Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Brazil: New Law Makes Use of Masks Mandatory in Some Locations

(July 10, 2020) On July 2, 2020, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro signed into law certain provisions of a law passed by the National Congress concerning the use of individual protection masks and other safety measures to curb the spread of COVID-19 in the country, while vetoing several other related provisions. Law No. 14,019 provides for […]

Mexico: Ban on Importing Electronic Cigarettes Receives World Health Organization Award

(June 29, 2020) On May 22, 2020, the Pan American Health Organization (the Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization (WHO)) announced that the Mexican government had won an award in recognition of the ban on the importation of electronic cigarettes that it enacted in February 2020. The World No-Tobacco Day (WNTD) […]

Brazil: Mayor of Rio de Janeiro Makes Use of Face Masks Mandatory

(Apr. 30, 2020) On April 18, 2020, the mayor of the City of Rio de Janeiro enacted Decree No. 47,375, which makes it mandatory for persons to wear nonprofessional face masks in the city, especially when using public or private means of transportation and performing work activities in shared environments in both the public and […]

Mexico: Importation of Electronic Cigarettes Banned

(Mar. 19, 2020) On February 19, 2020, Mexico’s president issued an executive order (EO) banning the importation of electronic cigarettes, which have been brought into Mexico from abroad in large quantities. The preamble of the EO explains that it was issued in accordance with article 131 of the Mexican Constitution, which provides that the president […]

Israel: Police and Ministry of Health Will Jointly Supervise Mandatory Quarantine for Designated Persons; Interactive Countrywide Coronavirus Exposure Map Posted

(Mar. 12, 2020) Israel’s Ministry of Health (MOH) has posted an interactive map of areas in Israel and the West Bank indicating places exposed to the coronavirus by patients in the 14 days before their diagnosis with the disease. The map enables Israeli residents to check the exposed places by address. The MOH website also […]

Israel: New Rules Require 14 Days of Quarantine for All Persons Entering the Country

(Mar. 10, 2020) As of March 9, 2020, at 8:00 pm Israeli time, travelers entering Israel from anywhere in the world have been required to undergo home isolation for 14 days from the date of their arrival in Israel. Travelers who arrived in Israel in the 14 days before March 9, 2020, and who have […]

China: Drug Administration Law Revised

(Oct. 31, 2019) On August 26, 2019, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China) adopted the revised PRC Drug Administration Law (2019 Law). This is the second comprehensive revision of the country’s primary pharmaceutical law since its first enactment in 1984. The revised Law will […]

China: Vaccine Law Passed

(Aug. 27, 2019) On June 29, 2019, the National People’s Congress Standing Committee of the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China) adopted the PRC Law on Vaccine Administration (Vaccine Law). The official Xinhua news agency states that the Law provides for the “strictest” vaccine management with tough penalties in order to ensure the country’s […]

Russia: Government Expanding Vaccination for Measles Amid Outbreak in Neighboring Countries

(May 9, 2019) On March 6, 2019, the chief state sanitary physician of the Russian Federation issued a resolution requiring that vaccination for measles be expanded in the territory of the Russian Federation to cover those who, for a number of reasons, have previously gone unvaccinated. (Postanovleniye Glavnogo Sanitarnogo Vracha R.F. ot 6-ogo Marta, 2019 […]

Chile: Law Permits Abortion on Three Grounds

(May 25, 2018) In September 2017, the Chilean National Congress passed a new law permitting abortion in some circumstances. (Ley 21030 que Regula la Despenalización de la Interrupción Voluntaria del Embarazo en Tres Causales [Law 21030 Regulating the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy on Three Grounds], DIARIO OFICIAL, Sept. 23, 2017, Library of the National Congress website.) […]