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Norway: Data Protection Authority Orders International Baccalaureate to Explain Its Automated Use of Personal Data in Awarding Final Grades during Pandemic

(July 24, 2020) On July 20, 2020, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority (NDPA, Datatilsynet) issued a letter to the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) ordering it to explain its use of personal data, atomization, and historic prediction data in awarding final grades to Norwegian International Baccalaureate Diploma students during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The NDPA is […]

Germany: State Constitutional Court of Thuringia Declares Act on Gender Parity in Politics Unconstitutional

(July 24, 2020) On July 15, 2020, the German State Constitutional Court of Thuringia (Thüringer Verfassungsgerichtshof, VerfGH) held in a 6–3 ruling that the Seventh Act to Amend the State Election Act of Thuringia (Parity Act) is unconstitutional. The goal of the Parity Act was to counter the current underrepresentation of women in the State […]

Sudan: New Law Amending Penal Code Takes Effect

(July 23, 2020) On July 13, 2020, the Sudanese Official Gazette published Law No. 12 of 2020, which amends 15 provisions of the Penal Code of 1991. According to Justice Minister Nasredeen Abdulbari, the new provisions are part of Sudan’s efforts to eliminate all laws that violate human rights and “demolish any kind of discrimination […]

Norway: Data Protection Authority Upholds Prior Prohibition on Collection of Data via COVID-19 App Smittestopp

(July 13, 2020) On July 6, 2020, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority issued a new prohibition on the collection of location data by the Norwegian National Health Authority (Folkehelseinstituttet, FHI) using the Norwegian COVID-19 contact tracing app, Smittestop. The decision comes after the Data Protection Authority evaluated the FHI’s response to the Data Protection Authority’s […]

China: Citizens Must Obtain Green Health Code to Board Flights Returning to China

(July 9, 2020) On April 7, 2020, the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) and the General Administration of Customs jointly issued an announcement requiring Chinese citizens returning home from 26 countries to obtain a green health code before boarding flights. The rule aims to reduce the cross-border spread of COVID-19, according to the announcement. […]

Italy: Decree Amending Regulations on Observatory for Fight against Pedophilia and Child Pornography to Take Effect

(July 6, 2020) On July 8, 2020, a regulation containing amendments to a 2007 ministerial decree establishing measures to protect minors from sexual exploitation and abuse and creating the Observatory for the Fight against Pedophilia and Child Pornography will enter into effect in Italy. The new regulation, Decree No. 62 of April 15, 2020, primarily […]

Germany: Desecration of EU Symbols Criminalized

(July 6, 2020) On June 24, 2020, an amendment to the German Criminal Code entered into force that makes the desecration of European Union (EU) flags and the EU hymn a crime punishable by imprisonment for up to three years or a fine. In particular, it criminalizes desecrating the EU flag or hymn publicly, in […]

International: World Intellectual Property Organization Announces Service Providing Evidence of Intellectual Assets’ Authorship

(July 1, 2020) On May 27, 2020, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) announced a new service called WIPO PROOF, which reportedly provides evidence of the existence of digital files in any format at a point in time in order to document their authorship. According to WIPO, because creative activities are increasingly digital, global, and […]

Germany: Berlin Adopts Antidiscrimination Act

(June 30, 2020) On June 21, 2020, a new antidiscrimination act entered into force in the city-state of Berlin, Germany. The act, entitled the State Antidiscrimination Act, prohibits Berlin public authorities, including police and public schools and universities, from engaging in discrimination on the grounds of gender, ethnic origin, racial association, religion or belief, disability, […]