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Germany: Constitutional Court Declines to Hear Complaint Challenging Alternating Schedules in Schools

(Aug. 5, 2020) In an order published on July 15, 2020, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) declined to hear a case in which the complainants challenged a COVID-19 regulation limiting in-person classes in schools in Bavaria when a physical distance of 1.5 meters (4.9 feet) cannot be maintained. The court further denied the […]

Austria: Constitutional Court Clarifies Rules of Procedure Changes during Extraordinary Circumstances

(July 30, 2020) On July 14, 2020, the Austrian Constitutional Court approved changes to its Rules of Procedure, which, among other things, allow for decisions using a written circulation procedure and videoconferencing when extraordinary circumstances are present. The changes clarify a March 2020 amendment to the Constitutional Court Act that was adopted to keep the […]

Israel: Law Granting Government Special Authorities to Combat Novel Coronavirus Adopted

(July 29, 2020) On July 23, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Special Authorities to Combat the Novel Coronavirus (Temporary Provision) Law, 5780-2020. The law will remain in effect until June 30, 2021. (Special Authorities Law § 50.) Declaration of State of Emergency due to the Novel Coronavirus The law authorizes the government to declare […]

Israel: New Definition of “Recovery” from COVID-19 Reduces Number of Required Tests

(July 28, 2020) On July 21, 2020, Israel’s Ministry of Health (MOH) adopted a new directive providing criteria for approving the termination of COVID-19 patients’ isolation based on time segments instead of the previously required medical testing. Until the adoption of the new directive, patients suffering from COVID-19 symptoms were required to undergo a minimum […]

Italy: New Law Including Measures on Home Detention or Postponement of Penalties due to COVID-19 Enters into Force

(July 27, 2020) On June 30, 2020, a new law containing a provision on the adjustment of penal sentences because of the COVID-19 pandemic and other miscellaneous provisions entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 70 of June 25, 2020, amending Decree Law No. 28 of April 30, 2020 (D.L. No. 28).) Measures on Home […]

China: Government Requires All Passengers to Present Negative COVID-19 Test to Board Flights to China

(July 24, 2020) On July 20, 2020, three Chinese authorities—the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC), the General Administration of Customs, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs—jointly issued an announcement requiring both foreign citizens and returning Chinese citizens to present negative COVID-19 test results before boarding flights to China. The required nucleic acid tests must […]

Norway: Data Protection Authority Orders International Baccalaureate to Explain Its Automated Use of Personal Data in Awarding Final Grades during Pandemic

(July 24, 2020) On July 20, 2020, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority (NDPA, Datatilsynet) issued a letter to the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) ordering it to explain its use of personal data, atomization, and historic prediction data in awarding final grades to Norwegian International Baccalaureate Diploma students during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The NDPA is […]

Israel: Law for Compensation and Assistance to Passengers for Cancellation or Flight Changes Due to Covid-19 Adopted

(July 20, 2020) On July 13, 2020, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) adopted a temporary amendment that affects the consumer rights of air travelers whose flights were cancelled or changed during the period of March 1, 2020, to August 31, 2020, in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. (Aviation Services (Compensation and Assistance for Cancellation or Changing […]

Sweden: Law Giving Municipalities Authority over Bars and Restaurants Not Complying with COVID-19 Measures Enters into Force

(July 16, 2020) On July 1, 2020, a new temporary law on measures to limit the spread of COVID-19 (Lagen om tillfälliga smittskyddsåtgärder på serveringsställen (SFS 2020:526)) entered into force in Sweden. The law provides municipalities with the power to supervise and fine restaurants and bars that do not comply with national and local health […]

Italy: Decree on Transplant Recipients’ Fitness to Obtain Driver’s Licenses Enters into Force

(July 16, 2020) On July 12, 2020, Decree No. 69, approving regulations concerning the psychophysical suitability of persons who have undergone organ transplantation to obtain and confirm the validity of a driver’s license, entered into force in Italy. The decree, which had been issued by the president of Italy, Sergio Mattarella, on April 23, 2020, […]