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European Court of Justice: Court Confirms French, Belgian, and Swedish Prosecutors Can Issue European Arrest Warrants

(Jan. 17, 2020) In a series of decisions issued on December 12, 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) confirmed that the public prosecutor’s offices of France, Belgium, and Sweden could issue European arrest warrants on their own. These decisions were issued for cases C-625/19 PPU, C-627/19 PPU and, jointly, C-56ed76 6/19 […]

International: Global Unions and Human Rights Organizations Report Increase in Transparency in Garment Industry

(Jan. 15, 2020) In December 2019, Human Rights Watch, along with a coalition composed of several prominent workers’ rights organizations, global unions, and international corporate accountability advocates, reported a “surge” in garment industry transparency. As Human Rights Watch notes, murky reporting and unreliable sourcing have historically plagued supply chains in the garment industry. In 2016, […]

Egypt: Court Grants Christian Woman Share of Father’s Estate Equal to Share of Her Two Brothers

(Jan. 9, 2020) On November 25, 2019, the Cairo Court of Appeal granted a Christian woman a share of her late father’s inheritance equal to that of her two male brothers. The plaintiff had argued that, as a Coptic Christian, she should not be subject to Islamic law in matters related to family law. She […]

Italy: Criminal Code Provision Outlawing Assisted Suicide Ruled Unconstitutional

(Jan. 7, 2020) On November 22, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared that application of article 580 of the Penal Code penalizing assisted suicide is unconstitutional in certain circumstances. (Decision No. 242 of November 22, 2019 (the Decision) (in Italian).) Background of the Case The case was referred to the Constitutional Court by the Court of […]

New Zealand: Bill Pardoning Māori Prophet Convicted in 1916 Passed

(Jan. 2, 2020) On December 18, 2019, the New Zealand Parliament passed historic legislation that pardons Rua Kēnana, a pacifist religious prophet from the Tuhoe iwi (tribe) who was convicted in August 1916 of “moral resistance” to a police attempt to arrest him in February 1916. In April 1916, around seventy armed police officers came to the […]

Philippines: President Signs Executive Order on Diversity and Inclusion Program in Government Entities

(Dec. 31, 2019) On December 19, 2019, the Philippines’ government announced that President Rodrigo Duterte had signed an Executive Order providing for the creation of a Diversity and Inclusion Program (DIP) aimed at consolidating and implementing current laws, rules, and issuances against the discrimination of individuals in government entities. Specifically, the DIP will provide for […]

New Zealand: Bill Enabling Control Orders for Returning “Foreign Fighters” Passed

(Dec. 26, 2019) On December 12, 2019, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Terrorism Suppression (Control Orders) Bill, which allows the commissioner of police to apply to the High Court for control orders to be imposed on New Zealanders who have engaged in terrorism-related activity overseas. The minister of justice, Andrew Little, stated that the Bill […]

Italy: Requirement to Complete Two-Thirds of Sentence to Obtain Early Release for Certain Kidnapping Crimes Ruled Unconstitutional

(Dec. 16, 2019) On November 8, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional a provision of Law No. 354 of July 26, 1975 (article 58-quater, paragraph 4) requiring that persons convicted of kidnapping for the purposes of robbery, extortion, terrorism, or subversion, during the perpetration of which the victim died, be ineligible for early release […]

Sweden: Government Announces Truth Commission at Sami Repatriation Ceremony Following Official Sami Request

(Dec. 12, 2019) On August 12, 2019, the Swedish government repatriated 25 skulls belonging to the Samis, an indigenous group living in an area known as Sápmi, which is spread over northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. The skulls had been excavated during the 1950s during an archeological dig and sent to the […]