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Israel: Encouragement of Organ Donation

(Jan. 19, 2010) On January 4, 2010, the Knesset passed an amendment to the Public Health Law, 5754-1994. According to the amendment, a person who donates an organ during his lifetime to another Israeli resident in accordance with the Organ Implantation Law, 5768-2008, will be exempted from payment of health insurance premiums for a period […]

Spain: Lower House of Legislature Votes on Abortion Reform Bill

(Jan. 5, 2010) A joint session of Spain's Congreso de los Diputados (Lower House) voted on December 17, 2009, on an abortion reform bill. (Ley sobre Salud Sexual y Reproductiva e Interrupcion Voluntaria del Embarazo, BOLETÍN OFICIAL DE LAS CORTES GENERALES [BOCG], Series A, No. 41-1, Oct. 2, 2009, available at http://www.congreso.es/portal/page/portal/Congreso/PopUpCGI?CMD=VERLST&BASE=puw9&DOCS=1-1&DOCORDER=LIFO&QUERY=%28CDA20091002004101.CODI.%29#(Página1).) The new law, […]

Africa: Draft HIV Law for East African Community

(Dec. 9, 2009) The East African Community (EAC) is drafting a law to provide a joint, regional response to HIV AIDS treatment for persons as they move freely across EAC Member States' borders. The EAC, headquartered in Arusha, Tanzania, comprises Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. A consultancy group's report, based on a study of […]

Peru: Congress Debates Legislation Decriminalizing Abortion

(Nov. 6, 2009) On October 7, 2009, Peru's Special Revision Commission on the reform of the Criminal Code approved an amendment that would decriminalize abortions performed in cases of rape or congenital malformations of the fetus. The amendment also permits abortions for pregnancies resulting from unwanted artificial inseminations. Currently, these abortions are penalized with imprisonment […]

Council of Europe; United Nations: Organ Trafficking Treaty Proposed

(Oct. 15, 2009) On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE OF THE REMOVAL OF ORGANS (2009), Council of Europe website, available at http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/trafficking/Docs/News/OrganTrafficking_study.pdf.) It concluded that […]

Uganda: New Bill Prohibiting Discrimination Based on HIV Status and Criminalizing Intentional HIV Transmission

(Oct. 8, 2009) It was reported on October 4, 2009, that the Uganda Law Reform Commission is gearing up to present before the Ugandan Parliament the HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Bill, which, if passed, would penalize discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS and make intentional transmission of the disease to another person a […]

Netherlands: Health Ministry Proposal to Amend Anti-Smoking Law

(Sept. 16, 2009) Dutch newspapers reported on September 10, 2009, that the Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport, Ab Klink, has made a proposal to change the anti-smoking law to apply anew to owner-operator bars and cafés. Two recent court rulings stated that the law is not applicable to such establishments “because the law is […]

Africa: Model Law Criminalizing HIV/AIDS Transmission Under Criticism

(Aug. 14, 2009) According to a news report dated August 8, 2009, the Model Law for HIV/AIDS, a document drafted during a 2005 workshop in Chad in which 18 countries from western and central Africa participated, is coming under increasing criticism from civil society organizations that see the model law as counterproductive in the fight […]

Mexico: Electronic Platform to Track Evolution of Human Influenza A(H1N1)

(June 29, 2009) Mexico's National Epidemiological Surveillance System (Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica, SINAVE, http://www.rhove.gob.mx/ (last visited June 19, 2009)) was designated on May 2, 2009, as the exclusive authority for tracking the evolution of the human influenza virus A(H1N1) and as the venue for all information concerning the virus's evolution. (Acuerdo por el que […]

Macau: Smoking Ban in Public Places to Be Adopted

(June 5, 2009) The Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China plans to amend its legislation on tobacco control to ban smoking indoors in all public facilities. According to the Director of the Health Bureau, speaking on May 31, 2009, on the occasion of Macau's “World No Tobacco Day” campaign, Decree-Law No. […]