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Sweden: New Tax on Electronic Cigarettes and Other Non-Tobacco Nicotine Products Takes Effect

(July 26, 2018) On July 1, 2018, a new tax on all e-liquids and similar nicotine products, commonly referred to as e-cigarettes, took effect in Sweden. (Lag om skatt på vissa nikotinhaltiga produkter, SVENSK FÖRFATTNIGNSSAMLING [SFS] 2018:696.) The new provisions subject e-nicotine products to a new targeted 25% value-added-tax (VAT). Previously, these nicotine products were […]

Portugal: Change of Gender in the Civil Register for Certain Minors Vetoed by the President

(May 31, 2018) On May 9, 2018, the president of Portugal, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, vetoed a decree that had been approved by the Portuguese Parliament allowing a change of gender to be entered in the civil register for minors aged 16 to 18. (Decreto No. 203/XIII; Marieta Cazarré, Portugal Veta Mudança de Gênero no […]

Chile: Law Permits Abortion on Three Grounds

(May 25, 2018) In September 2017, the Chilean National Congress passed a new law permitting abortion in some circumstances. (Ley 21030 que Regula la Despenalización de la Interrupción Voluntaria del Embarazo en Tres Causales [Law 21030 Regulating the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy on Three Grounds], DIARIO OFICIAL, Sept. 23, 2017, Library of the National Congress website.) […]

Japan: Employers Obligated to Employ More People with Disabilities, Including People with Developmental Disorders

(May 22, 2018) The 2013 amendment (Act No. 46 of 2013, House of Representatives website (in Japanese)) to an employment law aimed at ensuring more disabled people are employed (Act on Promotion of Employment of the Disabled, Act No. 123 of 1960, as amended, Japan e-Gov website (in Japanese) took effect in Japan on April […]

Sweden: Law Providing Compensation to Sterilized or Infertile Gender-Change Surgery Recipients Takes Effect

(May 10, 2018) On May 1, 2018, the Swedish Act on State Compensation in Certain Cases to Persons Who Have Had Their Changed Gender Verified took effect. (Lag om statlig ersättning till personer som har fått ändrad könstillhörighet fastställd i vissa fall (Svensk författningssamling [SFS] 2018:162), Sverges Riksdag [Swedish Parliament] website.) This new temporary legislation […]

Spain: Bill on Alcohol Consumption to Punish Parents for Their Underage Children’s Drinking

(May 1, 2018) A report prepared by a committee composed of members of Spain’s Congress of Deputies (lower legislative chamber) and Senate (upper legislative chamber) recommends that Spain enact laws punishing parents for their underage children’s drinking. The penalties to be imposed on both children and parents would reinforce current sanctions and promote prevention of […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Annuls Legislation Permitting Continuation of Activities by an Industrial Facility of National Strategic Interest

(Apr. 23, 2018) On February 7, 2018, the Italian Constitutional Court declared the unconstitutionality of several legal provisions that allowed the continuation of activities at industrial facilities considered of national strategic interest in violation of constitutionally protected workers’ rights. (Decision No. 58 of March 23, 2018, Issued in a Constitutional Legitimacy Case by Incidental Procedure (the […]

Italy: New Law on Clinical Trials of Medicines and Reorganization of Health Professions Enters into Force

(Apr. 12, 2018) On February 15, 2018, a new law on clinical trials of medicines came into effect in Italy. (Law No. 3 of January 11, 2018, on the Delegation of Power to the Government over Clinical Trials of Medicines as well as on Provisions for Reorganizing the Health Professions and on the Health Directorate […]

Philippines/FAO: Agreement on Advice concerning Food Security Legislation

(Mar. 30, 2018) In January 2018, the Philippine government and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced the launch of the FAO Legislative Advisory Group-Philippines (FLAG-PH), which will hold discussions on legislative measures concerning food security, agriculture, and nutrition. (FAO, Legislators Launch Pilot Parliamentary Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in the Philippines, FAO (Jan. […]

Mexico: Foreign Service Law Reformed

(Mar. 28, 2018) In a plenary session on March 22, 2018, all 337 members of the Lower House of the Mexican Congress (Cámara de Diputados) voted to approve various reforms to the Mexican Foreign Service Law, which seeks to improve the working conditions of state workers abroad.  (Horacio Jiménez & Alejandra Canchola, Cámara de diputados […]