Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Uganda: Bill Would Impose Tougher Restrictions on Tobacco

(Mar. 13, 2009) It was reported on March 4, 2009, that the Ugandan government is gearing up to propose the Tobacco Bill of 2009, which would impose tougher limits on the use of tobacco in the country. This bill, if passed into law, would put an end to advertising of tobacco in the media and […]

Holy See (Vatican City State): Abortion Pill Not Innocent Drug for Health

(Jan. 12, 2009) The Vatican recently condemned the RU486 pill, which was approved by the Italian government in February 2008, because it is intended for abortion. Cardinal Javier Lozano Garragan, the Health Minister of the Holy See, stated: “[t]he Catholic Church understands the personal drama of a young woman who is pregnant against her will, […]

Kenya: Proposed Law to Decriminalize Abortions

(Sept. 30, 2008) It was reported on September 16, 2008, that a new draft bill on women's reproductive health and rights, which seeks to decriminalize abortions, is ready to beintroduced in Kenya's Parliament. Impetus for the bill came from a campaign launched by civil society activists in May, sparking nation-wide debate on the issue, to […]

Australia: New National Transplant Authority

(Sept. 29, 2008) The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within Australia. Since July 2005, Australians have been able to register via a national agency to be […]

India: High Court Denial of Abortion Petition Prompts Review of Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act

(Sept. 17, 2008) Upon being advised by their physicians that the baby to be born to them would have a congenitally defective heart, an Indian couple, Haresh Mehta and his wife, Niketa, applied for permission to abort the 24-week-old fetus. The Bombay High Court denied permission. India's Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971(MTPA) allows physicians […]

Peru: Anti-Drug Effort Jurisdiction and Drug Registry

(Sept. 16, 2008) On July 8, 2008, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru promulgated Law No. 29251, amending Law No. 28303 on the supervision of chemical ingredients and controlled products. The Law specifies those entities that have the authority to control and supervise material that can be used in the production of drugs and creates […]

European Union: Proposal for Self-Extinguishing Cigarettes

(Sept. 4, 2008) Self-extinguishing cigarettes, which go out automatically within a minute if not puffed, are sold in Canada and in some states in the United States. Recently, the European Commission announced that all cigarettes have to be “fire-safe” by 2011. EU Commissioner for Consumer Protection Meglena Kuneva remarked that “by introducing self-extinguishing cigarettes, at […]

Romania: Abortion Permitted in Rape Case

(July 2, 2008) It was recently reported that Romania is making an exception to its laws to permit an eleven-year-old girl to have an abortion. The girl became pregnant after being raped by her uncle. Romanian law permits abortions only up until the 14th week of a pregnancy. The exception was approved by a government […]

South Africa: National Defense Force Concedes Discrimination Against HIV Positive Individuals Unlawful

(June 2, 2008) The South African National Defense Force (SANDF) and the AIDS Law Project, representing the South African Security Forces' Union and individual members of the military, reached a “concept agreement,” which was later turned into a court order, before the Pretoria High Court. Under the agreement, the SANDF concedes that its employment policy […]

South Korea: Legalizing Abortion to Be Considered

(Mar. 2, 2008) The South Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare drafted a new policy in late 2007 to seek more realistic measures to address the growing number of abortions in the country. These measures include changing the law that restricts abortions with criminal sanctions. The Ministry held a hearing on February 13, 2008. There […]