that criminalized abortion became invalid. (Criminal Act, Act No. 293, Sept. 18, 1953, arts. 269–270, amended by Act No. 5057, Dec. 29, 1995.) The decriminalization of abortion was the effect of a […]

China: Digital Vaccination Certificate for Citizens Traveling Overseas Launched

(Mar. 18, 2021) On March 8, 2021, China launched a digital vaccination certificate for its citizens, named the International Travel Health Certificate, to “facilitate safe and orderly cross-border travel,” according to a statement issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) on the same day. The certificate shows details about the holder’s current COVID-19 vaccination […]

England: Government Introduces Law to Allow More Flexible Proxy Voting in Local Elections Due to COVID-19

(Mar. 18, 2021) In England on February 23, 2021, the Representation of the People (Proxy Vote Applications) (Coronavirus) Regulations 2021 were laid before Parliament. If enacted, the regulations will enable individuals who are self-quarantining or “shielding” due to COVID-19 to vote in local elections, scheduled for May 6, 2021, via a last minute proxy vote […]

Liechtenstein: European Court of Human Rights Rules Whistleblower’s Dismissal Did Not Infringe Freedom of Expression

(Mar. 17, 2021) On February 16, 2021, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) held in Gawlik v. Liechtenstein (application no. 23922/19) that the dismissal of a doctor without notice for reporting that his superior allegedly performed illegal euthanasia did not violate his right to freedom of expression under article 10 of the European Convention […]